Introduction phrasal verb



Download 2.51 Mb.
Page1/16
Date14.07.2017
Size2.51 Mb.
#25526
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   16
Phrasal Verbs

INTRODUCTION

Phrasal verb, bir fiil köküyle bir adverbial particle'dan oluşur ve türediği fiil kökünden farklı bir anlam taşır. Örneğin "take" fiili "almak, götürmek' anlamındadır. Ancak "take off", "uçağın havalanması" ya da "bir giysiyi çıkarmak' anlamlarını veren farklı sözcüklerdir.

Parents should bring up (raise) their children properly, (phrasal verb)

Do you think this blouse will go with (match/suit) my checked skirt? (phrasal v.)

Prepositional verb "verb + preposition" biçiminde oluşur. Ancak, preposition eklendiği zaman fiilin anlamı değişmez. Preposition'm buradaki görevi yönelme bildirmek ya da fiilden nesneye geçişi sağlamaktır.

She is watting for her boyfriend, (prepositional verb)

He listened to the news very carefully, (prepositional verb)

Bazı phrasal verb'lerde (transitive phrasal verbs), fiil kökü ile particle arasına nesne girebilir. Prepositional verb'lerde ise, fiil ile preposition in arasına nesne giremez. Ancak, briefly, angrily, suspiciously, etc. gibi durum bildiren zarflar girebilir.

Parents should bring their children up properly, (phrasal verb)

I looked at the timetable, (prepositional verb) I looked briefly at the timetable. I looked at the timetable brieûy.

12-1 PHRASAL VERBS: TRANSITIVE or INTRANSITIVE

Phrasal verb'leri transitive (geçişli), yani nesne alabilen, ve Intransitive (geçişsiz), yani nesne almayan fiiller olarak iki grupta inceleyebiliriz.

12-2 TRANSITIVE PHRASAL VERBS

Transitive phrasal verbs, nesne alabilen fiillerdir.



a) Geçişli fiillerin bir bölümünde nesne iki şekilde yer alabilir: verb + partide + object ya

da verb + object + partide.

She turned off the television, (transitive) She turned the television off.

They turned down my offer, (transitive) They turned my offer down.

b) Bazı transitive phrasal verb'lerde ise fiil köküyle partide birbirinden ayrılamaz.

He got over his Illness remarkably quickly. l came across an old Mend the other day.



c) Araya nesne alabilen phrasal verb'lerde nesne me, it, them, you, etc. gibi bir pronoun
ise, bu nesne particle'dan sonra kullanılamaz. Mutlaka fiil ile partide arasında yer
almalıdır.

She turned it off. They turned him down. I'll think them over.

d) Ancak, bölünemeyen phrasal verb'lerde, nesne bir pronoun da olsa, yeri değişmez. Yine
particle'dan sonra gelir.


He got over it remarkably quickly.

I came across him the other day in a cafe.






APPEND 1X1




ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION COMBINATIONS

absent from

He has been absent from school for three days.



absorbed In

He was so absorbed in reading his book that he didn't notice me enter the room.

accustomed to

I'm not accustomed to very cold climates.



acquainted with

She is acquainted with our customs quite well.



addicted to

So many youths are addicted to drugs.



afraid of

She is afraid of going out after dark.



allergic to

My son is allergic to penicillin.



amazed at/by

We were all amazed at/by her unusual behaviour.

angry at/about

ı behaviour.


We were angry at her selfish

angry with someone for something

We were angry with him for his selfishness.



annoyed at/about

I was annoyed at not being invited to the party.

annoyed with someone for something

They were annoyed with me for not inviting them to the parly.



anxious about/for

We were anxious about his constantly high

temperature.

The little boy was anxious for school to start.



appropriate for

Do you think this book is appropriate for our goals?

ashamed of

I felt ashamed of my shabby clothes.

You must be ashamed of yourself for treating

her so rudely.



associated with

Steven Spielberg is particularly associated with special effects in film.

astonished at/by

They were rather astonished at losing the game.

aware of

Most people are still not aware of the extent of environmental pollution.



badat

He is bad at repairing things.



bad for

Eating too much candy is bad for your teeth.



based on

Educational principles should be based on the requirements of the times.



beneficial to

Taking regular exercise is beneficial to your health.



bewildered at/about/by

Judy was bewildered by the complex mathematical problem.

blessed with

Katie is blessed with a family who are always looking out for her best interests.



boastful of

She is boastful of her son's achievements.



bored with

I didn't finish reading the book, for I was bored with the plot.

brilliant at

He is really brilliant at calculating.

busy with

She can't come with us because she is busy with her term paper.

capable of

You are capable of doing better work than this.



careful about

Be careful about your words even when you are annoyed.

careful with

You must be careful with money in these economic conditions.

careless about (not paying attention to}

She is often careless about her clothes; especially when she is depressed.



careless of (negligent, thoughtless)

Some drivers are careless of the dangers of driving fast.

clever at

She is quite clever at working out the most difficult problems.

committed to

He is committed to honest work.



composed of

End of term parties are usually composed of students, teachers and parents.

concerned about

People are concerned about the increasing air pollution in Istanbul.



confident of

Ryan is confident of his safe driving skills.



confused about something

Anna was confused about the grammatical structure, so she asked the teacher to clarify it.

(get) sth/sb confused with sth/sb else

Since they were identical twins, the teacher was always getting Jason confused with Jacob.

connected with/to

A good mood is usually connected with good

health.

I think she is distantly connected with/to that



family.

ELS Q 671

conscious of

A good many parents are not conscious of the importance ofreading to their children.

content with



The teacher seemed content with our exam results.

convinced of

I'm convinced of his innocence.

coordinated with



When you are swimming, the movements of your legs should be coordinated with your arms.

covered with/in

When I looked out of the window, I noticed that everything was covered with snow.

crowded with

The city center is always crowded with people.

curious about



I'm curious about which party will win the election.

D

dedicated to



She loves her job; in fact, she is dedicated to it.

deficient In



You should eat vegetables and fruit regularly so that your diet is not deficient in vitamins.

delighted with/at



The child was delighted with his new toy. I'm delighted at allyou've done!

dependent on/upon



Because he nasn't got a proper job, he is still dependent on his parents financially.

derived from

Most words in English are derived from Latin.

devoid of



She seems to be devoid of the skills required for this job.

devoted to

She is devoted to her children.

different from/than



Your likes and dislikes are quite different from/than mine.

disappointed with/at/by



really disappointed with her exam


She seemed really di results.

discriminated against



People should not be discriminated against because of the colour of their skin.

divorced from



According to the statistics, the number of women divorced from their husbands is increasing.

done with



Linda was so angry at her boyfriend's behaviour that she swore that she was done with him.

dressed in



She was dressed in a skirt, which was unusual for her.

E

eager for



He seems eager for a quick recovery, so he is doing whatever the doctor says.

efficient in



The production manager is really efficient in his job.

engaged to



She is still engaged to Jonathan, and they are thinking of getting married soon.

enthusiastic about

Jenny is very enthusiastic about coming to the concert with us.

envious of



I'm envious of people who can speak three or more languages fluently.

equipped with

Big offices are usually equipped with a burglar alarm.

excellent at

My mother is excellent at knitting,

excited about



The children seem quite excited about going on holiday.

exposed to



If hands and face are exposed to extreme cold, they may get frostbite.

faithful to

Dogs are known to be faithful to their owners.

familiar with



I'm not familiar with any of the books by that author.

familiar to

The man in the corner seems familiar to me.

famous for

Turkish people are famous for their hospitality.

fed up with



The teacher was fed up with the boy's disrespectful behaviour, so she sent him to the principal's office.

filled with

The room was filled with excited people.

finished with



The waiter took my dessert dish away before I was finished with the chocolate sauce.

fit for


Due to his poor health, he is not fit for the race.

fond of


I'm very fond of children.

free of


Children under seven can travel free of charge.

free from

You will be free from pain soon after you've taken two of these tablets.

friendly to/with

She was quite friendly to me last night.

frightened of/at

I have always been frightened of heights.

full of


Your composition is full of grammatical mistakes.

furious about



She was furious about the news that she hadn't been promoted.

furious with someone for something



She was furious with the manager for not promoting her.

furnished with



The agents have been furnished with all the necessary information.


generous about/with

The host was a bit too generous with the raki, so we all became drunk.

good at

I'm not so good at playing cards.



good for

Taking regular walks is good for your heart.



grateful to someone for something

guilty of


I'm grateful to you for your kind support.

was found guilty of the robbery.

H

happy about

Tm very happy about your getting this job.



happy with

1 purchased my dishwasher two years ago, and I'm still happy with it.

honest with

You should be honest with your clients.



hopeful of/about

She is hopeful of passing the university entrance exam this year.

hopeless at

She is hopeless at cooking. She can't even cook the simplest dishes properly.

hostile to

Since the scandal, the two families have been hostile to each other.

j

identical with/to

What a coincidence! Your dress is almost identical with mine.

Ignorant of

She is ignorant of the proper thing to do in such circumstances.

Impressed with/by

We were greatly impressed with her diligence.



Inferior to

I don't think your work is inferior to anybody else's in the office.

Indebted to

I'm indebted to my friends for the encouragement they gave me for this job.

indifferent to

She seems quite indifferent to what is happening around her.

Innocent of

She was found innocent of the charge.



Interested In

I've always been interested in folk music.



Involved In

He has recently been involved in a bribery case.



kind to

She has always been kind to the people around her.

known for (famous for)

Mr. Eames is known for his honesty.



known as

Mr. Eames is known as an honest man.



late for

You've been late for work twice this week.



limited to

The time given for the university entrance exam is limited to three and a half hours.

lucky at

He is usually lucky at cards.

M

mad at (angry with)

Don't be mad at me! I was just trying to help you.

mad about (very fond o/j

She is mad about pop music.



made of

Tables and chairs are usually made of wood, [if there is only physical change in the raw material}

made from

Paper is made from wood. (The raw material changes chemically as well as physically.)



made out of

It's difficult to believe that this lovely vase was made out of a bottle, (if you alter an item, and use it with a different purpose)



married to

She is married to an American.



mindful of

You should be mindful of your responsibilities.



mistaken about

You are mistaken about the extent of her capabilities.

N

nervous of/about



She is nervous about the job interview she will have this afternoon.

notorious for

She became notorious for her extravagance.

O

obliged to

I'm obliged to you for being beside me during all that trouble.

opposed to

I'm opposed to giving so many responsibilities to a small childT



jealous of

She has always been jealous of her brother's success.

K

keen on

He is very keen on football.



patient with

A teacher should be patient with his/her students.

pleased about

She seems very pleased about being put in charge.


pleased with

I'm pleased with the progress you've made.



polite to

You should be polite to the customers.



popular with

She is very popular with her students.



prepared for

I'm buying these boots so that I'll be prepared for the snow this winter.

proud of

She is rightly proud of her success.



provided with

The young should be provided with jobs after graduation.

R

ready for

Everybody seems ready for the journey.

related to

Are you related to the headmaster; because your surnames are the same?

relevant to

Your question isn't relevant to the subject we are discussing.



remembered for

Audrey Hepburn is remembered for her classic style and grace.



responsible for/to

I think air pollution in big cities is responsible for the increase in respiratory diseases of late.



rich In

Vegetables and fruit are rich in vitamins.



right about

I was right about her low chances of getting the job.

sad about

She was sad about losing the chance of giving a party, having failed the exam.



satisfied with

Are you satisfied with your present job?



scared of

She was scared of the growling dog.



shocked at/by

He was such a good driver we were all shocked at the news that he'd had an accident.

short of

I'm a bit short of money these days, so I can't come with you to dine out.

sick of

I'm sick of this ceaseless rain.



similar to

This scheme is quite similar to the one I prepared.

skilful at

The Inuit people are known to be skilful at using their harpoons.

slow at

The new secretary is quite slow at typing.



sorry for someone

I feel sorry for Sue, because she hasn't been able to find a job yet.

. sorry ;


sorry about something

my rude remarks yesterday.


Tm sorry about rm

sorry for doing something

Tm sorry Tor hurting you with my rude remarks yesterday.

subject to

The southeast of Turkey is subject to extreme weather conditions.



successful In

He was successful in marketing the product to a wide area.

suitable for

I don't think jeans will be suitable for such a formal party.

superior to

Do you think this job will be superior to your current one?

sure of

If you are not sure of your facts, don't make them public.

sure about

I'm not sure about the time of the train.



surprised at/by

I was really surprised at her treating us so strangely.

suspicious of

The guard became suspicious of the youth standing on the corner.



synchronized with

The ballet dancers were perfectly synchronized with each other.

terrible at

She is terrible at cooking.



terrified of

The little girl was terrified of the huge dog.




Download 2.51 Mb.

Share with your friends:
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   16




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2023
send message

    Main page