Jotiya dhirasekera



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carati - Vin.I.36.

3 Tena kho pana samayena sāriputtamoggallānā sañjaye paribbājake brahmacariya caranti - Vin.I.39.

4 Atha kho assalāyana sattanna brāhmanisīna eta ahosi mogha vata no tapo aphala brahmacariyan'ti - M.II.155.

1 M.I.514f. Also see Basham, The Ājīvikas, p.17f.

2 Abhijānāmi kho panā'ha sāriputta caturagasamannāgata brahmacariya caritā: tapassī suda homi paramatapassī lūkhassuda homi paramalūkho jegucchī suda homi paramajegucchī pavivitta'ssuda homi paramapavivitto - M.I.77.

3 Ettha pana aya brahmacariyasaddo... imesu atthesu dissati - DA.I.177.

1 Abhijānāmi kho panā'ha sāriputta caturagasamannāgata brahmacariya caritā tapassi suda homī'ti lomahasanasutte viriya brahmacariyan'ti vutta - DA.I.179.

1 J.I.390.

2 Lomahaṃsana Sutta = Mahāsīhanāda Sutta - M.I.77.

3 Atthi nu kho ettha sāro'ti bāhirakamicchātapa vīmasanto caturagasamannāgata brahmacariyavāsa vasim - J.I.390

4 ...bāhirakatapa vīmasissāmī'ti ājīvakapabbajja pabbajitvā acelako ahosi. Ibid.

5 Eva caturagasamannāgata pana brahmacariya caritvā bodhisatto maraakāle upaṭṭhita nirayanimitta disvā ida vata samdāna niratthakan'ti ñatvā ta khaaññ'eva ta laddhi bhinditvā sammādiṭṭhi gahetvā devaloke nibbatti - Ibid.

1 See Supra p.22.n.3.

2 Bṛh.3.6; Tait.2.6; Chānd.6.3. See Hume, The Thirteen Principal Upaniads. p.21f.

3 Chānd.3.14; Kaṭha.5.2; Muṇḍ.2.2.11; Māṇḍ.2.

4 S.I.169.

1 Ibid.180.

2 SA.I.265.

3 S.I.180.

1 Bhagavadgītā.5.24.

2 Srīmadbhagavadgītārthaprakāsikā (Adyar Library ed.), p.168.

3 Ibid.446. See. Gītā.18.53.

4 Brahmabhūtamiti brahmāhameva brahmeti brahmātmatvena siddho brahmabhūtah. Srimadbhagavadgītārthaprakāsikā, 189.

5 Ahakāra bala darpa kāma krodha parigraha vimucya nirmamah śānto brahmabhūyāya kalpate – Gītā.18.53.

6 Addhāvauso kaccāna bhagavā jāna jānāti passa passati cakkhubhūto ñāṇabhūto dhammabhūto brahmabhūto vattā pavattā atthassa ninnetā amatassa dātā dhammassāmī tathāgato - M.I.111; III.195, 224; S.IV.94.

1 Tathāgatassa h'eta vāsettha adhivacana dhammakāyo iti'pi brahmakāyo iti'pi dhammabhūto iti'pi brahmabhūto iti'pī'ti - D.III.84.

2 Iti dhammakāyo assā'ti dhammakāyo. Dhammakāyattā eva brahmakāyo. Dhammo hi seṭṭhaṭṭhena brahmā'ti vuccati. Dhammabhūto hi dhammasabhāvo. Brahmabhūtattā eva brahmabhūto - DA.III.865.

3 Tassa eva jānato eva passato kāmāsavā'pi citta vimuccati bhavāsavā'pi citta vimuccati avijjāsavā'pi citta vimuccati vimuttasmi vimuttan'ti ñāṇa hoti khīṇā jāti vusita brahmacariya kata karaṇīya nāpara itthattāyā'ti pajānāti. Aya vuccati bhikkhave puggalo nev'attantapo nāttaparitāpanānuyoga anuyutto na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyoga anuyutto. So anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭh'eva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītibhūto sukhapaisamvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati - M.I.384. 413.

1 Loke anūpalittā te brahmabhūtā anāsavā - S.III.83.

2 See Dhammapada, vv.397ff. Brāhmaṇavagga.
Sabbasamyojana chetvā yo ve na paritassati sagātiga visamyutta tamaha brūmi brāhmaa, etc.etc.

3 Sn.p.50f.

4 Isayo pubbakā āsu saññatattā tapassino pañcakāmague hitvā attadattha acārisum - Sn.v.284.

1 Brahmacariyañ ca sīlañ ca ajjava maddava tapa soracca avihisañ ca khantiñ cāpi avaṇṇayu - Ibid.v.292.

2 Na jaccā brāhmao hoti na jaccā hoti abrāhmao kammanā brāhmao hoti kammanā hoti abrāhmao - Ibid.v.650.

3 Kammanā vattatī loko kammanā vattatī pajā kammanibandhanā sattā rathassāṇī'va yāyato - Ibid.v.654.
Tapena brahmacariyena samyamena damena ca etena brāhmao hoti eta brāhmaa uttama Ibid.v.655.

4 Yāvatā bhikkhave sahassīlokadhātu mahābrahmā tattha agga akkhāyati - A.V.59f.

5 Mahābrahmuno'pi kho bhikkhave atth'eva aññatatta atthi vipariṇāmo. Eva passa bhikkhave sutavā ariyasāvako tasmim'pi nibbindati tasmi nibbindanto agge virajjati pageva hīnasmim - Ibid.

1 Dūre ito brāhmaṇī brahmaloko yassāhuti paggahāsi nicca - S.I.141.

2 Ayameva ujumaggo ayam añjasāyano niyyāniko niyyāti takkarassa brahmasahavyatāya. Sv'āyam akkhāto brāhmaena pokkharasātinā'ti - D.I.236.

3 Mayham kho bhante evam ahosi ime kho brāhmaṇā brahmalokādhimuttā. Yannūnā'ha dhānañjāni brāhmaa brahmāna sahavyatāya magga deseyyan'ti - M.II.195f.

4 Suta me'ta bho gotama samao gotamo brahmāna sahavyatāya magga desetī'ti. Sādhu no bhava brahmāna sahavyatāya magga desetu ullumpatu bhava gotamo brāhmai pajan'ti - D.I.249.

1 M.II.195.

2 A.V.59f.

3 M.II.195.

4 D.III.223.

5 Ayam pi kho dhānañjāni brahmāna sahavyatāya maggo - M.II.195.

1 D.I.250f.

2 So vata vāseṭṭha apariggaho averacitto avyāpajjacitto asakiliṭṭhacitto vasavatti bhikkhu kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apariggahassa... vasavattissa brahmuno sahavyūpago bhavissatī'ti hāna eta vijjati - D.I.252.

3 Rājā kho panānanda makhādevo.... agārasmā anagāriya pabbajito brahmacariya cari. So cattāro brahmavihāre bhāvetvā kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā brahmalokūpago ahosi - M.II.76.

1 Katamañc'ānanda etarahi mayā kalyāṇa vaṭṭa nihita ekanta-nibbidāya virāgāya nirodhāya upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattati. Ayam'eva ariyo aṭṭhagiko maggo seyyathīda sammādiṭṭhi... sammāsamādhi - M.II.82.

2 Puna ca para bhikkhave bhikkhu aññatara devanikāya panidhāya brahmacariya carati iminā'ha sīlena vā vatena vā brahmacariyena vā devo vā bhavissāmi devaññataro vā'ti... eva assāya pañcamo cetaso vinibandho asamucchinno hoti - M.I.102.

1 Yena kho jīvaka rāgena yena dosena yena mohena vyāpādavā assa so rāgo so doso so moho tathāgatassa pahīno ucchinnamūlo tālavatthukato anabhāvakato āyati anuppādadhammo. Sace kho te jīvaka ida sandhāya bhāsita anujānāmi te etan'ti - Ibid.369f.

2 Ibid.38,297,369.

3 Ibid.424.

4 Metta rāhulā'ti kasmā ārabhi... Mettādibhāvanāya pana hotī'ti tādibhāvassa kāraadassanattha ima desana ārabhi - MA.III.140.

5 Aratī'ti arati pantasenāsanesu c'eva adhikusalesu dhammesu ca ukkaṇṭhitatā - Ibid.

1 Tattha yasmā ādito'va agāriyabhūte satte vatthukāmesu kilesakāmā mohayanti te abhibhuyya anagāriyabhāva upagatāna pantesu vā senāsanesu aññataraññataresu vā adhikusalesu dhammesu arati uppajjati. Vuttañ c'eta pabbajitena kho āvuso abhirati dukkarā'ti - SnA.II.389.

2 Pabbajitena panāvuso kim dukkaran'ti. Pabbajitena kho āvuso abhirati dukkarā'ti - S.IV.260.

3 S.II.206, 208, 218, 267.

4 Idhāvuso bhikkhu mettāsahagatena.... upekkhāsahagatena cetasā eka disa pharitvā viharati......Aya vuccat'āvuso appamāṇā cetovimutti. Yāvatā kho āvuso appamāṇā cetovimuttiyo akuppā tāsa cetovimutti agga akkhāyati. Sā kho pana akuppā cetovimutti suññā rāgena suññā dosena suññā mohena - M.I.297f.

1 Ibid.129.

2 Uppajjate sace kodho āvajja kakacūpama - Thag.v.445. See also M.I.189.

3 So vītarāgo pavineyya dosa metta citta bhāvaya appamāṇa rattim diva satata appamatto sabbā disā pharate appamañña - Sn.v.507.

4 Mettañca sabbalokasmi mānasa bhāvaye aparimāṇa - Sn.v.150.
......brahmam eta vihāra idha-m-āhu - Sn.v.151.

5 Puna ca para gahapati bhikkhu mettā-sahagatena... upekkhā-sahagatena cetasā eka disa pharitvā viharati.... So iti paisañcikkhati ayam'pi kho upekkhā-cetovimutti abhisakhatā abhisañcetayitā. Ya kho pana kiñci abhisakhata abhisañcetayita tadaniccam nirodhadhamman'ti pajānāti. So tattha hito... anuttara yogakkhema anupāpunāti - M.I.351.

1 So dhamma deseti ādikalyāṇa majjhekalyāṇṃ pariyosānakalyāṇa sāttha sabyañjana kevalaparipuṇṇa parisuddha brahmacariya pakāseti - D.I.62; M.I.179, 267 etc.

2 Dukkha: This is a word whose meaning in Buddhism is so wide that it cannot easily be given in a single word like pain, suffering, or sorrow. Sometimes the word Ill is used to cover the totality of its connotation. Each one of these words can be regarded as being valid in its own context. The word `unsatisfactoriness' is now believed to be having a very satisfactory coverage of the concept dukkha.

3 See also S.II.24.

4 Op.cit.10-11

1 Tassa mayham bhikkave yoniso manasikārā ahu paññāya abhisamayo avijjāya kho sati sakhārā honti avijjā paccayā sakhārā'ti. Iti h'ida avijjāpaccayā sakhārā sakhārapaccayā viññāṇa...... Evam etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti... Evam etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hoti - S.II.10f.

2 M.I.46f.

1 Vin.I.10.

2 S.II.10.

3 Op.cit.5.

4 D.II.1f. They are Vipassi, Sikkhī, Vessabhū, Kakusandha, Konāgamaṇa and Kassapa and conform, more or less, to the pattern of the historical Buddha Gotama.

1 Pubbe'va me bhikkhave sambodhā anabhisambuddhassa bodhisattassa sato etadahosi. Kiccha vatā'ya loko āpanno jāyati ca jīyati ca mīyati ca cavati ca uppajjati ca. Atha ca pan'imassa dukkhassa nissaraa nappajānāti. Kudā'ssu nāma imassa dukkhassa nissaraa paññāyissati jarāmaraassā'ti. Tassa mayha bhikkhave etadahosi. Kimhi nu kho sati jarāmaraa hoti ki paccayā jarāmaraan'ti - S.II.10.

2 Vin.I.40.

3 Adhigato kho me aya dhammo gambhīro duddaso duranubodho... ālayaramāya kho pana pajāya ālayaratāya ālayasammuditāya duddasa ida hāna yadida idappaccayatā paiccasamuppādo idam'pi kho hāna duddasa yadida sabbasakhārasamatho sabbūpadhipainissaggo tahakkhayo virāgo nirodho nibbāna. M.I.167.

1 See Mrs Rhys Davids, Sākya, p.133f.

2 Vutta kho pan'eta bhagavatā yo paticcasamuppādam passati so dhamma passati yo dhamma passati so paiccasamuppāda passatī'ti - M.I.190.f. See Mrs. Rhys Davids, Ibid.

3 Gambhīro c'āya ānanda paticcasamuppādo gambhīrāvabhāso ca. Etassa ānanda dhammassa ananubodhā appaivedhā eva aya pajā tantākulakajātā gulāguṇṭhikajātā muñjababbajabhūtā apāya duggati samsāra n'ātivattati - D.II.55.

4 Ida kho pana bhikkhave dukkha ariyasacca jāti'pi dukkhā jarā'pi dukkhā vyādhi'pi dukkhā maraa'pi dukkha....Vin.I.10; S.V.420f.

1 Appiyehi sampayogo dukkho piyehi vippayogo dukkho ya'p'iccha na labhati ta'pi dukkha sakhittena pañcupādānakkhandhā'pi dukkhā - Vin.I.10; S.V.420f.

2 Hare, Woven Cadences, SBB.XV. pp.115-6; Sn.vv.766,767,769,770.
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