Include at least one quotation from a reliable source



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Homework

  • In life we are often concerned with how and why physical, emotional, or psychological conditions or behaviors affect us. What makes people happy? How do people act when they are frustrated? What are the motives of betrayal? What are the results of being betrayed?
  • Write a Cause & Effect essay for a popular health magazine. Explore the multiple Causes OR Effects of an emotional, psychological, or physical condition. Discuss reasons, consequences, and/or outcomes.
    • Include at least one quotation from a reliable source.
    • Make sure that your essay is well supported with examples, evidence, or testimony.
  • Download the Cause/Effect Worksheet from the website and complete it.
  • Read: Effects of a Positive Outlook on Our Lives & answer the questions in the PPT Slide below.

Essay Sample: Effect of a Positive Outlook on Our Lives

  • Circle & label the hook. Why is a quotation a good way to start?
  • Underline the background information.
  • Circle the Thesis.
  • Underline to the topic sentence of each body paragraph.
  • In body paragraph 1, according to Hoffman what can a person do to make his or her job more enjoyable?
  • In body paragraph 2, how does the quotation support the topic of the paragraph?
  • In body paragraph 2, why is the quotation indented?
  • What two details from body paragraph 3 illustrate the effects of happiness?
  • How are the introduction and the conclusion similar?

Writing:

  • Instructor: Mr. Faires
  • Week 7, Fall Semester 2015

This Week

  • Cause & Effect
  • Quoting from a source

Comparison & Contrast: Peer Editing

  • A. Peer Editing – get out a sheet of paper & your Formatting Sample. Trade Essays with a partner:
  • What is your favorite part of the Essay?
  • What organizational style did the writer use?
  • What parts of the essay could be supported with more detail?
  • What one suggestion would you make to the writer to improve the essay?
  • Check: Title, Spacing, Font style & Size, and general punctuation.
  • Circle any 2nd person pronouns, “you, your, yourself, etc.”
  • Box any 1st person pronouns, “I, me, my, we, our, etc.”
  • Underline any relative clauses beginning with, who, which, that, or whose.

Topic Examples

  • Physical Conditions:
  • Injury, weariness/tiredness, alertness, healthiness, blindness, sickness,
  • Emotional & Psychological Conditions:
  • happiness, contentment, satisfaction, depression, anxiety, nervousness, sadness, frustration, determination, faithfulness
  • Others:
  • Endurance, Betrayal,

Cause-and-Effect Signal Words

  • affect v. to have an effect on; to make a difference to
  • consequence n. a result or effect of an action or condition.
  • grounds n. factors forming a basis for action or the justification for a belief
  • impact v. or n. have a strong effect on someone or something
  • implication n. a likely consequence of something
  • intention n. a thing intended for; an aim or plan
  • motive n. a reason for doing something
  • outcome n. the way a thing turns out; a consequence
  • promote v. to further the progress of (something)
  • reason n. a cause, explanation, or justification for an action or event.
  • result n. a consequence, effect, or outcome of something

Cause-and-Effect Signal Words

  • Which of these words relate to Causes and which relate to Effects?
  • affect consequence grounds impact
  • Implication intention motive outcome
  • promote reason result
  • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  • Causes Effects
  • affect consequence
  • grounds impact
  • reason implication
  • motive outcome
  • promote result
  • intention

Collocations with Cause-and-Effect Signal Words

  • Nouns – Prepositions - Examples
  • Outcome of
    • A positive outlook can change the outcomes of your life.
  • Impact on
    • Discuss the story’s impact on your readers
  • reason for
    • There are many reasons for laughing and thinking positively.
  • grounds for
    • You may have grounds for being angry.

Collocations with Cause-and-Effect Signal Words

  • Verbs – Prepositions - Examples
  • Lead to
    • Recognizing what makes you happy can lead to a more productive life.
  • Result in
    • A wrong decision may result in a waste of time and money.

Cause-and-Effect

Quoting from a Source

  • See handout:

Attributing quotations to their sources

  • Quotation - Author(s) - Verb/Phrase
  • Among the Ibo the art of conversation is regarded very highly, and proverbs are the palm-oil with which words are eaten.
  • Chinua Achebe states
  • “Among the Ibo,” Achebe states, “the art of conversation is regarded very highly, and proverbs are the palm-oil with which words are eaten.”

Attributing quotations to their sources

  • Quotation - Author(s) - Verb/Phrase
  • Feeling happy generally goes along with feeling confident, optimistic, and energetic, all great traits for finding success. Tina Adler says
  • The verdict is in: Wealth does not make us happy.
  • Phil Brown according to
  • The secret is here in the present. If you pay attention to the present, you can improve upon it.
  • Paulo Coehlo suggests
  • The self is not something one finds, it is something one creates. Thomas S. Szasz claims

Attributing quotations to their sources

  • Quotation - Author(s) - Verb/Phrase
  • Feeling happy generally goes along with feeling confident, optimistic, and energetic, all great traits for finding success. Tina Adler says
  • “Feeling happy,” says Tina Adler, “generally goes along with feeling confident, optimistic, and energetic, all great traits for finding success.”
  • Tina Adler says, “Feeling happy generally goes along with feeling confident, optimistic, and energetic, all great traits for finding success.”

Attributing quotations to their sources

  • Quotation - Author(s) - Verb/Phrase
  • The verdict is in: Wealth does not make us happy.
  • Phil Brown according to
  • According to Phil Brown, “The verdict is in: Wealth does not make us happy.”
  • “The verdict is in,” according to Phil Brown, “Wealth does not make us happy.”
  • “The verdict,” according to Phil Brown, “is in: Wealth does not make us happy.”

Attributing quotations to their sources

  • Quotation - Author(s) - Verb/Phrase
  • The secret is here in the present. If you pay attention to the present, you can improve upon it.
  • Paulo Coehlo suggests
  • “The secret is here in the present,” suggests Paul Coehlo, “If you pay attention to the present, you can improve upon it.”
  • “The secret is here in the present. If you pay attention to the present, you can improve upon it,” suggests Paul Coehlo.
  • Paul Coehlo suggests, “The secret is here in the present. If you pay attention to the present, you can improve upon it.”

Attributing quotations to their sources

  • Quotation - Author(s) - Verb/Phrase
  • The self is not something one finds, it is something one creates. Thomas S. Szasz claims
  • “The self is not something one finds,” claims Thomas S. Szasz, “it is something one creates.”
  • “The self is not something one finds, it is something one creates,” claims Thomas S. Szasz.
  • “The self,” claims Thomas S. Szasz, “is not something one finds, it is something one creates.”

Cause-and-Effect Essay Sample 1

  • Hand out Sample

Essay Sample: Effect of a Positive Outlook on Our Lives

  • Circle & label the hook. Why is a quotation a good way to start?
  • Underline the background information.
  • Circle the Thesis.
  • Underline to the topic sentence of each body paragraph.
  • In body paragraph 1, according to Hoffman what can a person do to make his or her job more enjoyable?
  • In body paragraph 2, how does the quotation support the topic of the paragraph?
  • In body paragraph 2, why is the quotation indented?
  • What two details from body paragraph 3 illustrate the effects of happiness?
  • How are the introduction and the conclusion similar?


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