Global 1 – nfa exam


Which two explorers and traders focused on



Download 10.37 Mb.
Page12/15
Date09.08.2018
Size10.37 Mb.
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15

Which two explorers and traders focused on

  • Which two explorers and traders focused on
  • Asia & Africa?
  • 1. Ferdinand Magellan and Matthew Perry
  • 2. Christopher Columbus and Genghis Khan
  • 3. Vasco de Gama and Zheng He
  • 4. Francisco Pizarro and Marco Polo

Which two explorers and traders focused on

  • Which two explorers and traders focused on
  • Asia & Africa?
  • 1. Ferdinand Magellan and Matthew Perry
  • 2. Christopher Columbus and Genghis Khan
  • 3. Vasco de Gama and Zheng He
  • 4. Francisco Pizarro and Marco Polo

Medieval Europe-Feudalism

  • lord provided protection in exchange for loyalty and services of vassal
  • DECENTRALIZED government
  • rigid class system
  • self sufficient manor
  • serfs (poor farmers)
  • similar to Feudalism in Japan: ”Tokugawa” shogun, samurai,peasants

Medieval Europe- CHURCH

  • Unified people - common religion, sacraments
  • Economic role - Church owned land and collected
  • Educational role - monks in monasteries copied books
  • Built cathedrals
  • Pope powerful-crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor and called for the Crusades

Decline of Feudalism

  • Crusades
  • Impact:
  • New ideas- Arabic, Greek and Roman learning - awareness of other cultures--Renaissance
  • New products( silk,spices, coffee etc.) increased demand --trade--Commercial Revolution-- Exploration
  • Rise in power of kings

RIGID CLASS STRUCTURES

  • EUROPE – Middle Ages
  • King
  • Nobles … landowners (gentry)
  • Knights
  • Farmers / Peasants
  • CHURCH - Pope = King - Bishop = Nobles .. Church controlled education
  • INDIA – Caste System
  • Brahmin .. priests
  • Kshatriya .. Warriors & rulers - Vaisyas .. Merchants - Sudras .. Unskilled workers - Harijans .. “Untouchables”
  • Other similar systems are: - Latin America .. Spanish rule - Japan .. Tokugawa Shogunate

Japan’s Tokugawa Shogunate = European Middle Ages

  • EUROPE – Middle Ages
  • King
  • Nobles … landowners (gentry)
  • Knights
  • Farmers / Peasants
  • CHURCH - Pope = King - Bishop = Nobles .. Church controlled education
  • JAPAN – Tokugawa Shogunate
  • Emperor (no power) - Shogun .. Military general
  • Daimyo .. Nobles … landowners (gentry)
  • Samurai (warriors)
  • Farmers / Peasants - Scholars

Decline of Feudalism

  • Black Death(Bubonic plague) 1348-1353
  • Rats with fleas carried the disease from Asia; entered Europe on trading ships
  • Impact
  • Killed 1/3 of European population
  • Loss of peasant labor-- decline of manors
  • Guilds declined as craftsmen in towns died
  • The Middle Ages in Western Europe
  • was characterized by
  • 1. the manor system
  • and the importance of land ownership.
  • 2. absolute monarchies
  • and strong central governments.
  • 3. decreased emphasis on religion in daily life.
  • 4. extensive trade with Asia and the Middle East.
  • The Middle Ages in Western Europe
  • was characterized by
  • 1. the manor system
  • and the importance of land ownership.
  • 2. absolute monarchies
  • and strong central governments.
  • 3. decreased emphasis on religion in daily life.
  • 4. extensive trade with Asia and the Middle East.
  • . . . Feudalism . . .
  • . . . Manorialism . . .
  • . . . Role of CHURCH . . .
  • In both Europe and Japan, the major reason for the development of the political system shown in the illustration was to
  • 1. eliminate the need for a legal system
  • 2. increase trade and manufacturing in the region
  • 3. consolidate the political power of religious leaders
  • 4. provide order during a period of weak central government
  • In both Europe and Japan, the major reason for the development of the political system shown in the illustration was to
  • 1. eliminate the need for a legal system
  • 2. increase trade and manufacturing in the region
  • 3. consolidate the political power of religious leaders
  • 4. provide order during a period of weak central government
  • The term “decentralized” government … is often used to describe this type of political system

Commercial Revolution

  • Barter System [Feudalism]
  • $ Development of Capitalism $
  • $ Banks $ - $ Joint Stock Company $ - $ Insurance $
  • Hanseatic League … northern Europe
  • Crusades - - -> TRADE
  • Italy … Meditereanean trade route
  • $ Mercantilism $
  • Which statement about capitalism,
  • and laissez-faire economics is most accurate?
  • 1. No one may own private property.
  • 2. The government makes all economic decisions.
  • 3. The main goal of business is to make a profit.
  • 4. Exports are always greater than imports.
  • Which statement about capitalism,
  • and laissez-faire economics is most accurate?
  • 1. No one may own private property.
  • 2. The government makes all economic decisions.
  • 3. The main goal of business is to make a profit.
  • 4. Exports are always greater than imports.
  • LAISSEZ-FAIRE … government leaves business alone … the market … law of supply & demand will regulate / control business

Download 10.37 Mb.

Share with your friends:
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2020
send message

    Main page