Global 1 – nfa exam



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BELIEF SYSTEMS: Hinduism

  • Polytheistic: - Vishnu, Brahman, Shiva
  • Sacred Writings: - Upanishads, Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata
  • Dharma & Karma - - ->Reincarnation (Duties) + Judgement ---> Next Life
  • Nirvana

BELIEF SYSTEMS: Hinduism

  • HINDUISM – the caste system
  • Ganges River
  • Aryan civilization
  • RELIGION
  • 3 – Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu
  • polytheism
  • India
  • Circa 4000 – 3000 BC
  • Vedas Mahabharata Ramayana Bhavagad Gita
  • Brahman
  • Home. Temple , Street side Shrine
  • Everyday
  • Holi … spring … … Good over Evil
  • RELIGION
  • Nothing from the cow - Most followers are often vegetarians
  • This has affected … McDonalds … in India
  • Dharma … duties
  • Karma … fate / judgment
  • Reincarnation – rebirth - body cremated at death to release the soul
  • Nirvana – supreme state of happiness
  • Caste system … social class – rigid NO social mobility … affects WHO you may associate with … very strong in rural areas + reflection of the pollution of your soul
  • Segregated by caste … strong in villages
  • ... Less in cities
  • 320 – 550 AD .. Gupta Empire = Golden Age
  • 1500s & 1600s … Mughal [ Mogul ] Empire “Muslim” = Islam
  • 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny … British vs. Hindus & Muslims
  • 1947 … southern Asia
  • Independence
  • …India – Hindu nation .. Pakistan – Muslim nation

BELIEF SYSTEMS: Buddhism

  • 4 Noble Truths - we have pain/sorrow in life - because we “want” things
  • 8 Fold Path - to relieve the pain - meditate - give up material desires
  • Key People: Buddha & Dalai Lama

BELIEF SYSTEMS: Buddhism

  • Religion or Philosophy
  • 1 or none
  • Depends monotheism or -----
  • Asia
  • Bodh tree … in India
  • Gautama Siddhartha
  • 560 BC
  • Mahayana – Buddha GOD Theravada – philosophy
  • Tripitaka …. Sutras
  • Monks “Dalai Lama”
  • Shrine of Buddha everyday
  • New Year Spring [April] Buddha Day … 1st full moon - May
  • Meat Fish Vietnam & China … no … onions … garlic … leak
  • GOAL: nirvana 4 Noble Truths - pain & suffering caused by desire for material goods … never good enough … new enough
  • 8 Fold Path - meditation - give up - Goods - Selfish desire - seek “enlightenment - proper behavior
  • - Meditation - yoga
  • Equality
  • 20th century [1900s] Dalai Lama [Tibet] vs Communist China
  • Which belief is shared by Hindus and Buddhists?
  • Everyone should have the same social status.
  • People should pray five times a day.
  • The soul can be reincarnated.
  • Material wealth is a sign of the blessing of the gods.
  • Which belief is shared by Hindus and Buddhists?
  • Everyone should have the same social status.
  • People should pray five times a day.
  • The soul can be reincarnated.
  • Material wealth is a sign of the blessing of the gods.

SIKHISM

    • CHART … “Sikhism”
  • Sikhs
  • Adi Granth
  • Guru
  • Temple
  • Everyday
  • New Year
  • &
  • Harvest
  • NO: - Meat
  • - Alcohol
  • - Drugs
  • 1 God - almighty - fearless
  • Reincarnation … until … resolve Karma so are united with God
  • Meditation - speak directly to God
  • FORBID: - discrimination
  • Based on - - class (caste) - - color - - religion - - gender
  • 20th century - Sikh desire for Independence “separatism”
  • 1984 - June Indian army attacks Sikh Golden Temple At Amritsar - October Sikh militants kill India’s Prime Minister “Indira Gandhi” - her won body guards

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