Hiv does not cause aids



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  • Denial means many things
  • Denial…
  • refusal to recognize or acknowledge a problem
  • Denial…
  • assertion that something said, believed, alleged, etc., is false:
  • Denial…
  • defense mechanism to reduce anxiety by blocking intolerable thoughts and feelings
  • Mass Denial – social response to widespread trauma…war, genocide, disaster, plague
  • Denialism
  • Refusal to accept an empirically verifiable reality… propagates denial based on false pretenses and misinformation
  • “Our view is really simple…
  • HIV does not cause AIDS and HIV/AIDS may not exist at all.
  • The burden of proof should rest on the mainstream which is why the most important thing dissidents should be doing is merely asking questions.
  • It doesn't take long to realize that the mainstream can't answer our questions which proves their theories are full of holes.”
  • Source Maggiore, AIDS Myth Exposed, October 19, 2009
  • What are the AIDS Denialists saying?
  • ….in their own words
  • Denialists undermine HIV Treatment
  • Gary Null, Vitamin Entrepreneur and AIDS denialist
  • “Zinc is necessary for preventing and fighting diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.”
  • Denialists sell “non-toxic” AIDS cures
  • Denialists propagate pseudoscience
  • Earth Day Exhibit, Orlando, 2009
  • Denialists try to influence public opinion
  • Denialists campaign against AIDS Charities
  • Are AIDS denialists really harming anyone?
  • AIDS Denialist Clark Baker with Karri Stokely, 2008
  • Kelly Landis
  • Died December 2007
  • “a SAME-SEX=SIN=SICKNESS mindset (has) lead to the unquestioned acceptance of the HIV=AIDS=DEATH paradigm”
  • Jerry Collinard
  • Died July 2009
  • Board member of San Diego HEAL. In 2001 he referred to himself as an ‘AIDS dissident’
  • Michael Bellefountaine
  • Died May 2007
  • David Pasquarelli
  • Died March 2004
  • Lambros Papantoniou
  • Died May 2009
  • “Lambros attracted the attention of Andrew Maniotis, a scientist and AIDS denialist. Instead of his prescribed medicine, he was convinced to consume Maniotis-promoted vitamins.”
  • Christine Maggiore
  • Died December 2008
  • Eliza Jane Scovill
  • Died May 2005
  • “It's horrible! Maggiore should never have watched it. Seeing this made the stress factor a much more stronger contributor to Maggiore's death. I used to think that a psychological stress factor wasn't really necessary to explain her recent death but now it appears inevitable to me that it played a significant role.”
  • Sadun Kal http://forums.aidsmythexposed.com
  • “Christine suffered fatal renal failure caused by antibiotics, antiviral, and calcium received
  • during the 9 days prior to her death.”
  • “Christine did not suffer from any AIDS indicator illness during the 2 years prior to her death and at the time of her death.”
  • Official AIDS Denialism Report on
  • the Death of Christine Maggiore
  • Performed by Mohammed Ali Al-Bayati, PhD, DABT, DABVT
  • Posted December 9, 2009, www.rethinkingaids.com
  • Former South African President Thabo Mbeki and Christine Maggiore, 2000
  • 350,000 South Africans died and 35,000 infants infected as a result of failure to roll out HIV treatments between 2000 and 2005
  • Chigwedere et al., 2008, JAIDS
  • Reliability of AIDS Denialism’s Impact in South Africa
  • Nattrass, 2009, AIDS and Behavior
  • Why would anyone listen to
  • AIDS denialists?
  • Why would anyone NOT listen to
  • AIDS denialists?
  • “Rex always said Christine was his heroine; she called him in the hospital urging him to stay the dissident course and not take the drugs…Now reality was staring us in the face and he was willing to look at it... I didn’t want to look; I wanted to pretend Christine was right, and HIV doesn’t cause AIDS. I wanted to pretend Rex would live.
  • Social Context
  • AIDS Stigma, Internet,
  • Medical Mistrust
  • Science Illiteracy
  • HIV-Related
  • Trauma
  • (unacceptable risk
  • HIV+ test result
  • treatment failure
  • network deaths)
  • Initial Coping Response
  • (Denial)
  • Effective Coping
  • (engagement in care
  • Informed decision making)
  • Exposure to Denialism
  • Malignant Denial
  • (encapsulated delusion
  • prolonged escape
  • disengagement
  • misinformed decisions)
  • Adequate Coping Resources
  • Psychological vulnerability
  • Model of AIDS Denialism Vulnerability
  • Studies of AIDS Denialism Vulnerability
  • Wald et al., 2009
  • 149 African-American primary care HIV clinic patients
  • 17% endorse the belief, “HIV does not cause AIDS.”
  • Belief that HIV has not been proven to cause AIDS was associated with refusing ARV treatment, t = 2.57, p < .01
  • Does holding AIDS denialist beliefs relate to demographic and health status?
  • Do not believe there is a debate among scientists regarding HIV causing AIDS (n=220, 64%)
  • Believe there is a debate among scientists regarding HIV causing AIDS (n=123, 36%)
  • Does not believe there is a debate
  • (n=220)
  • Mean
  • Does believe there is a debate
  • (n=123)
  • Mean
  • HIV symptoms
  • 3.7
  • 4.5 *
  • T-Cells
  • 473
  • 455
  • Medication adherence
  • 91%
  • 84% *
  • Currently taking HIV medications
  • 69%
  • 56% *
  • Undetectable viral load
  • 65 %
  • 54% *
  • Health status and believing there is a Debate on HIV causing AIDS
  • Note: * p < .05
  • Does not believe there is a debate
  • (n = 81)
  • Does believe there is a debate
  • (n = 59)
  • Doctor suggested waiting
  • 49
  • 48
  • Taking break from treatment
  • 25
  • 27
  • Medication side effects
  • 10
  • 15
  • Cannot afford medications
  • 18
  • 15
  • 23
  • 33 *
  • Does not trust medication
  • 16
  • 28 *
  • Reasons why participants are not taking HIV treatments
  • Note: among 150 participants not on treatment; * p < .05
  • Is Internet use related to AIDS Denial beliefs?
  • < Weekly internet use
  • (n=206)
  • Weekly + internet use
  • (n=137)
  • Age
  • 45
  • 43
  • Years of education
  • 12
  • 13 *
  • AIDS knowledge test score (% correct)
  • 67
  • 80 *
  • Years living with HIV diagnosis
  • 13
  • 13
  • T-cell count
  • 421
  • 528 *
  • Undetectable viral load
  • 65%
  • 64%
  • Gay/bisexual men
  • 49%
  • 71% *
  • Demographic and health characteristics of less and more frequent Internet users
  • Note: * p < .05
  • < Weekly internet use
  • Weekly + internet use
  • There is a debate among scientists about whether HIV causes AIDS
  • 32%
  • 42% *
  • There is no proof that HIV causes AIDS
  • 20%
  • 26% *
  • HIV treatments do more harm than good
  • 22%
  • 25%
  • Herbal and natural remedies can cure AIDS in some people
  • 30%
  • 34% *
  • AIDS Denialist Beliefs among less and more frequent Internet users
  • Note: * p < .05
  • Does interest in AIDS Denialist websites relate to AIDS denialist beliefs?
  • Participants read 3 Internet passages; 1 Control + 2 AIDS Denialist.
  • Indicated whether they planned to search for more information from the source.
  • Rated the passages for believability and trustworthiness (0-to-10 scale)
  • Jonathan Campbell, Health Consultant Natural Therapies for Chronic Illness & Health Maintenance
  • Rath International: “Micronutrients Help Control AIDS”
  • Jonathan Campbell; “A Cure for AIDS?” “immune enhancing nutrients, vitamin C
  • Tufts School of Medicine “Choose Snacks that work for you”
  • Does not plan to search
  • Does plan to search
  • Believes information
  • 7.4
  • 9.1 *
  • Trusts information
  • 7.1
  • 9.0 *
  • Denialism beliefs score
  • 2.0
  • 2.1
  • Does not plan to search
  • Does plan to search
  • Believes information
  • 6.1
  • 7.9 *
  • Trusts information
  • 5.9
  • 7.9 *
  • Denialism beliefs score
  • 1.9
  • 2.2 *
  • Jonathan Campbell, Health Consultant Natural Therapies for Chronic Illness & Health Maintenance
  • Let thy food be thy medicine, and thy medicine be thy food. Hippocrates, Father of Medicine, 400 B.C.
  • Does not plan to search
  • Does plan to search
  • Believes information
  • 5.8
  • 7.8 *
  • Trusts information
  • 5.3
  • 7.3 *
  • Denialism beliefs score
  • 1.9
  • 2.2 *
  • Social Context
  • AIDS Stigma, Internet,
  • Medical Mistrust
  • Science Illiteracy
  • HIV-Related
  • Trauma
  • (unacceptable risk
  • HIV+ test result
  • treatment failure
  • network deaths)
  • Initial Coping Response
  • (Denial)
  • Effective Coping
  • (engagement in care
  • Informed decision making)
  • Exposure to Denialism
  • Malignant Denial
  • (encapsulated delusion
  • prolonged escape
  • disengagement
  • misinformed decisions)
  • Adequate Coping Resources
  • Psychological vulnerability
  • Model of AIDS Denialism Vulnerability
  • Social Context
  • AIDS Stigma, Internet,
  • Medical Mistrust
  • Science Illiteracy
  • HIV-Related
  • Trauma
  • Initial Coping Response
  • Effective Coping
  • Exposure to Denialism
  • Psychological vulnerability
  • Points of Intervention
  • Coping Effectiveness Training
  • Public Health Education
  • Academic Accountability
  • Critical Thinking Skills Builiding
  • Conclusions
  • AIDS denialist beliefs are prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS
  • The Internet plays a critical role in disseminating AIDS denialism
  • Interventions are needed to address denialist beliefs and maladaptive coping
  • Denying AIDS
  • Conspiracy Theories, Pseudoscience, and Human Tragedy
  • Denying AIDS
  • All royalties buy HIV treatments in Africa
  • For more on AIDS Denial
  • http://denyingaids.blogspot.com
  • www.AIDSTruth.org

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