THE Chaldeans were originally migratory from India. Chaldea is a corruption of cul (family or tribe) and deva (a god or brahrnan.) The country, colonized by the tribe of Devas or Brahmans, was called Chaldea, whence the word Chaldeans. Count Bjornstjerna says: “The Chaldeans, the Babylonians and the inhabitants of Colchis derived their civilization from India.”‘
Mr. Pococke says: “The tribe ‘Abanti’ who fought most valiantly in the Trojan War were no other than the Raj puts of Avanti’ in Malwa.”2
The Assyrians, too, were of Hindu origin. Their first king was Bali, Boal or Bel. This Boal or Bali was a great king of India in ancient times. He ruled from Cambodia to Greece. Professor Maurice says: “ Bali
. . was the puissant sovereign of a mighty empire extending over the vast continent of India.”
Mr. Pococke says: “Thus, then, at length, are distinctly seen—firstly, the identical localities in the Indian. and Tartarian provinces whence Palestine was colonized; secondly, the identity of idolatry is proved between India, the old country, and Palestine the new; thirdly, the identity of the Itajput of India and of Palestine; fourthly, the positive notification of the distinct tribe which the Israelites encountered and overthrew.”3
Theogony of the Hindus. p. 168. 2 Ind a in Greece, p. 33.
3India in Greece, p. 229.
The mountain looks on Marathon—
And Marathon looks on the sea;
And musing there an hour alone,
dream’d that Greece might still be free.
-BYRON: Don Juan:
THE Hindu emigrations to Greece have already been mentioned, The subject, is of such fascinating interest that eminent scholars and archmologists have devoted their time and learning to unravel the mystery connected with the origin of the race, whose splendid achievements in peace and war yet stand unrivalled in Europe. Colonel Tod and Colonel Wilford laid the foundations of a system of enquiry in this branch of historical research, on which Mr. Pococke has raised the marvellous structure of “India in Greece,” which stands firm and solid, defying the violence and fury of the windy criticism of ignorant critics and the hail and sleet of certain writers on Indian Archaeology, blinded by inveterate prejudices. Mr.Pococke quotes chapter and verse in proof of his assertions, and proves beyond all shadow of doubt’ the Hindu origin of the ancient Greeks.
After describing the Grecian society during the Homeric times, Mr. Pococke says: “The whole of this state of society, civil and military, must strike everyone as being eminently Asiatic, much or it specifically Indian. Such it undoubtedly is. And I shall demonstrate that these evidences were but the attendant tokens of an Indian colonization with its corresponding religion and language. I shall exhibit dynasties disappearing from Western India to appear again in Greece: clans, whose martial fame is still recorded in the faithful chronicles of North-western India, as the gallant bands who fought upon the plains of Troy.”1
“But, if the evidences of Saxon colonization in this island (Great Britain)—I speak independently of Anglo-Saxon history—are strong both from language and political institutions, the evidences are still more decisive in the parallel case of an Indian colonization of Greece—not only her language, but her philosophy, her religion, her rivers, her mountains and her tribes; her subtle turn of intellect, her political institutes, and above all the mysteries of that noble land, irresistibly prove her colonization from India.”2 “ The primitive history of Greece,” adds the author, “ is the primitive history of India.”
There are critics who concede the derivation of Greek from the Sanskrit, but stop short of the necessary inference that the people who spoke the former language were the descendants of those who spoke the latter. Of such, Mr. Pococke asks: “Is it not astonishing that reason should so halt half-way in its deduction as to allow the derivation of the Greek from an Indian language, and yet deny the personality of those who spoke it; or, in other words, deny the settlement of an Indian race in Greece?”3
The word Greek itself signifies the Indian origin of the ancient Greeks. The royal city of the Magedhanians or Kings of Magadha was called “ Raja Griha.” “ The people or clans of Griha were, according to the regular patronymic form of their language, styled
1 India in Greece, p. 12. 2lndia in Greece, p. 19. 3India in Greece, p.
Graihka, whence the ordinary derivative Graihakos (Graikos) GrTcus or Greek.”‘ This shows that the Greeks were migrators from Maghada; which fact is still further strengthened when we consider that their predecessors in their adopted country were also inhabitants of Maghada. These people were Pelasgi. They were so-called because they emigrated from Pelasa, the ancient name for the province of Behar, in Aryawarta. Pelasgo is a derivative form of Pelasa, whence the Greek Pelasgo. The theory is further strengthened when we find that Asius, one of the early poets of Greece, makes _King Pilasgus spring from “ Gaia.” This “ Gaia “ is no other than the “ Gaya,” the capital city of Pelaska or Behar.
iEnba was colonized by “ Erg-babooyas,” the Bahooias or warriors par excellence. The Makedonians (Macedon = Magada) were the inhabitants of Maghada, the same province. The people of Behar or Maghada, it appears migrated in several tribal groups to Greece; and their migrations are marked by the different names they gave to the part or parts of their adopted country. Says Mr. Pococke: “The Bud’has have brought with them into Thessaly the far-famed mythological but equally historical name of Cilas,’ the fabulous residence of Cuvera, the (Hindu) god of wealth, and the favourite haunt of Siva, placed by the Hindus among the Himalayan mountains, and applied to one of the loftiest peaks lying on the north of the Manasa lake. “2
1 India in Greece, p, 295.
2 India in Greece, p. 99. The Hindu name for Heaven was carried by the migrators with them to Greece and thence adopted by the Romans. Kailas became Kailon for the Greeks and Cochim for the Romans.
Many other tribes of the Khshatriyas migrated to Greece and the isles of the Archipelago. The Bceotians were the “ Baihootian,” Rajput dwellers on the banks of Behoot (Jehlum): the Cossopaei were the Kashmirians so-called from Casayapa, the founder of Kashmir. The Hellopes were the Chiefs of the Hela tribe and their country “ Hellados, Hella-desa.” The names, Mount Kerketius (Kertetcha range in Afghanistan), Locman (Lughman of Afghanistan), and Mount Titarus (the Tatara Pass of Afghanistan), Mount Othrys (Sanskrit name of Himalaya), Matan Astae (Matan-Vasti “ the dwelling place of the Matans, a tribe of Kashmir),Kestrine (IChashiriya, warrior caste, and ina, chief), all point to the fact that many of the migrators were originally inhabitants of the North-western parts of India.
Speaking of the Hindus having reared a Mythological superstructure on physical facts in making Mount Kilas, the abode of the gods, Mr. Pococke says: “Thus it was with the native of Indus and of the rocky heights of Hela, when he became a settler in the Hellas; and thus it was with his polished descendant in Athens, who though called a Greek was yet as thoroughly Sindian in his tastes, religion, and literature as any of his forefathers.”‘
“The land of Hellas, a name so clear to civilization and the arts,” says Pococke, “ was so-called from the magnificent range of heights situated in Bilochistan, styled the Hela’ mountains The chiefs of this country were called Helaines or the chiefs of the Hella. The formation of the term Helenes in Sanskrit would
lIndia in Greece, p. 69. 2India in Greece, pp. 48-50.
be identical with the Greek. Hel-en (the Sun-king) is said to have left his kingdom to Aiolus, his eldest son, while he sent for Dorus and Zuthus to make conquests in foreign lands. Haya is the title of a renowned tribe of Rajput warriors. They were called Asii or Aswa, and their chiefs, Aswa-pas,’ and to use the words of Conon, as quoted by Bishop Thirlwall, “ the patrimony of Aiolus (the Haiyulas) is described as bounded by the river Asopus (Aswa-pas) and the Enipeus.” Such, then, was the Asopus, the settlement of the Haya tribes, the Aswa chiefs, the sun worshippers, the children of the Sun-king or Helen, whose land was called in Greek Hellados, in Sanskrit, Hela-des (Vela, Hela; des, land). Of Achilles, sprung from a splendid Rajput stock, I shall briefly speak when developing the parent geography of Dolopes.” ‘