I would like to become a musilim



Download 1.43 Mb.
Page2/39
Date06.11.2016
Size1.43 Mb.
#939
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   39

المصدر

http://www.what-islam.com/


2- لماذا يجب على الايمان والخضوع لقوانين الخالق؟


2- Why Should I?

Why Should I? What is the matter with the world today? Why all the chaos? Why all the evil? Some people say there is no God; others say God created man then left him alone to do as he pleases; yet others say that they just do not know. What is the reality? The Islamic view of human nature is that, left to its own devices, humankind has an instinct of what is right and wrong. This comes from an inner consciousness, a part of us right down deep inside that senses truth from falsehood and morality from immorality—even if we do not necessarily act according to that innate knowledge. It is this consciousness that separates man from the animals—the sense of responsibility of what is right and true, and what is not. However, it does not stop there—not only does man have the sense of what is right, he also has the means to do it. Why should man do what is right? Has man received some kind of responsibility on his shoulders? In Islam, the answer is simply “yes.” Allah tells Muslims in the Qur’an what means: {Lo! We offered the trust unto the heavens and the earth and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man assumed it. Lo! he hath proved a tyrant and a fool.} (Al-Ahzab 33:72) Why did the heavens and earth refuse to take on this huge responsibility? The answer is that they just could not imagine having the choice to disobey the Creator and Cherisher of all the worlds, the Owner of the Day of Judgment. That they could put themselves in the position of possibly entering Hellfire and denied the mercy of Allah was simply unthinkable. However, before we were born, all of humankind was made witness to the reality of the Creator and mankind’s role on earth, and we accepted the responsibility of free will and thus, it is now a part of our souls—our consciousness. We cannot escape it. Therefore, man has the responsibility to facilitate order in this world, and his own soul bears witness to it, as do all the elements of nature surrounding him. Humans feel calm and at peace besides elements of nature like rivers, waterfalls, mountains, and the sea, because nature submits to its Lord and achieves a state of islam (submission and peace), and we feel that peace. Why does man then ignore this responsibility despite all the obvious proofs of its existence and his ability to fulfill it? The answer is simple—he is living under an illusion: the illusion that he is free in the sense that he will not be held accountable for his deeds and days on earth. The truth is that man has misunderstood his mission in life and forgotten that there are always consequences to every word and action. How can man be completely free when there are always consequences to what we say and do? There are two kinds of people in the world: If there is an oil spill and a vast amount of nature is spoiled, one kind of person shrugs his shoulders and says, “So what! It doesn’t bother me.” Such a person shows his ignorance and will live with the consequences of his apathy as the world’s resources become less and less. However, another kind of person begins clean-up campaigns, joins environmental organizations, or at least talks about that crime against nature. These people are universally respected. Therefore, human responsibility does exist, but some people just choose to ignore it. Allah gave man eyes, ears, and all his faculties—everything he needs to be well equipped to fulfill his responsibilities in life. Because He is Just, Allah also gave man instructions (through the prophets and divine books) of what he should do with all these wonderful faculties. Our eyes enable us to see the beauty that surrounds us and to see when danger is approaching, but if we look directly at the sun we will be blinded. Are we free? Is there a right way and a wrong way to use our eyes? Our ears? Ours limbs? Our minds? We tell our children many things because of our love for them and our desire to protect them from harm. We want them to fulfill their potential. When we are present at home, they are much more likely to obey us. But what about when we are not home? They can choose to obey or to disobey—that is the extent of their freedom. If they choose to obey us, even though we are not present, this is a sure sign that the message we gave them has entered their hearts and that their obedience is not due to fear. Such obedience means that they understand the meaning of the message and they recognize that it is for their own benefit. Do we acknowledge the benefit in Allah’s instructions to us? How far has the divine message penetrated our hearts? This is like the message Allah gave to Adam (peace be upon him). Allah told Adam and Hawwa’ (Eve) to enjoy everything in the garden, but He the Most Merciful warned them not to go near a certain tree or there would be consequences. This is where the role of Satan comes in. Satan uses man’s dislike for restrictions to enter his heart and confuse him. He works on man’s human desire to be free and he feeds it. It is an inherent part of man’s nature to resist restrictions, but just because it is a part of his nature, it does not mean he can leave it to fester within him. We could also say that anger is a part of man’s nature, but we are all aware of the negative consequences of anger—likewise, man must struggle against his resistance to commands and orders. Adam and Hawwa’ (peace be upon them) chose to disobey. They were free to choose and there were consequences. Man’s lack of conscience spreads chaos throughout the universe because of the illusion that he is free and will have no consequences for his words and actions. How true is this idea? It is widely acknowledged that all citizens have the responsibility to contribute to the growth and development of their country. What about our responsibility to ourselves, our responsibility to our family, our responsibility to the earth, and our responsibility to our Creator? How can we say we are free? How can we say we have no responsibility? The concept of the Day of Judgment, a day on which everyone will be given what he or she deserves is described in the Qur’an: {And in like manner We disclosed them (to the people of the city) that they might know that the promise of Allah is true, and that, as for the Hour, there is no doubt concerning it. } (Al-Kahf 18:21) We want to enter that final examination (Day of Judgment) as believers. What is the state of the believer? The believer is the person who obeys Allah even if he does not necessarily understand or perceive. For example, the believer believes in the existence of the angels even though he cannot see them. Why? Because he has respect for the Lawgiver. The source of this respect is deep within his own soul if he only cares to see it. Nevertheless, he has the choice to take up this responsibility or to leave it. He can either submit with a knowing, gentle heart that sees the marvels of creation, the worth of his own self, the majesty of the Creator, and bow his head in gratitude and obedience. The other option is that he can twist his head in haughty pride, clinging to his illusion of being free, although recognizing the truth of matters and the need for reform, and say

“why should I?”



Source

http://islamonline.org/english/introducingislam/Individual/article06.shtml



السعادة في الإسلام (الجزء الأول)
Happiness in Islam - part 1
Happiness in Islam The Meaning of Happiness in Islam Happiness is a feeling that resides in the heart. It is characterized by peace of mind, tranquility, a sense of well-being, and a relaxed disposition. It comes as a result of proper behavior, both inward and outward, and is inspired by strong faith. This is attested to by the Qur’ân and Sunnah. Allah says: - Whoever works righteousness as a believer, whether male or female, We will give a good life. - Then, whoever follows My guidance shall neither go astray nor be distressed. But whoever turns away from My reminder will have a life of hardship. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “True enrichment does not come through possessing a lot of wealth, but true enrichment is the enrichment of the soul.” Happiness is Not Restricted to Material Things From an Islamic viewpoint, happiness is not restricted to material prosperity, though material reasons make up some of the elements of happiness. The material aspect is merely a means, but not the end in itself. Thus, the focus in attaining happiness is on nonmaterial, more abstract concerns, like the positive effects of good behavior. Allah says: - And the cattle, He has created them for you; in them there is warm clothing and numerous benefits, and from them you eat. There is beauty in them for you when you bring them home in the evening and when you lead them to pasture in the morning. - Say (O Muhammad): “Who has forbidden the adornment given by Allah that He has brought forth for his servants, and the good things of sustenance?” Say: “They are, in the life of this world, for those who believe, and exclusively for them on the Day of Resurrection.” Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Among the things that can bring happiness to the son of Adam are a pious wife, a good home, and a good means of transport.” Islam Ensures Eternal Happiness for Humanity Islam comes with a complete way of life. It provides rules and procedures to prepare a person for life in both this world and the next. In this way, Islam ensures a person’s well being in this world as well as in the life to come. Islam comes to protect the highest needs of man: life, reason, wealth, lineage, and faith. Happiness, from an Islamic perspective, occurs on two levels: 1. Worldly happiness: Islamic Law lays down a number of injunctions and regulations to guarantee man’s happiness during his worldly life, which is his first life. At the same time, Islam emphasizes that the life of this world is nothing more than a means of attaining the Hereafter, which is the true life that we all must strive to attain. Allah says: - Whoever works righteousness as a believer, whether male or female, We will give a good life. - Seek, with what Allah has given you, the abode of the Hereafter, and do not forget your share of this world. - Little are the enjoyments of the life of this world as compared to the Hereafter. 2. Eternal happiness: This is the true, lasting happiness. This happiness depends on the righteousness of the individual in his worldly life. Allah says: - Those whose lives the angels take while they are in a pious state, to them the angels will say: ‘Peace be upon you. Enter Paradise because of that which you used to do. - For those who do good in this world, there is good, and the abode of the Hereafter will be better; and excellent indeed will be the abode of the pious. The Life of This World is Not an Earthly Paradise Islam has clearly defined the role of the human being on Earth. It has made him vicegerent therein, whereby he must strive to inhabit and develop the Earth, bring about prosperity, and work for the best interests of mankind in this world. These noble objectives are surrounded by difficulties and require man to exert a lot of effort and to bear heavy burdens in order to fulfill them. Life is not always as easy and simple as we would wish it to be. Quite the contrary, it goes from being easy to being very difficult, just like a person goes from being healthy to being ill or from being poor to being rich and vice versa. Man must constantly deal with these trials throughout his life. In this way, he can realize the noblest qualities that these trials demand from him, like patience, willpower, determination, courage, reliance upon Allah, industry, and good morals. These qualities are among the greatest sources of tranquility, peace of mind, and happiness. Allah says: Surely, we will try you with something of fear, hunger and loss of wealth, lives, and the fruits of your labor, but give glad tidings to the patient ones; who, when afflicted with calamity say, ‘To Allah we belong and to Him we shall return.’ These are the ones who will receive blessings and mercy from their Lord, and these are the ones who are rightly guided. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “How astonishing is the affair of the believer. All of his affairs turn out for the best. If goodness befalls him, he is thankful and this is good for him, and if ill fortune befalls him, he is patient and this is good for him


السعادة في الإسلام (الجزء الثاني)
Happiness in Islam - part 2
Happiness in Islam Means of Attaining Happiness 1. Faith and good works: Faith brings about happiness in many ways: A. A person who believes in Allah alone without associating with Him any partner, with a belief that is pure and free from any defects, will enjoy a tranquil heart, a peaceful soul, and will not be full of worry and anxiety over life. He will be pleased with whatever Allah has ordained for him; thankful for all the good things in his life and patient with misfortune. The submission of a believer to Allah gives him the peace of mind that a person needs in order to be industrious and hard working. This is because he senses that his life has meaning and a definite purpose that he must strive to achieve. Allah says: Those who believe and do not mix their belief with iniquity, for them there is security and they are the rightly guided. B. Faith gives a person an ideal to strive for. His life is invested with a higher meaning that inspires him to work and expend his efforts in order to realize it. This keeps him away from living a narrow, selfish life. He instead lives his life for the good of others in the society in which he lives. A person who lives only for himself finds his days shortened and his goals constrained. When he, instead, lives for the ideal that inspires him, his life appears long and beautiful, beginning with the dawn of humanity and continuing long after he leaves the Earth. This enhances his perception of the moments, hours, and days of his life. C. Faith is not only a means to attain happiness; it is also a means to ward off the things that prevent happiness. This is because the believer knows that he is going to be tried and tested throughout his life and that these trials are opportunities for him to put his faith into practice. They help the believer to develop inner strength through the noble qualities of patience and determination, and through trusting in Allah, seeking His assistance, and fearing Him alone. These qualities are some of the most effective ways of realizing the objectives of life, and of bearing life’s trials. Allah says: If you are suffering, then they too are suffering as you are, but you hope from Allah what they do not hope for. 2. High moral standards that inspire one to do good for others: Man is a social being who needs to interact with beings of his own kind. It is not possible for him to exist independently of others in every aspect of his life. Interacting with others is unavoidable, and people differ greatly in their physical and mental peculiarities. Thus, it is unavoidable that displeasing things will happen between people that can cause them sorrow and distress. If a person cannot deal with these things in an honorable manner, then his interaction with others – which in and of itself is unavoidable – will be a great source of distress and misery for his life. For this reason, Islam emphasizes morality and the development of moral character. Allah says, describing the Messenger (peace be upon him): - And verily you (O Muhammad) are of an exalted standard of character. - And by the mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and hard-hearted, they would have dispersed from around you; so overlook their faults and ask Allah’s for their forgiveness; and consult them in affairs. Allah says: - Help one another in virtue and piety, and do not help one another in sin and transgression. - The good deed and the evil deed are not equal. Repel evil with that which is better, then verily the one between whom and you there was enmity will become as if he was a close friend. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “I was only sent to perfect moral character.” Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “The similitude of the believer in his affection and mercy towards other believers is like that of one body; if any part of it feels pain, the whole body becomes feverish and restless.” 3. Remembering Allah often and constantly being aware of His presence: A person’s satisfaction with another depends on the esteem that he has for him. Allah is the greatest source of peace for the heart, and the one whose remembrance can bring joy to the soul. Remembrance of Allah is the pleasure and comfort of the believer while attaining what benefits him and avoiding what harms him. For this reason, Islamic Law prescribes a number of specific remembrances to relate the Muslim back to his Lord whatever the circumstance, in every place, and at all times, when hoping for something desired, or fearing something disliked. These remembrances connect the believer’s conscience with his Creator, so he sees beyond the cause and effect relationships in the world around him. Consequently, he does not exaggerate their importance so much that they can disturb his spirit. He does no exalt the worldly causes of things beyond their limits, because he realizes that these causes in and of themselves have no effect, but their effects come only by the decree of Allah. Allah says: Verily, in the remembrance of Allah hearts find rest. The Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded the Muslim man to say when getting married to a woman: “O Allah, I ask of you the goodness within her and the goodness that you have made her inclined towards, and I seek refuge with you from the evil within her and the evil that you have made her inclined towards.” The Muslim should say when the wind begins to blow fiercely: “O Allah I ask you for the good of it, the good that it contains, and the good that it was sent with; and I seek refuge with you from its evil, the evil within it, and the evil that it was sent with.” Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) spoke of the necessity of taking proper action to accomplish what one wants to accomplish, seeking the help of Allah, and not grieving if the results are not the ones that were hoped for. He said: “Strive for what benefits you and seek the help of Allah and do not behave as if you are incapable. And do not say, ‘If only I had done this or that, it would have been this way or that.’ Instead say, ‘Allah decreed what he decreed and what he wishes to do he does.’ Otherwise, you open the way for Satan’s handiwork.” 4. Maintaining one’s health: This covers all aspects of health: physical, emotional, mental and spiritual. Physical health: Man is naturally concerned with preserving his physical health, this being part of his instinct to survive. It is also a means of realizing his worldly aims of attaining food, drink, clothing, and transportation. Islam is concerned with man’s survival and physical health. It forbids murder and prohibits consuming things that are hazardous to one’s health. Allah says: Do not kill a person – whose life Allah has made sacred – except in the dispensation of justice. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) says: “There shall be no harm nor causing of harm.” Emotional Health: Many people are heedless of the importance of emotional health and are equally heedless of the way to take care of it, in spite of the fact that it a basic pillar of happiness. For this reason, Islam strives to develop a person’s inner state in the best manner, purifying it with noble qualities. One of the most important matters here is the development of a balanced, harmonious, and composed emotional makeup. The basis for an upright emotional character is, first and foremost, faith. Thereafter come the other important elements of an upright emotional character, like possessing a high standard of morality and avoiding ignoble traits like anger, pride, conceit, stinginess, worldly ardor, envy, and malice, traits that can only lead to emotional instability and anxiety. Allah says: - Do not strain your eyes in longing for the things that we have given to some groups of them to enjoy, the splendor of the life of this world, through which we test them. But the provision of your Lord is better and more lasting. - O you who believe, let not one group scoff at another; it may be that the latter are better than the former. Nor let some women scoff at other women; it may be that the latter are better than the former. Do not defame one another and do not call each other by nicknames. How evil is the name of iniquity after faith. And whoever does not repent, these are indeed transgressors. O you who believe, avoid much suspicion. Indeed some suspicion is sinful. And do not spy on or backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it. And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “If there are three of you, do not two of you talk secretly to one another to the exclusion of the third until you mix with other people, because you may hurt his feelings.” Mental Health: The rational mind is the basis for accountability in Islamic Law. Therefore, the Wise Lawgiver commands that it should be preserved and protected and prohibits everything that can diminish it or cause it harm. Alcoholic beverages and drugs are among the worst things that can cause the loss of mental faculties. For this reason, Allah has forbidden them, saying: O you who believe, intoxicants, gambling, idols, and divination are abominations of Satan’s handiwork. So avoid all of it so that perhaps you might be successful. Satan wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants and gambling and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. So will you not then abstain? Spiritual Health: Islamic Law has taken great care to set down ways to ensure and preserve spiritual health. It encourages the believer to remember Allah at all times. Likewise it makes a minimum amount of worship obligatory upon him to ensure that he gets his spiritual nourishment. This includes the prescribed prayers, fasting, Zakâh tax, and the Hajj pilgrimage. It then opens for him a wide door for voluntary worship of every kind. These forms of worship return the worshipper to his Lord and reaffirm the bond that exist between him and Allah whenever the deluge of worldly concerns starts to sweep him away. For this reason, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) would say: “The coolness of my eyes is prayer.” He also used to say to Bilâl, the one who would give the call to prayer: “O Bilâl, let us find relaxation in prayer.” Islamic Law prohibits everything that can cause spiritual sickness and weakness. It prohibits us from following our vain desires, clinging to baseless beliefs, and devotion to pleasure, because these things blind the heart and make it heedless of Allah’s remembrance. For this reason, Allah says, describing the unbelievers in the following way: Those who disbelieve will enjoy this world and eat as cattle eat, and the Hellfire will be their abode. One Should Pursue the Material Provisions It has already been affirmed in what preceded that Islam does not deny the importance of material causes for realizing happiness, except that these material things are not a necessary condition for it; they are merely one of many means that can work together to bring it about. Many of the sacred ****s attest to this fact. Allah says: Who has forbidden the adornment given by Allah that He has brought forth for his servants, and the good things of sustenance? Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “How good pure wealth is for a pious servant.” He also said: “Among the things that can bring happiness to the son of Adam are a pious wife, a good home, and a good means of transport.” Managing Time Time is a person’s capital, being the duration of his stay on this world. Islam, therefore, is very concerned with time. It makes the believer responsible for the time at his disposal. On the Day of Judgment, he will be asked about it. Islamic Law requires that he manages his time wisely and utilizes it well. This is achieved by balancing his worldly needs with his worship and caring for his spiritual needs. Islam encourages the believer to get maximum benefit out of his time, filling it with beneficial activities and good deeds. Allah says: O you who believe, do not let your wealth and children prevent you from the remembrance of Allah. Whosoever does this; they are surely among the losers. And spend from what We have provided you before one of you approaches death and says, ‘My Lord, if you would only give me a little more time, I would give in charity and I would be one of the righteous. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “The feet of a servant will not turn away on the Day of Judgment until he is asked about four things: his lifetime, how he lived it; his youth, how he spent it; his wealth, from where he earned it and on what he spent it; and his work, what work did he used to do.” Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) also said: “There are two blessings that many people wish they had: health and free time.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) counseled us to balance our time, saying: “Give your hearts rest every hour, because if the heart is forced, it becomes blind


Download 1.43 Mb.

Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   39




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2022
send message

    Main page