Indian Aesthetics Syllabus



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Aesthetics Notes Sem 3
Vakrokti
Kuntaka in his work Vakrokti jivitam gives Vakrokti Siddhanta or theory of Oblique Expression, which he considers as the hallmark of all creative literature.
Vakrokti, emanating from the creative faculty of the poet endows poetic language with strikingness (Vichitra) and causes aesthetic delight to the reader.
Etymologically, the word Vakrokti consists of two components- ‘Vakra’ and ‘Ukti’. Vakra means ‘crooked, indirect or unique’ and Ukti means ‘Poetic expression of Speech’
Types –

  1. Phonetic Figurativeness (Varna Vinyasa Vakrata)

  2. Lexical Figurativeness (pada Purvardha Vakrata)

  3. Grammatical Figurativeness (Pratyaya Vakrata)

  4. Sentential Figurativeness (Vakya Vakrata)

  5. Episodic Figurativeness (Prakarana Vakrata)

  6. Compositional Figurativeness (Prabandha Vakrata)

Vakrokti is a theory of poetry which perceives poetry essentially in terms of the language of its expression. It sees the poetic language as language of metaphor and suggestive communication. The Sahitya or mutual coherence between word and meaning in respect of beauty is nothing but a unique poetic usage, involving neither more nor less than exact form of word and meaning required to make the whole beautiful.


Kuntka incorporates Rasa , alamkara, Riti, and guna theories into his Vakrokti Sidhanta. Vakrokti was not discussed as separately by later theorists but it has always been discussed as an important element. Vakrokti theory is a useful framework for stylistic analysis of literature.




 Vakrokti is the most misunderstood and misinterpretation one. It means strikingness in word.


Vakrokti :- Vakra + Ukti


Vakra :- Crooked indirect or unique.


Ukti :- Poetic expression or speech
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