Pick two inventions of the Tang and Song Dynasties and explain how they helped China achieve a “Golden Age”.
How would the two inventions you chose influence the rest of the medieval world?
Document #6: “The basic justification for the Chinese Imperial (civil service) Exams was that appointees to civil service positions were not to be chosen through special or inherited privilege, but through an individual's own abilities. For centuries, the might of China was established militarily, often by emperors from humble origins who had toppled existing dynasties. However, once in control, these emperors soon realized that the actual governance of China would require the administrative services of thousands of bureaucrats. The civil service examination was thus a means for creating such a body of men…”
Document #7: “The examination system also helped to maintain cultural unity and agreement on basic values. The fact that the content of the examinations were uniform (did not vary) meant that the local scholars and ambitious would-be scholars across the whole of China were taught with the same values. Even though only a small fraction (about 5 percent) of those who attempted the examinations passed them and received titles, the studying and the hope of eventual success on a another examination sustained the interest of those who took them. Those who failed to pass—most of the candidates at any single examination—did not lose wealth or local social standing; as dedicated believers in Confucian ideals, they served, without the benefit of state appointments, as teachers, patrons (supporters)of the arts, and managers of local projects, such as irrigation works, schools, or charitable foundations.”
Examine both documents.
According to Document #6, what was needed—in addition to a powerful Emperor—to successfully rule China?
Using information from both documents above, explain how civil service examinations helped China achieve a Golden Age. Describe at least two ways.