Human Body Exam Multiple Choice



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Human Body Exam

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Tissue that is specialized to cover the inner and outer surfaces of the internal organs is called



a.

epithelial tissue.

c.

muscle tissue.

b.

connective tissue.

d.

nervous tissue.

____ 2. Organs that work together form



a.

connective tissues.

c.

organ systems.

b.

tissue systems.

d.

All of the above

____ 3. Which of the following is a function of both the excretory system and the digestive system?



a.

regulating metabolism

b.

eliminating wastes

c.

regulating other organ systems

d.

maintaining homeostasis

____ 4. The lungs are located in the



a.

cranial cavity.

c.

thoracic cavity.

b.

abdominal cavity.

d.

spinal cavity.

____ 5. The type of bone that provides the greatest strength for support is



a.

spongy bone.

c.

compact bone.

b.

chitinous bone.

d.

marrow bone.

____ 6. The periosteum is a section of the bone that contains



a.

blood vessels.

c.

spongy bone.

b.

osteocytes.

d.

red bone marrow.


____ 7. Refer to the illustration above. Which of the following is the compact bone?



a.

1

c.

3

b.

2

d.

4

____ 8. Refer to the illustration above. The material labeled Ò1,Ó which fills the center and spaces at the ends of bones and produces blood cells, is called



a.

exocrine material.

c.

marrow.

b.

cartilage.

d.

spongy bone.

____ 9. The heart and lungs are protected by the



a.

pectoral girdle.

c.

rib cage.

b.

pelvic girdle.

d.

periosteum.

____ 10. What is the difference between cartilage and bone?



a.

Cartilage contains cells that can continue to divide and grow, while bone does not.

b.

Cartilage is found only in the fetus, and bone is found only in children and adults.

c.

Bone contains significant mineral deposits between its cells, while cartilage does not.

d.

Bone contains dead cells, while cartilage contains living cells.


____ 11. Refer to the illustration above. Which joint allows bones to glide over each other?



a.

1

c.

3

b.

2

d.

4

____ 12. Smooth muscle can be found



a.

attached to the skeleton.

c.

at the knee joint.

b.

in the wrist bones.

d.

in internal organs.

____ 13. The region between Z lines is called the



a.

myofibril.

c.

muscle fiber.

b.

sarcomere.

d.

myosin filament.

____ 14. Repeating units of myosin and actin filaments bound by two Z lines are



a.

muscles.

c.

sarcomeres.

b.

myofibrils.

d.

extensors.

____ 15. Muscles that bend joints are categorized as



a.

flexors.

c.

extensors.

b.

origins.

d.

insertions.

____ 16. The origin of a muscle



a.

is at the opposite end of the muscle from the insertion.

b.

is located on a bone that remains stationary when the muscle contracts.

c.

does not move when the muscle contracts.

d.

All of the above

____ 17. flexors : bend ::



a.

immovable joints : bend

c.

extensors : straighten

b.

slightly movable joints : be immovable

d.

sutures : move a great deal

____ 18. The functions of the skin include



a.

defense against microbes.

c.

prevention of dehydration.

b.

regulation of body temperature.

d.

All of the above

____ 19. The thin outer layer of the skin is



a.

the dermis.

c.

the fatty layer.

b.

the epidermis.

d.

connective skin.


____ 20. Refer to the illustration above. Which of the following structures is used to eliminate wastes and help regulate body temperature?



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