Jotiya dhirasekera



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v. 1059.

4 M.I.10, 158; Vin.I.58 Also infra pp.175ff.

5 Ime kho samaṇā sakyaputtiyā sukhasīlā sukhasamācārā subhojanāni bhuñjitvā nivātesu sayanesu sayanti - Vin.I.77f.

6 Nā'ha āvuso etakāraṇā pabbajito piṇḍāya carissāmī'ti. Sace me dassatha bhuñjissāmi no ce me dassatha vibbhamissāmī'ti - Vin.I.57f.

7 Ime kho samaṇā sakyaputiyā dhammacārino samacārino brahmacārino saccavādino sīlavanto kalyāṇadhammā - Vin.I.73.

8 Sace kho maya samaesu sakyaputtiyesu pabbajeyyāma eva mayam pāpā ca virameyyāma kalyāṇañ ca kareyyāmā'ti - Ibid.

1 A.III.330.

2 A.III.330. Appamādagāravatā and paisanthāragāravatā 331. Hirigāravatā and otappagāravatā 423. Sovacassatā and kalyānamittatā

1 A.I.230 f.

2 MA.II.313.

1 MA.I.157.

1 See Chapter V.

2 Dialogues of the Buddha I [ SBB.II.], p.59.

3 DA.I.182.

4 M.I.355.

1 Vism.I.1.ff.

2 S.I.13, 165.

3 M.III.2.

4 M.III.134.

1 D.I.63-69. Milindapañha too, recognises this threefold division. Miln. 399.

2 M.I.179f, 345f.

1 D.I.64 a. tulākūṭa-kasakūṭa-mānakūṭa. b. ukkoaa-vañcana-nikati-sāciyoga

c. chedana-vadhabandhana-viparāmosa-ālopasahasākāra.

1 M.I.445.

2 M.I.437.

3 D.I.64.

4 Vin.IV.85: Pāc.37.

1 Ibid.

2 Vin.IV.143.

1 VinA.I.224.

1 VinA.I.213.

1 Supra p.45 f.

2 VinA.I.213.

3 M.I.445.

1 S.II.224.

2 Vin.III.9ff.

3 For a different type of Pātimokkha ritual which is said to have been adopted by the Buddhas of the past see Mahāpadāna Sutta. (D.II.48f.) and Ānandattherauposathapañhavatthu (DhpA. III.236f.).

1 D.II.1-54.

2 S.II.5ff.

3 Supra p.48.

1 Vin.III.30, 33 etc. under Pārājika I; Ibid.116 under Saṅghādisesa I.

2 Ibid.36 under Pārājika I; Ibid.118 under Saṅghādisesa. I.

3 Vin.IV.II. under Pācittiya 2.

4 Ibid.185 ff.

1 MA.III.154 ff.

1 VinA.I.213.

2 Vin.III.21; IV.9. See A.I.98 for an enlarged list. Also see supra p.17.n.1.

1 M.I.33,355; III.2,134; A.II.14 etc.

1 Vin.I.83.

2 See Sāmaññaphala Sutta: D.I.63f.

3 S.II.167f.

4 M.I.47.

5 See Pācittiya 51: Vin.IV.108-10.

6 J.I.360f.

1 M.I.123ff., 271ff.; II.239.

1 AA.III.217, 228, 410.

1 See also M.I.33,36; III.2,134; S.V.187; A.II.14.

2 M.II.27.

1 D.I.70-71; M.I.179-80, 267-68, 345-46.

2 See also M.I.179ff, 267ff, 345f.

1 A.IV.99.

2 A.IV.336.

1 M.I.462. Also A.III.95.

1 Sn.v.144.

1 D.III.224f.

2 DA.III.1009f.

3 DA.III.1017.

4 Ibid.1016.

1 S.II.194.

2 M.III.2, 134

1 M.I.124, 437, 448.

1 M.I.38.

2 M.III.2.

1 M.I.448.

2 Ibid.473.

3 Vin.IV.76f.

4 Vin.IV.81.

5 Ibid.85.

6 S.V.132; A.IV.46.

1 A.IV.49.

1 S.II.218.

2 A.I.113.

1 Vism.I.15f.

2 D.I.71; M.I.181.

3 Pātimokkhasavarasavuto'ti ettha pātimokkhan'ti sikkhāpadasīla - Vism.I.16.

1 Vinayo nāma buddhasāsanassa āyu vinaye hite sāsana hita hoti - DA.I.11.

2 Vimuttimagga: The Path of Freedom. Introduction p.xliv.

3 Ibid.17.

4 Vism.I.20f.

1 Ibid.16, 30. It must be mentioned here that Buddhaghosa, in his definition of Ājīvapārisuddhisīla, first refers to the six rules drawn from the Suttavibhaṅga and then to the conditions discussed under sīla. This is apparently due to the overwhelming authority which the Vinaya had acquired in his day.

2 D.I.8. Sec.20; Ibid.67 Sec.55.

3 Katamo ca bhikkhave micchā ājīvo. Kuhanā lapanā nemittakatā nippesikatā lābhena lābha nijigisanatā. Aya bhikkhave micchā ājīvo - M.III.75.

4 Iti ādinā nayena brahmajāle vuttāna anekesa gahaa veditabba - Vism.I.30. Also see Mahāsīla at D.I.9f, 67f.

5 Ājīvahetu ājīvakāraṇā pāpiccho... bhuñjati. Aya sā ājīvavipatti sammatā - Vin.V.146.

1 Vism.I.22

2 Ibid.16, 30.

3 Ājīvapārisuddhim'pi kho aha thapati sīlasmi vadāmi. M.II.27. See also items 37-43 in the lists of sīla given in the Brahmajāla and Sāmaññaphala Suttas.

4 Vism.I.16, 30.

1 D.I.63.

2 DA.I.181f.

3 The clause which pertains to the Thullaccaya offence occurs outside the Pātimokkha but is still within the Suttavibhaṅga.

4 Vism.I.16.

1 M.I.10.

2 Vism.I.16

3 Supra p.58, 60.

4 Vism.I.30f.

5 Pts.I.42.

6 Vism.I.46.

1 Pts.I.42f.

2 Supra p.61.

3 Arahattamaggena sabbakilesāna pahāna sīla - Pts.I.47.

1 M.I.33.

2 Also SA.III.230.

1 Pātimokkhasavarasavuto'ti catunna sīlāna jeṭṭhakasīla dassento evam āha - SA.III.230.

1 Itarāni pana tīni sīlan'ti vuttaṭṭhāna nāma natthī'ti vatvā ananujānanto āha. Indriyasavaro nāma chadvārarakkhanamatta eva. Ājīvapārisuddhi dhammen'eva samena paccayuppattimattaka pailaddhapaccaye idamatthan'ti paccavekkhitvā paribhuñjanamattaka. Nippariyāyena pātimokkhasavaro'va sīla - SA.III.230. Also MA.I.155.

2 Sattame kāyasucaritavacīsucaritāni pātimokkhasavarasīla manosucarita itarāni tīni sīlānī'ti catupārisuddhisīla kathita hoti - SA.III.230.

3 Kāyikavācasikaajjhācāranisedhanato c'esa kāya vācañca vineti. Tasmā vividhanayattā visesanayattā kāyavācānañca vinayanato vinayo'ti akkhāto - VinA.I.19. See also DA.I.17. and DhsA.I.17

4 SA.III.230.

5 MA.II.5-6.

1 Vism.I.35, 36, 40, 43.

2 Ibid.43f.

3 Ibid.43-44.

4 Tatrāyam ādi bhavati idha paññassa bhikkhuno indriyagutti santuṭṭhi pātimokkhe ca savaro. DhA.IV.107.v.375.

5 Tatra indriyaguttī'ti indriyasavaro santuṭṭhī'ti catupaccayasantoso. Tena ājīvapārisuddhiñ c'eva paccayasannissitañ ca sīla kathita - DhA.IV.III.

6 Vimuttimagga:The Path of Freedom. p.24.

1 Dasakammapatha are the ten modes of acting classified under thought (3), word (4) and deed (3).

2 M.I.36.

1 See also M.I.521; II.226.

1 M.I.60, 144, 412.

2 Sn.v.66.

3 S.V.24.

4 M.I.36; S.V.92, 94, 108; Sn.v.66.

5 M.I.361; III.275.

6 See D.I. 1 and 246.

7 M.I.433.

8 Ibid.47.

9 D. I.71. The pañca nīvaraa are abhijjhā (kāmacchanda), vyāpāda, thīnamiddha, uddhaccakukkucca and vicikicchā.

10 M.I.36.

1 M.I.141,465. The five orambhāgiya sayojana are sakkāyadiṭṭhi, vicikicchā, sīlabbataparāmāsa, kāmacchanda and vyāpāda.

2 Note: As a samyojana, only one aspect of rāga, viz. kāmarāga (kāmacchanda) seems to be eliminated at the stage of Anāgāmin. Even under the uddhambhāgiya sayojana an aspect of rāga seems to linger on under the names of rūparāga and arūparāga. It is also sometimes referred to as bhavarāga.

3 The five uddhambhāgiya sayojana consist of rūparāga, arūparāga, māna, uddhacca and avijjā.

4 M.I.37

1 Ibid.42

2 Also M.I.42, 97

1 M.II.266; III.302; S.V.157.

2 Vin.III.171.

3 A.III.138.

1 M.I.33; A.V.131.

2 Also A.IV.21.

1 See also A.V.202.

2 Vin. III. 8.

1 Thag.vv.436-7

1 Rahula, History of Buddhism in Ceylon, p.199f.

1 Vin.I.95f. This is the modified procedure. The original suggestion was that the Nissayas be made known before the conferment of Upasampadā. See Vin. I. 58. See supra. p.42.

2 Vin.III.171.

1 M.I.30-31.

1 M.I.30.

2 Ibid.31.

3 Ibid.214; S.II.187, 202.

1 A.III.108f.

1 S.II.208f.

2 M.I.438, 440f, 473; A.I.230.

1 A.I.230. See Chapter IX on the Ritual of the Pātimokkha.

2 See infra p.370.

1 Pāc.72 and 73 presuppose the existence of the Pātimokkha recital. See Vin.IV.143f.

2 Vin.I.p.xv.

3 Vin.III.21; IV.185.

1 Vin.I.p.xv.

2 Vinaya Texts I [SBE.XIII], p.xi.

3 Whether one holds the Commentarial tradition in high esteem or not, one cannot fail to be impressed here by the fact that this interpretation seems to be more than adquately supported by the evidence of the Canonical texts.

1 S.Dutt, Buddha and five After-Centuries, p.77.

2 Vin.III.178.

3 M.III.10; A.1.230; Vin.IV.144.

4 Vin.IV.144.

1 Taisho, Vol.22.p.127 B.

2 Vin.II.96f.

3 Vin.I.65

1 Rhys Davids has discovered in a Burmese manuscript the reading ubhato vibhange in place of this. See Vinaya Texts III [ SBE.XX. ], p.376. n.1. See also B.C. Law, History of Pali Literature I. p.16. We are fully in agreement with the view expressed by Rhys Davids regarding this reading. Strange enough, we also discover the Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series [Sri Lankan Edition] adopting the ubhato vibhage and reporting that the Burmese has ubhato vinaye. We recently discovered that the newly reprinted edition of the Cambodian Tripitaka at the Buddhist Institute in Phnom Penh preserves the reading ubhato vinaye and reports Burmese as having ubhato vibhage. We are of the opinion that ubhato vinaye is the more meaningful reading in this context.

1 S. Dutt, Early Buddhist Monachism, p.73.

2 Vin.I. p.xxix.

3 S.Dutt - op.cit. p.73.

1 Ibid. p.74.

2 VinA.VI.1197.

1 Vin.I.p.xvi.

2 Ibid.p.xvii.

1 Ibid.

1 Vin.IV.35f, 110f, 111f, 113 respectively.

1 Ibid.34.

1 Ibid.117.

2 Vin.IV.115, 124 respectively.

3 Vin.I.p.xix.

1 Ibid.22, 56, 82.

2 M.I.444; S.II.224

1 Vin.III.73.

1 Vin.IV.124.

2 Vin.I.96f.

1 Ibid.96.

2 Ibid.97.

3 S.Dutt, Early Buddhist Monachism, p.66.

4 Note: antamaso tiracchānagatāyā'pi of Akaraṇīya 1 and Pārājika 1. Vin.I.96 and Vin.III.23. as well as pāda vā pādāraha vā atirekapāda vā of Akaraṇīya 2 and Pārājika 2. Vin.1.96 and Vin.III.45, 47.

1 See Miss Horner, Book of the Discipline, I. p.xxiv.

2 This does not occur in the lists of sīla which are given in the Suttas. See D.I.4ff., 63ff.; M.I.179f. etc. As an item of discipline for the monks it occurs in the Pātimokkha as Pācittiya 51. See Vin.IV.108-10.

1 See supra p. 84.

2 Buddhistic Studies, ed. B.C.Law, p.381: Dr. M. Nagai on Buddhist Vinaya Discipline.

1 Miss Horner, Book of the Discipline, I.p.xvii f.

1 Ibid.p.xxiv.

2 Ibid.p.xxv.

3 Vin.III.19.

4 Miss Horner, Book of the Discipline, I.p.159.

1 M.I.209.

1 Vin.IV.23 f. See also Miss Horner, Book of the Discipline, II.p.xxxix.

2 A notable exception to this is Citta, the householder, who as a layman had attained uttarimanussadhamma alamariyañānādassanavisesa as far as the fourth jhāna and was declared to be an Anāgāmin. See S.IV.301.

1 Vin.II.110. See Oldenberg, Buddha, p.351.n.2.

2 S.IV.290f.

1 See Miss Horner, Book of the Discipline, I. p. xxiv: 'The fourth Pārājika, alone of the Pārājikas, does not find any corresponding matter among the sīlas.'

1 Also D.I.8. Sec.20.

1 D.I.63.

2 Ibid.63f.

3 Vin.IV.2.

4 Ibid.12.

5 See Saṅghādisesa 8-13: Vin.III.158-86

1 Book of the Discipline, I.p.281: Saṅghādisesa 8.

2 See Saṅghādisesa 10 and 11: Vin.III.171-77
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