Él "star", elen being the ordinary word) or a poetic or archaic meaning of an ordinary word


tecco ("k") "stroke of pen or brush (´) when not used as long mark" (TEK) tecil



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tecco ("k") "stroke of pen or brush (´) when not used as long mark" (TEK)

tecil ("k") "pen" (TEK, PM:318)

tehta "mark, sign" (noun) (TEK, VT39:17, Appendix E), especially diacritics denoting vowels in Fëanorian writing (pl. tehtar is attested); these diacritics are explicitly called ómatehtar "vowel-marks", q.v.

tel "roof" (LT1:268)

telco "stem" (Appendix E). The Etymologies gives telco ("k") pl. telqui ("q") "leg" (the pl. form is said to be analogical) (TÉLEK)

Telcontar "Strider" (MR:216)

telda (1) "last, final" (WJ:407)

telda (2) "having a roof" (LT1:268, LT2:348; this "Qenya" word is evidently obsoleted by # 1 above)

telë- "finish, end" (intransitive), also "be the last thing or person in a series or sequence of events" (WJ:411; telë may be taken as the 3rd person aorist of a stem tel-)

telella adj. corresponding to Telellë (LT1:267)

Telellë "little elf" (also Teler); the Telelli are said to be "young Elves of all clans who dwelt in Kôr to perfect their arts of singing and poetry" (LT1:267; see Teler)

Telellië "Teler-folk" (TELES)

Telemmaitë masc. name, *"Silver-handed" (Appendix A)

telemna "of silver" (KYELEP/TELEP)

Telemnar masc.name, "Silver-flame" (Appendix A; for *Telep-nar)

telempë "silver" (LT1:268; in Tolkien's later Quenya telpë, which is actually also found in early "Qenya")



telep- see telpë

telepsa "of silver" (KYELEP/TELEP)

telepta "silver", as adj? (LT2:347 - rather telemna in Tolkien's later Quenya)

Teler "sea-elf", pl. Teleri, general (partitive) pl. Telelli, the third tribe of the Eldar (TELES (MIS) ), also called Lindar. Teleri means "those at the end of the line, the hindmost", (WJ:382 cf. 371), derived from the stem tel- "finish, end, be last" (SA:tel-). The Lindar were so called because they lagged behind on the march from Cuiviénen. In early "Qenya", Teler, also Telellë, was defined "little elf" (LT1:267), but this is certainly not a valid gloss in Tolkien's later Quenya.

telerëa adj. corresponding to Teler (LT1:267; perhaps rather Telerin in Tolkien's later Quenya)

Telerin "Telerian" (TELES)

telerinwa Telerin (paraphrased "of the Shores of Elfland" in MC:215, since the Teleri dwelt on the shores of the Blessed Realm.) (MC:216; this is "Qenya")

Telimbectar ("k") "Orion", lit. "Swordsman of Heaven". Also Telimectar ("k"). (LT1:268; in Tolkien's later Quenya Telumehtar, q.v. The combination ct is not found in LotR-style Quenya.)

telimbo "canopy, sky" (LT1:268)

Telimectar ("k") "Orion", lit. "Swordsman of Heaven". Also Telimbectar ("k"). (LT1:268; in Tolkien's later Quenya Telumehtar)

tella "hindmost, last" (TELES)

tellë "rear" (TELES)

telluma "dome, copula", especially the "Dome of Varda" over Valinor, but also applied to the domes of the mansion of Manwë and Varda upon Taniquetil. Adopted from Valarin delgûmâ under the influence of pure Quenya telumë (WJ:399, 411). Pl. tellumar is attested (Nam, RGEO:66).

telma "a conclusion, anything used to finish off a work or affair", often applied to the last item in a structure, such as a coping-stone, or a topmost pinnacle (WJ:411). In the Etymologies, the word telma seems to mean "base" or "bottom", allative telmanna in the phrase telmello telmanna "from hood to base, from crown to foot, top to bottom". (TEL/TELU)

telmë "hood, covering"; ablative in the phrase telmello telmanna "from hood to base, from crown to foot, top to bottom" (TEL/TELU)

telpë "silver", telep- in some compounds like Teleporno; assimilated telem- in Telemnar (KYELEP/TELEP, SA:celeb, LT1:255, 268; also tyelpë, telep-, UT:266). The true Quenya descendant of primitive *kyelepê is tyelpë, but the Telerin form telpë was more common, "for the Teleri prized silver above gold, and their skill as silversmiths was esteemed even by the Noldor" (UT:266). Telperion the White Tree of Valinor; Telperien ("Telperiën"), fem. name including telp- "silver" (Appendix A); Telperinquar "Silver-fist, Celebrimbor" (SA:celeb - also Tyelperinquar); Telporno, Teleporno "Silver-high" = Sindarin Celeborn (Letters:347, UT:266). It seems that Teleporno is properly Telerin, Quenyarized as Telporno.

telpina "of silver" (KYELEP/TELEP)

telqui ("q") (analogical) pl. of telco (TÉLEK)

telta- "to canopy, overshadow, screen" (TEL/TELU)

teltassë "awning" (GL:70)

Telufinwë "Last Finwë", masc. name; he was called Amras in Sindarin. Short Quenya name Telvo. (PM:353)

telumë "dome, roof, canopy" (TEL/TELU, WJ:411 cf. 399; see also telluma); "firmament" (MC:214), inflected telumen in MC:221 (the latter is "Qenya"). Telumehtar "warrior of the sky", older name of Menelmacar = Orion (Appendix E, TEL/TELU, WJ:411); Telumendil *"Sky-friend", name of a constellation (Silm)

telya- "finish, wind up, conclude" (transitive) (WJ:411)

téma "row, series, line" (pl. témar attested) (TEÑ, Appendix E)

ten "for", in Fíriel's Song; apparently replaced by an in LotR-style Quenya.

ten- "hear", future tense tenuva (MC:213; in Tolkien's later Quenya, "hear" is hlar-)

téna "straight, right" (SD:310; see téra)

tencelë ("k") "writing system, spelling" (TEK)

tengë "indicated", pa.t. of tëa? (VT39:6)

tengwa (pl. tengwar is attested) "letter", tengwa (ñ) "any one visible sign representing (theoretically) any one audible teñgwe" (phoneme) (VT39:17). In non-technical usage tengwa was equivalent to "consonant", since only the consonants were full signs (WJ:396, TEK)

tengwanda "alphabet" (TEK)

tengwë (pl. tengwi attested) "indication, sign, token", in linguistics used for phonemes (VT39:7, WJ:394); hloníti tengwi "phonetic signs" (WJ:395). The term tengwë was particularly associated with consonants (VT39:16). In the Etymologies, stem TEK, tengwë is glossed "writing"; this gloss would seem to be obsoleted (use sarmë).

tengwelë ("e") "Language" (in all its aspects), a general word for the grouping and composing of tengwi (linguistic "signs", phonemes) into a linguistic system (VT39:16)

tengwesta ("ñ") "a system or code of signs", "Language", referring particularly to structure, including morphology and grammar (VT39:15). As a technical term for "language", this includes languages not made up of sounds (WJ:394), but usually it means "spoken language" when unqualified (WJ:395). In the Etymologies, tengwesta is glossed "grammar" (TEK).

tengwestië "Language" as abstract or phenomenon (WJ:394)

tenna "until, up to, as far as" (CO), elided tenn' in the phrase tenn' Ambar-metta "until the end of the world" in EO, because the next word begins in a similar vowel; tennoio "for ever" (tenna + oio, q.v.)

ter, terë "through" (Notes on CO, UT:317, TER/TERES, Narqelion)

téra "straight, right" (TEÑ, see TE3; LR:47; in one text Tolkien changed it to téna, SD:310)

tercáno "herald" (PM:362)

tercen ("terken") "insight", literally *"through-sight" (MR:471); adj. #tercenya (only pl. tercenyë attested) "of insight"; essi tercenyë "names of insight", names given to a child by its mother, indicating some dominant feature of its nature as perceived by her (MR:216)

teren, terenë "slender" (TER/TERES)

Terendul "Slender-(and)-dark", masc. name (LR:59, TER/TERES, DUL, NDUL)

teret "auger, gimlet" (LT1:255)

tereva "fine, acute" (TER/TERES), "piercing" (LT1:255; glossed "fine, acute" in the Etymologies, but the stem TER is defined as "pierce")

terhat- "break apart" (SKAT), past tense terhantë "broke" (LR:47/56)

termar- "stand" meaning last (ter-mar- "through-abide"); future tense termaruva in CO.

-tes ending for dual "respective" (Plotz)



tevë- "to hate" (LT1:268; in Tolkien's later Quenya, tevë may be understood as the 3rd person aorist)

tevië "hatred" (LT1:268)

tevin "hated" (QL:90, not to be glossed "hatred" as in LT1:268)

Thauron (Þauron) earlier form of Sauron, before the change th > s (SA:thaur, cf. Letters:380, which suggests a stem thaurond-, there spelt with the Greek letter for th)

thelma (Þelma) see *selma

Therindë (Þerindë) "Needlewoman", original form of Serindë, before the shift th > s (PM:333)

thindë (Þindë) older form of sindë, q.v., preserved in Vanyarin (WJ:384, there spelt with the special letter Þ, not the digraph th)

Thindicollo (Þindicollo) original form of Sindicollo, before the shift th > s (PM:337, there spelt with the special letter Þ, not the digraph th)

thorno (Þorno) archaic/Vanyarin form of sorno (Letters:427)

thúlë (Þúlë) see súlë

tië "path, course, line, direction, way" (TE3); pl. tier in Namárië (Nam, RGEO:67); tielyanna "upon your path" (UT:22 cf. 51; tie-lya-nna "path-your-upon")

tihta- "blink, peer", participle tihtala in an earlier variant of Markirya

tildë "point, horn" (TIL)

Tilion "the Horned", name of a Maia, steersman of the Moon (SA:til; according to the Etymologies, stem TIL, Tilion is a name of the "man in the Moon")

timpë "fine rain" (LT1:268, Narqelion)

timpinë "spray" (LT1:268)

timpinen "a fluter" (LT1:268; hardly valid in Tolkien's later Quenya)

tin- "glint" (3rd pers. aorist tinë "it glints") (TIN)

tinco "metal" (TINKÔ), also name of tengwa 1 (Appendix E, there spelt "tinco", but "tinko" in Etym); tincotéma "t-series", dental series, first column of the Tengwar system (Appendix E)

tinda (1) "glinting, silver" (adj.) (TIN)

tinda (2) "spike" (LT1:258; probably obsoleted by # 1 above)

tindë "glint" (noun) (TIN)

tindómë "starry twilight, starlit dusk" (DOMO, TIN, SA:tin), usually of the time near dawn, not near evening (SA:tin)

tindómerel (also capitalized Tindómerel) "daughter of twilight", a kenning (poetic name) of the nightingale; = Sindarin Tinúviel. (TIN, SEL-D, SA:tin)

tindon "lay" (???) (MC:220; this is "Qenya")

tínë "shining" (MC:213; this is "Qenya")

tinga- (not glossed, evidently meaning *"to twang, make a twang") (TING/TANG)

tingë "twang" (TING/TANG)

tingilindë "a twinkling star" (TIN)

tingilya "a twinkling star" (TIN)

tinta- "kindle, cause to sparkle", cf. Tintallë (TIN, SA:tin, MR:388)

Tintallë "Kindler", a title of Varda who kindled the stars (TIN, Nam, RGEO:67). From tinta- "kindle, make to sparkle" (MR:388)

Tintanië "Kindler" = Varda (TIN; Tintánië under TAN)

tintila- "twinkle", present pl. tintilar (Nam, RGEO:67)

tintina- "sparkle" (actually glossed "it sparkles") (TIN)

tinwë "sparkle", also "star"; pl. tinwi "sparks", properly used of the star-imagines on Nur-menel (q.v.). Cf. nillë. (TIN, MR:388) In early "Qenya", tinwë was simply glossed "star" (LT1:269, cf. MC:214). In one late source, the meaning of tinwë is given as "spark", and it is said that this word (like Sindarin gil) was used of the stars of heaven "in place of the older and more elevated el, elen- stem" (VT42:11).

tinwelindon "like stars" (MC:213, MC:220; this is a "Qenya" "similative" form in -ndon and pl. in -li)

Tinwerína (name) (RIG)

[Tinwerontar] "star-queen, title of Varda" (TIN, TÂ/TA3)

[Tinwetar] "star-queen, Queen of Stars", title of Varda (TIN, TÂ/TA3)

tir- "watch, watch over, guard, heed", 1st pers. aorist tirin "I watch", pa.t. tirnë (TIR), future tense tiruva "shall heed" in Markirya (also MC:213, 214); also in CO with pronominal endings: tiruvantes "they will guard it" (tir-uva-nte-s "guard-will-they-it"). The stem also occurs in palantíri (q.v.), Tirion "Great Watchtower", a city of the Elves (SA:tir; in MR:176 the translation is "Watchful City")

tirin "tall tower" (LT1:258; this is a verb "I watch" in the Etymologies, stem TIR.)

tirion "watch-tower, tower" (TIR); in early "Qenya" the gloss was "a mighty tower, a city on a hill" (LT1:258). Tirion "Great Watchtower", a city of the Elves (SA:tir; in MR:176 the translation is "Watchful City")

tirios "a town with walls and towers" (LT1:258)

tiris "watch, vigil" (LT1:258)

titta "little, tiny" (TIT)

tiuca ("k") "thick, fat" (TIW)

tiuco ("k") "thigh" (TIW)

tiuya- "swell, grow fat" (TIW)

tixë ("ks") "dot, tiny mark, point" (TIK)

-to ending for dual genitive (Plotz)



"wool" (TOW)

toa (1) ("töa") noun "wood" (VT39:6)

toa (2) adj. "of wool, woollen" (TOW; in GL:71 toa was glossed "wool", noun instead of adjective - but in Tolkien's later Quenya, the noun is )

toi "they" (FS; replaced by te in LotR-style Quenya?)

tol "island, isle" (rising with sheer sides from the sea or from the river, SA:tol). In early "Qenya", the word was defined as "island, any rise standing alone in water, plain of green, etc" (LT1:269). The stem is toll-; the Etymologies as published in LR gives the pl. tollë (TOL2), probably a misreading for tolli, as in LT1:85.

toldëa "eighth" (VT42:25), also toltëa (VT42:31). See tolto.

Tol Eressëa "Lonely Isle" (LONO, Silm), also spelt Tol-Eressëa (ERE), Tol-eressëa (TOL2)

tólë "centre" (LT1:269; the word endë in to be preferred in Tolkien's later Quenya)

tollalinta "upon hills" (MC:214; this is "Qenya")

tollanta "upon top(s?)" (MC:221; this is "Qenya")

tolmen "boss (of shield)" (LT1:269)

tolos "knob, lump" (LT1:269)

toltëa "eighth" (VT42:31), also toldëa (VT42:25). See tolto.

tolto "eight" (TOL1-OTH/OT); toltëa ordinal "eighth" (VT42:31, also toldëa, VT42:25 – the latter form probably presupposes *toldo as the cardinal "eight").

tombo "gong" (LT1:269)

tompë pa.t. of top- (topë) (TOP)

top- "cover" (1st pers. aorist topë "covers"), pa.t. tompë (TOP). Variant tup-, q.v.

tópa, tópa- "roof" (noun and verb) (TOP)

[Tormen] "north" (MEN; replaced by Formen, q.v.)



torni pl. of toron (TOR)

toron pl. torni "brother" (TOR)

torwa ??? (Narqelion)

tuc- ("k") "draw" (1st pers. aorist tucin "I draw") (TUK)

tucalia ("k") ??? (Narqelion)

tuia- "sprout, spring" (Tolkien's gloss is actually "sprouts, springs", since this is also the 3rd pers. sg. present tense) (TUY)

tuilë "spring, spring-time", also used = "dayspring, early morn" (VT39:7, TUY), in the calendar of Imladris a precisely defined period of 54 days, but also used without any exact definition. Cf. tuilérë, q.v. (Appendix D) - In early "Qenya", the word tuilë is glossed "Spring", but it is said that it literally refers to a "budding", also used collectively for "buds, new shoots, fresh green" (LT1:269). Cf. tuima in Tolkien's later Quenya.

tuilérë *"Spring-day", a day outside the months in the Steward's Reckoning, inserted between Súlimë and Víressë (March and April). In early "Qenya", Tuilérë was simply glossed "Spring" (LT1:269).

tuilindo "swallow", etymologically "spring-singer" (TUY, LIN2, LT1:269, LT2:338)

tuima "sprout, bud" (noun) (TUY)

tul- "come" (WJ:368), 1st pers. aorist tulin "I come" (TUL), perfect utúlië "has come" (utúlien "I am come", EO), utúlie'n aurë "Day has come" (the function of the 'n is unclear; it may simply be inserted for euphony). Past tense túlë "came" in LR:47 and SD:246; read perhaps *tullë in LotR-style Quenya. Cf. early "Qenya" perfects tulielto "they have come" (LT1:114, 270) and tulier "have come", pl., in the phrase I·Eldar tulier "the Eldar have come"(LT1:114, 270). Read probably *utúlientë, *Eldar utúlier in LotR-style Quenya.

tulca (1) ("k") "firm, strong, immovable, steadfast" (TULUK). Early "Qenya" also has a verb tulca- ("k") "fix, set up, establish" (LT1:270); this word may still be valid in LotR-style Quenya.

tulca (2) ("k") "yellow". Adopted and adapted from Valarin. (WJ:399)

tulco ("k") "support, prop" (TULUK)

Tulkas (Tulkass-, as in dat.sg. Tulkassen) name of a Vala, adopted and adapted from Valarin (WJ:399, TULUK)

tulma "bier" (LT1:270)

tulta- "send for, fetch, summon" (TUL)

tulu- "fetch, bring, bear; move, come" (LT1:270; probably obsoleted by tulta- in Tolkien's later Quenya)

tulunca ("k") "steady, firm" (LT1:270; in Tolkien's later Quenya tulca)

tulwë "pillar, standard, pole" (LT1:270)

túma "moving" (MC:214; this is "Qenya")

tumba "deep valley" (Letters:308; SA:tum and TUB gives tumbo "valley, deep valley"); apparently an extended form *tumbalë in tumbalemorna "deepvalleyblack" or (according to SA:tum) "black deep valley", also tumbaletaurëa "deepvalleyforested"; see Taurelilómëa-tumbalemorna...

tumbë "trumpet" (LT1:269)

tumbo "(deep) valley", under or among hills (TUB, SA:tum). In early "Qenya", the gloss was "dark vale" (LT1:269). See tumba.

Tumbolatsin (place-name, apparently incorporating tumbo) (LAT)

tumna "lowlying, deep, low" (TUB); early "Qenya" glosses: "deep, profound, dark or hidden" (LT1:269, 271)

tumpo "hump" (TUMPU)

Túna (also Tún) name of the hill on which Tirion was built (Silm, TUN, KOR), derived from a stem (TUN) apparently meaning simply *"hill, mound".

tunda "tall" (TUN)

tunda- "kindle" (LT1:270; rather tinta- in Tolkien's later Quenya)

tundo "hill, mound" (TUN)

tunga "taut, tight" (of strings:) "resonant" (TUG)

tuo "muscle, sinew, vigour, physical strength" (TUG)

#tup- "cover", isolated from untúpa, q.v. Variant top- in the Etymologies.



tupsë "thatch" (TUP)

tur- "wield, control, govern" (1st pers. aorist turin "I wield" etc.), pa.t. turnë (TUR)

Turambar masc. name, "Master of Doom/Fate", name taken in pride by Túrin (Appendix A, SA:tur, TUR, MBARAT)

tur "king" (LT1:260); rather aran in LotR-style Quenya, but cf. the verb tur-.

Turcafinwë "strong, powerful (in body) Finwë", masc. name; he was called Celegorm in Sindarin. Short Quenya name Turco. (PM:352)

Turcil (= Tarcil?) "Númenórean" (TUR), stem turcild- as in pl. turcildi (LR:47, 56; SD:246).


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