Success in war can give better access to resources, higher status and ultimately a greater chance of reproducing.
Mass rape as a weapon of war can be accounted for by the evolutionary approach to war: the threat of rape makes people flee their territory, and rape itself may result in the victim becoming pregnant, so the aggressors genes are continuing.
Since those who win wars are the most aggressive, these are the people who have passed on their genes, leading to a species who have had aggression selected into their behaviour
Notes away- Recap Q’s
Why, in terms of evolutionary theory, is it better to join a group and take part in war rather than acting alone?
What evolutionary advantages come from taking part in group displays such as war?
What evolutionary explanations are there for mass rape as a weapon of war?
GROUP DISPLAY: SPORTS
Group displays are ritualised displays of aggression by and between groups of people
In modern society, tribal warfare has been replaced by sporting events in which different teams represent their tribes.
Sports involve displays of skills and strength, behaviour attractive to females who will select the winning males for reproductive success on the basis of their display of genetic fitness
The posturing and ritualised displays are not seen as violent however they could be a catalyst for serious acts of aggression
What message is this giving?
Explanation of group display: Sports
Aggression linked to victory
Victory = status = increase opportunity for survival