Klein Principals of Urban Planning Fall 2011 Rutgers University

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Klein – Principals of Urban Planning Fall 2011

Rutgers University

Principals of Urban Planning (762:306:02)

Instructor Nicholas Klein

Class Time Wednesday 9:50 am to 12:30 pm

Location College Ave: Frelinghuysen Hall-A4
Office Civic Square Building, Room 457

Email nick.klein@rugtgers.edu

Office Hours Wednesday 2:00 pm to 5pm or by appointment

  1. Course Description

This course introduces students to the practice of urban planning in the United States. The central theme of the course is the relationship between the planner and society. Using this theme we will examine the role of planners throughout history, from social reformers to technocrats to the future of planning. Through the semester, we will examine the tools, techniques and critical thinking required to be an urban planner.
  1. Reading Assignments

For each week, you are required to read several articles or chapters which will motivate and provide background for the week's lecture, discussion and assignments. I expect you complete all the readings assigned prior to our class meetings and to come to class prepared to discuss them. Class time will consist of lectures, group activities, field trips and presentations and to further discussions of readings.

When reading materials for the course, keep in mind and ask yourself the following key questions: What problem(s) relating to cities and regions are being addressed? Who are the important actors or organizations in this narrative? Who is impacted? Who benefits from improvements? Who does not?


There are three homework assignments during the semester. Each assignment is designed provide an opportunity to explore a technical aspect of planning. The assignments and techniques will be introduced during class one week and students will have one week to complete the assignment. The three assignments are an urban design exercise to improve a public space on Rutgers campus, a demographic analysis of your home town using Census data, and the redesign of an intersection in New Brunswick. The due dates are listed below in the class schedule.

Reflection Papers

You are required to submit five reflection papers in response to the required readings throughout the semester. Response papers are due on Tuesdays by noon the day before class.

You can choose which weeks to write a reflection page on – but you must reflect on all of the readings assigned for that week in your reflection page. I will use these responses during our class discussion to address topics that came up in your responses, issues that deserve more or less attention or issues that are ignored in the readings. The response papers are graded on a 0 to 2 point basis. This is your chance to write your own substantive thoughts and intelligent opinions about the arguments and narratives presented in the readings.

Response papers should submitted via the Assignments section of the Sakai page. Must be an attachment – either a MS Word doc or a PDF file. Responses should be one-page (i.e, 2 to 5 paragraphs) in length (using single-space, Times New Roman 12pt font, and 1-inch margins).

  1. Class participation

If you want to get an A in this class, you will need to actively participate in class. Participation includes contribution to the classroom discussion with both relevant questions and comments on the readings. Clearly this also means attendance is critical. Students are allowed only one unexcused absence from class throughout the term.

To stay informed, you must check your Rutgers email and check our course Sakai site. I will communicate with you via these mechanisms, and it is your responsibility to check them regularly in order to ensure that you stay informed.

  1. Classroom Behavior

You are expected to respect the views, opinions, and experiences of your classmates. Everyone is allowed equal opportunity to share his/her views in a non-threatening, non-insulting manner.

You are expected to be non-disruptive during class. Side conversations, verbal insults, reading non-related course material, working on your computer, or listening to music is distracting to other students and the instructor – and thus it is NOT allowed in class. All cell phones must be silenced or turned off during class time. Students who actively disrupt the class will be dismissed and granted an unexcused absence for the class session.

  1. Special Needs

If accommodations are needed for a disability, you should notify me during the first week of class and provide me with a Letter of Accommodation (LOA) describing the accommodations you need. You will also need to be registered with the Office of Disability Services (http://disabilityservices.rutgers.edu). For more information, students should contact the Dean of Students Office at their colleges.

  1. Grades

10% - Reflection papers

15% - Attendance and participation

30% - Assignments

20% - Midterm

25% - Final

  1. Grade Scale

A is 93 or higher

B+ is 88-92

B is 83-87

C+ is 78-82

C is 73-77

D is 68-72

F is 67 or lower

  1. Required Books

There are no textbooks required for this course. Readings will be posted on Sakai or distributed in class.
  1. Academic Integrity

Plagiarism or cheating or copying each other’s work in any manner is not tolerated and will result in a grade of 0 (zero) for the assignment in question. Please see the updated Academic Integrity document up on the web - http://academicintegrity.rutgers.edu/integrity.shtml#I Please read this document, as ANY violations of this code will be handled as per University policy.
  1. A note on make-up examinations:

Make-up exams will only be given to students who miss the exam because of an official excused university activity (e.g., sports, band, etc.). A written excuse from the director of the activity must be provided at least 24 hours prior to the scheduled day of the exam. Students who miss the exam for university approved personal reasons (e.g., personal illness or death in their immediate family) must notify me via email at least 24 hours prior to the scheduled day of the exam and provide written documentation within one week of the missed exam or assignment. Those who missed exams for excused reasons can take a make-up exam during the next week – but not during normal class meeting time. All make-up exams will be worth the same number of points as the scheduled exam, but may be a different combination of essay, short-answer, or multiple choice questions.

Semester Schedule


  2. 1 Introduction – Wednesday, September 07, 2011


  • Introduction to the class and to each other.

  • Overview of the class

  • Introduction to the history of urban planning


  • “Sanitary Reform and Landscape Values, 1840-1900,” Petersen (Chapter 2, pages 29 to 54, in The Birth of City Planning in the United States, 1840-1917

  • Stern, Mark J., and June Axinn. 2012. Social welfare : A history of the American response to need. Boston: Pearson Education.
  1. 2 Early Reforms – Wednesday, September 14, 2011


  • Sanitation

  • Cemeteries and Urban Parks

    • Olmstead and Vaux

    • Greenwood Cemetery

    • Central Park

  • Settlement Houses

  • Tenement Reforms

  • In class

    • Plunz, Richard. 1990. A history of housing in New York. New York: Columbia University Press.


  • “The Design of Yorkship Garden Village,” Land (Chapter 5 in Planning in the Twentieth-Century American City, Sites and Silver)

  • Birch chapter on Radburn in Introduction to Planning History in the United States, Krueckeberg.
  1. 3 Planned Spaces – Wednesday, September 21, 2011


  • The 1893 Columbian Exposition (World’s Fair)

  • Film: Make No Small Plans

  • The Garden City Movement

    • Ebenezer Howard and Raymond Unwin

    • Yorkship Village (Fairview in Camden), Sunnyside, Queens, Radburn, New Jersey


  • “A Contemporary City,” Le Corbusier (Legates and Stout, pages 367 to 375, in The City Reader)

  • “Broadacre City: A new Community Plan,” Frank Lloyd Wright (Legates and Stout, pages 376 to 381, in The City Reader)

  2. 4 Modernity – Wednesday, September 28, 2011


  • Modernity and Subranization

  • Architects

  • Film: New York - Episode 7: The City and the World (1945-Present)


  • Lynch, K. (1960). Chapters 2 and 3. The image of the city. Cambridge. Mass.: Technology Press.

  • William Whyte (1988) “The Design of Spaces” in The City Reader (LeGates and Stout eds.)

  • Jane Jacobs (1961) “The Uses of Sidewalks: Safety” in The City Reader (LeGates and Stout eds.)
  1. 5 Urban Design – Wednesday, October 05, 2011


  • Observing cities

  • SketchUp
  1. 6 Urban Design Observation– Wednesday, October 12, 2011


  • Video: William H. Whyte: The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces

  • In class observation

Assignment 1: Due noon on October 11th


  • “The Evolution of Planning and Zoning,” Cullingworth and Caves (Chapter 4 in Planning in the USA: Policies, Issues, and Processes)

  • “The Institutional and Legal Framework of Planning,” Cullingworth and Caves (Chapter 5 in Planning in the USA: Policies, Issues, and Processes)

  • “The Techniques of Zoning and Subdivision Regulations,” Cullingworth and Caves (Chapter 6 in Planning in the USA: Policies, Issues, and Processes)
  1. 7 Zoning – Wednesday, October 19, 2011


  • Zoning history

  • Euclidean zoning

  • Zoning maps and zoning board hearings

  • Kelo
  1. 8 Zoning Field Trip, Monday 24, 2011

We will attend the meeting for the New Brunswick Zoning Board of Adjustments

The meeting is at 7:30 pm

Council Chambers, New Brunswick City Hall,

78 Bayard Street, New Brunswick, New Jersey

  1. NO CLASS - Wednesday, October 26, 2011

  2. 9 MIDTERM EXAM – Wednesday, November 02, 2011


  • Duany, Plater-Zyberk and Speck “The Devil Is in the Details,” (Chapter 2, pages 21 to 38, in Suburban Nation: Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream)

  • “From horse power to horsepower,” Morris, Eric. Access, 30, 2-9.

  • Birk, Mia (2010). Joyride: Pedaling toward a healthier planet. Portland, Or: Cadence Press. Chapter 1.

  • Appleyard, Donald. 1980. Livable Streets: Protected Neighborhoods? The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 451 (1):106-117.

  1. 10 Transportation – Wednesday, November 09, 2011


  • Contemporary transportation planning

  • NYC Case Study

  • In class observation

Assignment 2: Due noon on November 15th


  • “The Comprehensive Plan” Cullingworth and Caves (Chapter 7 in Planning in the USA: Policies, Issues, and Processes)

  • PlanYC – Introduction.
  1. 11 Comprehensive Planning – Wednesday, November 16, 2011


Assignment 3: Due noon on November 29th

  1. Readings

  • AICP Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct http://www.planning.org/ethics/ethicscode.htm
  1. NO CLASS - Wednesday, November 23, 2011


  3. 12 Ethics – Wednesday, November 30, 2011


  • Models of decision making in planning

  • Video: The Art of the Steal


  • Davis, M. (January 01, 2004). Planet of Slums. New Left Review, 26, 5-34.

  • Packer, G. (November 13, 2006) “The Megacity: Decoding the Chaos of Lagos,” The New Yorker.
  1. 13 MegaCities – Wednesday, December 07, 2011


  • Megacities

  • Slums

  • Slum tourism

  1. 14 FINAL EXAM – Date TBD

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