Global 1 – nfa exam


BELIEF SYSTEMS: Confucianism



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BELIEF SYSTEMS: Confucianism

  • Analects = Confucius
  • Mandate of Heaven
  • Filial Piety
  • Ancestor Veneration
  • Examination System
  • - everyone has a place & duty in society - this “should” lead to an “orderly” society
  • The EMPEROR … is at the top

BELIEF SYSTEMS: Confucianism

  • IMPACT: Influenced Chinese government - Dynasties (Qing / Manchu) - Communists (Mao Zedong)
  • Philosophy
  • ---------------
  • ----------------
  • China
  • ---------------
  • Confucius Kung – fu tzu
  • Circa 500 BC
  • ----------------
  • The Analects
  • Emperor
  • eldest male
  • Everywhere
  • Everyday
  • --------------------
  • ----------------
  • Everyone has a place & role in society
  • Mandate of Heaven - power to rule comes from God - emperor MUST set the good example or else the people will overthrow him
  • 5 relationships
  • Ruler – subjects
  • Father – son
  • Brother – brother
  • Husband – wife
  • Friend – friend
  • Filial piety
  • Ancestor veneration
  • + orderly society
  • Patriarchal society
  • Eldest male has the say
  • Civil Service Examination System
  • Job based on WHAT you know NOT WHO you know
  • 1911 end of the Manchu/Qing Dynasty
  • Lost the Mandate of Heaven
  • 1949 … Communists control Mainland China - have the Mandate of Heaven - - because they rule

BELIEF SYSTEMS: Daoism

  • Harmony between - Man - Nature
  • Yin & Yang

BELIEF SYSTEMS: Daoism

  • IMPACT: - study of natural world led to advances in science - again … “peaceful” society
  • Philosophy
  • ---------------
  • ----------------
  • China
  • ---------------
  • Lao - tze
  • Circa 300 BC
  • ----------------
  • Daode Jing
  • Monks
  • Everywhere
  • Everyday
  • --------------------
  • ----------------
  • HARMONY between people & the universe Yin & Yang - good vs evil
  • Constantly in flux
  • Meditation
  • Martial arts
  • 35. Both Shintoism and Taoism (Daoism) stress
  •         1.  respect for nature         2.  the need for government based on religious principles         3.  respect for elders         4.  the need for continual spiritual rebirth until one reaches nirvana
  • 35. Both Shintoism and Taoism (Daoism) stress
  •         1.  respect for nature         2.  the need for government based on religious principles         3.  respect for elders         4.  the need for continual spiritual rebirth until one reaches nirvana

BELIEF SYSTEMS: Legalism

  • STRICT obey LAW
  • HARSH punishment - practiced in Singapore
  • Philosophy
  • ---------------
  • ----------------
  • FAR EAST - China - Vietnam - Singapore
  • ---------------
  • Shang Yang
  • C475 BC
  • ----------------
  • The Law
  • Judges
  • Govt. officials
  • Everywhere
  • Everyday
  • --------------------
  • ----------------
  • ----------------
  • ----------------
  • People born evil / corrupt
  • Must be taught the straight & narrow path
  • Severe punishment
  • For even small/minor infractions
  • Obey the Law
  • STRICT & ORDERLY society
  • Equality
  • -------------------

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