I. Introduction II. The International Framework



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Marcela Ballara, International Consultant

Pedro Tomo, National Consultant



DESK Literature Review on

Disaster Risk Reduction


And Emergency Preparedness (DRR&EP) and Climate Change


I. Introduction

II. The International Framework 10
International Arena

  • Agenda 21 (United Nations Conference on Environment and

Development, 1992)

Development 2002 (WSSD)

  • Beijing Platform for Action (4th World Conference on Women, 1995)

+ 15 years

  • The “Rio Conventions”

  • The UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

  • The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 Building the Resilience of

Nations and Communities to Disasters (World Conference on Disaster Reduction, HFA)

Mozambique compliance of International Agreements



III. Gender mainstreaming and Mozambique DRR&EP Institutional framework 19
Disaster Management Coordinating Council (CCGC) and Disaster Management

Technical Council (CTGC)

The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC)

The Ministry for the Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA)

Ministry of Women and Social Action (MMAS)

IV. International events supporting gender mainstreaming in DRR&EP 25
Third Global Congress of Women in Politics and Governance, .Gender in Climate

Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction

The Beijing Agenda for Global Action on Gender-Sensitive Disaster Risk Reduction

Beijing, China



V. Good practices and lessons learned by local governments in DRR&EP and CCH 27
Role of Local Governments in DRR&EP and CCH

Good Practices, Lessons Learned, Challenges and Potential Replications



and environmental and natural resources management activities;

  • India a model of effective government-community partnership and

facilitates policy support needed to foster a culture of risk reduction;

  • Indonesia Using Political Momentum to Engender Legislation in the

Reconstruction Context;

  • South Africa: Addressing social vulnerability of women and girls in an

effective, integrative, cost effective, participatory, non-technical and easily replicable manner;

  • Mali: Alternatives to desertification, drought and in support of rural women empowerment

  • Tamil Nadu, India Focus on Single Woman’s girl children in disaster areas

  • El Salvador The Reducing Vulnerabilities in Ahuachapán and Sonsonate Programme (PRVAS)

  • Nagapattinam, India, Disaster through a Gender lens: gender issues in disaster response and recovery a case of meeting strategic interests of women through relief distribution

Approaches to address DRR&EP and CCH projects and programs



  • Community-Based Disaster Management (CBDM) a programming approach of Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre (ADPC)

  • An approach to Participatory Vulnerability analysis with gender lens


VI. Overview of gender issues in Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Preparedness (DRR&EP) and Climate Change 36
Relevance for considering gender issues in Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Preparedness (DRR&EP) and Climate Change
Climate change affects men and women differently
Relations between Gender mainstreaming and climate change mitigation and

adaptation


Factors that influence women in DRR&EP and CCH mitigation and adaptation
Some gender-specific vulnerabilities and challenges to disaster, emergency and

climate change


Priority areas for action

VII. Some Findings 43

Annexes 49

  1. General characterization of the climate change adaptation and disaster

risk reduction communities

  1. Beijing Agenda for Global Action on Gender-Sensitive; and Disaster Risk Reduction Manila Declaration for Global Action on Gender in Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction

  2. Terminology

  3. Summary of Reports, Manuals and Toolkits on Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change



Reference Material

List of acronyms

CDS Sustainable Development Centre (Centro de Desenvolvimento Sustentável)

CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women

CIDA Canadian International Development Agency

CONDES National Council for Sustainable Development (Conselho Nacional para o

Desenvolvimento Sustentável)

CCGC Disaster Management Coordinating Council (Conselho Coordenador de Gestão

de Calamidades)

CTGC Disaster Management Technical Council (Conselho Técnico de Gestão de

Calamidades)

DRR&EP Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Preparedness

DPCOA Provincial Directorate for the Coordination of Environmental Action

DPTUR Provincial Directorate of Tourism (Direcção Provincial do Turismo)

EADS Environment Strategy for Sustainable Development (Estratégia Ambiental para o

Desenvolvimento Sustentável)

GoM Government of Mozambique

MDGs Millennium Development Goals

MICOA Ministry for the Coordination of Environmental Action

MINAG Ministry of Agriculture

MPD Ministry of Planning and Development

NGO Non-governmental organization

PDPMCN National Master Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction ()

PAPs (GBS) Programme Aid Partners

PARPA Poverty Reduction Action Plan (Plano de Acção para a Redução da Pobreza

Absoluta)

PEDD District Strategic Development Plan (Plano Estratégico de Desenvolvimento

Distrital)

PESOD District Social Economic and Budget Plan (Planos Económico Social e Orçamento

Distrital)

PES Económico and Social Plan (Plano Económico e Social)

NAPA National Adaptation Programme of Action

UNDP United Nations Development Programme

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

UNISDR United Nations International Strategy for Disaster reduction

WFP World Food Program





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