Havoc II round 11

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1.This leader’s men pillaged the towns of Grumentum, Thurii, and Nola while being led by his generals Oenomaus and Crixus. Lucius Publicola defeated Crixus at Apulia; however, he was defeated after Gnaeus Lentulus’s forces were destroyed by this leader’s men. Multiple plans of this leader included intending to cross his forces over to Sicily and dispersing throughout Cisalpine Gaul. This leader had escaped from a training school in Capua before being defeated by Crassus, which led to his remaining men being killed while escaping north by Pompey. Many of his men were then crucified along the Appian Way. FTP, name this leader in the Gladiatorial War against Rome.

A: Spartacus

2.One of this man’s poems follows a knight who is aided by the Finn in tracking down his bride, who has been kidnapped by the sorcerer Chernomor, and one of his plays features the defection of Basmanov against Feodor, the son of the titular czar. In addition to Ruslan and Lyudmila and Boris Godunov, he wrote a short story in which Hermann manipulates Lizaveta to learn a gambling secret from an old woman whom he accidentally kills. Another of his works follows an aristocrat who rejects Tatiana Larina and kills his best friend Vladimir Lensky. FTP, name this Russian author of The Queen of Spades and the novel-in-verse Eugene Onegin.

A: Alexander Pushkin

3. One of these begins with a circular motion and is named for Rayleigh, while the fastest type is a horizontal movement named for the mathematician A.E.H. Love. De Broglie proposed a model in place of rays for light involving these. In addition to the above types of the surface variety, body ones include the compressional type, which are followed by secondary or S ones. Another common representation uses the transverse, as opposed to the longitudinal, variety. FTP, name this disturbance of a medium measured in seismology, the method of propagation for sound.

A: Waves [Accept Seismic Waves until “longitudinal”]

4.In one war, the last of this ruler’s men were defeated at the Battle of Preston. In an earlier conflict he was required to financially support the Scottish army by the Treaty of Ripon. That latter conflict, ended by the Pacification of Berwick, was the First Bishops’ War, while the former war included Prince Rupert and this ruler’s defeat by Thomas Fairfax at the Battle of Marston Moor and at the Battle of Naseby. This ruler’s reign included Henry Vane and John Pym presenting the Grand Remonstrance on behalf of the Long Parliament. FTP, name this king of Great Britain, the son of James I, executed after the English Civil War.

A: Charles I Stuart [prompt on Charles]

5.This son of Nephthys is the god of orphans and lost souls, and his daughter is Kabechet. This god's cult was centered at Cynopolis and his father may be Ra, Osiris, or Set. He weighs the hearts of the dead against the feather of truth belonging to Ma'at, and feeds the souls of wicked people to Ammit. Referred to derisively by some other cultures as “the Barker,” this god attained his most notable function after presiding over the burial of Osiris, who replaced him in his original function as god of the dead. FTP name this jackal-headed Egyptian god of embalming.

A: Anubis [Accept Anpu]

6.One aspect of this concept concerns a type of evolutionary advance posited by John Maynard Smith which, once established, cannot be ousted by any alternative which begins in a weaker position. That aspect of it is related to a type of equilibrium in which both participants will not gain from a unilateral change in strategy. Another branch of this deals with situations in which one person gains at another's expense, the zero-sum. John Nash was one proponent of this field, which includes such problems as the Mexican Standoff, Stag Hunt, and Chicken. FTP, name this field of applied mathematics dealing with strategic behaviors, such as in the Prisoner's Dilemma.

A: Game Theory

7.One character in this opera relates how he was paid handsomely to kill a parrot shortly after another character offers to feed the fire with a manuscript he is writing. Alcindoro is abandoned by a woman who flirts with her lover at the Café Momus in the presence of Colline and Schaunard. That character, Musetta, later gives her earrings to Marcello to buy medicine for another character who is dying of tuberculosis. FTP, Mimi and Rodolfo are the impoverished and ill-fated lovers in what opera by Giacomo Puccini?

A: La Boheme

8.This state's islands include the Wellesley Islands, Osprey Reef, and Fraser Island, the largest sand island in the world. It shares the Barkly Tableland and the Simpson Desert with the territory to its west. The Gregory and Grey ranges are sub-ranges of the mountains along its east coast, which extend north to the Cape York Peninsula. Bordered to the west by the Gulf of Carpentaria, to the north by the Torres Strait, and to the east by the Coral Sea and the Great Barrier Reef, its state capital is Brisbane. FTP, name this state in the northeast of Australia.

A: Queensland

9.This philosopher theorized a union of rational beings known as his "Kingdom of Ends," and he advocated the abolition of standing armies in order to achieve the titular state in Perpetual Peace. This philosopher credited David Hume's An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding with awakening him from his "dogmatic slumber." He rejected empiricism and advocated the concept of a priori knowledge in one work. His Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals stated that the moral value of an idea is determined by whether one could wish it to be a universal law, an idea known as the categorical imperative. FTP, name this German philosopher who wrote Critique of Pure Reason.

A: Immanuel Kant

10.This title object is desired by the husband of Shama in a work by V. S. Naipaul. In addition to the one desired by Mr. Biswas, Clara, Blanca, and Alba Trueba are characters in an Isabel Allende novel with this structure in its title. Desire for one of these in a particular location motivates the protagonist of Lorraine Hansberry's A Raisin in the Sun and Esther Summerson is the ward of Mr. Jarndyce in a “bleak” one of these described by Dickens. Another appears in the title of a novel about Colonel Pynchon. FTP name this dwelling that appears in a Nathaniel Hawthorne novel with “seven gables.”

A: Houses [accept A House for Mr. Biswas before “Mr. Biswas”]

11.This event was reinvestigated in 1998 in the extremely expensive Saville Inquiry, while the initial Widgery Tribunal exonerated the attackers. A detour to Free Derry Corner occurred during a march preceding this event, and it was mentioned in the Seamus Heaney poem Casualty with a mock soccer score describing how the inhabitants of Bogside had killed no one, while 13 deaths had resulted from the paratroopers. FTP, name this incident on January 30, 1972 in which British troops fired on a group of unarmed protesting Irishmen.

A: Bloody Sunday

12. In an adiabatic process, this value is inversely proportional to volume. Boltzmann’s constant relates this value to the average translational kinetic energy of a system. A substance is a gas at values of this higher than the critical point. Rankine names a scale for this value for which no negative values could exist. A scale using an increment of 180 between fixed values of this competed with a Swede’s Centigrade scale. FTP, name this measurement of heat, often found with a thermometer in scales named for Celsius or Fahrenheit.

A: Temperature

13.This figure tricked the gods by offering a choice of sacrifices but making the one with edible meat look less appealing. This figure supposedly warned Zeus not to marry Thetis after their reconciliation and is generally credited with wisdom. This figure's brother married Pandora, and this Titan's son was Deucalion. One of the Titans who had assisted the gods, this brother of Epimetheus was eventually freed from his imprisonment by Heracles, who broke his chains. FTP name this Titan who gave fire to mankind and was punished by being chained to a rock and having an eagle eat his liver daily.

A: Prometheus

14.Many of this man's buildings can be found in Oak Park. He had one studio in Wisconsin and another in Arizona, Taliesin and Taliesin West. This architect designed the Guggenheim museum in New York and also designed a building in Hyde Park, the Robie House, that exemplified his Prairie style. This man known for working on the interior design of his buildings also designed a building which survived the Great Kanto earthquake but was later demolished, Tokyo's Imperial Hotel. The architect is also known for a home in Pennsylvania with cantilevered balconies. FTP name this architect of Fallingwater.

A: Frank Lloyd Wright

15.This man wrote about a man whose college friend is Frank Shallard and who preaches for a time with Sharon Falconer, Elmer Gantry. This man also wrote about an automobile designer in Dodsworth and describes an idealist doctor in Arrowsmith. This man describes the election of a Fascist U.S. president in one novel and Carol and Will Kennicott live in Gopher Prairie in another. One of this man's title characters is dissatisfied with his comfortable but boring life and is a realtor from Zenith. FTP name this American Nobel Prize-winning author of It Can't Happen Here, Main Street, and Babbit.

A: Sinclair Lewis

16.This entity included one section headed by Hallie Flanagan which promoted such things as the "Living Newspaper", a favorite program of Elmer Rice. However, that program helped to cause investigations into that section of this agency by the House Committee on Un-American Affairs, leading to its termination. Another section wrote the American Guide series, which consisted of pamphlets about various places in the U.S., while murals were painted in many public buildings by another section of this agency. Including departments for Theater, Art, and Writers, it also put the unemployed to work on building projects. FTP, name this New Deal program started in 1935.

A: Works Progress Administration [or WPA]
17.Quinine and apirin are isolated from this part of the cinchona plant and the willow, respectively. One tissue found in this substance is produced by the phellogen and is also called its namesake cambium; that tissue is called cork. Another tissue, which comprises the innermost layer of this substance, contains parenchymal cells, companion cells, and sieve tubes and conducts nutrients, called phloem. For 10 points, give this term that refers to the hard layer surrounding the stems of woody plants, notably found on the trunks of trees.

A: Bark

18.Originally owned by Hugh Culverhouse, this team’s first Hall of Famer was Lee Roy Selmon. As an expansion team in the 1970’s under head coach John McKay and quarterback Steve Spurrier, this team lost its first 26 games. Success came in the 1990’s with the sale of the team to Malcolm Glazer and the hirings of Monte Kiffin and a head coach who installed the Cover 2 defense, Tony Dungy. Notable former players for this team include Derrick Brooks, Mike Alstott, and Warren Sapp. FTP name this Florida NFL team, which won the 2002 Super Bowl over Oakland after trading for head coach Jon Gruden.

A: Tampa Bay Buccaneers [accept either city or team name]

19.This poet laments that “the best lack all conviction” in one poem and tells of a speaker who wishes to “live alone in the bee-loud glade” in another. In addition to Sailing to Byzantium, this poet wrote the introduction to Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali. This poet of The Lake Isle of Innisfree also wrote of MacDonagh, MacBride, Connolly, and Pearse after their executions in Easter 1916. This poet also described fifty-nine of the title creatures in The Wild Swans at Coole. FTP name this Irish poet of The Second Coming.

A: William Butler Yeats

20.One of these established the military governors called Shugo and regents called Shikken, a position through which the Hojo family wielded most of the power in the region. The Taira clan was defeated at the Battle of Dan-no-ura during the Genpei War, which was won by Minamoto no Yoritomi, who founded one. That one, the Kamakura, was succeeded by the Ashikaga. Another was created after the battle of Sekigahara by Tokugawa Ieyasu. FTP, name this type of Japanese government, led by a barbarian-quelling generalissimo and a puppet emperor.

A: Shogunate [I guess you can take shogun, too]

EXTRA TOSS-UP; only read if there’s a tie

21.Ketones and aldehydes are reduced to these by the Clemmensen reduction and similar Wolff-Kishner reduction.  The presence of torsional strain and van der Waals strain can be determined by their conformations shown in Newman projections.  Other methods of synthesis include the reduction of alkyl halides and hydrogenation of alkenes, and all of their carbons are sp3 hybridized, leading to their general formula of CnH2n+2 [C en H two en].  FTP, name these saturated hydrocarbons, the simplest of which is methane.

A: Alkanes (do not accept cycloalkanes)

1.FTPE, his children were named Loammi, Jezreel, and Loruhama.

[10] Name this prophet of Israel who married the harlot Gomer to signify God's relationship with Israel, which was straying.

A: Hosea

[10] This other Old Testament prophet's scribe was Baruch, and he is known as the "Weeping Prophet". He also wore a yoke on his neck and smashed some pottery in order to get his messages across.

A: Jeremiah

[10] This Old Testament prophet was probably a couple different people. He saw a vision of the glory of God with seraphim and flaming wheels in which he was called to preach, and prophesied in Judah about the impending destruction of the country by the Assyrians.

A: Isaiah

2.In one of his plays, The Clouds, Pheidippides uses the Logics of Socrates to justify beating his father. FTPE:

[10] Name this Old Comedy playwright of Greece, who also wrote The Birds and The Knights.

A: Aristophanes

[10] In this Aristophanes play, Dionysus and Xanthias go to the underworld to bring back a tragic playwright for Athens, and hear the title characters croaking Brekekekex-koax-koax.

A: The Frogs

[10] This anti-war play by Aristophanes involves a sex strike by the women of Greece so as to end the Peloponnesian War. Myrrhine, Calonike, and the title woman lead a takeover of the Acropolis.

A: Lysistrata
3.This work depicts young lovers and cupids either arriving at departing from the title location. FTPE:

[10] Name this painting by Antoine Watteau set on an island sacred to Venus, a statue of whom can be seen covered in roses.

A: Embarkation for Cythera or Pilgrimage to Cythera [accept for, to, or from in the middle since titles of this work vary]

[10] Embarkation for Cythera is one example of a work in this French artistic style known in painting for curves and delicate colors.

A: Rococo

[10] Another Rococo artist is Fragonard, the artist of this work in which a man pushes a woman on the title object while a man in the bushes looks up her dress.

A: The Swing or Les hasards heureux de l'escarpolette

4.There were ten of these in Chinese myth until an archer shot down all but one. FTPE:

[10] Name this highly important kind of star, represented in Greek myth by Hyperion, among others.

A: sun

[10] This Egyptian sun god became associated with other deities like Atum and Amun. He also created life by speaking each creature's secret name.

A: Ra Accept Re

[10] This Vanir and brother of the Norse goddess of love is sometimes considered a sun god. He rides the golden boar Gullinbursti.

A: Freyr Accept Frey

5.This play set in New Orleans focuses on the husband and sister of Stella Kowalski. FTPE:

[10] Name this play in which Stanley Kowalsi rapes Blanche DuBois, who tells the doctor taking her to an institution that she has “always depended on the kindness of strangers.”

A: A Streetcar Named Desire

[10] This American playwright of Night of the Iguana and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof wrote A Streetcar Named Desire.

A: Tennessee Williams

[10] Jim breaks Laura Wingfield's unicorn, one of the title objects in this Williams play which sees Amanda's obsession with securing her daughter's future.

A: The Glass Menagerie
6.This daughter of Nehru, India's first prime minister, was prime minister herself from 1966 to 1977. FTPE:

[10] Name this woman who declared a state of emergency amid calls for her resignation and was later assassinated in her next term as prime minister.

A: Indira Gandhi

[10] In an attempt to stop a secessionist movement led by Bindranwale, Indira Gandhi ordered an assault upon the Golden Temple of this location, causing it to be damaged.

A: Amritsar

[10] The Golden Temple of Amritsar is sacred to members of this religion, two of whom assassinated Indira Gandhi while her bodyguards.

A: Sikhism [accept word forms]

7.A trip to the Golden Saucer amusement park introduces Cait Sith, and the last member of an ancient race, Aeris Gainsbourgh, is killed in a church. FTPE:

[10] Name this Square produced RPG, featuring amnesiac protagonist Cloud Strife and his enormous Materia Blade.

A: Final Fantasy VII [Accept FF7 or Fainaru Fantaji Sebun]

[10] This One Winged Angel and antagonist of Final Fantasy VII kills Aeris with his ridiculously long sword Masamune. He tries to use materia to summon Meteor to destroy the world to remake in his image.

A: Sephiroth [or Sefirosu]

[10] Cloud and Sephiroth reappear in this 2002 game that combined Disney characters with the world of Final Fantasy, in which Sora travels to Hollow Bastion to rescue Kairi from Ansem and the Heartless.

A: Kingdom Hearts [Accept Kingudamu Hatsu]

8.FTPE, name some rivers of Germany.

[10] This river rises in Switzerland and runs along the west border of Germany into the North Sea.

A: Rhine River

[10] This river lies on the eastern side of Germany, on its border with Poland.

A: Oder River [accept Odra]

[10] Hamburg lies on this river which runs through much of central Germany and empties into the North Sea via the Helgoland Bight.

A: Elbe River
9.This emperor's reign saw the construction of the Colosseum. FTPE:

[10] Name this emperor whose reign from 69 to 79 AD also saw a revolt in Gaul, as well as another put down by his son Titus.

A: Vespasian [accept Titus Flavius Vespasianus]

[10] Vespasian's son Titus quelled a rebellion of members of this religious group in an eastern province, burning Herod's Temple in the process and besieging Masada.

A: Jews [accept equivalents, including the religion Judaism]

[10] Vespasian came to power after this time period taking place in 69 AD after the death of Nero, succeeding Galba, Otho, and Vitellius.

A: Year of the Four Emperors
10. Types of these mixtures include foams and emulsions. FTPE:

[10] Name this type of mixture consisting of a dispersed phase and a continuous phase with suspended particles that do not settle out over time, the most famous example of which is milk.

A: Colloid

[10] Named for an Irish physicist, this effect describes the scattering of light by the suspended particles in a colloid.

A: Tyndall Effect

[10] This class of colloids, including a common aero- variety, varies dispersion medium, but the suspended particles are always in the namesake phase.

A: Sols
11.Inspired by a poem by of the same name by Paul Verlaine, this piano piece in D flat major is mostly played pianissimo. FTPE:

[10] Name this third movement of the Suite Bergamasque meant to be evocative of moonlight.

A: Clair de Lune

[10] This French Impressionist composer of Suite Bergamasque also wrote the tone poem La Mer, depicted “Clouds”, “Festivals”, and “Sirens” in his Three Nocturnes, and composed the opera Pelléas et Mélisande.

A: Claude Debussy

[10] This Debussy composition, based on a poem by Stephane Mallarmé, opens with a famous descending and re-ascending flute solo. It was turned into a ballet by Vaslav Nijinsky which was controversial for its depiction of masturbation.

A: Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun [accept “Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune”]
12.This woman's first novel was The Voyage Out. FTPE:

[10] Name this member of the Bloomsbury Group, famous for her stream-of-consciousness writing style, author of To the Lighthouse and Mrs. Dalloway.

A: Virginia Woolf

[10] This essay by Woolf includes the hypothetical example of Shakespeare’s sister, shows the barriers women face in becoming successful writers, and insists that all they need is money and the title commodity.

A: A Room of One’s Own

[10] Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf is a work by this American playwright of Zoo Story and Seascape.

A: Edward Albee
13.Answer the following about prophecy in Greek myth FTPE:

[10] Apollo, the god of prophecy, had a notable oracle in this location on the slopes of Mt. Parnassus, which was established after he slew the Python.

A: Delphi

[10] This daughter of Priam was cursed by Apollo so that no one would ever believe her prophecies.

A: Cassandra

[10] This Trojan priest and his sons were killed by snakes after he mistrusted the Trojan Horse, stating that he feared Greeks even bearing gifts.

A: Laocoon
14. One virus in this family causes an STD resulting in cold sores. FTPE:

[10] Name this virus family which also results in a genital form of that STD and includes Epstein-Barr.

A: Herpes 

[10] This virus, also known as chickenpox, is a member of the herpes-zoster family.

A: Varicella

[10] This disease characterized by a painful rash that sometimes occurs years after a chickenpox infection if the virus is not eliminated; if the namesake blisters reach the eyes, blindness may occur, while neuralgia persists in most cases.

A: Shingles
15.This king said "I am the State." FTPE:

[10] This French "Sun King" and lover of absolutism said that phrase. He disposed of his corrupt advisor Fouquet, but his next financial officer was equally corrupt.

A: Louis XIV [prompt on Louis]

[10] Louis XIV assumed effective control of the throne after the death of this Cardinal who had ruled as Prime Minister.

A: Cardinal Jules Mazarin

[10] This other Cardinal preceded Mazarin as the power behind the throne, oversaw the siege of La Rochelle, and was in power during the Thirty Years War.

A: Cardinal Armand de Richelieu [prompt on "The Red Eminence"]
16.Examples discussed in this work include Irma’s injection and an uncle with a yellow beard. FTPE:

[10] Name this seminal work of psychoanalysis which introduced one of the first comprehensive theories of the unconscious and laid the groundwork for what would later be termed the Oedipal Complex.

A: The Interpretation of Dreams

[10] Definitely the best psychologist ever, this man wrote The Interpretation of Dreams and theorized stages of psychosexual development as well as the id, ego, and superego.

A: Sigmund Freud

[10] This late Freud work synthesized many of his theories into a comprehensive system analyzing the conflict created by restrictions placed on an individual’s love and death instincts by society.

A: Civilization and Its Discontents
17. It consists of compressing a mixture of fuel and air, converting chemical into thermal energy, and expanding and ejecting the products. FTPE:

[10] Name this cycle named for its German formulator, the basis for the internal combustion engine.

A: Otto Cycle

[10] This unit found within a cylinder in an internal combustion engine pushes out the combustion products and pulls in the new fuel mixture for the next cycle.

A: Pistons

[10] This device within the cylinder consisting of two electrodes separated by a gap of air ignites the fuel mixture.

A: Spark Plugs

18.By late 1864, the Confederacy was on the verge of collapse. FTPE:

[10] A trail of destruction and scorched earth marked this General's march on Savannah, who later turned down the presidency by saying that if elected he would not serve.

A: William Tecumseh Sherman

[10] This railroad and supply depot succumbed to a nine month siege in March of 1865. When supply lines became unreachable Lee retreated north to Richmond. It was also home to the Crater after some Union miners created an explosion.

A: Petersburg

[10] Lee would finally surrender to Grant on April 9th at the McLean House in this town, essentially ending Confederate resistance. Its namesake river joins the James at Matoaca.

A: Appomattox Court House

19.This poem consists of three sections that are each 33 cantos long, with an introductory one to bring the total to 100. FTPE:

[10] Name this work which sees the author guided through hell by Virgil in the Inferno and whose other parts are Purgatorio and Paradiso.

A: Divine Comedy Accept Divina Comedia

[10] This Florentine author of the Divine Comedy also wrote La Vita Nuova, or The New Life, about his love for a woman he adored for his entire life.

A: Dante Alighieri [Accept either name]

[10] This woman inspired La Vita Nuova and appears as Dante's guide in Paradiso.

A: Beatrice Portinari [Accept either name or Bice di Folco Portinari]
20. FTPE, name the following inequalities.

[10] This geometric inequality states that no side can be of greater length than the sum of the other two in the namesake shape.

A: Triangle Inequality

[10] This quantum mechanical principle of inequality states that increasing the accuracy of a measurement of a particle’s position decreases the accuracy in measuring the particle’s momentum and vice versa.

A: Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

[10] This French mathematician names, with Schwarz, an inequality fundamental to linear algebra, stating that the absolute value of the inner product of vectors x and y is less than or equal to the norm of x times the norm of y.

A: Augustin-Louis, Baron Cauchy
21. Forty-seven of them famously rebelled to avenge the death of their master. FTPE:

[10] These warriors became ronin when they lost their masters, the daimyo. They were permitted to carry both of the swords which comprised the daisho.

A: Samurai

[10] This form of ritual suicide was expected of defeated warlords and otherwise disgraced figures. Nobunaga Oda was forced to commit this at Honno-ji.

A: Hara-kiri [accept Seppuku]

[10] This was the code of honor which samurai lived by. It did not permit them to accept failure.

A: Bushido

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