Education of farmers is the prime need for the agricultural advancement. With this forethought, then Madras State started a Licentiate Course in Agriculture, at Saidapet in Madras city. This Institute was later shifted to Coimbatore, on finding it climatically most suited for agricultural course. In 1907, it was made a 3 year degree course. In the year 1958, a Post Graduate course was introduced. In the year 1971, it became a University. Three year degree course was made a four year course. Perhaps, this is the only professional college which starts working at 6-30 a.m. with a stint of outdoor “hands-on” training for students with a motto “Agriculture to hostel”. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University has several colleges affiliated to it, affording courses in Agricultural Engineering, Horticulture, Soil-conservation, forestry, Home science and so on. In fact, Tamil Nadu is the first state to have a separate University for Veterinary science.
Tamil Nadu is Numero Uno in the country to train farmers in ten schools. It has 38 research centres spread far and wide in the state.
Depending on the area, training courses are tailored to take agriculture from “land to lab”. This training is focused on Agricultural production, Preservation of agricultural produce and promotion of value-added products like mango-pulp-making.
There are Urban Agricultural Development Centres to train those interested in the manufacture of biscuits and chocolates; from Plant-protection to laying of roof-gardens (See para 13.0 elsewhere in this issue).
To tide over the dearth of agricultural labour, mechanisation of agricultural operations from ploughing to harvesting are resorted to.
Marketing-skill is a buzzword for agricultural development. To that end, there are centres for training in this field, individuals and NGO’s. This is a certificate course for farmers as well.
There are workshops for maintenance and repairs of tractors, harvesters and agricultural implements.
The relentless efforts of these scientists field officers and the farmers, as a team, have paid rich premium. There are 57 varieties of paddy, 70 varieties of pulses, 22 varieties of sugar canes to cite a few. In the field of horticulture, there is tremendous development; resulting in the easy availability of 165 varieties of fruit juices in the market!
If our technologies reach our hard-working and receptive farmers, India can easily be No. 1 in the world in agriculture, Horticulture, poultry, dairy farming etc.
Agricultural development has some-thing to offer to urbanites, like us, as well. There is training centre at Anna Nagar, in Chennai city, geared for training, giving a wide choice, for those interested. These are short-term courses to suit the timings of the urbanites. For more details see Para 13.0 of this issue.
(Based on the speech Dr. P. P. Ramaswamy, retired Dean of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore at our breakfast meeting held on 24th October 2009 – Ed.).
6.0 Corrections and Omissions
PROBUZZ October 2009
1. Para 3.4 Item 5 against Sunshine Fund. Probn Mrs. Jayalakshmi Jagannathan donated Rs. 1,000/- (One Thousand only) not Rs. 10,000/-. This is a misprint.
2. Para 7.0 Item 1 is a double entry, hence to be deleted.
3. Para 7.0 Item 2 Probn N. Ramanan paid Rs. 500/- for Sunshine Fund. Hence this item is deleted. But his contribution is to be credited to Sunshine Fund.
Para 18 – Mail Box. The letter was received from Probn N. Dharmesh-waran. His name was inadvertently left out.
Errors & omissions are regretted. – Ed.
7.0 Sunshine Fund
1. P. R. Venkatachalam (A 347) 500
(His Wedding Anniversary)
2. P. R. Venkatachalam (A 347) 500
(His Wife’s Birthday)
3. T. S. K. Rama Rao 200 (In memory of his mother)
8.0 Educational Scholarship Fund
Shri S. T. Muralitharan, a well wisher Donated Rs. 500/-.
9.0 Other Donations
1. Rotary Club of Madras Rs.10,000
(Sponsorship of our Club)
2. Inner Wheel Club of Rs. 3,000
Sponsoring Rotary Club
(Contribution to International
Womens Day Celebration
for the year).
Thank you, donors, for your generous donations – Ed.
10.0 Our Networks
Federation of Senior Citizens Association of Tamil Nadu celebrates International Day of the Elderly with a Seminar at Chennai.
In connection with the International Day of Older Persons, the Federation of Senior Citizens Associations of Tamil Nadu, in collaboration with the International Federation on Ageing, Canada (IFA), conducted a symposium on “Life After 60” on 3rd October 2009 at a meeting in Chennai attended by well over 275 senior citizens from the various associations affiliated to the Federation.
Mr. C. Muthukumaraswamy, IAS, Secretary, Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Department, Government of Tamil Nadu was the Chief Guest. Dr. Jane Barratt, Secretary General, IFA, and Mr. K. R. Gangadharan, Regional Vice-President, IFA attended as Special Invitees.
Welcoming the gathering, Mr. D. Rajasekaran, President of the Federation, said that the object of the symposium was to highlight the fact that life after 60 could be a pleasant experience if elders adopted the right style of life needed to meet the challenges thrown up by retirement and ageing.
Mr. S. M. Chellaswamy, General Secretary, presented a report about the activities of the Federation and appealed to senior citizens associations to get affiliated to the Federation and strengthen its hands in serving the cause of senior citizens.
Mr. Krishnaram Davey (Probus Club of Chennai), Mr. V. P. Subbiah (Tamil Nadu Elders Welfare Association), Dr. S. Krishna- swamy (TNAU Pensioners Association), Mr. P. M. Pandian (TANSAF), Mr. A. Swamina- than (All Bharat Confederation of Senior Citizens and Pensioners Association, Avinashi), Mr. K. Nagasubramaniam and Mr. K. Periyashamy (both of the Tamil Nadu Retd. Revenue Officers Association) spoke about the physical, psychological, financial and sociological problems faced by indivi -duals as they aged and how to cope with such problems.
Mr. K. R. Gangadharan, narrated instances of great achievements by elders despite the handicaps of age. He released a book titled “Needhi Uyarnda Madhi Kalvi” authored by Thirukkural Kavignar K. Periashamy.
Dr. Jane Barratt said that the International Federation on Ageing, Canada looked at the problems of the senior citizens community as a whole. The problems were basically the same in all countries. The world is aging rapidly and in the next few decades one of the chief concerns would be the problems of elders. Every country had therefore to devise ways and means to cope with them.
Mr. C. Muthukumaraswamy, the Chief Guest said that it was an important duty of youngsters not only to be supportive of their elders but also to show the respect and reverence due to them. Even at times when the elders were at fault, it was upto the younger generation to deal with the issues tactfully and without detriment to domestic harmony and happiness.
The event was sponsored by the Tamil Nadu Elders Welfare association.
Dr. V. Balambal, compered the entire programme in a very elegant manner.
Mr. D. Thangavel, Vice-President, Tamil Nadu Elders Welfare Association proposed a vote of thanks.
(Report received from Shri S. M. Chellaswamy, General Secretary of the Federation of Senior Citizens Associations of Tamil Nadu. – Ed.).
12.3 Probus couples having Wedding Anniversary in December 2009 1. Balasubramanyam N 1 2243 0975
Probn & Gomathi
2. Pandian P M Probn & 1 2835 1166
Radha Pandian Mrs 94441 11757
3. Rajasankar K Dr Probn 7 2434 2329
4. Balakrishnan V Probn 7 2498 3939
& Bhama Balakrishnan
5. Desikan K Probn & 12 2481 2823
Vaidehi Desikan Mrs
6. Raman K C Probn & 14 2499 2682
Meera Raman Mrs 98840 40050
7. Balakrishnaiah K V 29 2490 3188
Probn & Radha
Wish you all many happy returns of the day. May God bless you all with good health, happiness and a peaceful life. Probn D. Sugunaraj, will be sending, Probus greetings to all the above. (Thank you, Probn Sugunaraj – Ed). Kindly donate to our Sunshine fund generously – Ed.
13.0 Training Programmes at Urban Horticulture Development Centre (TNAU), Chennai-40
The phrase I had used in one of my talks “Equality is not a virtue, Equity is” touched a good response in one who heard that and it was Probn K. Venkatachari who asked me to expand this into a talk. Here is the result.
Equality is a much admired word and policy. To start with the beginning, are we born equals? Everyone has a unique DNA. Some are healthy and some are born to wealth. Some are brainy and some brawny. Each man is designed to contribute differently to society and so equipped differently. Nature shuns equality.
And then we grow. A batch of students may study under the same teacher and is given the same notebooks to write the alphabets and words and so on. But every one takes to a different handwriting. Our growth does not care for or respect equality. A caring mother would deny fried food to one child who is fat and feed the other skinny child with that food. Her sense of equity triumphs over equality where she finds no sense. Equity is equality with justice and that is what is wanted.
If the intention of nature is to have us all as equals our mental attitudes should also be equal. We should react in the same way when put before the same circumstances.
Equality is drabness and ennui. Equality is unnatural. Equity makes up for that.
Everybody who is anybody in politics preaches equality among the citizens and equality between the two genders. There should be equality among men and women, they cry from rooftops. Men and women are made different and are to serve different purposes. Men are born to be muscular and women fleshy. One is conditioned by testosterone and the other by Oestrogen. Women’s propensities and sensibilities are different from men’s. Women have better development of the right side of the brain. This makes a woman arrive at conclusions (right or wrong) faster than men who have to analyse first before conclusions. Women have a greater capacity to take a total synthesised view better than men. Their ability to care for children, in the house or school is superior to men’s. A sensible equity here will promote nature’s gift and equality would be ill-conceived only to kill nature. Equality is a travesty of that Justice which is equity.
This being so, why should the word equality sound so great? Why should “equality” be given such a great approbation? Our great poet declared Namellorum Samamenbaduridiyachu. This is to be taken only in the sense there is no superiority and no inferiority. Sense of superiority and inferiority is a product of our two-dimensional thinking. We work on paper and put down things from top to bottom which makes the top item being superior to a the bottom item. World in reality is three-dimensional. In a spherical ball, what is up and what is down, what is left and what is right? We have to grow into this reality of three dimensions.
Why grow? Why not be static? Because if you do not grow, you do not glow. Glow is important for us. Bharat is so named because Bhasi ratah iti Bharatah. In other words, Bharat is where people delight in the light. Nothing is inferior and nothing superior to anything else. Everything is different and should stay unique for better service to community.
Chapters and verses are quoted to stake a great claim for equality. If we take the Bhagavad Gita, there are 13 verses (II:38, 48, V:18, V:19, VI:29, VI:32, IX:29, XII:18, XIII:27, 28, XIV:24, 25 and XVII:54) dealing with the so called equality. A simple examination of these verses will show that what is actually meant is an equality in attitude and justice which is equity and empathy as opposed to sympathy.
Equality and sympathy have a built- in belief in superiority and inferiority. Equity and empathy meet the needs of justice.
Great claims are made that all religions are equal as “they all approach to the same God”. Hindus make the most of these people pleading “equality” with other religions. (Others do not make this statement). What then about Hindus who do not believe in any God? Of the six sastras we have, three (Mimamsa, Vaiseshika and Samkhya) which do not admit of God though they respect the Vedas equally well.
Advocates of superiority and inferiority bring in about Sattva, Rajas and Tamas; saying that Sattva is the superior one and Tamas the most inferior. Fact is that all the three are required together. None is superior and none is inferior. You cannot have only the steering in the car or only the engine. Brake (tamas) is of great importance to a vehicle and so in every other place.
I started at the beginning, the birth. To end I may refer to the claim that we are all rendered equal at death. Religions say that our individuality is preserved and then judged by God on one day. Some religions believe in retribution or reward in the next birth according as to how we have lived in this life here. This means that religions believe in preservation of our unique characteristics at the end. Equality is a catchy slogan. Equity is noble Justice.
Let us honour our sense of equality by dumping it and honour justice by adopting equity. Equality leads us to the dumps. Equity leads us finally to equanimity and beatitude.(This is the gist of the speech received from Probn T. R. Jayaraman. Due to space-constraint, this had to be abridged, though reluctantly. This is a part and parcel of the Spiritual of Philosophical meeting held on 30th October 2009. – Ed.).
15.0 Wedding bells
Probn CA. P. Pattabiraman celebrated the marriage of his son Chi: Dr. CA. P. Vijay Anand with Sow: A. Swathi, on 1st November 2009, at “Anna Arivalayam” auditorium, Teynampet, Chennai-18. Many Probians attended the marriage to bless the married couple. We wish the newly-weds a very long and prosperous married life with good health and cheer throughout.
16.0 Dates to Remember
28-11-2009 (Saturday) 9.00 a.m.
Monthly breakfast meeting at Russian Centre of Science & Culture, Chennai-18.
Dr. P. Sureshchanderpal
Member / TNEB (Retd.)
Probn M. Arunachalam
Probn R. Subbaraj
Phone: 2442 2839
12-12-2009 (Saturday) 10.30 a.m.
EC Meeting at AASI
19-12-2009 (Saturday) 4.00 p.m.
Probus group–Theosophical Society, Mylapore Lodge (TS) –Spiritual and Philosophical Meeting at M.P. Aanand Matriculation School, Mylapore, Chennai-4.
Probn Lakshmipathi speaks on Thirumazhisai Alwar.
Contact: Probn T. R. Jayaraman, Ph 2466 1998
Probn V. L. Aiyar, Phone: 2499 2329
26-12-2009 (Saturday) 9.00 a.m.:Monthly breakfast meeting at Russian Centre of Science & Culture, Chennai-18.
Welcoming New Year 2010
Host : Probn J. Rengarajan
Contact:Probn R. Subbaraj, Ph: 2442 2839
Note :Programmes are subject to changes
of time, venue, speakers and the like. Kindly
contact the person(s) indicated against each programme, in case of doubt. – Ed.
SPORT YOUR PROBUS PIN PROUDLY Probus Celebration of Children’s Day on
18-11-09 –Interaction with students of MP Mat Hr Sec School, Mylapore focusing on Senior Citizens. Following images show giving away of prizes and certificates to the students by Probn Krishnaram Davey Pres.
Probn R Subbaraj Secretary and Probn V Balasubramanian EC member and library in charge are also seen
Probus Fellow Rtn C R Vaitheeswaran donated books worth of Rs 5000/- each to MP Anand Mat Hr sec School and also to Probus Library