Iss 330a Social Science Perspectives on Africa

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ISS 330a


Science Perspectives

on Africa


Come closer to the front.

Brown Bag: April 20

  • "Response to Drought in Kajado District, Kenya:

  • A comparison of 1972_76 and 1994_95“

  • David Campbell, Faculty (Geography, MSU) Noon, Room 201, International Center.

  • Professor Carl Jeppe, internationally recognized artist will lecture on Contemporary South African Artists," including his own work,

  • Thursday 7:30 p.m.,

  • refreshments 6:00 - 7:30 p.m.

  • 108 Kresge Art Center, reception and Visit the South African Exchange Exhibit in gallery 114, Kresge Art Center

  • April 17th thru April 28th.

  • April 21, Friday

  • "Local Struggles with Global Development Trends: Participatory Community

  • Health in Senegal" CASID/SID Luncheon Seminar with Ellen Foley

  • (Anthropology, MSU), 12:00 noon, Room 201 International Center.

King Sunny Ade and His African Beats

  • Detroit,Majestic Theater, 4140 Woodward Avenue

  • Tuesday April 25.

  • Doors open at 8; King Sunny will start around 9pm.

  • Tickets are $20 in advance and $23 at the door. Ticketmaster outlets and the Majestic Café.

  • You can charge by phone at 248-645-6666 or 313-833-9700.

Final Examinations

  • Monday, May 1- 12:45-2:45

  • 109 S Kedzie

  • All ISS courses are scheduled for this time: There should be no conflicts with other classes.
    There should be no reason not to attend.

Tutorial Sessions

  • Tuesday 12:40-1:30 342 Baker

  • Tuesday 4:10-5:00 106 Berkey

  • Wednesday 4:10-5:00 342 Baker

  • (If you can’t make these, there are still office hours)

  • Sessions will be student driven, but will help focus on key points on the course.

New on the Web

  • PowerPoint outlines up through Tuesday

  • Dwyer’s Democracy and Development Notes

  • Map Showing Distribution of Black Atlantic

  • Study Guide for final (more to be added)

  • Coming: Ellen Foley’s handouts, Wiley’s Presentation.

Coming Up

  • 4-20: Sierra Leone and Liberia: Dwyer

  • Today is the last Thursday assignment.

  • 4-25: Discussion of Ramphele: Dwyer

  • 4-27: Review for the Final Exam Dwyer

  • 5-01: Final Exam 12:45-2:45 You

Wiley’s Presentation

  • Three Areas:Tribe, Religion and Militarism

  • Tribalism

  • Word doesn’t mean anything (denotatively)

  • Carries negative meaning (connotatively)

  • Still Used, why?

  • What is a better term?

  • Other such words?

Religion in Africa

  • Independent African Churches

  • Meaning of “independent”

  • Religion is the glue of society,

  • Provides meaning to life

  • Provides social supportspecially when governments are not able to supply the social support that people need.

  • Christianity got to Africa before it got to Europe.

  • Uganda suicide is not representative of what is going on.

Web Resources




High Jacking Countries

  • Happens when governments are weak

  • Causes of weak governments…

  • Happens because countries have tremendous resources (minerals, trees,

  • Types of high jacking

  • External - Force – thugs and warlords (Stein)

  • Internal -Economic influence

Types of Internal Domination

  • Fascism

  • General term for special interests (corporations having an excessive influence over democratic (decision making processes)

  • Militarism

  • A type of Fascism


  • What is it?

  • A situation where the military interests of a country dominate the government.

  • Military interests include all areas of a society that benefit economically from a strong military.

  • Ideological Dimension

  • Arguments to justify a strong military

Events leading to a strong military presence in Africa.

Thomas Friedman, New York Times, 3/28/99

  • "For globalization to work, America can't be afraid to act like the almighty super-power that it is. The hidden hand of the market will never work without a hidden fist. McDonald's cannot flourish without McDonald_Douglas, the design of the F_15, and the hidden fist that keeps the world safe for silicon Valley is called the United States Force, Navy and Marine Corps.

1. The colonial regime

Largest component of the colonial administration

Most organized component of the colonial administration

Largest employer of people

Dealing with the military became a top priority of African leaders upon independence.

2. The Cold War

  • Neither the US nor USSR showed serious interest in African development (Ake)

  • Only concern was allignment with East or West.

  • Military aid was a key component during the cold war period.

(Post Cold War Era)

  • Structural Adjustment has not reduced to sale of arms to Africa

  • Military loans have fewer strings than development loans (why is that?)

  • The US is the largest arms exporter in Africa.

  • The hijacking of countries

  • New forms of competition (US v. France)

African Countries Experiencing the Effects of War

  • Angola Sierra Leone

  • Liberia Sudan

  • Somalia Eritria and Ethopia

  • New Congo Rwanda and Burundi Mozambique

  • Zimbabwe

Is the United States a militarist society?

  • Since 1940, Washington has spent the unimaginable sum of $20 trillion ($20,000,000,0O0,000!) on the military.

  • Per capita contribution in US = $3000/person/year

  • Uganda spends $2.00/person/year on health.

  • 2/3 of US Citizens (larger globally) want to see an end to nuclear arms production.


  • Cry Freetown

What Can be Done?

  • There are hundreds of NGOs in and out of Africa working toward demilitarization of the planet.

  • The Hague Appeal for Peace – May 1999

The End

Notes and Preparation for Final

  • For Each Lecture identify 6 questions which you think are important and answer them.

  • You can turn this in for a Thursday assignment

  • Ellen Foley’s Presentation on Education

Exercise to be turned in at the end of class.

  • Pair Up in Groups of two

  • Blank sheet of 81/2 x 11 of paper

  • Put both names on upper right

  • How would you explain the cause of militarization in Africa?

  • How do you think militarization (in Africa or elsewhere) could be curtailed.

  • Write a question based on today’s presentation that might appear on the exam and answer it. (multiple choice, short answer or essay)

  • Papers will be returned Thursday

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