FRIDAY PRAYER (JUMA) Muslims gather once a week for a congregational prayer called Jumma consisting of a short speach followed by two rakahs. It is obligatory for all Muslims males to perform the Friday prayer in congregation, so if you work locate the mosque closest to your office and talk to your supervisor to let him/her know that you will be absent during that time. If you are a student, contact your local MSA to find out where Jumma is offered. It is highly recommended to take a complete bath (ghusl) on Friday mornings before the Jumma prayer.
شهر رمضان New to Islam-Ramadan
Ramadan Fasting is obligatory during the month of Ramadan and it is a way of showing our obedience and submission to our creator by regulating our hunger. Ramadan is a yearly training session to implement this wisdom and gain closeness to Allah. It is mentioned often that if one can that if a person can control his desire of hunger, he could discipline all other physical cravings. Fasting is obligatory on all Muslims with the following exceptions: Young, sick, travelers on a journey and menstruating women. However, all missed fasts should be made up. Fasting period begin at dawn and ends at sunset. During this period, all food and all liquids including water is forbidden. It is recommended that a predawn meal should be taken before the fast begins. This meal provides a source of blessings and nourishment.
تغيير الأسماء بعد الإسلام Names
NAMES Many people who come to Islam choose to change their name to an arabic name, or adopt an arabic nickname. This is not obligatory in Islam and in many cases is not recommended. The only time a name should be changed is when it carries a negative or insulting meaning, otherwise the universality of Islam is such that there are Muslims with names from Spanish, Italian, Chinese, Russian and many other origins.
إذا واجهتك مشاكل وصعوبات مع الأهل والأصدقاء بعد إسلامك DEALING WITH YOUR FAMILY AND FRIENDS)
DEALING WITH YOUR FAMILY AND FRIENDS Upon becoming a Muslim you will certainly find opposition and distress from your family members and friends. It will probably be the greatest test you will go through in your starting life as a Muslim and can be a great source of grief and anxiety. However, you should know that for the most part they are only concerned about you and want the best for you, therefore be patient, love them more than you have before, and let the beauty of Islam shine through you. It may be a lifelong process, but be patient, because as Allah says in the Qur’an "and verily with every hardship comes relief, verily with every hardship comes relief." (94:5-6)
رسالة للتشجيع على الزواج 01
GENDER RELATIONSHIP If you are not married yet, Islam encourages marriage to avoid the risk of falling into temptations and indulging in bigger sins such as fornication and adultery. Allah, by His Divine Wisdom has forbidden all pre-marital or extra-marital relationships. Thus dating, hugging, touching, lustful glances and thoughts of anyone besides your spouse is forbidden. The most recommended place to look for a spouse is to ask your Muslim brothers and sisters closest to you if they know anybody who is compatible with you. Also, try getting yourself involved in islamic activities such as study groups or classes where you will have a chance to get to know more people and thus increase your exposure. Many Mosques and Islamic Magazines will have a Matrimonial Sections, or also on the internet there are many matrimonial sites that you could use in you search for your companion. Marriage is considered half of your religion, therefore you are encourage to consider marriage as soon as you believe you are ready and able to fulfill your responsibilities as a husband or wife. Learn more about equity and women in Islam by reading some selected articles available on-line.
رسالة للتشجيع على الزواج 02
New to Islam-Marital Relationship
Marital Relationship Islam encourages marriage to avoid the risk of falling into temptations and committing bigger sins like adultery. Islam forbids pre-marital or extra marital relationships. If one is interested in marriage, he or she can check their local Mosque or any Islamic Internet site for marriage postings. In terms of people already married, Islam offers guidance to the husband, wife, and the children. Islam also offers each member of the family the ability to preserve and maintain the family structure.
الطهارة Physical Purity
Physical Purity Physical Purity means cleanliness of the body, clothing and the enviroment. According to the rules of Islam, Muslims should keep their bodies and clothing clean from any impurity. Impurity is excretion from anything human or animalistic. It is a must for humans to wipe off the last drops of urine from their bodies with tissue paper and to not allow specks of dried feces to cling to any parts of their bodies, even on clothing. After wiping with tissue paper, Muslims should find water and wash away thoroughly all the impurities on them. Also applying to this rule are semen discharges and ejaculations. Muslims should wash away any and all discharges received from animals during play, etc. This includes the saliva from dogs on the human body, clothing, or on dishes used by humans for food. Also considered impure is unnecessary hair on the body. Hair of the underarms and pubic area is considered unnecessary and undesirable and should be removed regularly. Circumsicion for Muslims is strongly recommended because of its health advantages such as cleanliness and reducing the risk of cancers in that area of the body.
It is not required or recommended for Muslim women to do the same though.
النظام الغذائي في الإسلام New to Islam-Diet
Diet In order to maintain a healthy body, Islam offers a diet that still is used and recognized by today's standards as very sufficient. There are four things that Islam has declared unlawful and forbidden. They are: swine products, animals found dead, blood, and anything edible credited to in the name of any one besides Allah. Also, birds and all carnivorous (animal that eats meat) animals are also forbidden. Water animals are halal even after perishing. Other forbidden substances include: anything that alters one state of mind. For example is alcohol or drugs. A good way to see what kinds of products are being sold is to read the labels on the cans and food packages. Most of the companies that sell food products offer a toll free 1-800 number for those inquiring about food
كيفية جمع الأموال وإنفاقها في الإسلام Earning and Spending Money
Earning and Spending Money Allah owns the wealth of the world permanently and humans are the temporary holders of it. We should spend the wealth of Allah according to His instructions. His instructions meaning, we should provide financial support for our family, relatives, needy Muslims and the progression of Islam. Using money for gambling, prostitution, and the paying of interest is undoubtedly and totally forbidden in Islam. It is unlawful for merchants to earn his or her income through alcohol, prostitution, interest based loans, gambling tickets, etc.
الإسلام والتعليم (التشجيع على إلحاق الأبناء والبنات في مدارس إسلامية)
Islam and Education
Islam and Education Enormous emphasis is put on the gaining of knowledge in Islam. In Islam, knowledge is recognized as one of the most important elements for the progression of this great religion. It is through knowledge that a person realizes the wonders of our Creator in nature and within ourselves. A great way to gain knowledge about Islam is done by interacting with knowledgeable Muslims. People might want to consider gaining knowledge through books, videos, and lectures at local Mosques or universities. Across the country, there are more and more private Muslim schools opening up and offering parents a more Islamic curriculum for their children. At these Islamic schools, other fundamentals taught are proper etiquette and practices.
Check your local Mosque or any Internet site to see if there are any full time Islamic schools in your area.
تبليغ رسالة الإسلام Conveying The Message Of Islam
CONVEYING THE MESSAGE OF ISLAM Conveying the message of Islam is of paramount importance for every Muslim. Remember that Heaven and Hell are real and that the benefits of submitting to Allah are tremendous. However, you should keep in mind that delivering the message is a life long process. Your family and friends may not understand why you decided to change your religion from the one they taught you, so be patient and keep good relations with them as Allah has commanded you to do in the Qur’an. Strive to be the best human you can be, and Islam has provided you with the tools you will need to be the very best creature in creation. Avoid trying to present Islam all at once, but strive to convey the beauty of our religion, the beauty of the truth, over your entire life, and be neither condescending nor appologetic, but be sincere and kind. Strive to be like the Prophet Muhammad, Allah's peace and blessing be upon him, by studying his life and teachings (his sunna).
حق المسلم على أخيه المسلم Give your fellow Muslims their rights
Give your fellow Muslims their rights Abu Hurayrah (radhiyallaahu 'anhu - may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam - may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "The rights of a Muslim upon their fellow Muslim are six." It was said, "And what are they Oh Messenger of Allaah?" He replied, " When you meet them, give them the greeting of peace, (Assalamo Alykum wa Rehmatullahe wa barakaatuh) When they invite you, respond to their invitation, when they seek your advice, advise them sincerely, when they sneeze and praise Allaah, supplicate for mercy upon them, when they fall ill, visit them, and when they die follow them (i.e. his funeral)." Muslim The First Right: "When you meet them, give them the greeting of peace." For verily the greeting of peace is a cause of love one another, which results in producing faith (Al-Eemaan), which results in the person entering the Paradise. This is as Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said, "By the one in Whose Hand is my soul, you all will not enter into the Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love each other. Shall I not direct you to something that if you do it, you will love each other? Spread the greeting of peace amongst yourselves." The greeting of peace is from the virtuous characteristics of Islaam. For verily each of the two people who meet each other supplicates for the other for safety from evils, and mercy, and blessing that brings about every good. And what follows this is a cheerful face and appropriate words of greeting which result in unity and love, and it removes feelings of estrangement and cold disassociation. Thus, giving the greeting of peace is the right of the Muslim, and it is obligatory upon the person who is greeted to return greeting with a similar greeting or one that is better than it. And the best of the people are those who start the greeting of peace first. The Second Right: "When they invite you, respond to their invitation." This means that when he invites you with an invitation to some food and drink, then fulfill the request of your brother who has drawn near to you and honored you with the invitation. Respond to his invitation (i.e. accept it), unless you have an excuse. The Third Right: His statement, "And when they seek your advice, advise them sincerely." This means that if he seeks consultation with you regarding some action, as to whether he should do it or not, then advise him with that which you would like for yourself. Thus, if the action is something that is beneficial in all aspects, then encourage him to do that, and if it is something harmful, then warn him against it. And if the action contains both benefit and harm, then explain that to him and weigh the benefits against the harms. Likewise, if he consults with you concerning some dealing with someone among the people, or whether he should marry a woman off to someone, or whether he should marry someone, then extend your pure and sincere advice to him, and deal with him from the view point of what you would do for you own self. And avoid deceiving him in any matter of these things. For verily whoever deceives the Muslims, then he is not of them, and indeed he has left off the obligation of being sincere and advising. And this sincerity and advising is absolutely obligatory, however it becomes more emphasized when the person seeks your advice and he requests from you that you give him a beneficial opinion. For this reason the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) specifically mentioned it in this important situation. The Fourth Right: "And when they sneeze and praise Allaah, then pray for mercy upon them." This is due to the fact that sneezing is a favor from Allaah, in the expelling of this congested air that is blocked in certain parts of the body of the human being. Allaah makes it easy for this air to have a passage out where it can exit, and thus the sneezing person feels relief. Thus, the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) legislated that the person praise Allaah for this favor, and he legislated for his (Muslim) brother to say to him, "May Allaah have mercy upon you." He also commanded the person who sneezed to answer his (Muslim) brother by saying to him, "May Allaah guide you and set right your affairs." Therefore, whoever does not praise Allaah, then he does not deserve for others to pray for mercy upon him, and in this case he cannot blame anyone except himself. For he is the one who has caused himself to lose the two blessings: the blessing of praising Allaah, and the blessing of his brother's supplication for him that is a result of the praising. The Fifth Right: His statement, "And when they fall ill, visit them." Visiting the sick is from the rights of the Muslim, and especially for the person who has a highly stressed and emphasized right upon you, like the relative, and the friend, and so forth. It is from the best of the righteous deeds. And whoever visits their fellow Muslim, they remain engulfed in the mercy (of Allaah), and when they sit with him the mercy (of Allaah) covers them. And whoever visits the sick Muslim at the beginning of the day, the Angels send prayers of blessing upon him until evening comes, and whoever visits him at the end of the day, the Angels send prayers of blessing upon him until morning comes. It is desired for the person who visits the sick to supplicate for him to be cured and to make him feel at ease. He should ease his worries by giving him glad tidings of well-being and recovery (i.e. be positive). He should remind him of repentance and turning to Allaah, and he should give him beneficial admonition. He should not sit with him too long (i.e. over staying his welcome), rather he should only sit with him long enough fulfill the right of visiting, unless the sick person is positively effected by many people coming in to see him and many people coming to sit with him. Thus, for each situation there is a different statement (i.e. advice on how to deal with it). The Sixth Right: His statement, "And if they die, follow them (his/her funeral)." For verily whoever follows the funeral until the deceased's body is prayed over, then he will receive a Qeeraat of reward. (Translator's note: A Qeeraat is an amount *****alent to the size of the Mountain of Uhud in Madinah.) And if he follows the funeral procession until the body is buried, then he will receive two Qeeraats of reward. And following the funeral procession contains (fulfillment of) a right for Allaah, a right for the deceased, and a right for the living relatives of the deceased.Ash-Shaikh 'Abdur-Rahmaan bin Naasir As-Sa`dee (Rahimahullaah) Source: Bahjatu Quloob il-Abraar wa Qurratu 'Uyoon il-Akhyaar fee Jaami' il-Akhbaar, pp. 65-67, hadeeth no. 29. Compiled, edited and adapted by Khalid Latif , e-tabligue
الدعوة Spreading the word of Islam
Spreading the word of Islam The spreading of the word of Islam is a responsibility for all Muslims. When a person becomes a Muslim, he or she must be ready to educate those who curious in learning about Islam. Muslims must make themselves as knowledgeable as possible so that they will be ready to answer any question that comes their way. Encourage non-believers to ask questions when they are not. Make them feel that Islam is a welcoming religion that doesn't belittle anyone of race, sex, or religion. The only way to promote the proper words of Islam is to do it with actions. It is important to realize that actions speak louder than words and when it comes to Islam, it is no different than anything else.
الزكاة New to Islam-Zakat
Zakat Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and is the purification of our wealth. It is the duty of all Muslims who possess a certain property to pay Zakat. Zakat is usually 2.5 percent of our stored wealth and is usually given around the month of Ramadan. Zakat is collected by mosques from individual Muslims and is equally distributed to the needy of the community.
الحج New to Islam-Pilgrimage
Pilgrimage Pilgrimage (Hajj) is the fifth pillar of Islam. Hajj is held during the eleventh month of the Islamic calendar. It is the duty of every Muslim to make Hajj once in a lifetime. Hajj gives the opportunity for Muslims to eternally purify themselves. People of all races, socio-economic and ethnic backgrounds assemble themselves together in one place, as one big family, and worshipping One Lord. If you are interested in making Hajj, plan four to six months ahead of time to get decent hotel and transportation services. Ummrah, which is something similar to Hajj
but is different in that it can be performed in any month of the year.
قاموس المصطلحات الإسلامية Glossary
Glossary [A - B - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - M - Q - R - S - T - U - W ] *** A *** Alhamdulillah: Praise be to Allah. Allah: The Name of the Creator of the universe. Asr: Late afternoon prayer. Ayah: Verse of the Holy Quran. *** B *** Bidah: Any innovated practices introduced in the religion of Islam. Bismillah: In the name of Allah, this statement is usually made by Muslims who are about to indulge in a lawful task. *** D *** Dajjal: Anti-Christ. Dawah: Propagation of Islam through word and action, calling the people to follow the commandments of Allah. Deen: Usually translated as 'religion'. Deen is a comprehensive word, which means a total way of life, following the commandments of Allah. DUA: Supplication: invoking Allah for whatever one desires. *** E *** EID AL FITR: Three day festival marking the end of Ramadan - the 9th month (the month of fasting). EID AL ADHA: The feast of Sacrifice. This feast commemorates the Prophet Abraham's obedience to Allah by being prepared to sacrifice his only son Ishmael. A four-day festival that completes the rites an pilgrimage and takes place on the 10th-13th of Duhl Hijjah (the last Islamic month). *** F *** Fajr: Early morning prayer. FATIHA: The opening Chapter of the Quran. Fatiha should be read in every prayer. *** G *** GHUSL: Full ritual washing of the body with water. Ghusl should be done after sexual intercourse, wet dreams, emission, menses, and childbirth. *** H *** HADEETH: Sayings and traditions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). HAJJ: Pilgrimage to the Holy city of Mecca. HIJAB: Veil worn by Muslim women for reasons of modesty and protection. *** I *** IMAM: A person who leads the prayer and also for a famous Muslim scholar. IMAN: Truth, faith, and acceptance. ISA: Arabic word for Jesus Christ. ISHA: Night Prayer. ISLAM: literally means 'submission to the will of Allah'. *** J *** JAHANAM: Hell. JANNAH: Paradise. JIBREEL: Angel Gabriel. JIHAD: means struggling one's utmost to be a better person in the sight of Allah, and to establish Islamic way of life. JINN: a race of created beings that are made out of smokeless fire. JUMA: 'Friday', the Muslim's day of gathering on Friday noon prayers. *** K *** KABA: Holiest, and first shrine constructed for the worship of One God, Allah. Muslims face towards the direction of the Kaba, Mecca. KAFIR: Unbeliever, who have rejected the truth of Islam. KHALIFA: A Muslim ruler of an Islamic State. KHUTBA: Sermon. *** M *** MAGHRIB: Sunset prayer. MALAIKAH: Angels. MASEEH: A title which means "Anointed" or 'Christ' Title given to Prophet Jesus. MASJID: Mosque, places of worship for the Muslims. In one sense the whole earth is a Masjid for the Muslims, The dome of the Heavens is the roof. MIRAJ: The night journey of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) from Mecca to Jerusalem and then through the realms of the seven heavens. MUHAMMAD: The name of the final Messenger and Prophet of God to Humanity. MUHARRAM: The first month of the Islamic Calendar. MUSLIM: Literally means 'submitting to the will', i.e. to the will of Allah, the Almighty. *** Q *** QIBLA: Direction in which all Muslims face when praying, which is the Kaba, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The direction is north, east from New York. Quran: The last revelation of Allah given to Humanity, through his last Prophet and Messenger, Muhammad - peace be upon him. *** R *** RAMADAN: The month of Fasting, the 9th month of the Islamic Calendar. *** S *** SAHABI: Companion of Prophet Muhammad-peace be upon him. SAJDA: Prostration, as in prayer. SALAAM: peace. SALAAT: Prayer. SALLALLHU ALAIHE WA SALLAM: means 'may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. This phrase is recited whenever the name of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) is mentioned. SAUM: Fasting. SHAHADA: The creed of Islam: 'I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. SHAITAN: Satan. SHAR'IA: Islamic Law. It encompasses both the Quran and Hadith, the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). SHIRK: Associating partners with Allah. The grave sin of Shirk is not forgiven if a person dies in that state. SUBHAN ALLAH: means 'Glory be to Allah'. SURA: Chapter of the Quran. Quran has 114 Suras or chapters. *** T *** TAHARA: purification of body, clothing and souls. TAWHEED: The Divine Unity, in its utmost profound sense. Allah is One in His Essence and His attributes and His Acts. TAYAMMUM: Dry purification when water is not available or is detrimental to health. *** U *** UMMRA: A pilgrimage Mecca, but not during the Hajj period. *** W *** WITR: A prayer which has an odd number of Rakat (units). Usually referred to the last prayer of the night after the Isha prayer. WUDU: Purifying with water before performing prayers.