incorporating the Year Eleven and Twelve programs) Principal



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Outcome 1

Outcome 2

  • A demonstration of technical work and exercises

  • An oral/or multimedia/or written explanation of technical work and exercises showing how they have supported the students’ development as an instrumentalist and their preparation of works performed in outcome 1

  • A performance of unprepared material (sight reading, imitation or improvisation)

Outcome 3

  • Aural and Theory workbook of class activities and test that includes written, aural and practical components.

Outcome 4

Composition and/or improvisation exercises and accompanying documentation (multimedia or written) that describes use of music language in the exercises.


UNITS 3 AND 4
For Units 3 and 4 this study divides into two streams:
A Music Performance

B Music Investigation
Please read Entry requirements for this study.

UNIT 3: Music Performance


This unit focuses on building and refining performance and musicianship skills. Students focus on either group or solo performance and begin preparation of a performance program they will present in the end-of-year examination. As part of their preparation, students will also present performances of both group and solo music works using one or more instruments and take opportunities to perform in familiar and unfamiliar venues and spaces. They study the work of other performers and refine selected strategies to optimise their own approach to performance. They identify technical, expressive and stylistic challenges relevant to works they are preparing for performance and endeavour to address these challenges. Students develop their listening, aural, theoretical and analytical musicianship skills and apply this knowledge when preparing and presenting performances.
Performance examination – students choose whether they will present their external end-of-year performance examination program as a member of a group or as a soloist.
Areas of study
Area of Study 1 - Performance

In this area of study students prepare performances by selecting, researching, interpreting and learning solo and group works. Where students have completed Units 1 and/or 2, works selected for performance in this area of study should be different to those works selected for Outcome 1 in those units. Students perform regularly in a variety of contexts and use these performances to explore and build on ways of expressively shaping their chosen works and communicating their artistic intentions to an audience. They develop their individual instrumental and musicianship skills through regular practice and develop and implement group skills through rehearsal with other musicians .Across Units 3 and 4 students must perform the number of works specified for the selected instrument or group in the performance examination specifications and relevant prescribed list. The works selected should allow students to meet examination requirements and conditions.


Outcome 1

On completion of this unit the student should be able to prepare and perform a program of group and solo works, and demonstrate a diverse range of techniques and expressive qualities and an understanding of a wide range of music styles and performance conventions. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 1.


Area of Study 2 - Preparing for performance

This area of study focuses on continual development of students’ capabilities to present musically engaging and technically competent group and solo performances. Students develop knowledge of the works they are preparing to perform and systematically practise relevant material and processes that will enhance their ability to realise the character and style of selected group and solo works. As students develop and practise rehearsal strategies, they trial the use of techniques and conventions. They systematically develop their capacity to use aural, technical and interpretative musicianship skills to enhance their performance. Students identify strengths and weaknesses in their performance capabilities and develop a planned approach to address challenges and optimise their performance. They select and create exercises and practise material to consolidate and refine their command of instrumental and presentation techniques. They build their understanding of how to control and manipulate techniques and conventions to increase their ability to communicate with an audience.


Outcome 2

On completion of this unit the student should be able to demonstrate and discuss techniques relevant to performance of selected works. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 2.


Area of Study 3 - Music language

In this area of study students continue to systematically develop understanding of music language used for performance, interpretation and critical listening. They develop and refine their ability to identify, recognise, notate and transcribe short music excerpts, as well as to re-create short sections of music by singing, humming and/or playing. Students practise and refine their ability to notate music by hand. They further develop their understanding of ways elements of music can be interpreted in the performance of music works. They apply this knowledge through analysis and comparison of ways in which performers have interpreted a variety of works, including works created by Australian composers/songwriters after 1980 and works by composers working in other times and locations.


Outcome 3

On completion of this unit the student should be able to identify, re-create, notate and transcribe short excerpts of music, and discuss the interpretation of expressive elements of music in pre-recorded works. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 3.


Assessment tasks

The award of satisfactory completion for a unit is based on a decision that the student has demonstrated achievement of the set of outcomes specified for the unit. The student’s level of achievement for Unit 3 Outcomes 2 and 3 will be determined by school assessed coursework. The marks for this work contributes 20% to the study score.


Assessment tasks are:

  • Performance of a program of at least 15 minutes duration (for 1-3 performers, 20 – 25 for 4 or more), consisting of contrasting works including at least one group work, and one solo work with accompaniment

  • A demonstration of technical work and exercises

  • An oral/or multimedia/or written explanation of technical work and exercises showing how they have supported the students’ development as an instrumentalist and their preparation of works performed in outcome 1

  • A performance of unprepared material (sight reading, imitation or improvisation)

  • Aural and Theory workbook of class activities and test



SACS
Outcome 2

Demonstrate and discuss techniques relevant to performance of selected works. A demonstration of material selected to assist with development of general instrumental technique and preparation of works selected for Outcome 1 including exercise/s created by the student. (Marked out of 40)


AND (Marked out of 10)

A discussion of how the selected material is supporting the student’s development as an instrumentalist and their preparation of works for Outcome 1. The discussion may be presented in one or both of the following formats:

• oral

• multimedia.


Outcome 3

Identify, re-create, notate and transcribe short excerpts of music, and discuss the interpretation of expressive elements of music in pre-recorded works.


A test that includes the following components:

• aural and theory (Marked out of 20)

• written, and (Marked out of 10)

• practical components.(Marked out of 20)


Total marks 100

*School-assessed Coursework for Unit 3 contributes 20 per cent to the study score


External assessment

The level of achievement for Units 3 and 4 is also assessed by an end-of-year performance examination, which will contribute 50 per cent, and an end-of-year aural and written examination which will contribute 20 per cent.


UNIT 4: Music Performance


This unit focuses on further development and refinement of performance and musicianship skills. Students focus on either group or solo performance and continue preparation of a performance program they will present in the end-of-year examination. All students present performances of both group and solo music works using one or more instruments and take opportunities to perform in familiar and unfamiliar venues and spaces. Through analyses of other performers’ interpretations and feedback on their own performances, students refine their interpretations and optimise their approach to performance. They continue to address challenges relevant to works they are preparing for performance and to strengthen their listening, aural, theoretical and analytical musicianship skills.
Areas of study
Area of Study 1 - Performance

In this area of study students prepare performances by selecting, researching, learning and interpreting solo and group works. Works selected for performance should complement those works selected for Outcome 1 in Unit 3.


Students perform regularly in a variety of contexts and use these performances to explore and consolidate their understanding of ways they can expressively shape their chosen works and communicate their artistic intentions to an audience. They develop their individual instrumental and musicianship skills through regular practice and develop and implement group skills through rehearsal with other musicians.

.

Across Units 3 and 4 all students must perform the number of works specified for the selected instrument or group in the performance examination specifications and relevant prescribed list. The works selected should allow students to meet examination requirements and conditions.


Outcome 1

On completion of this unit the student should be able to prepare and perform informed interpretations in a program of group and solo works, and demonstrate a diverse range of techniques, expressive qualities and understanding of a wide range of music styles and performance conventions. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 1.


Area of Study 2 - Preparing for performance

This area of study focuses on continual development of students’ capabilities to present musically engaging and technically competent group and solo performances. Students develop knowledge of the works they are preparing to identify and systematically practise relevant material and processes that will enhance their ability to realise the character and style of selected group and solo works. As students develop and practise rehearsal strategies, they trial the use of techniques and conventions. They systematically develop and refine their capacity to use aural, technical and interpretative musicianship skills to enhance their performance.


Students identify strengths and weaknesses in their performance capabilities and develop a planned approach to address challenges and optimise their performance. They select and create exercises and practise material to consolidate and refine their command of instrumental and presentation techniques. They build their understanding of how to control and manipulate techniques and conventions, increasing their ability to communicate with an audience.
Outcome 2

On completion of this unit the student should be able to demonstrate and discuss techniques relevant to refining the performance of selected works. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 2.


Area of Study 3- Music language

In this area of study students continue to systematically develop their understanding of music language used for performance, interpretation, critical listening and analysis. They develop and refine their ability to identify, recognise, notate and transcribe short music excerpts, as well as to re-create short sections of music by singing, humming and/or playing. Students practise and refine their ability to notate music by hand. They further develop their understanding of ways expressive elements of music can be interpreted in the performance of music works. They apply this knowledge to analyse and compare ways in which performers have interpreted a variety of works, including works created by Australian composers/songwriters after 1980 and works by composers working in other times and locations.


Outcome 3

On completion of this unit the student should be able to identify, re-create, notate and transcribe short excerpts of music, and discuss the interpretation of expressive elements of music in pre-recorded works. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 3.

Assessment Tasks

The award of satisfactory completion for a unit is based on a decision that the student has demonstrated achievement of the set of outcomes specified for the unit. SACs for Unit 4 contribute 10% to the study score


Assessment tasks are:

  • Performance of a program of at least 10 minutes duration ( for 1-3 performers, 10 – 15 for 4 or more), consisting of contrasting works including at least one group work, and one solo work with accompaniment

  • A demonstration of technical work and exercises

  • An oral/or multimedia/or written discussion of technical work and exercises showing how they have supported the students’ development as an instrumentalist and their preparation of works performed in Outcome 1

  • A performance of unprepared material (sight reading, imitation or improvisation)

  • Aural and Theory workbook of class activities and test


SACS

Contribution to final assessment. School-assessed Coursework for Unit 4 will contribute 10 per cent to the study score.


Outcome 2

Demonstrate and discuss techniques relevant to refining the performance of selected works.


A demonstration of material selected to assist with development of general instrumental technique and preparation and presentation of works selected for Outcome 1, including exercise/s created by the student. (marked out of 40)

AND


A discussion of how the selected material is supporting the student’s development as an instrumentalist and their preparation of works for Outcome 1. The discussion may be presented in one or both of the following formats:

• oral


• multimedia.

(marked out of 10)


END OF YEAR EXAMINATIONS
EITHER GROUP PERFORMANCE OR SOLO PERFORMANCE 50 % OF FINAL SCORE

NB Students can only be assessed in one examination and must select either group or solo Group Performance Examination –

A live performance of at least four contrasting works that represent a range of styles and diversity of character. At least two works in the program must be selected from the prescribed list.

One assessed performer time limit 25 minutes

Two or three assessed performers time limit 30 minutes

Four assessed performers time limit 35 minutes

Five or six assessed performers time limit 40 minutes


Solo Performance Examination – A live performance of contrasting works that represent a range of styles and diversity of character, from the prescribed list. Check the specific requirements for your instrument including the number of works to be performed.
AURAL AND WRITTEN EXAMINATION 20% OF FINAL SCORE

UNIT 3: Music Investigation


In this unit students design and conduct an investigation into performance practices that are characteristic of a music style, tradition or genre. They describe and explore their selected Investigation Topic and its practices through critical listening, analysis and consideration of technical, expressive and contextual issues, and through composition, improvisation or arrangement and performance. Students begin by researching a representative sample of music and related contextual issues. They develop their knowledge and understanding of techniques and ways of achieving expressive outcomes and other aspects relevant to performance practice in the style, tradition or genre they are investigating. In this study research involves critical listening, analysis of live and recorded performances and study of scores/charts and other texts as appropriate to the Investigation Topic.
Students develop and maintain a portfolio to document evidence of their research and findings. The portfolio also includes exercises, sketches or recorded improvisations that demonstrate their developing understanding of the Investigation Topic. Concurrently, students select, rehearse and prepare to perform a program of works that are representative and characteristic of their Investigation Topic. Through performance, students demonstrate knowledge and understanding of expressive and instrumental techniques and conventions and other relevant aspects of performance practice. As they learn and practise each work in the program, students use findings from their research to trial and make decisions about interpretative options and develop their ability to master technical and expressive features of the music
Investigation Topic approval

All students submit an Investigation Topic Proposal to the VCAA outlining the scope of their investigation and performance program. At least one work in the program must be selected from either the Prescribed List of Group Works or the rescribed List of Notated Solo Works as published on the VCAA website.

Students who choose to present their programs as soloists must:

• select an instrument from the Prescribed List of Notated Solo Works

• select a work from a current Prescribed List published on the VCAA website or receive approval to perform an

alternative work. This work is the basis for the investigation and performance program.

Students wishing to perform as soloists on an alternative instrument must receive approval for the instrument

and one work from the VCAA.


Students who choose to present their end-of-year examination program as members of a group must:

• select an instrument or instruments (no approval is required)

• form or select a group/s

• select a work from a current Prescribed List published on the VCAA website or receive approval to perform an alternative work. This work is the basis for the investigation and performance program. Investigation Topic approval, Alternative Instrument and Alternative Works guidelines and application forms are provided on the Music Investigation study page on www.vcaa.vic.edu.au

Areas of study
Area of Study 1 - Investigation

Students identify and describe an Investigation Topic and conduct research to develop their understanding of relevant performance practices. They explore performances by leading practitioners and stylistic and structural characteristics of the music. As they research, analyse and listen critically to a sample of music works that includes works selected for performance and other works that are representative of the style, genre or tradition under investigation, students develop knowledge and understanding that will inform their performances. Evidence from this research is documented in a portfolio. Students also learn to use relevant music terminology and language to describe and discuss their research findings.


Outcome 1

On completion of this unit the student should be able to demonstrate understanding of practices and issues that inform performance of works that are representative of a selected music style, tradition and/or genre relevant to the Investigation Topic. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 1


Area of Study 2 - Composition/improvisation/arrangement

Students complete composition, arrangement or improvisation exercises to develop their understanding of the music and performance practices characteristic of the style, tradition or genre investigated in Area of Study 1. The music they create should demonstrate understanding of instrumental and expressive techniques, characteristic treatment of elements of music, use of compositional devices and relevant performance conventions. Using an appropriate notation format, students prepare a score/chart of the exercises and use this to support a discussion of how the exercises are informed by their research findings.


Outcome 2

On completion of this unit the student should be able to compose, improvise and/or arrange original music exercises and document and discuss music characteristics and performance practices relevant to the Investigation Topic. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 2.


Area of Study 3 - Performance

Students plan, rehearse and perform a program of works that are representative and characteristic of the style, tradition or genre they are investigating. The performance program enables students to apply research being undertaken for Area of Study 1 regarding stylistic characteristics, instrumental and expressive techniques, practices and conventions and approaches to interpretation. Through their research students explore possibilities for performance of each work in the program. They develop interpretations that balance relevant personal, stylistic, practical, technological, historical and cultural influences. As students shape their interpretation and learn and rehearse each work in the program they may do additional research about specific individual and/or group performance techniques and conventions. They also practice exercises or other materials to develop relevant instrumental and performance techniques. Through regular performance practice in a variety of contexts, they explore ways of expressively shaping their chosen works and develop their ability to communicate their artistic intentions to an audience.


Outcome 3

On completion of this unit the student should be able to present a performance of music works and communicate knowledge and understanding of a specific music style, tradition and/or genre relevant to the Investigation Topic. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 3.


Assessment Tasks
The award of satisfactory completion for a unit is based on a decision that the student has demonstrated achievement of the set of outcomes specified for the unit. The student's level of achievement in Unit 3 will be determined by school-assessed coursework on Outcomes 1, 2 and 3 which will contribute 30% to the study score and one end-of-year examination.
Assessment tasks are:

  • Performance of a program of at least 15 minutes duration, consisting of contrasting works relevant to the selected Focus Area

  • A demonstration of technical work and exercises related to the Focus Area

  • Research presentation of the background contextual issues relevant to performance practice, critical listening to recordings of performances and examination of texts including musical scores.

  • Present a folio of exercises, sketches or recorded improvisations/compositions that demonstrate understanding of the characteristics of the Focus Area

  • An oral/or multimedia/or written explanation of composition/arranging/improvisation exercises showing how they have supported the students’ development as an instrumentalist and their preparation of works performed in Outcome 3

  • Aural and Theory music analysis activities related to the research and development of the students selected Focus Area


SACS - Contribution to final assessment School-assessed Coursework for Unit 3 will contribute 30 per cent to the study score.

Outcome 1

Demonstrate understanding of practices and issues that inform performance of works that are representative of a selected music style, tradition and/or genre relevant to the Investigation Topic.


A report that includes written, audio and visual components. The report will be based on research undertaken for Outcome 1 and be presented in a multimedia format. (40 marks)
AND
Outcome 2

Compose, improvise and/or arrange original music exercises and document and discuss music characteristics and performance practices relevant to the Investigation Topic.


A presentation that includes:

• performance of exercises created by the student for Outcome 2

• demonstration of material from a technical work program developed for Outcome 3, and

• commentary that describes relevance to the Investigation Topic of the exercises created for

Outcome 2 and the material from the Outcome 3 technical program (40 marks)
AND
Outcome 3

Present a performance of music works and communicate knowledge and understanding of a specific music style, tradition and/or genre relevant to the Investigation Topic.


Responses to questions about material presented in the report and the presentation. (20 marks)
Total marks 100
*School-assessed Coursework for Unit 3 contributes 30 per cent.
Units 3 and 4 performance examination

The level of achievement for Units 3 and 4 is also assessed by an end-of-year performance examination, which

will contribute 50 per cent.
UNIT 4: Music Investigation
In this unit students refine the direction and scope of their end-of-year performance program. They also compose, improvise or arrange and perform a work that is characteristic of the music style, tradition or genre they are investigating and continue developing their understanding of relevant performance practices. Students continue to listen to the work of other performers and develop their ability to execute technical and expressive demands and apply performance conventions to realise their intended interpretations of each work.
Areas of study
Area of Study 1 - Preparing a Performer’s Statement

Students use their learning from Unit 3 and further research to reflect on and evaluate their interpretative approaches to the music works they are preparing to perform. This research extends students’ understanding of the possibilities for performance of their program. They consider how to balance their realisation of technical and expressive features with choices they have made in relation to personal, stylistic, practical, technological, historical and cultural influences. They prepare a Performer’s Statement that explains their interpretative approach to the works and demonstrates their understanding of performance practices relevant to the music style, tradition and/or genre of works in the performance program they are preparing. This statement will be provided to assessors at the end-of-year performance examination


Outcome 1

On completion of this unit the student should be able to explain and justify their interpretative approach to performance of a program of works. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 1.


Area of Study 2 - Composition/improvisation/arrangement

Students complete an original composition, improvisation and/or arrangement to demonstrate their understanding of an Investigation Topic. They use research and exercises created in Unit 3 to plan their work. The work should demonstrate understanding of idiomatic instrumental techniques, performance conventions, performer abilities and other practical considerations. Students prepare a score, chart or other digital form that can be used by performers to learn, rehearse and prepare the work for performance. They perform the work and explain how it is characteristic of the music style, tradition or genre they are investigating.



Outcome 2

On completion of this unit the student should be able to compose/improvise/arrange an original music work and perform a music work and explain how it is characteristic of a music style, tradition and/or genre relevant to the Investigation Topic.


Area of Study 3- Performance

Students refine their interpretation of works that are representative and characteristic of the style, tradition or genre they are investigating. They explore ways to present the program, considering use of performance conventions, the order in which they will perform the works and, as appropriate, use of accompaniment, equipment and digital technologies. They continue to practise exercises and other materials to develop relevant instrumental and performance techniques. Through regular performance in a variety of contexts, they trial and evaluate audience reception of their interpretations and adjust their performance in response.


Outcome 3

On completion of this unit the student should be able to demonstrate artistic intent and understanding in a cohesive and engaging performance of music works. To achieve this outcome the student will draw on key knowledge and key skills outlined in Area of Study 3.

Assessment tasks

The award of satisfactory completion for a unit is based on a decision that the student has demonstrated achievement of the set of outcomes specified for the unit. The student's level of achievement in Unit 3 will be determined by school-assessed coursework on Outcomes 2 and 3 which will contribute 25% to the study score and one end-of-year examination.


Assessment tasks are:

  • Performance of a program of at least 10 minutes duration, consisting of contrasting works relevant to the selected Focus Area

  • A demonstration of technical work and exercises related to the Focus Area

  • A performance/commentary to explain and justify their interpretative approach to performance of a program of works.

  • Present a developmental folio of your composition/improvisation/arrangement

  • An oral/or multimedia/or written explanation of composition/arranging/improvisation exercises showing how they have supported the students’ development as an instrumentalist and their preparation of works performed in Outcome 3

  • Aural and Theory music analysis activities related to the research and development of the students selected Focus Area


SACS

Contribution to final assessment

School-assessed Coursework for Unit 4 will contribute 20 per cent to the study score.
Outcome 2

Compose/improvise/arrange and perform an original music work and explain how it is characteristic of a music style, tradition and/or genre relevant to the Investigation Topic.


Compose, improvise or arrange, document and perform an original music work that demonstrates

understanding of a music style, tradition and/or genre. (80 Marks)


AND

Explain how the work is representative of the music

style, tradition and/or genre. The explanation may be in

one of the following formats:

• oral

• multimedia.



(20 Marks)
*School-assessed Coursework for Unit 4 contributes 20 percent
External assessment

The level of achievement for Units 3 and 4 is also assessed by an end-of-year performance examination.


The performance examination will contribute 50 per cent.
End-of-year performance examination

Description


The student will:

• present a live performance of at least four contrasting works that are representative and characteristic of the music

style, tradition and/or genre investigated across Units 3 and 4

• submit to the assessors a Performer’s Statement that describes their interpretative approach to the works.


The live performance will draw on knowledge and skills from Unit 3 Outcome 3, and Unit 4 Outcome 3. At least one work in the program must be selected from a current prescribed list as published on the VCAA website or be an approved Alternative Work. The student, in consultation with the school, will select the instrument/s and performance program in accordance with the requirements of the examination. An examination is defined as a single assessment period.
Duration of examination:

One assessed performer – 25 minutes.

Two or three assessed performers – 30 minutes.

Four assessed performers – 35 minutes.

Five or six assessed performers – 40 minutes
OUTDOOR EDUCATION AND

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


RATIONALE

Outdoor Education and Environmental Studies examines ways in which experience in the outdoor/natural environment influences human development. The primary focus of Outdoor Education is on understanding people’s relationships with the outdoors and this is learnt in the classroom and through direct practical experience. Empathy for the natural environment is expected and fostered throughout the 4 units. This subject aims to provide the skills and knowledge to safely participate in activities in outdoor environments so that the environment is respected and appreciated.


Outdoor Education and Environmental Studies at Belmont High School is a self-funding unit of study and payment of funds is a pre-requisite of the course and should not be confused with voluntary school levies. Obviously the hire of buses, equipment and suitably accredited professionals (when needed) is necessary for the types of activities undertaken in Outdoor Education. The actual activities may vary from year to year but include such activities as surfing, canoeing, rock-climbing, orienteering, fishing, and skiing. Students are also expected to participate in a camp which must be funded.

UNIT 1: Understanding Nature


This unit examines the ways in which humans understand and relate to nature in the context of outdoor environments. It focuses on the human-nature relationships and develops understanding through practical experiences.
Areas of study

1. Humans and nature.

2. Natural environments.
Outcomes

On completion of this unit the student should be able to:

1. describe the way in which humans respond to, encounter and understand nature;

2. explain the interrelationships between components of natural environments and changes that occur in the natural environments.


Assessment tasks

 Oral presentations  Tests

 Practical reports  Short reports.

 Written responses



UNIT 2: Environmental Impacts
This unit focuses on human related impacts on natural environments at all levels. Outdoor recreation is the major focus along with its implications of human impact on the environment.
Areas of study

1. Impact on people.

2. Impact on nature.



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