“Mohammad” is the real name of Mohammad Bin Qasim and Amadudin is his Title.He was nephew and son-in-law of Hajjaj Bin Yousuf the Governor of Iraq (Omayad Period). He came to Sindh in 712.He was tortured to death in Iraq by Sulaiman. Sindh and Multan were conquered by Muhammad Bin Qasim under the reign of the Islamic Caliph Walid bin Abdul Malik.
The Dynasty founded by Qutbuddin is known as Slave dynasty. Qutb-ud-din Aibak was a Turkic king of Northwest India who ruled from his capital in Delhi where he built the Qutub Minar and the Quwwat Al Islam mosque. He was of Turkic descent from central Asia, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave dynasty (also known as the Ghulam dynasty) of India. He ruled for only four years, from 1206 to 1210 AD. He died while playing polo in Lahore.
Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque is the name of a Mosque built by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak near Qutb Minar at Delhi.The “Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque” and “Qutab Minar” was completed by Iltumish.
Panipat is famous is a famous town near Delhi. Three important battles were fought on this ground.
1. First between Babur against Ibrahim Lodi in 1526 A.D.
2. Second was between Bairam against Hemu in 1556 A.D.
3. The third was between Ahmad Shah Abdali versus Marhata leaders in 1761 A.D.
Firdausi wrote Shahnama and was also a court poet of Mahmud of Ghazni.
Ibn-e-Batota was a famous Moraco Traveler who stayed in the court of Muhammad bin Taghluq for several years. He traveled over the quarter part of the world from China to India. Ibn-e-Batota was at the court of Muhammad bin Taghluq.
Malik Ghazi is the real name of Ghayas ud din Tagluq (1st Tuglaq sultan).
Jauna Khan is the real name of Muhammad bin Taghluq. (2stTuglaq sultan).
Alai Darwaza was the structure constructed by Ala-ud-Din Khilji near Qutb Minar in 1311 A.D.
Iltumish was the first sovereign ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi.The first Sultan of Delhi to issue regular currency and declared Delhi as the capital of his empir.The Chalisa or the Group of Forty was the nick name of the forty leading slave officers of Iltumish.
The Sultan Balban called himself Naib-e-Khuda or Deputy of the God.The Diwan-e-Arz or the department of military affairs was created by Balban.
The maximum number of Mongol invasions took place during the reign of Ala-ud-Din Khilji.
The state promoted canal irrigation system was initiated by Feroz shah Taghluq.
The Lodi Dynasty was founded by Bahlol Lodhi.
The Syed Dynasty was founded by: Khizar Khan.
The Buland Darwaza is situated at Fatehpur Sikri.
Gulbaden Begum was the author of “Hamayun Nama” and sister of Mughal King Hamayun.
“Ain-e-Akbari” is the renowned work of Abul Fazal about the government of Akbar the Great. Abul al Fazl was a son of Sheikh Mubarak. He was one of the Nau Ratans of Akbar the Great. He wrote “Akbar-Nama”.
Din-e-Elahi was a new religion invented in 1582 by Akbar to create tolerance and love among people of India. Akbar prohibited the practice of Sati. Akbar the Great was born in Umar Kot. Lahore Fort was built in 1560 by Akbar. Infallibility Decree was a document signed by Akbar in 1597, which authorized him to act as the supreme arbitrator in civil and ecclesiastical affairs.
The Din-i-Ilahi ( "Divine Faith") was a syncretic religious doctrine propounded by the emperor Jalalu d-Din Muḥammad Akbar ("Akbar the Great") in year 1582 A.D., who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1556 to 1605, intending to merge the best elements of the religions of his empire, and thereby reconcile the differences that divided his subjects. The elements were primarily drawn from Islam and Hinduism, but some others were also taken from Christianity, Jainism and Zoroastrianism.
Tabaqat-e-Akbari was the name of history written by ‘Nizam-ud-Din’ in 1593. It contains detailed account of Ghaznavids to the 36th year of Akbar’s reign.
Mullah Do Piazza was a Akbar’s chief advisor and one of Navratnas.
Buland Darwaza was built by Akbar the Great at Fatehpur Sikri to commemorate his conquest of Gujrat.
Sadr-us-Sadr is an officer of Mughal Administration. He served as a liaison officer between the emperor and the people.
Madrassa Rahimia was established by Shah Abdur Rahim at Delhi.
Bairam Khan was a tutor of Hamayun and Akbar. He was chiefly instrumental in the victory of Mughals over Hamu in 1556.
Noor Jahan was beloved Queen of Jahangir. She was an accomplished lady and assisted her husband in the affairs of state.
Ghiyasuddin Tughluq was the first sultan of Tughluq dynasty.
Shahjahan real name was Khurram Shihab-ud-din. Shalamar Bagh was built in 1642 by Shah Jahan. Jahan Ara begum was the daughter of Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan Constructed Jamia Masjid Thatta. The Sheesh Mahal (The Palace of Mirrors) is located within the Shah Burj block in northern-western corner of Lahore Fort. It was constructed under the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1631-32.
Moti Masjid (one of the Pearl Mosques) is a 17th century religious building located inside the Lahore Fort. It is a small, white marble structure built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, and is among his prominent extensions (such as Sheesh Mahal and Naulakha pavilion) to the Lahore Fort Complex.
The Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore is famous for its extensive faience tile work. It was built by Hakim Shaikh Ilm-ud-din Ansari, a native of Chiniot, who rose to be the court physician to Shah Jahan and a governor of Lahore.
The Taj Mahal ("crown of palaces") is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built (1632-1653) by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage". Ustad Isa was the Chief Architect of Taj Mahal Agra.
The biggest Mosque built by Shahjehan in located at Delhi.Red Fort of Delhi was built by Shahjehan.
Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zakiriya was a great saint of Suhrwardi branch of mysticism and flourished in Multan.
Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya was a Sufi of Chishtia Order.
The earliest coming Chashtia order Saints to Indian was Khawja Moen-ud-Din Chashti and after that Qutb-ud-Din Bakhtiar Kaki.
Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Popularly known as Hazrat Data Ganj Bux) belonged to Soharwardi order. Hazrat Data Gunj Baksh came in Lahore in 1039 A.D. from the city of Ghazni.Data Ganj Baksh is the author of Kashful Mahjoob.
Baba Farid Ganj Shakar was a saint of Chishtia order.
The head of the Suhrawardia Silsila is Shah Rukn-e-Alam.
Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya’s Dargah is located at Delhi.
Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet.
Waris shah is called the ‘Shakespeare of Punjabi literature’.
Tomb named Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti is in Ajmer.
Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. His tomb is in the city of Kasur.
Mohammad bin Tughlaq introduced tokens currency firstly.
Mehmood set out on Somnath on17 October 1026 A.D.
1st battle of Tarrin was fought between Muhammad Ghouri & Rajput (1191), Ghori was defeated. In 1192 A.D, the 2nd battle of Tarrin, Ghori wins.
Ahmed Shah Abdali was the King of Kabul.Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated Marhatas in 1761 (the Third Battle of Panipat).
Pan Islamism introduced by Jamaluddin Afghani.
Nadir Shah of Iran invaded Delhi during the period of Mohammad Shah Rangila in 1739.
The original name of Sultan Siraj Doullah (the Nawab of Bengal) was Mirza Mohammad.
Sindh was annexed by Birtish in 1843 and was separated from Bombay in 1935 vide India Act 1935.
Sheikh Ahmed Sirhandi is known as Majaddid Alf Sani.Sheikh Ahmad Sirhandi was born in 1564 and died in 1626.
Real name of Shah Waliullah was Ahmed and his historical name was Azimuddin. In Persian language Shah Wali Ullah translated the Holy Quran.Shah Waliullah born in 1703. He was died in 1762. “Hujjat-al-Baligha” was written by Shah Wali Ullah.
Shah Alam II was an ally of Mir Qasim in the Battle of Buxar in 1764.
During Jehangir’s reign Sir Thomas Roe and Captain Hawkins visited Moghul court to secure commercial privileges.
Haji Shariat Ullah was born in 1781. Haji Shareetullah of Bengal was the founder of Farazi Tehrik in 1802. Farazi Tehrik meant to pay more attention on fundamental of Islam.
Syed Ahmed of Rai Brelli was the founder of Jehad Tehrik against Sikhs. He was martyred at Balakot (NWF) in 1831.
The main aim of Brahma Samaj was Reform in Hinduism.Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded Brahma Samaj.
Arya Samaj was founded by Dayanand Sirasoti. Arya Samaj was founded in1875.
Wardha scheme written by Zakir Hussain.
East India Company was formed in 1600 in London. In India French East India Company was established in 1664. British East India Company was established during the reign of Mughal emperor Jehangir.
Sultan Abdul Majid was Khalifa of Turkey.Non-cooperation Movement was started during the days of Khilafat Movement.
In India the first gate of entrance of Europeans was Bengal.
Tomb of Hamayun is in Delhi.Tomb of Jahangir is at Lahore.
The real name of Noor Jehan was Mahr-un-Nisa.
Haren Minar was built by Jehangir. ‘Hiran Minar’ was a favourite hunting ground of Emperor Jehangir.
Sher Shah built G.T. Road and Rohtas fort. Imperial Highway is the old name of G.T. Road.
Nasir-ud-Din Qubacha was a lieutenant of Muhammad Ghouri and served as Governor of Multan.
The Temple of Somnath was situated near the peninsula of Gujrat.
Arabic coinage was first introduced in Indian by Jalal-ud-Din Firuz.
Babur the founder of Muhgal Dynasty in 1526 first battle of Paini pat, died in 1530 A.D at Delhi. The tomb of Babur is situated at Kabul. Bala Hisar Fort is one of the most historic places of Peshawar. The word Bala Hisar is from Persian, meaning, “elevated or high fort”. It was built by Zaheer-ud-Din Baber.
Mahmud Ghaznavi is described as “the first pioneer and path-finder for Islam in this country” by Lane Poole.
Badshahi Mosque or the 'King's Mosque' in Lahore, commissioned by the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1671 and completed in 1673, is the second largest mosque in Pakistan and South Asia and the fifth largest mosque in the world.
Bhakti Movement is a socio-religious movement started by the cooperation of both Hindus and Muslims in the sub-continent to create harmony between Hinduism and Islam.Bhagat Kabir, Ramanand Dadu and Guru Nank were its major leaders.
Nishat Bagh: - A garden established by Mughal King Shah Jahan. It is in a Kashmir city Sirinagar.
Pani pat: - A place situated in East Punjab. It has seen three historic battles among the local rules of this area. It is also called gateway to Delhi.
Razia Sultana: - A daughter of Iltutmish succeeded him to the throne on the desire of her father. Her father preferred her as his successor over his twenty sons.
Rohtas Fort: - A Fort located near Jehlum River was constructed by Sher Shah Suri as a defence against Gakhars. Rohtas Fort was constructed by (on Sher Shah’s order) Todar Mal.
The Mohabbat Khan Mosque is a 17th century Mosque in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, Pakistan. It is named after the Mughal governor of Peshawar Nawab Mohabbat Khan who served under Emperors Shah Jehan and Aurangzeb.
Purana Qila (Old Fort) is the inner citadel of the city of Dina-panah, founded by the second Mughal Emperor, Humayun in 1533 and completed five years later.Purana Qila and its environs flourished as the sixth city of Delhi.
The ruler of Sindh was Dahar, son of Chuch.
Abu Raihan Al-Biruni (a mathematician, philosopher, astronomer and a Sanskrit scholar) was born in Khwarizm (modern Khiva) in 973. He spent his early life under the patronage of Khwarizm Shah. He stayed for a while at the court of Qabus in Tabaristan where he dedicated his monumental work, the Chronology of the Ancient Nations, to Qabus. In 1017 Mahmood took him to Ghazni. He spent several years in the sub-continent and probably died in 1048.
Balban was son of a Turkish noble of the Ilbari tribe. He was captured by the Mongols and sold in Baghdad to Khawaja Jamal-ud-din Basri. Later in 1232 he was taken to Dehli and sold to Iltutmish.
Tan Sen was a famous musician of Akbar’s time. He had introduced a number of Rags in the Indian music industry.
Vasco-da Gama was a navigator. He was Portugees. He discovered first of all a direct route to India in 1498.
Faizi was famous character of Akbar’s Court. He was the brother of Abul Fazl. He was one of the nobles of that era.
Todal Mal was an advisor/wazir of great Mughal King Akbar. He introduced and implemented the Revenue system in the subcontinent successfully.
Birbal was one of the Nobels of Akbar the great. He was one of the Nau Ratan of Akbar.
Gautama Buddha was the founder of Buddhism.His real name was Siddharta.
Ashoka was the greatest ruler of Maurya dynasty. Chandragupta was the founder of Maurya dynasty.
Subuktigin was the Father of Mahmood Ghazni.
The foundation stone of the Sikhism’s holiest place “Golden Tample” at Amritsar was laid by Hazrat Mian Mir.
“Harilal” is the son of Gandhi, who converted to Islam but later reverted back to Hinduism.
“WANA” is the main town of South Wazaristan; “Miran Shah” is the main town of North Waziristan and “Parachanar” is the main town of Kuram Agency.
Muqtad-ul-Sadr organised the "Mehdi army".
“Khar” is a main town in the Bajaur Agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.