Global 1 – nfa exam


BELIEF SYSTEMS: Shintoism



Download 10.37 Mb.
Page9/15
Date09.08.2018
Size10.37 Mb.
1   ...   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   ...   15

BELIEF SYSTEMS: Shintoism

  • RESPECT for - land - nation: JAPAN - emperor
  • IMPACT: - Tokugawa & Meiji + Kamikaze
  • Religion
  • Many
  • Polytheism
  • Japan
  • Mt. Fuji … mountain near Tokyo
  • According to legend … the Gods dipped their spear into the Pacific the drops of water that fell off became “Japan”
  • Circa 2000 BC
  • … none …
  • Chronicles of Japan Kojiki … tales / fables … like Hinduism (Vedas … Gita)
  • Shinto priests
  • Shrines at home “Torii Gate(s)”
  • Everyday … ritual cleansing (with water … to purify)
  • New Years Day … honoring the Kami (spirits) from 4 directions (North, South, East & West) Seijin-no-Hi--Shinto festival (2nd Monday in January) honoring 20-year-old men and women on reaching adulthood, and recognizing the rights and responsibilities that come with it.
  • Spring Festival … (planting)
  • Fall Festival … (harvest)
  • … none …
  • Spirits exist … some human … some non – human … some good … some evil (bad) + similar to Animism People & spirits SHARE the SAME WORLD
  • Afterlife … crossing the river (like Hades in Greek mythology)
  • The Kami (spirits) protect Japan
  • Bowing … a form of respect … lower the bow … the higher the respect
  • … Washing … Water purification … a form of “purifying” … even done when buildings are about to open … get rid any evil spirits
  • … praying … sometimes at shrines at home or in public
  • … none …
  • 1287 … “kami” defeat Mongol naval invasion attempt against Japan
  • Late 1800s … “Meiji Restoration” … Shintoism becomes a “national” religion
  • Dec. 7, 1941 … “kamikaze” pilots … attack US ships in Pearl Harbor
  • 1946 … (after World War II) … Shintoism … no longer a National / State religion
  • Which two belief systems teach that there are spirits in nature?
  • Shinto and animism
  • Hinduism and Confucianism
  • Judaism and Christianity
  • Islam and Buddhism
  • Which two belief systems teach that there are spirits in nature?
  • Shinto and animism
  • Hinduism and Confucianism
  • Judaism and Christianity
  • Islam and Buddhism
  • According to the teachings of Confucius,
  • the key to the successful organization of society
  • is that
  • 1. the ruler should be chosen democratically.
  • 2. ancestor worship should be discontinued.
  • 3. the evil in humans must be eliminated.
  • 4. individuals should know
  • and do what is expected of them.
  • According to the teachings of Confucius,
  • the key to the successful organization of society
  • is that
  • 1. the ruler should be chosen democratically.
  • 2. ancestor worship should be discontinued.
  • 3. the evil in humans must be eliminated.
  • 4. individuals should know
  • and do what is expected of them.
  • . . . Caste system (Hinduism) . . . India . . .
  • . . . Latin America . . .
  • . . . Medieval Europe . . .
  • Which characteristic of Ancient Indian society is best illustrated by the caste system? 1. social mobility 2. rigid class system 3. interdependence 4. cultural diffusion
  • Which characteristic of Ancient Indian society is best illustrated by the caste system? 1. social mobility 2. rigid class system 3. interdependence 4. cultural diffusion
  • … once you are born into a class … you are stuck in it until you die, your body is cremated, … you are judged (karma), based on how well you fulfilled your dharma (duties)
  • One way in which the Vedas (Hinduism), the Bible (Christianity), and the Koran/Qur’an (Islam) are similar is that these religious books
  • 1. provide guidelines to govern the behavior of believers
  • 2. deny the existence of a supreme being who rules the universe
  • 3. encourage strife between segments of believers
  • 4. support political rebellions to overthrow existing governments
  • One way in which the “Vedas” (Hinduism), the “Bible” (Christianity), and the “Koran/Qur’an” (Islam) are similar is that these religious books
  • 1. provide guidelines to govern the behavior of believers
  • 2. deny the existence of a supreme being who rules the universe
  • 3. encourage strife between segments of believers
  • 4. support political rebellions to overthrow existing governments

PRE-HISTORIC ? ? ? BCE

  • Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) - 4 million years ago - STONE tools/ CAVES / HUNTING
  • Neolithic Revolution (30,000 BCE ) - agriculture - begin civilizations - often “subsistence” agriculture
  • Which of the following occurred
  • during the Neolithic Revolution?
  • 1. the change from hunting and food-gathering
  • to farming
  • 2. a war for independence
  • 3. a rejection of Paleolithic values
  • by Neolithic people
  • 4. the movement of people across the land bridge
  • from North America to Asia
  • Which of the following occurred
  • during the Neolithic Revolution?
  • 1. the change from hunting and food-gathering
  • to farming
  • 2. a war for independence
  • 3. a rejection of Paleolithic values
  • by Neolithic people
  • 4. the movement of people across the land bridge
  • from North America to Asia
  • . . . Leads to development of cities
  • & later civilizations. . . Ancient Egypt . .
  • What is one characteristic of a society that practices subsistence agriculture?
  • (1) growth of surplus crops for export
  • (2) production of crops mainly for its own use
  • (3) establishment of large state-owned farms
  • (4) dependence on the use of slave labor for the production of crops
  • What is one characteristic of a society that practices subsistence agriculture?
  • (1) growth of surplus crops for export
  • (2) production of crops mainly for its own use
  • (3) establishment of large state-owned farms
  • (4) dependence on the use of slave labor for the production of crops

Download 10.37 Mb.

Share with your friends:
1   ...   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   ...   15




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2020
send message

    Main page