Suspension (removal from school for the semester with the possibility of returning)
Expulsion (removal from school without the possibility of return)
In all cases determined to be plagiarism, a closed file will be placed in the office of the Academic Dean.
BE INFORMED! KNOW THE ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT POLICY!
Avoiding Plagiarism: Citations
Citations let your reader know that you are using someone else’s ideas or words.
Proper citation is an important tool to avoid plagiarism.
The Library maintains a site to help you cite: http://www.csbsju.edu/Libraries/Library-Site-Index/Citing-Sources.htm
The Writing Center’s tutors can help you cite correctly.
When in doubt: Cite!
There are many styles or formats of citation available which are often discipline-specific.
Your professor will probably suggest or require a specific style guide to use in this class.
Citations will vary depending on citation style:
Let’s look at some examples of how to use citations
Our source is:
(2011) “social media” A Dictionary of Media and Communication. First Edition by Daniel Chandler and Rod Munday. Oxford University Press Inc. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University. 17 January 2012
social media A broad category or genre of communications media which occasion or enable social interaction among groups of people, whether they are known to each other or strangers, localized in the same place or geographically dispersed. It included new media such as newsgroups, MMOGs, and social networking sites. Such media can be though of metaphorically as virtual meeting places which function to occasion the exchange of media content among users who are both producers and consumers. Social media have also become adopted as a significant marketing tool.
Our text might be:
While the definition of social media is a slippery work in progress, the best recent attempt may be in the Oxford University Press 2011 A Dictionary of Media and Communication:
A broad category or genre of communications media which occasion or enable social interaction among groups of people, whether they are known to each other or strangers, localized in the same place or geographically dispersed.... Social media have also become adopted as a significant marketing tool. (Social Media)
Differentstylerequire different citation formats.
“Social Media.” A Dictionary of Media and Communication. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. Oxford Reference Online.
Web. 18 January 2012.
Social media. (2011) In D. Chandler and R. Munday (Eds.), A Dictionary of media and communication. Retrieved from http://www.oxfordreference.com
Daniel Chandler and Rod Munday. A Dictionary of Media and Communication. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011) s.v. “Social Media.” http://www.oxfordreference.com.
In addition to the bibliography format, Chicago style has several variations. If you are to use this style, your instructor will give you the instructions you need.
The next source is:
A survey of social media use, motivation and leadership among public relations practitioners.
The text of the conclusion we want to paraphrase is:
The data from this study clearly show that motivation matters. Leaders in public relations should be cognizant of motivation when trying to cultivate their subordinates. A keen awareness of what is motivating someone with regard to using social media will provide leaders with better tools for helping grow future leaders. Given the importance of internal motivation, it may make just as much sense to look for a social media enthusiast to practice public relations as it does to try to “convert” a non-motivated public relations person to handle an organization's social media efforts.
In finding and developing a social media strategist it is important to acknowledge the role of motivation. Within our sample, internal motivation correlated positively with Twitter rank, grade, and percentile. In general, those who were more successful were more internally motivated.
In their survey of social media use in public relations Sweetser and Kelleher conclude that the organizational leader without personal motivation leads by a) recognizing that fact, and b) identifying and cultivating the enthusiasm of a subordinate for those activities. In such cases, effective leadership is not about using social media, but motivating and rewarding those that do so effectively (427-428).
In vibrant communities, divergent thinking and a sense of belonging to a larger community as well as the local group creates excitement. This creates a rhythm that is based on a shared vision, regular teleconferences, Web site activity, and knowledge sharing. Social media such as blogging, Twitter, instant messaging, wikis, smart phones, and organizational and individual Facebook technologies help create this sense of aliveness and connectedness in virtual groups. (p.115)
One thing most everyone agrees on about social media is that, at its best, it is about creating community. Whereas Sweetser and Kelleher wrote about using it to connect with those outside the organization, Karlene Kerfoot’s essay in Nursing Economics explains how important social media can be for internal management of a virtual organization (115).
The next source is:
Daunting Realities of Leading Complicated by the New Media: Wounding and Community College Presidents
By Patricia Maslin-Ostrowski, Deborah L. Floyd, Michael R. Hrabak.
Community College Journal of Research & Practice
Vol. 35 Issue 1/2
The text is:
Community college presidential leadership is more taxing than ever; leaders face unprecedented economic declines, increased expectations, and the immediacy of media reporting. The smallest of rumors can escalate into campaigns for good or ill within minutes via the Internet, social media (such as blogs, Twitter, Facebook) and electronic news. . . .The leader stories reveal how the daunting realities of leading can be complicated in the digital era. . . .
Transition sentence to new section:
However, despite the general enthusiasm in articles like Kerfoot’s, the short history of social media is fraught with stories of mistakes and disasters.
Summary with quotations:
One interesting recent analysis consists of interviews with four community college presidents asking them to describe how a crisis of leadership played out in relation to new media. Their stories tell of being blindsided by misinformation, personal attacks, loss of authority, and shock or outrage at their inability to constrain or correct the former. The authors observe that social media is changing the rules of the public relations game. One of the anonymous presidents interviewed was quoted as saying “You can’t control the story. The story has legs . . . snowballs.’’ She lamented how the Internet had ‘‘picked up’’ the story, and that ‘‘the blogs were heating up fast and furious, Associated Press and CNN. . . A story never dies if it’s on the Internet . . . What occurred in the past does not get to be bygones.’ (Maslin-Ostrowski 39)
Differentstylerequire different citation formats.
Maslin-Ostrowski, Patricia, Deborah L. Floyd, and Michael R. Hrabak. "Daunting Realities Of Leading Complicated By The New Media: Wounding And Community College Presidents." Community College Journal of Research & Practice 35.1/2 (2011): 29-42. Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 Jan. 2012.
Maslin-Ostrowski, P., Floyd, D. L., & Hrabak, M. R. (2011). Daunting Realities of Leading Complicated by the New Media: Wounding and Community College Presidents. Community College Journal of Research & Practice, 35(1/2), 29-42. doi:10.1080/10668926.2010.526050
Maslin-Ostrowski, Patricia, Deborah L. Floyd, and Michael R. Hrabak. "Daunting Realities of Leading Complicated by the New Media: Wounding and Community College Presidents." Community College Journal of Research & Practice 35, no. 1/2 (January 2011): 29-42. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed January 19, 2012).