Kendriya vidyalaya sangathan Career Articles



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Job Search Via Social Networking Websites 
By


 

Gaurav Kumar and Anu Suneja

For the last few years, there is immense escalation in the growth of web-based services and applications on the information superhighway. A number of service providers and business tycoons are in the global market with their unique e-products and applications. It has promoted development and marketing of online communities for people from different cultures and business profiles to communicate, network and exchange information on a common virtual platform.

    Nowadays, the online presence has become important for the businessmen and professionals who are willing to be visible to the world on the social networking websites. More than 200 Social Networking Applications are providing a common platform to exchange information and ideas on the Internet. Linked in, Twitter, Facebook, Orkut, Hi5 are few social networking websites for personal and professional use.  The social networking service or social media websites operate as the online service, platform, or simply web application that focus on offering a common virtual platform to communicate in the social networks and contribute their interests and activities.

    Besides making friends and chatting, the Social Networking Applications are extensively used for promoting the business and professional profile to have the online presence on World Wide Web. A number of business organizations are using to create their business pages to show presence in global markets.

    Social Networking Applications are widely used as one of the major components in the HR Department of the organization for recruitment of the candidates. The corporate world is implementing Social Recruiting for staffing whereby the social networking websites are used to locate and recruit the suitable candidates for employment in their organization. The employers visit the social networking websites to search the profiles of candidates with relevant and suitable skill set. If a suitable candidate is found on social media, it is also leaves a good impression on the employers that the candidate is socially active with lots of links in various sectors. The job aspirants may use these social and professional networking sites to enhance their career and boost the job search mission.

    These websites provide interface and applications to interact with the global community. Using these web applications, job aspirants can create their online profile or bio-data with the detailed description of skill sets.

CREATING ONLINE PROFILES

    To broadcast the professional profile on social media, the candidate should have a User Profile where the candidate can showcase the talent, skills and experience. The online profile also helps to connect with the other professionals in similar and heterogeneous streams. Many times, it gives excellent results to have an online profile and having connection with the professionals. The professionals of similar interests and skills sometimes offer jobs to the candidate or propose for business partnership.



SOCIAL NETWORKING WEBSITES

    Facebook, Linkedin, Twitter and many other Social Networking Applications are being used for making personal and professional connections. The registration process on these websites is very simple as the Signup process of other websites. These websites facilitate quick and easy access to the online professional community. Once the profile is ready with all the fields, candidate is able to connect, to network, and to job search and boost his or her career.



Following information should be submitted to the Social Networking Websites to make your profile popular

  • Current Position with Employment History

  • Photograph

  • Professional Summary with Profile Headline

  • Keywords and Skills

  • Contact Settings

  • Links to Web Address / Personal Blogs / Websites

  • Public Profile URL (Example : http://www.linkedin.com/in/candidatename)

  • Signature for sending Messages

    Candidates should note that the Profile Headline is very important because it is visible on top of User Profile and it is vital when employers search the profile on the basis of specific keywords.

PROFESSIONAL HEADLINE EXAMPLES

  • Fresh Graduate Looking for Marketing Job

  • Fresh MBA with Finance

  • Graduate in Pharmaceutical with 2 Years Experience

  • Graduate and Looking for Job

  • Software Engineer with 2 Years Experience willing to relocate

  • Experienced Marketing Manager willing to relocate

  • Finance Expert with 10 Years Experience

  • Mathematics Teacher looking for an opportunity

  • Professor with 10 Years Experience looking for position of Dean

  • Open to Opportunities at Seeking New Position

  • Student in a Chitkara University, Punjab

  • Finance Consultant

  • Freelance Writer

BLOG OR PERSONAL WEBSITE

    In many cases, professionals register their own domain name (Example : candidatename.com or candidatename.in) for hosting their personal website and keep their professional profile online. It is useful when they apply for a job opening and send the link of their website or blog.



PRECAUTIONS WHILE USING SOCIAL MEDIA FOR JOB SEARCH

WRITE POSTS CAREFULLY :
    The candidates should be careful while posting any message on their page. It is highly distasteful if any bad thing about the current or prospective employer is written therein. Moreover, any comment which is racist, indecent or discriminatory should not be sent online.

AVOID ACCEPTING EVERYONE 
    Generally, the users of social networking websites accept everybody’s friendship request to create a huge network but it may be dangerous. A person who is not known to you should be checked and then may be added in the profile as a friend. Sometimes, hackers or anti-social elements try to be intimate with you and it will be dangerous for that candidate who has accepted that person as a friend. This task of accepting and inviting friends must be done with utmost care.

CREATE AND JOIN NETWORK OF EXPERTS AND PROFESSIONALS 
    The candidate should create and join the network of similar stream and interest. It may be the stream experts and professionals who may be helpful to you in future. Groups of similar type of business and professions can be joined to have the updates. The users of social networking websites should follow the industry experts in similar profession on Twitter. A number of tools are available for such activities.


CHOOSE SCREEN NAME CAREFULLY 
    The Screen Name should be selected carefully by the users. It should preferably be the combination of First Name and Last Name. Any ridiculous or comic screen name should be avoided as it leaves a bad impression about the user.

CONSISTENCY IN PROFILE
    It is one of the very crucial behaviour aspect about the candidate with online profile. If any candidate has provided the link of Facebook on Linkedin.com and Twitter.com, the data should be consistent. It makes an adverse impression if the skill set, experience and qualification differ in different websites.

SELECT THE PROFESSIONAL TEMPLATE: 
    As the Social Networking Applications provide a number of templates for profiles, candidates should select the background and design in a professional way rather than a template with lots of cartoons and designs. It is advisable to select the plain white background and black text while selecting the background.

SPECIFY THE LINK TO YOUR ONLINE CV : 
    If a candidate has created any online CV (Using tools VisualCV.com, mycv.org),  it should be mentioned in the profile so that the employer can visit and get detailed information about the candidate.

REGISTER MOBILE NUMBER FOR QUICK UPDATES : 
    Most of the social networking websites have facility to register the mobile number so that they can send the instant updates on the tweets, contacts and messages on their handsets. It is advisable to register the mobile number as it will be easy and fast to be in touch with others across the globe.

ONLINE BIO-DATA / CV SERVICES
    When we create the profile on Job Websites, prospective employers also want a Web Address/Link where complete professional profile can be found about the candidate. This web address acts as an online identity and makes the presence of the candidates. Moreovers, it is very helpful for the job aspirant to send the link to the employer rather than sending the complete Bio-Data as attachment by e-mail. Now companies prefer to have a web address of the candidate profile where they can find each and everything about the candidate.

    A number of online services are available on the Internet where the candidate can create the Bio-Data or CV. These online CV providers assign a Short URL or Sub-Domain to the candidate (Example : http://www.visualcv.com/candidatename) which can be sent to the employers or can be used with the E-mail    Signature.



    These websites provides the following facilities for Job Seekers

  • Create Online Bio-Data/CV

  • Design the CV in an attractive manner by choosing from Thousands of Free Templates

  • Free Web address on Internet

    Examples

  • http://www.getmyonlinecv. com/candidatename

  • http://www.mycv.org/candidatename

  • http://www.visualcv.com/candidatename

  • Share the online CV via E-mail or Social Networks

  • Securing Privacy Settings

  • Sending Web Address to Job Websites

  • Interact with Companies and Employers

  • Advice and Consultancy to create the Bio-Data/Professional Profile

  • Indexing in Google and other major databases

  • Image/Photo Based Profile Management 

  • Show/Hide Personal Information

  • Downloadable in DOC, PDF and RTF Formats so that these can be sent to the employers instantly.

    Using Online Services and Applications, a job aspirant can make his presence in the global job market. It is advisable to keep online profile updated with the new information so that it is indexed by major search engines. The indexing in search engines increases the probability of getting visible to the employers searching the candidates for various jobs.

GAURAV KUMAR is Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Applications, Chitkara University, Rajpura, Punjab, e-mail : kumargaurav.in@gmail.com,  Website :http://www.gauravkumarindia.com  & ANU SUNEJA, is Lecturer, Computer Applications, Maharshi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Haryana



Career in Information Technology 
By


 

O S Shekhar Singh 

The world has entered the new millennium, which is going to be the Information Technology Age. Computers and Internet (World-Wide Web) have become an integral part of our personal and professional lives, IT Careers have gained immense popularity over the past few years. With the advent of the PC the information technology industry underwent a quantum change. Today Computers have not only assumed strategic importance in the corporate world, they are being effectively used in other fields ranging from space exploration to food processing and banking to communication etc. The software revolution totally changed the way we work. Availability of cheap and easy to use software packages has increased productivity levels manifold. Probably no sector is untouched by information technology. Manufacturing, Finance, Marketing, Entertainment, Education, Mass Media, Environment, Communication and several other fields are reaping the benefits of IT. In this era of Information Technology, which has revolutionised the whole world, India has stood upto the world standards and is being regarded the world over for its skilled IT Professionals. Though believed that there would be a slump in the IT field, it continues to grow, and offers job opportunities to people who have the right skills and training. Information Technology occupations touch nearly every field in every part of the country and by that sheer presence itself offer innumerable job openings.The rapid development of technologies such as networking, multi-media and the Internet/WWW have created totally new job categories where none existed a few years ago. This sector is also the one that is witnessing the fastest growth and change rate. New software and techniques come out every month and professionals have to keep pace with the rapid advancements.

To become a part of the IT sector, you can choose from an array of paths. However, it is good to have general and specific skills along with formal training in IT related subjects. A certification or a Bachelor’s degree will ensure you find the correct niche for yourself in this sector. Certain personal qualities, like problem-solving capabilities, attention to detail and logical outlook are important if your choice is an IT Career. A strong foundation in Mathematics during High School is also an added asset for jobs in the IT industry.



Skills and Personal Qualities:

One should have the following personal attributes if one wishes to enter this field:



  • Flexibility and willingness to learn new things, technologies and adopt new methods of work

  • Logical thinking

  • Creativity

  • Ability to focus and concentrate

  • Accuracy

  • Organizational and administrative abilities

  • Confidence

  • Ready to work for long hours and ability to work hard

  • High intellectual capacity

  • Ability to take decisions

  • Ability to get well with people and good communication skills

  • Academic and technical skills

Scopes as IT Professionals

Broadly IT careers can be classified into the following types: Computer and Information Research Scientists, Computer Hardware Engineers, Computer Software Engineers, Computer and Information Systems Managers, Computer Programmers, Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts, Computer Systems Analysts, Database Administrators, Network and Computer Systems Administrators and Computer Support Specialists. The option of courses is huge and armed with correct advice and information one can choose the right subjects to pursue any of these careers.If you are interested in landing a job in the IT industry or you are currently pursuing an IT degree here is a list to guide you with the latest IT careers in the industry:



  • Applications Engineer: In this field you are responsible in designing parts of applications such as interface, middleware and infrastructure to conform to the company’s design standards.



  • Personnel Consultant: Personnel consultant helps in project planning and implementation. They also help in the creation of prototypes and alternative applications with colleagues.



  • Chief IT Auditor: The chief IT auditor establishes methods to audit and review computer systems and develop examination and evaluation methods for IT and networking systems to ensure conformation with mandates standards for ethics and company security.



  • Lead Software Modeler: These professionals manage software development groups in the design, development, encoding and debugging of application software.



  • Senior Web Modeler: A senior web modeler plans and conducts web-based software and coordinates new product development such as marketing, production and other stages bringing new software in the internet.



  • Communication and Messaging Administrator: Communication administ-rators control e-mail, messaging and groupware systems including computer servers, operating systems and recovery programs. They also fix problems and attend to computer needs of a company.



  • Data developer: A data developer evaluates data requirements of a company and design models of data flow.



  • Business Intelligence Analyst: These professionals develop the company’s information analysis and create practical solutions. They also review and analyse information from inside and outside resources and transform this information into a language that can be understood by everyone in the company. A Bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, or computer engineering is necessary.



  • Network Manager: Network manager manages the everyday operations and maintenance of the company’s networking and automation operations. They also cooperate with network engineers and analysts to implement, test, deploy and incorporate network systems. To fill this post one should have a good degree in any computer related course and a several years of experience in computer networking.

The level of stress can be high in certain positions in the IT field, mainly because of the stress of meeting goals with tight budgets and short deadlines.Some of the advertising career options are as given below:

  • Software Sales

  • Webmaster

  • Web Developer

  • Web Designer

  • Video Game Design

  • Graphic Design

  • Gaming

  • Computer Programmer

  • Computer Technician

  • Database Administrator

  • System Administrator

  • Game Programming

  • Hardware

  • IT Consultant

  • IT Training

  • Multi-media

  • Networking

  • Programmer

  • SEO Careers

  • Software Testing

  • Advertisement

  • Systems Analyst

  • Video Game Tester

  • Software Engineer

  • Hardware Engineer

  • Network Administrator

  • Software Architect

  • Application Developer

  • Applications Architect

  • IT Security Manager

  • Java Programmer

  • Project Manager

  • Software Information Analyst

  • Systems Engineer

  • Computer Engineering

  • Computer Operator

  • Data Analyst

  • Desktop Support Engineer

  • Enterprise Architect

  • Fresher Software

  • IT Director

  • IT Support Technician

  • Software Engineering

  • Software Programmer

  • Scientists (CS/IT)

  • Teachers at school level

  • Professors/Associate Prof/Assistant Professor at higher level.

The author is Research Scholar in LIS and working as Chief Librarian, Navodaya Vidyalaya, Mewat (Old Gurgaon)-122108, Haryana. e-mail: shekharlib@ymail.com)


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