Introduction – our worldviews worldview


FACTORS AFFECTING WORLDVIEW



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FACTORS AFFECTING WORLDVIEW
Different factors influenced and caused changes in the societies and their worldview:
Geography – where a group of people live, the climate, land formations, plants and animals, bodies of water, and natural resources
Ideas and knowledgewhat a group knows; scientific, intellectual, technological, artistic, and spiritual knowledge
Contact with other groups – contact and interactions between societies and between different groups in a society
Worldview is usually a gradual change over time based on the above factors but it also can be unexpected, earth shattering event that shakes society and causes citizens to examine their worldview. Example: twin towers, BSE
2. What are the factors affecting worldview

    1. _______________________________________________

    2. _______________________________________________

    3. _______________________________________________


HOW DID THE SOCIAL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC STRUCTURE DURING

THE MIDDLE AGES REFLECT THE

WORLDVIEW OF THE TIME?
Social / Political Quality of Life

  • A very high percentage of the population lived in rural villages. They were socially isolated; they had very little contact with the outside world.

  • Feudal system well established

  • Monarchs granted land to nobles in return for military support

  • Wealthy/powerful landholding nobles formed alliances from diplomacy to support monarch

  • Land subdivided to lesser nobles/knights (taxes, supplies)

  • Serf/peasants (90%)were property of nobles and worked land for them, provided military labor – nobles in return offered them protection from invaders

  • Never moved outside of your class, you were born into your position and couldn’t move out of it due to belief that God decided your fate. To deny your fate was to deny God.

  • People believed their situation was God’s will and his will was not to be questioned

  • Nobles lived in castles and manor homes and peasants in huts

Economic Quality of Life



  • To satisfy their economic need for food, shelter, clothing they worked the land. Agriculture and farming was primarily used to meet their needs.

  • Sometimes farmers would barter and trade goods amongst one another for needs.


Spiritual Quality of Life



  • Most Christians believed that God was the Centre of human existence, the beliefs of the poor were they had a .harsh, short life on earth, they would be rewarded after death

  • If you were a wealthy person in the middle ages you could be assured a spot in heaven if you paid money to the Roman Catholic Church

  • Religion was the central point of their beliefs; no one disagreed with the church as you then couldn’t get into heaven, church then was prosperous and rich.

  • You couldn’t talk to god yourself but had to go through the priest, therefore paying money you would be assured your message got through

  • Art and architecture therefore were heavily influence by religion, as the church hired, thinkers and artists to work for them

  • Priest were send as God’s chosen representative

  • Pope was extremely powerful, ruling both the church and the money, he influenced kings, kingdoms and people’s beliefs and actions – power struggles happened between kings and the pope

3. Match the following words with their definition.




Definitions:
________ Urbanization
________ Worldview
________ Papacy
________ Republic
________ Despot
________ Oligarchy
________ Sovereignty
________ Aristocracy
________ Guild
________ Middle Age
________ Feudal System
________ City State


  1. pope and the gov’t of the Roman Catholic Church

  2. the nobility or those with inherited titles

  3. actions of a group based on a person’s individual values and beliefs

  4. a historical period in Europe stretching from the 4th century to the 14th century

  5. an organization of craftsmen or merchants

  6. a supreme power and authority; the freedom of a country or political unit from outside control

  7. leader with unlimited power; a tyrant or oppressor

  8. the movement of population away from the countryside and into cities

  9. a rigid hierarchical political economic class system of landholding dividing the lower and upper class

  10. a state in which power is held by the people or their representatives

  11. a form of government in which a few people have the power

  12. a city that governs itself and the countryside surrounding it

HOW DID THE EXCHANGE OF IDEAS AND KNOWLEDGE DURING THE RENAISSANCE SHAPE THE WORLDVIEWS OF THE WESTERN WORLD?
The Silk Road


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