I. deskripsi mata kuliah



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S I L A B U S
Fakultas : Bahasa dan Seni

Prodi : Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris

Mata Kuliah & Kode : Language Testing & PEN 205

Jumlah sks : 2

Semester : 5

Mata Kuliah Prasyarat & Kode : -

Dosen : A.Ghani Johan, M.Ed

I. DESKRIPSI MATA KULIAH


Mata kuliah ini berbobot 2 sks dengan tatap muka 1 kali seminggu dalam waktu 100 menit setiap pertemuan. Mata kuliah ini terdiri dari teori dan praktek dalam bentuk penyampaian materi tentang konsep-konsep dan prinsip-prinsip dasar dalam penyusunan tes bahasa, penyekoran, dan pengolahan terhadap hasil tes. Mahasiswa ditugaskan untuk menilais suatu tes (butir-butir soal), menganalisis suatu tes disertai dengan perhitungan statistik yang diperlukan, dan mengolah skor tes. Penilaian terhadap hasil belajar mahasiswa didasarkan pada tugas individual/kelompok, ujian tengah semester, ujian semester, dan presensi perkuliahan.




II. STANDAR KOMPETENSI MATA KULIAH

Memahami dan menerapkan konsep-konsep dan prinsip dalam penyusunan tes, penyekoran tes, dan pengolahan hasil tes; serta membangun sikap kritis dan apresiatif terhadap tes bahasa.




III. STRATEGI PERKULIAHAN




  1. Perkuliahan tatap muka

  2. Diskusi/tanya-jawab

  3. Tugas individual/kelompok

IV. REFERENSI/SUMBER BAHAN




  1. Wajib: Language Assessment. Principles and Classroom Practice. H. Douglas Brown. Pearson Longman, New York, 2004.

B. Anjuran : Buku-buku atau artikel tentang Language Testing






V. SKENARIO PERKULIAHAN

Tatap

Muka

Kompetensi Dasar

Materi Pokok

Strategi Per-

Kuliahan

Referensi


1

2



3

4
5- 6

7
8

9
10

11

12


13

14

15


16

Mengidentifikasi fungsi, manfaat, dan tujuan language testing

Mengidentifikasi teknik-teknik utama dalam pengetesan bahasa dan keterampilan bahasa dengan komponen-komponennya


Mengidentifikasi prosedur pembuatan cloze tests dan mencoba pengerjaannya

Mengidentifikasi syarat-syarat untuk suatu butir soal pilihan-ganda yang baik.

Mengidentifikasi ciri-ciri/syarat-syarat tes yang baik dan Bloom’s Taxonomy dalam pengetesan bahasa


Mengidentifikasi apa yang dites dalam testing grammatical structures, tipe-tipe soal, dan penerapan Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy


Mengidentifikasi apa yang dites dalam testing reading comprehension, tema dan bentuk reading texts, tipe-tipe soal, dan penerapan Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy

--------------------------

Mengidentifikasi apa yang dites dalam testing Vocabulary, tipe-tipe soal, dan penerapan Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy

Mengidentifikasi apa yang dites dan dinilai dalam testing Speaking serta bentuk kegiatan tes


Mengidentifikasi apa yang dites dan dinilai dalam testing Listening.


Mengidentifikasi apa yang dites dan dinilai dalam testing Writing.

Menyekor tes objektif dan tes esei.

Menerapkan rumus-rumus statistik tertentu untuk menghitung validitas butir-butir suatu tes

Menerapkan rumus-rumus statistik tertentu untuk menghitung reliabilitas suatu tes

Menganalisis butir soal

Menerapkan kurva normal dalam distribusi nilai




1. a. The Significance of

Language Testing

b. The Purpose of Language

Testing
2. a. Some Principal Language

Testing Techniques
b. Language Skills and Their

Components


3. Cloze tests

4. Some Requirements for a

Multiple Choice Item

5. a. Characteristics of A Good

Test

b. Content, Construct, and



Face Validity

c. Bloom’s Taxonomy


6. Testing Grammatical

Structures

a. What to test

b. Item Types

c. Cognitive Levels in

Testing Grammatical

Structures
7. Testing Reading Comp

a. What to test

b. Item Types

c. Cognitive Levels in

Testing Reading Comp

---- Ujian Tengah Semester ---


8. Testing Vocabulary

a. What to test

b. Item Types

c. Cognitive Levels in

Testing Vocabulary

9. Testing Speaking

a. What to test

b. Activities


10. Testing Listening

a. What to test

b. Item Types/Activities

11. Testing Writing

a. What to test

b. Test types


12. Scoring objective and

essays tests


13. Calculating the item

validity


a. Mean and SD

b. Objective tests

c. Essay tests
14. Calculating the reliability of

a test


  1. Objective tests

  2. Essay tests

15. Item analysis

a. Item Difficulty/Facility

b. Item Discrimination Index

c. Distracter’s effectiveness
16. Normal Curve


  1. Normal Distribution

  2. Converting raw scores into final marks

  3. Standardized scores

Kuliah, diskusi

Kuliah, diskusi

Kuliah, diskusi

Kuliah,

Diskusi


Kuliah, diskusi

Kuliah, diskusi, tugas

Kuliah, diskusi, tugas

Kuliah, diskusi, tugas


Kuliah, diskusi


Kuliah, diskusi

Kuliah, diskusi,

Latihan

Kuliah, diskusi, latihan

Kuliah, diskusi, latihan

Kuliah, diskusi, latihan





VI. Evaluasi




No.

Komponen Evaluasi


Bobot (%)

1

Partisipasi kuliah

10 %

2

Tugas-tugas

15%

3

Ujian Tengah Semester

30%

4

Ujian Semester

45 %



Jumlah


100%


TYPES OF LANGUAGE TESTS

(based on their functions)


  1. Aptitude Tests -------------- Aptitude Tests




  1. General Proficiency Test --Screening Tests

Placement Tests




  1. Achievement Tests --------- Achievement Tests

Diagnostic Tests


Program Evaluation Tests


SOME PRINCIPAL LANGUAGE TESTING TECHNIQUES


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------


  1. Translation

  2. Dictation

  3. Writing

  4. Scored Interviews/Speaking

  5. Short-answer Items

  6. Multiple-choice Items

  7. Cloze Tests/Procedure fixed-ratio method rational method




A Cloze Test
The Problem of the World’s Food Supply
Although science and technological developments have made progress in the last 100 years, millions of people are hungry and unable to improve their condition without help. The problem seems to be of scarcity, especially in __________ (1) like Ethiopia, Sudan, and ___________(2) of Southern and Southeast Asia.

______ (3) appears that there is not enough food to support the ________ (4) people of the countries.

But if we examine the situation more ___________ (5), we find that it is not the _________ (6). If we calculate the ________ (7) which is thrown away in big cities like Jakarta, Singapore, Tokyo, and New York, in restaurants and in __________ (8) all over the world everyday, we find that the food thrown away _______ (9) enough to feed the _________ (10) people of the world. The richer countries of the world enjoy ___________ (11) standard of living than their _________ (12) neighbours. The rich people consume more than they _________(13). They spend too much money on the food they _____(14) in restaurants, although they eat only ______ (15).

BASIC READING SKILLS


1. Deducing the meanings of unfamiliar lexical items
2. Understanding references
3. Understanding forms and meanings of non-idiomatic

phrases
4. Understanding sentence meanings through syntactical

structures
6. Reading graphics, charts, tables, etc.
7. Recognizing and understanding rhetorical structures



  1. At Sentence level: meanings of sentence connectors, discourse

markers, figures of speech, elliptic and inversion


  1. At Paragraph level or Inter-sentences : meanings of sentence

connectors, the topic and main idea of paragraphs, relationship

between the main idea and details




  1. c. At the whole Passage level: theme and central thought, function of

  2. the paragraphs, parts and their functions


8. Critical Reading Skills

  1. Understanding the writer’s purpose, view-point, and tone

  2. Making inferences, generalization, and conclusion

  3. Evaluating the writer’s references

  4. Evaluating the writer’s language and writing procedures.


Test Matrix




Cognitive

Level

Materials


Knowledge


Comprehension


Application


Analysis


Synthesis


Evaluation


TOTAL

1.






















2.






















3.






















4.






















5.






















6.






















……….





















..%

..%

..%

..%

..%

..%

100%

Some Requirements for a Multiple-Choice Item


  1. There should be only one correct answer.

  2. The options should be of relatively the same length.

  3. It tests a specific feature of the language.

  4. It uses simple and grammatically correct language.

Testing Vocabulary




  1. We need __________ to make a cake.

  1. a few egg

  2. two ounce of sugar

  3. many margarine

  4. some flour

The ship __________ tomorrow morning.



  1. is leaving

  2. may leave

  3. will leave

The rain caused the grass ___________ fast.

  1. growing

  2. to grow

  3. grow

  4. grew

(testing one feature of the language)

Last-week’s rain _________ the grass ________ fast.



  1. causes – to grow

  2. made – to grow

  3. caused – grow

  4. makes – grow

(testing two features of the language)

The ship hit the iceberg because ____________ .


  1. the weather was bad

  2. too many people on board

  3. the crew were not well-trained

  4. the weather was bad and there were too many people on board.

( not a very good item of testing reading comprehension)




To know a word is to know its

1) spelling

2) pronunciation



  1. 3) meaning(s)

  2. 4) usage/WORD TYPE





boat thorough

a. board a. although

b. go b. both

c. book c. then

d. gaol d. within
Characteristics of A Good Test


  1. Valid (= sahih)




  1. Reliable (= handal)




  1. Practical (= praktis)

Validity
Logical Validity



  1. Content Validity

  2. Construct Validity

  3. Face Validity

Empirical Validity



  1. Item Validity

  2. Concurrent Validity

  3. Predictive Validity


DATA (Skor suatu tes m-c dikotomus)


Item

Number Testees


1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50


Total

Score


1. Ika

1




47

2

1




43

3

1




41

4

1




38

5

0




37

6

1




34

7

1




30

8

0




29

9

1




28

10

1




27

11

0




26

12

1




25

13

1




24

14

1




23

15

0




20

16

1




20

17

1




19

18

0




17

19

0




17

20

0




16

p

q

pq



………




X …

SD …


1. Hitunglah Item Facility dari butir soal no.1.

2. Hitunglah Item Descrimination index butir soal no 1.

3. Hitunglah Item Validity butir soal no. 1.

4. Dengan menggunakan formula K-R 21, hitunglah Reliabilitas dari tes di atas.



DATA (Skor dari suatu tes esei)


Item No.

Testees

1

2 . . . . . . . . 10


Total Score

1. Anita

5




45

2.

4




40

3.

5




37

4.

3




34

5.

4




31

6.

3




29

7.

2




27

8.

2




26

9.

1




24

10.

1




23

11.

1




18

Hitunglah validitas butir (item validity) soal no. 1.



NOUNS

VERBS

ADJECTIVES

ADVERBS
Prepositions

Articles


Conjunctions

Indefinite Numerals


We visited the house where we used to live.

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