ICELANDIC: 4 year course (5 + 4 + 4 + 4 periods weekly).
Extensive grounding in grammar, etymology, literature old and new, and composition. Native language.
1st year: 1. Anthology of Icelandic Literature complied by Professor Sigurður Nordal et al. and Comments by Guðrún P. Helgadóttir and Prof. Jón Jóhannesson.
2. Snorri Sturluson' s Edda.
3. Intensive course in Icelandic Grammar and Syntax, based on the works of Prof. Björn Guðfinnsson.
2nd year: Fall term:
1. Additional courses in Grammar. Book: Icelandic Grammar by Sölvi Sveinsson.
2. Set book for home-reading : Grettis-saga. Students write an essay in school on the Saga.
1. Home-reading: Egils Saga Skalla-Grímssonar. All the prose and a selection of the poetry: all of Sonatorrek and 8 of the stanzas. Students write an essay in school on Laxdæla.
3rd year: Fall term:
1. Njals Saga (Story of Burnt Njal). Text read thouroughly. Students give short lectures on the text.
2. A book on Poetry and Style read and discussed in written papers
3. A tome of Short stories: Napóleon Bónaparti, read and discussed.
1. From S. Nordal' s Anthology: Poetry of the early medieval period up to about 1750.
2. Iceland´s Clock by Nobel Prizewinner Halldor Laxness. The whole work read and discussed. Students read papers on the work.
4th year: Fall term:
1. Ancient poetry: Völuspá, Hávamál, Guðrúnarkviða, Völundarkviða and Þrymskviða from Edda and additional explanatory notes.
2. The play Galdra Loftur by Johann Sigurjónsson.
3. Sig. Nordal´s: Icelandic Reader (1750-1930 and Commentary by S. Sigurjónsson. Choice poetry from the period.
4. History of Icelandic literature by Heimir Pálsson,
1. Helgakviða Hundingsbana II.
2. Modern Icelandic Literature; poetry of the 20th century, short stories and poetry of the 19th and 20th centuries.
First foreign language. 2 year course.
Students have a minimum of 5 years of Danish in lower schools.
1st year: 4 periods per week. All students take the same course.
1. Dansk uden problemer (Mál og menning). Texts and exercises in structure and vocaburary.
2. Sådan er livet (Almenna bókafélagið). A selection of contemporary short stories for cursory reading and discussion in Danish.
. Den usynlige hær (Dansklærerforeningen. A short novel that forms the basis for the first essay in Danish.
4. Brugsdansk (Mál og menning). A comprehensive Danish grammar with exercises.
Special emphasis on reading comprehension, vocabulary building and grammar. Bi-weekly written work, translation and composition.
2nd year: 3 periods per week.
1. Dansk uden problemer (Mál og menning). Texts and exercises in structure and vocabulary.
2. Tekster til dansk (Dansklærerforeningen). Contemporary short stories for cursory reading and discussion.
3. Övebog i dansk for udlændinge (Akademisk forlag). A Danish grammar with exercises for foreign students.
4. Rend mig i traditionerne (Panduro). A contemporary novel that forms the basis for the first essay of importance during the second year.
5. Babettes gæstebud (Blixen).
6. Texts from various fields, e.g. literature, psychology and politics.
Excerpts from the history of mathematics.
7. A variable list of contemporary Danish novels. Every student must select and read at least one of the listed books and then write an essay on it in Danish during the last term.
Special emphasis on vocabulary building and speaking.
Monthly written work, translation and composition.
GERMAN: Third language. Four years (4+4+4+4).
1st year: German Primer, workbook, grammar, vocabulary. (Icelandic test-material, since published in book form).
:German for Secondary Schools: Reader, Grammar, Workbook, Vocabulary; Münchhausens Abenteuer, ed. ER; Mein Onkel Franz by Erich Kästner, ed. ER; Kein Schnaps für Tamara, by H. Martin, ed. ER; Various mimeographed texts; German dictionary, preferably dtv Wahrig Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache.
Third year: Deutsche Märchen und andere texte; Das Feuerschiff, by Siegfried Lenz, ed. ER; Münchhausens Abenteuer, ed. ER; Till Eulenspiegel (mimeographed); German strip cartoons; German dictionary ut supra.
Fourth year: Deutsche Texte II (mimeographed): Angst essen Seele auf, by R.W. Fassbinder; Der Besuch der alten Dame, by Dürrenmatt; German strip cartoons; various German scientific texts taken in Physics and Natural Sciences Lines; Dictionary ut supra.
French: Third language. Four years (4+4+4+4).
New material used from school-year 1993-1994:
First year: A Propos-1, reader and workbook by Hedman,Hellström,Öman and Grand-Clément (Orig. Swedish), Published by Mál og menning 1993. Chapters 1-25.
Second year: A Propos-1, Ch. 26-35. Will constitute app. a third of the year's work, with additional material (undecided as yet) making up the rest.
Third year: A Propos-2 in toto.
Fourth year: Facettes, reader by Ekeram and Ramnek, ed. Almquist & Wiksell, 1990. Belles Pages, reader by Larson and Kihlberg, Ed. A&W 1990. (These are Swedish books).
French poetry is introduced in the second, third and fourth years (mimeographed at M.R.). Videotapes used quite extensively: on grammar (video from University of California), on vocabulary (video from Thames Television), on France (video from Hachette et al). Third and fourth year students use French dictionary (Larousse Maxi-Débutants). Also a book on French grammar by Vigfúsdóttir or Stefánsson.
French: Fourth language: Two years (6+6), and Optional: One year (6).
First year: A Propos-1, Reader and workbook
Second year: A Propos-2, Reader and workbook. Poetry, video, grammar and dictionary same as in third year of ordinary course.
Material used until 1993:
The first three years: C'est ça 1&2, Grand-Clément et al, reader and exercise book.
Second year: French poetry (ut supra), Bien Entendu 1-10 (mim. M.R.), a course in spoken French: understanding and expression. Vidéo-Grammaire and French grammar by Vigfúsdóttir.
Third year: Facettes (ut supra), Le Petit Nicolas (Sempé/Goscinny) ed. Longman. French poetry (ut supra), Bien Reçu, 1-10, a course in spoken French (mim. M.R.), Vidéo-Grammaire, French Grammar by Vigfúsdóttir, Larousse Maxi-Débutants. Written work weekly, tests monthly.
French: Fourth language (ut supra).
First year: ut supra.
Second year: C'est ça (only Reader), Le Petit Nicolas, French poetry, Bien Reçu, Action-Télé, Vidéo-Grammaire, French Grammar (Vigfúsdóttir), Maxi-Débutants.
Optional: A Propos-1, Bien Entendu, French poetry, Action-Télé, French Grammar.
HISTORY AND CIVICS: 4 periods per week in 1st, 2nd and 4th year.
1st year: The history of the classical ancient peoples with special emphasis on cultural and artistic history, philosophy and mythology of the Greeks and Romans. The early Middle Ages and the Viking period. - National History of Iceland 870-1262.
2nd year: The later Middle Ages in Europe. The Renaissance in Italy. The discovery of Africa, Asia and America round 1500 and the 16th century. The Reformation in the 16th century: The Lutherans, the Calvinists and the Anglicans. The scientific revolution in the 17th century and the absolute monarchy in Europe. The Enlightment in the 18 century. The American and the French Revolution, new ideas of democracy. The Industrial Revolution in England in the 18th and the 19th centuries.
Icelandic history from the settlement about 870-900. The founding of the Icelandic state and the medieval church. The age of the Sturlungs, the power struggle between clan chieftains in Iceland in the 13th century. The fishing and trading of the English in the 15th century. Iceland under Noewegian rule. The Reformation in Iceland. Agriculture and fishing in Iceland mainly in the 18th century. Trade and communication. The daily life of the people in a primitive, agricultural society.
3rd year: The twentieth century with special emphasis on the development of political ideas and international relations. The Icelandic struggle for independence and the effect of two world wars on national life, the founding of an independent republic in 1944 and the post-war period.
In the history of the 19th and 20th centuries the study is concentrated on the following subjects:
1. The political trends of the 19th century - Conservatism, Liberalism, Socialism.
2. The major European Powers in the latter part of the 19th century- Britain, France, Germany, Italy, The Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russia.
3. Events leading up to the Great War.
4. The World War of 1914-1918.
5. The Treaty of Versailles and European affairs after the war.
6. The Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union 1917-1939.
7. The U.S.A. 1918-1939 and the Depression.
8. The Weimar Republic in Germany 1918-1938.
9. Fascism in Italy.
10. German National Socialism and the Third Reich.
11. Events leading up to the Second World War 1933-1939.
12. The Second World War.
13. The Cold War.
14. The Arab-Israeli conflict.
1st year (undivided): 3 periods weekly; 2nd year (The Mathematics Line): 4 periods weekly; 3rd year (The Natural Sciences and Physics Lines): 5 periods weekly.
1. Almenn efnafræði, efnin og umhverfið (General Chemistry, Substances and Environment) by Hafþór Guðjónsson bublished by Mál og menning 1988.
2. Almenn efnafræði II, efnahvörf (Genral Chemistry, Chemical reaction) by Hafþór Guðjónsson published by Mál og menning 1993.
3. Almenn efnafræði III, jafnvægi (General Chemistry, Chemical Equilirium) by Hafþór Guðjónsson published by Mál og menning 1992.
4. Descriptive Chemistry by Donald A. McQuarrie and Peter A. Rock, published by W.H. Freeman and Company, New York 1985.
5. Æfingar í verklegri efnafræði (Chemistry Laboratory Manual) by Björn Búi Jónsson published by Menntaskólinn í Reykjavík 1986.
6. Lífræn efnafræði (Organic Chemistry) by Jóhann Sigurjónsson, published by Jóhann Sigurjónsson, 1. ed. 1993.
7. Æfingar í verklegri lífrænni efnafræði (Organic Chemistry Laboratory Manual) by Skarphéðinn P. Óskarsson published by Menntaskólinn í Reykjavík 1993.
1st year: Book used:
Almenn efnafræði, efnin og umhverfið (General Chemistry, Substances and Environment) by Hafþór Gunnarsson published by Mál og menning 1988; Chapters 1-13A and 14, i.e. The Chemical Elements, Atoms, Molecules and Ions, Chemical Composition of the Atmosphere, Water, Electricity, The Electron Configuration, The Periodic Table, Metals, Nonmetals, Names and Formulas of Compounds, Chemical Bonds, Chemical Reactions, Three experiments in laboratory.
2nd year (The Mathematics Line): Books used:
Almenn efnafræði (General Chemistry, Substances and Environment) by Hafþór Guðjónsson published by Mál og menning 1988; Chapters 13B-16, i.e. Chemical Bonds, Rates of Chemical Reactions, Organic Compounds.
Almenn efnafræði II, efnahvörf (General Chemistry, Chemical Reaction) by Hafþór Guðjónsson published by Mál og menning 1993; Chapters 1-10, i.e. Combustion, The Conservation of Mass, The Mole Concept, SI Units, Mass Relation in Reactions (Limiting Reagent), Properties of Gases, Energy, Chemical Reactions and Energy. The Enthalpy of Substance, Solutions (Solubility, Solubility Constant KSP, etc.). Eleven experiments in laboratory.
3rd year (The Natural Sciences and Physics Lines): Books used:
Almenn efnafræði III, jafnvægi (General Chemistry, Chemical Equilirium) by Hafþór Guðjónsson published by Mál og menning 1992; Chapters 1-5, i.e. Spontaneity of Reaction (Free Energy Change and Work etc.), Rates of Chemical Reaction, Equilibrium (Equilibium Contant, Solubility, KSP etc), Oxidation-Reduction Reactions, Acids and Bases.
Descriptive Chemistry by Donald A McQuarrie and Peter A. Rock, published by W.H. Freeman and Company, New York 1985; Chapters 1-5 and 7-8, i.e. Periodicity and Periodic Table, Hydrogen, The Alkali Metals, The Alkali Earth Metals, The Group 3 Elements, The Group 5 Elements, The Group 6 Elements. 12 experiments in laboratory.
Organic Chemistry is taught in the third year in the Natural Sciences Line. The purpose of this course is to introduce the main principles of Organic Chemistry to the student in order to prepare them for advanced studies in Natural Sciences or Medicine at the University level.Three 40 min. periods per week and two lab. sessions every other week.
Lífræn efnafræði (Organic Chemistry) by Jóhann Sigurjónsson, published by Jóhann Sigurjónsson, 1. ed. 1993; Chapters 1-10 i.e. The Carbon atom. Saturated Alkanes and Cycloalkanes. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons; Alkenes, Dienes and Alkynes. AromaticHydrocarbones, Alkyl Halides. Alcohols, Phenols, Thiols, Eters and Epoxides. Aldehydes and Ketons. Carboxylic Acids. Carboxylic Acid Derivatives; Acid Halides, Acid Anhydrides, Esters, Amids and Nitriles. Amines, Proteins and Fatty Acids.
Æfingar í verklegri lífrænni efnafræði (Organic Chemistry Laboratory Manual) by Skarphéðinn P. Óskarsson published by Menntaskólinn í Reykjavík 1993.
GEOLOGY: This course is taught in the first year. There are three 40 min. periods weekly.
Minerology and Petrology. Geomorphology (erosion and sediments). Paleontology. Scientific study of the earth´s crust, rocks, strata, morphology and of the history of the earth´s development. - Field-trips.
BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY: This course is taught in the second year and is compulsory for all students.
There are three 40 min. periods weekly for the two terms and occational Lab. sessions in between.
The textbook used is a translation of an English book, THE BIOLOGY FOR LIFE, by Roberts, M.B.V. 403,7 pp. Nelson 1981.
The subjects covered included the following: Food webs, nutrients an biochemical cycles, atmosphere, distribution of organisms, adaptation, ecosystems, populations, seasonal variations, effects of humans on nature, nature as a source of food, microbes and man, parasites, insects, cells, tissues, organs, enzymes, nuitrition, digestion, respiration, circulation, reproduction, veneral diseases and birth control.
BIOLOGY: This course is taught in the third and fourth year ( the Natural Sciences line). The students have completed the compulsory course in Biology and Ecology before entering this course.
There are three 40 min. periods per week and 2x40 min. Lab. sessions every other week for both terms.
The main textbook used is UNDERSTANDING BIOLOGY by Raven, P.H. and Johnson, G.B. Times Mirror/Mosby College Publishing. 1988. 799,58 pp.
The following chapters were read. 2, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12 og 19. These chapters deal with theories of evolution and the origin of life. Cell biology, mitosis and meiosis, Mendelian genetics, human genetics and evolution of vertebrates.
In addition there is a seminar on selected wild animals of the Icelandic Fauna.
There are five 40 min. periods per week and 2x40 min. weekly lab. sessions during both terms.
The same main textbook used as the third year.
The following chapters were read: 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 exept fungi, 27, 28, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36 and 38. Chapters 20-23 deal with Ecology, 24-28 are on Biolociacal Diversity including Botany and Zoology and chapters 32 et.seq. deal with Animal Biology.
In addition the students wrote a comprehensive report on selected topic in Biology. The main literature for the report were articles in The Scientific American. PHYSIOLOGY:
This course is taught in the third year and is compulsory for all students in the Physics and Languages Lines.
There are three 40 min. periods weekly for the two tems and occasional Lab. sessions in between.
The textbook used is a translation of an English book, THE BIOLOGY FOR LIFE, by Roberts, M.B.V. 403,7 pp. Nelson 1981. The students are also supplied with various handouts as a supplement to the main text.
The course deals mainly with adaption and animal physiology with the main emphasis on humans. The following subjects were covered: digestion, teeth, respiration, blood and circulation, blood pressure, tissue fluids, ormotic regulation, kidneys and renal function, nervous system, homeostasis, hormones, drugs, mental illness, heredity and genetics.
The lab work included a dissection of a heart and a lung, respiratory volumes and measurements of blood pressure.
The students studied literature on drugs and drug abuse and held their own lectures on that subject.
MATHEMATICS: 1st year : (Undivided), 6 periods per week. Elementary Plane Geometry, Intermediate Algebra, Equations and Intermediate Algebra, Equations and Inequalities of second degree. Indices and Logarithms.
2nd year: (The Mathematics Line) 7 periods per week.
Subject matter covered: Functions. Trigonometry. Polynomial equations. Inequalities. Exponential functions and Logarithmic functions. Vectors. Scale products and vector products.
3rd year: (The Natural Sciences I Line) 6 periods per week, 4th year: 6 periods per week.
Subject matter covered: Differential and Integral Calculus. Curvesketching. Differential equations. Sequences and Series. Permutations and Combinations. Probability. Binomial Distribution.
An introductory course to computers. PC-type computers are used throughout. There are three lessons a week. The main emphasis is on practical drill in Windows-based applications, i.e. the word processor MS-Word and the spreadsheet MS-Excel. There is also a theoretical introduction to computers dealing with among other things logic, binary numbers, the logical structure of computers andd of the microprocessor e.t.c.
1st year: (The Natural Science I Line) 4 lessons theory + 2 lessons lab. pr. week
Textbooks: 1A, 1B and 2A by Staffanson et. al. (translated from Swedish).
Vectors are used from the beginning, differentiation from the second half of first term.
Subject matter: Kinematics of linear motion and motion with constant accelaration in a plane. Newtons laws. Work and energy; conservative forces; conservation of energy. Impulse and momentum; collisions. Circular motion. Simple harmonic motion. Fluid mechanics. Kinetic theory of gases. Heat and thermodynamics (1st & 2nd laws); heat engines. Introduction to electrostatics. DC-circuits involving one and multiple loops. Wave motion. The wave nature of sound and light. Ray optics; lenses.
2nd year: (The Natural Sciences I Line ) 4 lessons theory + 2 lessons lab. pr. week.
Textbooks: Books 2A, 3B and 3 by Staffanson et. al. (translated from Swedish).
Differential and integral calculus is used throughout.
Subject matter: Newtons law of gravitation; gravitational energy. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. Rotational motion of rigid bodies; torque, angular momentum, inertia of rotation and rotational energy. Electrostatics; laws of Coulomb and Gauss. Electric potential. Capacitors. Magnetic field; law of Laplace, Biot & Savart and Ampere. Motion of charged particles in electromagnetic fields. Electromagnetic induction; self inductance. AC-circuits (serial). Maxwells' equations (integral form) and electromagnetic radiation. Einstein's theory of relativity; relative kinematicsand dynamics. Photoelectric effect. X-rays. Compton effect. The atomic theory of Rutherfordand Bohr. Energy levels and spectra. De Broglie matter-waves. Heisenberg's theory of uncertainty. Radioactive decay. Nuclear energy.