Guru gobind singh indraprastha university

Course Objectives The students will be able to understand

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Course Objectives

The students will be able to understand

1.  the need and significance of curriculum in education

2.  the role of Philosophy, Sociology and Psychology in the development of  Curriculum.

3.  the process of development of curriculum at the secondary / senior secondary level.

4.  and differentiate the concepts like Curriculum Development, Curriculum Design, Curriculum Planning, Curriculum Transaction, Curriculum Evaluation and Hidden Curriculum.

5.  the various techniques and methods for transaction of curriculum.

6.  the Instructional process.

7.  the basics of Models of Teaching.

8.  and realize the importance of various skills and role of media in Instruction.

9.  and acquire and use various skills and competencies. 

Course Content 

Unit 1 Curriculum      (16 periods)  

    1. Concept and nature of Curriculum

    2. Basic Concepts: Curriculum Development, Curriculum Planning, Curriculum Design, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Transaction and Hidden Curriculum.

    3. Role of Philosophy, Sociology and Psychology in Curriculum Development.

    4. Process of Curriculum Development

    5. Curriculum Planning and factors influencing Curriculum Planning.

    6. Curriculum Evaluation: Concept, Need, Sources and Methods; Curriculum Effectiveness and Curriculum efficiency.


Unit 2 Transaction      (10 periods) 

2.1  Relationship between Curriculum, Curriculum Transaction, and Instruction.

2.2  Instruction and Learning – Basic concepts

2.3  Instructional Objectives – Bloom’s Taxonomy, Behavioral Objectives (Mager’s Approach)

2.4  Instructional Design: basic concept

2.5  Models of Teaching: Advance Organizer Model and Concept Attainment Model 

Unit 3 Instructional Methods and Media   (26 periods)      

3.1  Instructional Methods:

        1. Teacher Controlled Instruction (TCI): meaning and nature, various methods (lecture, team-teaching, demonstration, teacher based activities), strengths and weaknesses of each method, process / procedure for organizing effective lecture and demonstration, assessment of lecture and demonstration, role of teacher’s in TCI.

3.1.2. Learner Controlled Instruction (LCI): meaning and nature, self-learning, methods of self-learning (self-instructional print material, Keller’s Plan, Programmed Instruction and Computer Assisted Instruction), organization and assessment of LCI, teacher’s role in LCI.

        1. Group Controlled Instruction (GCI): meaning and nature, various methods (small group interaction, co-operative learning approach, role play, field trips, tutorial, project work), organization of GCI, problems in organizing GSI.  

      1. Instructional Media:

3.2.1. Instructional Media: Textbooks, Reference books, Magazines, Journals, Newspapers etc.- their selection and use.

3.2.2. Teaching Aids: Charts, Models, Graphs, Field trips, Audio aids, Video aids, Computer and Skills related to the use of them. 


Unit 4  Skills and Competencies     (13 periods) 

4.1  Microteaching: Concept, process and evaluation.

4.2  Teaching Skills: Skill of Explaining, Structuring of Questions, Fluency of questions, Response Management, Stimulus-Variation, Reinforcement, Set Induction, Illustration with examples, Blackboard Writing and Skill of Closure.

4.3  Special Skills: learner and subject related

4.4 Skill Development: Microteaching and Simulation 



  1. The International Encyclopedia of Curriculum; Ed. by Arich Lewey; Pergomon Press; Oxford.

  2. Ornstein, Allan C. and Hunkins, Francis P.; Curriculum: Foundations, Principles and Issues; Allan and Bacon; Boston, 1993.

  3. Apple, Michael W.; Ideology and Curriculum; Routledge and K. Paul; 1979.

  4. Zias, Robert S.; Curriculum: Principles and Foundations; Thomas Y. Crowell Company; New York; 1976.

  5. Krug, Edward A.; Curriculum Planning; Harper and Brothers; New York.

  6. Gwynn, J.Minor; Curriculum Principles and Social Trends; Macmillan Co. New York.

  7. Faunce, Ronald C. and Bossing, Nelson L.; Developing the Core Curriculum; Prentice Hall; USA.

  8. Secondary Education: The Challenges Ahead; NIEPA.

  9. Leonard, J.Paul; Developing the Secondary School Curriculum; Holt, Rinehart and Winston; New York.

  10. Dale, Edgar; Audio-Visual Methods in Teaching; The Dyden Press; Holt Rinehart and Winston Inc.; New York.

  11. Sharma, R.A.; Advanced Educational Technology: Loyal Book Depot; Meerut.

  12. Gagne, Robert and Briggs, Leslie; Principles of Instructional Design; Holt, Rinehart and Winston; USA.

  13. Passi. B.K.; Becoming Better Teachers: Microteaching Approach; Developed at the center of Advanced Study in Education, Baroda; Published by Sahitya Mudranalaya; Ahemdabad.

  14. Singh, L.C. and Sharma, R.D.; Micro-teaching : Theory and Practice; H.P.Bhargava Book House; Agra.

  15. Dhand, Harry; Techniques of Teaching; Ashish Publishing House; New Delhi.

  16. Mukalel, Joseph C.; Creative Approaches to Classroom Teaching; Discovery Publishing House; New Delhi.

  17. Kumar, K.L.; Educational Technology; New Age International Limited Publishers, New Delhi; 1996.

  18. Linn, Robert L. and Gronlund, Norman E.; Measurement and Assessment in Teaching; Pearson Education Inc.; 2000.

  19. National Curriculum Framework for School Education; NCERT; New Delhi; 2000.

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.)
Course Code: B. Ed. 105      Credits-4

After undergoing this course the students will be able to:

  • Use computers to enhance teaching / learning skills

  • Use various technology applications like Word processors, spreadsheets, multimedia in their classroom processes

  • Browse the internet and conduct research for their lessons

  • Evaluate digital lessons plans, project, presentations and research

  • Use computers in designing curriculum


Unit I

Introduction to computers – hardware, software, types of computers, basics computer architecture, networks, management of computer resources, copyright issues, using computers in education

1) Types of Computers

          1. Analog, Digital and Hybrid

          2. Personal, Microcomputers and Mini Computers

2) Hardware –

          1. Input Devices: Keyboard, Mouse, Scanner

          2. Output Devices: Monitor, Printer

          3. Storage Devices (CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Hard Disk, Floppy Disk, Pen drive)

3) Management of Technology Resources

    1. Managing student access to computers and the Internet

    2. Using computer peripherals like printers, scanners, LCD projectors towards optimum student utilization

4) Copyright Issues regarding computer technology and Internet

    1. International Copyright laws regarding computer technology and Internet

5) Using Computers in Education

    1. Difference between conventional teaching and Computer Assisted Instruction

    2. Computer Assisted Instruction

    3. Using technology to promote higher order thinking skills

    4. Using technology for problem based learning

    5. Using technology to develop curriculum framing questions

    6. Using technology for Instructional Design

Unit II

1) Using Word processors for student learning

  1. Introduction and use of word processing in Teaching / Learning

  2. Opening, saving, editing and formatting a Word file

  3. Creating tables, drawing elementary shapes, e.g., line, rectangle, circle etc.

  4. Use of Word Processors in teaching / learning / writing

2) Using spreadsheets for student learning

  1. Introduction and use of Spread sheets in Teaching / Learning

  2. Basic processes in spreadsheets, using Formulae

  3. Sorting and analyzing the data

  4. Representing data on charts

  5. Protecting, saving and printing the spreadsheet

3) Using PowerPoint for preparing lecture / presentations

4) Using multimedia for student learning

  1. Introduction and use of multimedia in teaching / learning

  2. Storyboarding of presentations – planning to ensure emphasis on content

  3. Creating, saving, editing, sorting, formatting slides

  4. Inserting pictures / images / audio – visual clippings in presentations

  5. Animation of slides

  6. Creating Hyperlinks from a presentation

  7. Protecting, saving and printing the presentation

5) Using Hot Potatoes™ for developing question banks having any of the following types of questions

  1. Multiple – choice questions

  2. Short – answer questions

  3. Jumbled – sentence

  4. Crossword

  5. Matching / Ordering

  6. Gap – filling exercises

Unit III

    1. Using the Internet as a research and Communication tool

    1. Using the Internet for Educational Purposes

    2. Using Search Engines for student research

    3. Using Internet as an educational communication tool – using E – mail, discussion boards, chat rooms, blogs to encourage peer interaction / expert consultation / collaborative projects

    4. Ensuring student safety on the Internet

Unit IV

  1. Evaluation of technology supported student assignments / projects/ educational software / presentation

Suggested Readings:

    1. Aggarwal J.C., 1995, Essentials of Educational Technology – Learning Innovations, Vikas Publications, New Delhi.

    2. Grant Wiggins, Jay McTighe (2005) Understanding by Design, 2nd Edition, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

    3. Intel ® Teach to the future Pre – Service Curriculum Manual, Edition 2.0 (with Companion CD),

    4. Kumar, K.L., 2000, Educational Technology, New Age International (P) Ltd. Publishers, New Delhi.

    5. Sampath, K, et al, 1998, Introduction to Educational Technology, (4th Edition) Sterling Publishers, New Delhi.

    6. Underwood, Jean D.M., and Geoffrely Underwood, 1990, Computers and Learning – Helping Children Acquire Thinking Skills, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

    7. Hot Potatoes™ Available at

Group B


Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.)



Course Code: B. Ed. 106      Credits-4




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bdkbZ & 1 (10 Periods)

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bdkbZ & 2 (20 Periods)

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bdkbZ & 3 (24 Periods)


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bdkbZ & 4 (20 Periods)

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Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.)



Course Code: B. Ed. 107      Credits-4


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