Guide to Transition


Laws that Protect the Rights of Adults with Disabilities



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Laws that Protect the Rights of Adults with Disabilities

Anti-Discrimination

TITLE VI (CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964)


Prohibits discrimination based on race, color, or national origin in all employment situations involving programs or activities aided by federal financing.

TITLE VII (CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964)


Prohibits job discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin in all employment.

AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1990


Extends universal civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities covering public and private sector employment, public accommodations, transportation, and telephone communication.

Educational Access

SECTION 504 (REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973)


“No otherwise qualified handicapped individual in the United States shall, solely by reason of his/her handicap, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance….”

SECTION 508 (THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT OF 1998 AMENDMENT TO THE REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973)


Section 508 requires federal agencies that develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic technology to provide to federal employees with disabilities comparable access to that technology and information that federal employees without disabilities are afforded.

SENATE BILL 105


SB 105 mandates that Section 508 accessibility standards be implemented in the state of California.

CALIFORNIA COLLEGE CHANCELLOR’S OFFICE LEGAL OPINION M 03-09


In March 2003, the General Counsel of the California Colleges Chancellor’s Office issued Legal Opinion M 03-09, which states that Section 508 applies to California community colleges. This means that information technology developed, purchased, or licensed by California community colleges must comply with the requirements of Section 508.

ASSEMBLY BILL 422 OF 1999


AB 422 requires publishers to provide electronic forms of college instructional materials in a timely manner and at no additional cost for students with print related disabilities, for example, blind, low-vision, and learning disabled.

Confidentiality

FAMILY EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS AND PRIVACY ACT (FERPA) OF 1974


All students over the age of 18 are free to access their own student records, request changes to their student records, and “to have some control over the disclosure of personally identifiable information from these records.” Parents of children over the age of 18 are not permitted to access their child’s student records, as protected under FERPA.

Educational Options After High School

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

DESCRIPTION

ACADEMIC STANDARDS

OTHER INFORMATION

Bachelor’s Degree

(University of California, California State Universities, and private colleges/universities)

Consists of general education courses and courses for the major working toward a four-year Bachelor’s Degree.

Student may enter from high school or transfer from Community College.



Most colleges have progress policies or grade point average guidelines. If these standards are not met, student may be placed on academic or progress probation. Contact the college to which you are applying and refer to the college catalog.

Colleges and universities may have different requirements for general admission. Contact the Admissions Office for more information. Buy or download a college catalog and review campus policies and procedures.
Associate Degree

(Community Colleges)

The Associate Degree consists of two components:

1. Courses of general education

2. Courses toward the major


Same standards as Bachelor’s Degree above.

Some community colleges may offer programs to guarantee admissions into a UC or CSU. See a college counselor for more information. Review the college catalog and review campus policies and procedures.
College Certificate

(Community Colleges)

College certificate programs are designed to provide employment skill and open vocational opportunities. A college certificate is available upon completion of required courses.

Same standards as Bachelor’s Degree above.

These programs change with the current employment market.
Personal Enrichment

(Community Colleges)

(Continuing Education)



Community colleges and continuing education offer courses that match your personal interests, (career exploration, study skills, computer skills, art, and music, etc.).

These classes may be offered on a credit/no credit basis.

These courses may or may not be a part of a certificate and/or associate degree.
Continuing Education/Adult Education

Classes are designed to improve basic skills or for your personal enrichment. Examples include: Adult Basic Education, ESL, GED/HS diploma.

These courses are usually not offered for college credit. They may be repeated. Theses courses are open entry/open exit.

Contact the local continuing education centers for more information.
Regional Occupation Program (ROP)

ROP courses are vocational and designed to prepare you for employment.

Students earn an ROP certificate at the completion of course competencies.

ROP programs are offered throughout the community. Contact the County Office of Education for more information.
Private Vocational/
Professional Training

Varieties of degrees, certifications, and licensures in specific vocational areas.

Contact the program to which you are applying for more information.

These are for profit educational institutions, so fees may vary.

Notes:



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