Global 1 – nfa exam



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GUPTA Empire (India)

  • “Golden Age of … “
  • invented: - decimal system - the number “0”
  • Art and literature flourished during the Gupta Empire.
  • Indian scholars developed the concept of zero.
  • Indian provinces were united after 200 years of civil war.
  • The information in these statements refers to
  • effects of European involvement in India
  • India’s Golden Age
  • effects of isolationism
  • Islamic achievements in India
  • Art and literature flourished during the Gupta Empire.
  • Indian scholars developed the concept of zero.
  • Indian provinces were united after 200 years of civil war.
  • The information in these statements refers to
  • effects of European involvement in India
  • India’s Golden Age
  • effects of isolationism
  • Islamic achievements in India
  • The Gupta civilization (4th–6th centuries) and the Maya civilization (4th–10th centuries) were similar in that both
  • built temple complexes and developed the concept of zero
  • eliminated standing armies and introduced an aristocracy
  • developed early democratic systems
  • were conquered by European imperialists
  • The Gupta civilization (4th–6th centuries) and the Maya civilization (4th–10th centuries) were similar in that both
  • built temple complexes and developed the concept of zero
  • eliminated standing armies and introduced an aristocracy
  • developed early democratic systems
  • were conquered by European imperialists
  • Which statement best explains the periods of the Gupta Empire of India, the Golden Age of Greece, and the Renaissance in Italy?
  • The winning of a war often inspires scientific and artistic achievement,
  • A combination of wealth and a time of relative peace often leads to cultural achievement.
  • A dictatorship usually encourages cultural growth and development.
  • Periods of censorship are needed for a nation to achieve cultural and scientific greatness.
  • Which statement best explains the periods of the Gupta Empire of India, the Golden Age of Greece, and the Renaissance in Italy?
  • The winning of a war often inspires scientific and artistic achievement,
  • A combination of wealth and a time of relative peace often leads to cultural achievement.
  • A dictatorship usually encourages cultural growth and development.
  • Periods of censorship are needed for a nation to achieve cultural and scientific greatness.

Classical China

  • Zhou dynasty - teachings of Confucius and Lao-tzu
  • Qin dynasty - Great Wall of China
  • Han dynasty - Golden Age of China
  • Civil service examinations
  • merchants - trade
  • Silk Road - connected China& India to Middle East

Classical China

  • Mongols - created empire 1200 - 1370 - ruled most of Asia - done via horseback - Pax Mongolia / Pax Mongolica … Mongolia Peace
  • Ming Dynasty … 1360 – 1640s - trade … Zheng He (military, diplomat) - army (1 million) .. navy

Rise of Islam

  • 622 AD “Hegira” - Muhammed’s flight from Mecca to Medina - Koran & Ramadan
  • 650 - - -> 750 AD - spread … westward to Spain …. eastward to Afghanistan
  • 660 AD - Ali dies - “Shi’ites branch formed

Byzantine Empire

  • 500 AD - - -> 1450 AD
  • Constantinople
  • Eastern Roman Empire
  • Orthodox (Christian) Religion
  • Trade
  • Preserves Greek & Roman learning

Ottoman Empire

  • 1450 - - -> 1918 AD - Seljuk Turks
  • Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) - Balkan Peninsula - Saudi Arabia to Northern Africa * Islamic + Arabic *
  • “Suleiman the Magnificent”

The CRUSADES

  • GOAL: reclaim the Holy Land for Jesus
  • RESULT: military failure .. Economic success - the Crusades vs the Seljuk Turks [ led by Saladin ] - the Seljuk Turks / Ottoman Empire will control the area until the 1920s - Europeans are exposed to different ideas, foods, etc. - leads to cultural diffusion - gives rise to the Age of Exploration as Europeans want more .. i.e. Spices
  • A major result of the Crusades was the
  • conversion of the majority of Palestinians to Protestantism.
  • increase in the independence of women in Europe and the Middle East
  • growth of trade between Europe and Asia
  • development of theocratic governments in Southern Asia.
  • A major result of the Crusades was the
  • conversion of the majority of Palestinians to Protestantism.
  • increase in the independence of women in Europe and the Middle East
  • growth of trade between Europe and Asia
  • development of theocratic governments in Southern Asia.
  • The Crusades helped begin the Renaissance and Age of Exploration because they
  • 1.    brought contact with the ideas and products of other people.
  • 2. created new areas for religious converts 3.    increased the power of the Roman Catholic Church. 4.   freed the Byzantine Empire from Muslim control.
  • The Crusades helped begin the Renaissance and Age of Exploration because they
  • 1.    brought contact with the ideas and products of other people.
  • 2. created new areas for religious converts 3.    increased the power of the Roman Catholic Church. 4.   freed the Byzantine Empire from Muslim control.
  • One way in which Pax Romana and Pax Mongolia are similar is that both were characterized by
  • social equality for men and women
  • unifying religious institutions
  • representative forms of government
  • political stability
  • One way in which Pax Romana and Pax Mongolia are similar is that both were characterized by
  • social equality for men and women
  • unifying religious institutions
  • representative forms of government
  • political stability
  • PAX = peace … when you have peace … you usually have a peaceful, organized government …

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