Grammar Round 6 Day 1 Verbs- a verb is a word used to express action, condition, or a state of being. Transitive verb

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Name:___________________________ Pd:_______ Date:____________________

Grammar Round 6 Day 1

Verbs- A verb is a word used to express action, condition, or a state of being.

Transitive verb- appears with a direct object.

Example-If there is no leftover pizza, Rosa usually eats whole-grain cereal.
Intransitive Verb- An action verb without a direct object.

Example-Because of blood sugar problems, Rosa always eats before leaving for school.

**Direct Object-a person or thing that receives the action of the verb.**

Directions:Underline the verb or verb phrase in each sentence. If the verb has a direct object, underline it twice. On the line, write T for a transitive verb and I for an intransitive verb.

1. Modern banks use the latest technology for surveillance of their offices. ______

2. Hidden cameras can videotape robbers without their knowledge. ______

3. Silent alarms notify police of a robbery attempt immediately. ______

4. Armed guards sometimes stand at the doors to the bank. ______

5. Convicted criminals pay for their crimes with years behind bars. ______

Action Verb-expresses a physical or mental action.

Linking Verb- links the subject of a sentence to a word in the predicate. Some linking verbs are forms of to be, such as am, is, was, and were.

Others, such as appear, become, feel, look, remain, sound and taste, may express conditions.

**Some verbs such as grow, feel, and taste can be either action or linking verbs.**

Auxiliary Verbs (helping verbs)- are combined with verbs to form verb phrases. Some common auxiliary verbs are forms of be, and had, do, might, would, will, must, could, and would.

Exercise Identifying Verbs

Directions- Underline the verb or verb phrase in each sentence. In the space above each verb, write A if it is an action verb, L if it is a linking verb, or AUX if it is an auxiliary verb.

1. Bonnie and Clyde were famous bank robbers during the 1930’s. ______

2. In only two years, they killed a dozen innocent people. ______

3. They were wanted by the law for a variety of crimes. ______

4. Crime seemed romantic to Bonnie for about a year. ______

5. She and Clyde were traveling all over Texas together. ______

6. However, the life of a criminal is often harsh and short. ______

7. Bonnie was seriously injured in an auto accident at one point. ______

8. Clyde treated her at home without the help of doctors or hospitals. ______

9. Just before her death, Bonnie looked sick and old. ______

10. Bonnie and Clyde died in a hail of bullets during a police ambush in 1934. ______
Name:___________________________ Pd:_______ Date:____________________

Grammar Round 6 Day 2

Review: Underline each verb once. If the verb has a direct object, underline the direct object twice. On the line, write T for transitive and I for intransitive.

1. The network cancelled the show. ______

2. The pomegranate originated in Persia or Afghanistan. ______

3. Dogs have keen senses of hearing and smell. ______

4. The Egyptians used a uniform system of measurement. ______

5. Luckily, hard ice forms quickly over northern lakes. ______

Review and Extension: Complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate action or linking verb. Then, in the lines, identify each verb you have used by writing A for action or L for linking verb.

  1. The robbers__________________ the train just before the bridge. ______

  2. They __________________ both skilled and ruthless. ______

  3. The robbers_______________ this job for months before this date. ______

  4. Special bags on the train_________________ over seven million dollars ______

  5. The thieves _________________ the last car on the train. ______

  6. The engineer___________ frightened. ______

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number, gender, and person. An antecedent is the noun or pronoun that a pronoun refers to or replaces. If the antecedent is singular, use a singular pronoun.

If it is plural, use a plural pronoun. Use a plural pronoun to refer to nouns or pronouns joined by and.

A pronoun that refers to nouns or pronouns joined by or or nor should agree with the noun or pronoun nearest to it.

Example: Identify and underline the pronoun-antecedent agreement. On the space provided, indicate a singular relation with an S and a plural relationship with a P.

  1. The young girl paints portraits. Her work is popular among wealthy clients. ______

  2. The students are apt, and they show amazing abilities at an early age. ______

  3. A duke and his wife commission the girl to paint their portraits. ______

The gender of a pronoun must be the same as the gender of its antecedent. Remember that gender refers to the forms of personal pronouns- masculine (he, his, him), feminine (she, her, hers), or neuter (it,its). Do not use only masculine or only feminine pronouns when you mean to refer to both genders. The purpose of the gender-free language is to make sure you include everyone.

Example-The artist was famous for the speed with which she painted.
Exercises-In each sentence underline the pronoun once and the antecedent twice.

1. Elisabetta Sirani was a popular painter in the 1600s, although she has been nearly forgotten.

2. Elisabetta’s father was a painter, and he tutored Elisabetta at a time when girls were not expected to excel in any profession.
3. When Giovanni saw that Elisabetta had talent, he began to dream of commissions.
4. The people of Bologna were impressed with their talented towns person's work.
5. Bologna invited Elisabetta to paint a scene from the life of Christ for its church.
6. Elisabetta opened a paint school; the student body were quick to prove their talent.
7. Neither Elisabetta nor the popular painter’s sisters were allowed to rest from their work for long.
8. Each paint had its own requirements and demands.
9. Elisabetta and the other daughters tried to please their father with endless toil.
10. Although Elisabetta wanted to rest, her father set unreachable goals.
11. Giovanni ignored Elisabetta’s fatigue; he continually expected perfection.
Exercise- Underline the pronoun that correctly completes each sentence. Then underline the antecedent(s) of the pronoun.

  1. Two cardinals make (its, their) home in that tree every spring.

  1. Juan and Louis compared (his, their) collections of rare coins.

  1. Flower lovers prize the rose for (its, their) delicate scent.

  1. George Bernard Shaw didn’t become a successful playwright until the publication of a collection of (its, his) plays.

  1. Like other gifted child performers, Shirley temple was known for learning (her,their) lines quickly.

  1. Those directors shot (his, their) films on location in Australia.

  1. Katie and Abbey are both in (her,their) first year of high school.

  1. That mother seal lost (her, their) pup during the ice storm.

  1. Brazilians celebrate (its,their) independence day on September 7.

  1. The panther is quite beautiful; (its,their) coat is jet black.

Name:___________________________ Pd:_______ Date:____________________

Grammar Round 6 Day 3
Using Commas

1. Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause.

Example- After the storm ended, I examined the damage to my crops.
Directions- Insert commas where necessary in the following sentences.

  1. When I finish my chores I would be delighted to come to your party.

  2. After the concert ended the audience asked for three encores.

  3. In our tent beside the river we enjoyed a peaceful night’s sleep.

  4. Examining the ground for shells we slowly made our way down the beach.

  5. When my garden is finally in I will just sit back and relax.

  6. In the fall I will turn over the soil again.

  7. Before reading a good book Kari prepares a cup of ginseng tea.

  8. During the recital Emma was dancing along to every classical piece.

  9. Sitting on a park bench at midnight Cody finally understood why mom gave him a curfew.

  10. Before the concert started Prim went upstairs to find her sister.

Using Apostrophes

1. Use an s to form the possessive of nouns

Singular Example: Lindblom’s students are the best in the world.

Plural Example: Students’ performances of Romeo and Juliet will be outstanding!
2. In contraction

Example- couldn’t, wouldn’t, don’t, can’t
Directions- Add apostrophes where they are needed in these sentences.

1. The skaters movements were slow and graceful.

2. The players uniforms were muddy.

3. I didnt know my alphabet until I was five years old.

4. I dont need Ms. Muellers help right now.

5. Diane couldnt find her keys, so she borrowed Julians.

6. Jeans engagement ring was a stark reminder of Logans misfortune.

7. Wouldnt boiling the potatoes too long ruin grandmothers famous perogi recipe?

8. Alfreds ex-military friend didnt want to hurt Bruce, but he wasnt given much of a choice.

9. Taylors warning fell on deaf ears; she couldnt believe how blind her younger brother was when it came to matters of the heart.

10. The Lin Qua’s hate for the Shirai Ryu was used by Quan Chi to incite a war between the two ninja clans that spanned several generations.

Grammar Round 6 Day 4 Commonly Confused Words

Accept, Except

Accept means “to agree to something” or “to receive something willingly.” Except usually means “not including.”

Did Mrs. Mueller accept your late project?

Everyone smiled for the photographer except Jody.

Affect, Effect

Affect is a verb that means “to move or influence.” Effect as a noun means “a consequence or result.”

Learning about the Holocaust affected him deeply.

What effect did the acidic soil produce in the plants?

All ready, Already

All ready means “all are ready” or “completely prepared.” Already means “previously.”

The students were all ready for the field trip.

We had already pitched our tent before it started raining.

Desert, Dessert

Desert means “a dry, sandy, barren region.” It also means “to abandon.” Dessert refers to a sweet, such as cake.

The Sahara in North Africa is the world’s largest desert.

The night guard did not desert his post.

Alison’s favorite dessert is chocolate cake.

Its, It’s

Its is a possessive pronoun. It’s is a contraction of it is or it has.

Chicago is known for its deep dish pizza.

It’s great weather for a picnic.

Lose, Loose

Lose means to “mislay or suffer the loss of.” Loose means “free” or “not fastened.”

That tire will lose all air unless you patch it.

My little brother has three loose teeth.

Passed, Past

Passed is the past tense of pass and means “went by.” Past is an adjective that means “of a former time.” Past is also a noun that means “time gone by.”

We passed through the Florida Keys during our vacation.

My past experiences have taught me to set my alarm.

Ebenezer Scrooge is a character who relives his past.

Peace, Piece

Peace means “a state of calm or quiet.” Piece means “a section or part of something.”

Sitting still can bring a sense of peace.

Here’s another piece of the puzzle.

Principal, Principle

Principal means “of chief or central importance” and refers to the head of a school.

Principle means “a basic truth, standard, or rule of behavior.”

Lack of customers is the principal reason for closing the store. Or Mr. Mather is the principal of Lindblom. One of my principles is to be honest with others.


Stationary, Stationery

Stationary means “fixed or unmoving.” Stationery means “fine paper for writing letters.”

The wheel pivots, but the seat is stationary.

Rex wrote on special stationery imprinted with his name.

Than, Then

Than is used to introduce the second part of a comparison. Then means “next in order.”

Ramon is stronger than Mark.

Cut the grass and then trim the hedges.

Their, There, They’re

Their means “belonging to them.” There means “in that place.” They’re is the contraction for they are.

All the campers returned to their cabins.

I keep my card collection there in those folders.

Lisa and Beth run daily; they’re on the track team.

To, Too, Two

To means “toward” or “in the direction of.” Too means “also” or “very.” Two is the number 2.

We went to the mall.

It’s too risky riding without a helmet.

Two amusement parks are offering reduced rates for admission.

Whose, Who’s

Whose is the possessive form of who. Who’s is a contraction of who is or who has.

Whose parents will drive us to the movies?

Who’s going to the recycling center?

Your, You’re

Your is the possessive form of you. You’re is a contraction of you are.

What was your record in the fifty-yard dash?

You’re one of the winners of the essay contest.

Vary, Very

Vary means “to change.” Very is used as an intensifier.

I like to vary the route I take to work every day. I am very hungry.

Directions: Circle the correct word.

  1. My gerbil got (loose, lose) and chewed a hole in the shoe box.

  2. (They’re, There, Their) going to (they’re, there, their) grandmother’s house for (they’re, there, their) family reunion.

  3. Can I have a (piece, peace) of pie for (desert, dessert)?

  4. I studied all weekend, so I was (all ready, already) to take my final exams.

  5. We’re going (to, too, two) the game first and (then, than) out (to, too, two) eat.

  6. (Its, It’s) easy (to, too, two) (lose, loose) to Lindblom’s basketball team.

  7. I am (very, vary) excited about the concert.

  8. The (principle, principal) reason why I do my homework right when I get home is because I hate to procrastinate.

  9. We learned about cause and (effect, affect) relationships in class.

  10. (Its, It’s) difficult to chose a favorite food.

  11. Do you think the decision you made will (effect, affect) (they’re, there, their) decision?

  12. My tastes (very, vary) when it comes (to, too, two) vegetables.

  13. (You’re, Your) always eating (to, too, two) fast.

  14. I drive (passed, past) the park on my way to school.

  15. (You’re, Your) true friends will (accept, except) you for who you are.

  16. I am going (to, too, two) shampoo the dog, and I have all of (its, it’s) grooming supplies.

  17. I love all fruits (accept, except) bananas.

  18. (Who’s, Whose) homework is this?

  19. I wrote my pen pal on my new (stationary, stationery).

  20. Reading Night (affected, effected) the students deeply.

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