I. Background and Procedure II. Colonial Literature III. The Crucible



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Quiz: Match the items.

  • The task is to match the lettered items with the correct numbered items. Appearing below is a list of lettered items. Following that is a list of numbered items. Each numbered item is followed by a drop-down. Select the letter in the drop down that best matches the numbered item with the lettered alternatives.
  • a. slave captured during the slave trade
  • b. Puritan minister who was a part of The Great Awakening
  • c. Puritan; a part of the first Plymouth Colony
  • d. Harvard graduate who is known for using conceit
  • e. first Puritan poet
  • 1. William Bradford
  • 2. Edward Taylor
  • 3. Olaudah Equiano
  • 4. Jonathan Edwards
  • 5. Anne Bradstreet

Background

  • The Great Awakening was a religious revival that began around the 1730s. It swept through the colonies in the East transforming the religious and social life of the Puritans. Unlike the compact communities of the old world, the small farms and plantations made communication difficult. People often lived great distances from the church and membership suffered; they relied on themselves, and by the second and third generations, the majority of the population was outside the membership of the Puritan church.
  • Ministers like Jonathan Edwards would preach their sermons trying to revive the Puritan church. These revivals would occur and then die out; one of the reasons why they were extinguished was because of the growing influence of the Enlightenment [text annotation indicator] . Edwards is most known for his sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" where he uses the image of a dangling spider over a fire to describe the human predicament.
  • Despite the initial response to his preaching, Edwards did not remain popular forever. His downfall occurred when he condemned a group of young people from his pulpit. The parents of these children drove him from his position, and he was exiled to Stockbridge where he worked with the Native Americans.

Puritan Sermon

  • The Puritans believed that the real power of a sermon was to be found in its words, rather than its delivery. Since the words were thought to be divinely inspired, it was believed that the words alone carried enough power to affect the congregation. Preachers usually spoke their sermons in a deliberate monotone. Consider this effect as you read “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.”

Introduction

Sinners in Hands….

Final Project

  • Now that you have completed all of the readings for this unit, it's time to put your knowledge of the literary terms to the test. Not only is it important to be able to identify literary terms within a piece of literature, but it is also important to understand the writer's purpose in utilizing that writing technique as well as the significance of the technique to the piece as a whole.
  • Your task is to create a Literary Terms PowerPoint presentation. You will use all 9 Key Terms from this unit. More than likely you will need two slides per term. Once you create a title slide, you will have approximately 19-20 slides.
  • For each term, you will include a specific text reference from one of the pieces from this unit that utilizes the term. For example, if my term is "simile," I will want to find an example of a simile in one of the stories or poems we have read. You will type that example onto the slide. In addition, you need to explain the effectiveness or significance of that example as it relates to the piece. Lastly, you need to create your own sentence(s) utilizing that literary term. Please include a picture to go along with your example.
  • sample slide below.

Day 10

  • Quiz
  • Vocabulary
  • Background information (Issue Books)
  • Overture/Group Work
  • Journal
  • Study guide/character chart

III. The Crucible

Essential Questions

  • •How did McCarthyism influence Arthur Miller to write The Crucible?
  • •What was Miller's purpose in writing about the Salem Witch Trials?
  • •What are the major themes found in the play?
  • •Is Miller's portrayal of the Puritans accurate

1692 vs 1950

  • Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible to both understand and to comment on a brief but turbulent episode in American history that he and the country had just survived.
  • This was the hunt for communists led by Senator Joseph McCarthy in the 1950s. Because of the near hysteria surrounding this national hunt for communists shortly after World War II, playwright Miller equated it with the hunt for witches in the 1690s in colonial New England, most specifically in the village of Salem, Massachusetts.

Even though this play was written in the 1950s, Arthur Miller is true to the diction and style of the Puritans. There may be words you don't know as you read. It would be to your benefit to look these words up.

  • Even though this play was written in the 1950s, Arthur Miller is true to the diction and style of the Puritans. There may be words you don't know as you read. It would be to your benefit to look these words up.
  • Here are a few of the words you will encounter while reading the play. Make sure you learn and study these words.
  • 1.Predilection
  • 2.Parochial
  • 3.Defiled
  • 4.Injunctions
  • 5.Deference
  • 6.Contention
  • 7.Prodigious
  • 8.Ameliorate
  • 9.Pious
  • 10.Tainted
  • 11.Scoffing
  • 12.Base
  • 13.Adamant
  • 14.Rescinded
  • 15. Indictment

Key Terms

  • McCarthyism: the practice of making accusations of disloyalty, esp. of pro-Communist activity, in many instances unsupported by proof or based on slight, doubtful, or irrelevant evidence
  • Allegory: the representation of abstract ideas or principles in a narrative or dramatic form


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