Global 1 – nfa exam


BCE - 500 BCE - Ancient Civilizations



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3500 BCE - 500 BCE - Ancient Civilizations

  • Sumeria & Mesopotamia … Tigris & Euphrates Rivers
  • Ancient Egypt ... Nile River
  • India … Indus River
  • China ... Huang He (Yellow) River

EARLY CIVILIZATIONS

Ancient Civilizations: Sumeria/Mesopotamia

  • Code of Hammurabi - set of written laws
  • Cuneiform - writing system

Ancient Civilizations: Ancient Egypt

  • Pharaoh [Absolute Monarch]
  • Pyramids
  • Hieroglyphics
  • Polytheistic religion
  • Irrigation system

Ancient Civilizations: India: Indus

  • Planned cities
  • Hinduism - caste system
  • Sanskrit writing

Walled cities

  • Ancient Civilizations: China: Huang He
  • Which would be a primary source of information
  • about Ancient Egypt?
  • 1. A history of ancient Egypt,
  • written by an English scholar
  • 2. Hieroglyphics on a wall inside a pyramid
  • 3. A novel about the love affairs of Cleopatra
  • 4. Your world history book
  • Which would be a primary source of information
  • about Ancient Egypt?
  • 1. A history of ancient Egypt,
  • written by an English scholar
  • 2. Hieroglyphics on a wall inside a pyramid
  • 3. A novel about the love affairs of Cleopatra
  • 4. Your world history book
  • PRIMARY SOURCE = 1st … original source … first hand account … you were there & saw what happened
  • When talking about pyramids in Ancient Egypt which statement about is accurate?
  • (1) The women had equal status to the men.
  • (2) The social structure was hierarchical.
  • (3) Social mobility was unrestricted.
  • (4) Soldiers outnumbered farmers.
  • When talking about pyramids in Ancient Egypt which statement about is accurate?
  • (1) The women had equal status to the men.
  • (2) The social structure was hierarchical.
  • (3) Social mobility was unrestricted.
  • (4) Soldiers outnumbered farmers.
  • The term “hierarchical” refers to having an organized structure/system based on social rank (pecking order)

500 BCE - 500 AD - Ancient Greece - Ancient Rome

Ancient Greece

  • City states - Athens = democracy - Sparta = military
  • Architecture - Parthenon
  • Science and math
  • Philosophy - questioning spirit, human reason, - Socrates, Plato
  • The ancient Athenians are credited with
  • 1. inventing and using the wheel.
  • 2. eliminating slavery.
  • 3. establishing governments
  • that had democratic elements.
  • 4. inventing the printing press.
  • The ancient Athenians are credited with
  • 1. inventing and using the wheel.
  • 2. eliminating slavery.
  • 3. establishing governments
  • that had democratic elements.
  • 4. inventing the printing press.

Ancient Rome

  • Centralized government - began as “oligarchy” - creates … empire and army
  • Engineering - roads, aqueducts
  • Law - Twelve Tables
  • Pax Romana - promoted trade
  • Christianity
  • Latin language

Fall of Rome

  • Political corruption
  • Economic problem - inflation - unemployment - cost of empire
  • Military decline
  • Loss of morale
  • Barbarian invasions
  • A major contribution of the Roman Republic
  • to Western European culture was the
      • 1. concept of government by laws
      • 2. belief that political power
      • should be controlled by the military
      • 3. establishment of agricultural communes
      • 4. rejection of the concept of slavery
  • A major contribution of the Roman Republic
  • to Western European culture was the
      • 1. concept of government by laws
      • 2. belief that political power
      • should be controlled by the military
      • 3. establishment of agricultural communes
      • 4. rejection of the concept of slavery
      • . . . Twelve Tables . . .
      • Plebians vs Patricians

Mauryan Empire (India)

  • Buddhism
  • Asoka the Great
  • tolerant of all religions
  • built hospitals, roads
  • encouraged education and spread of Buddhism

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