People who earn less pay a larger part of their income in taxes than those people who earn more
The tax rate is equal for all citizens
All people pay the same percentage of their earnings in taxes
Which type of taxation system is pro-poor?
II and III c. I and II
I, II and III d. I and III
The primary purpose of taxation is to _____.
Raise revenue for the support of the government
Reduce inequalities in wealth and incomes
Fortify the government against invaders
Make the country a leading industrialized country in the world
Genuine respect for all people that lead to world peace is anchored on the concept that all persons _____.
Can contribute to global development
Are citizens of the world
Which assumption underlines the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program?
The wealth of the country is concentrated in the hands of a few
Our country has very few landed people and very many landless
There is so much poverty in the country because of overpopulation
People are more productive if they own what they cultivate
John Dewey’s major contributions to the sociological foundation of education are the following except one. Which one is it?
Facilitating education means being aware of the social condition of the learners
Education is a social process beginning unconsciously at birth
School is a continuation of home; activities at home continue at school
“True education” is transmission of knowledge from the teacher to the learner
The cultural heritage of Southeast Asia has been designated by UNESCO as _______.
World International Center
World Heritage Sites
World Cultural Heritage
World Tourist Spots
Children learn how to open a coconut and other common chores in a coconut farm. In this instance, culture is transmitted by:
Immersion c. Assimilation
Enculturation d. Acculturation
Which among the following has been said to be the strongest factor that drives most Filipino men and women to leave their country and work abroad?
Poverty c. Insurgency
Illiteracy d. Consumerist mentality
What is an indicator of the patronage system in the Philippine society which contributes to poverty and corruption?
Parents have many “kumpares” in the baptism of their child
A less deserving applicant gets appointed because he has a “padrino”
Most people patronize imported goods
The “pilosopo” type of worker does not get promoted in his job
DIRECTION: Read the Paragraphs Below then Answer Questions #146-147.
An international education initiative, known as global competence, was first noted in 1988 in a report published by the Council on International Education Exchange. Higher education institutions were enjoined to send students on exchange programs to universities abroad where Americans are not the majority population and where English is not the dominant language. Educational scholars have proposed definitions for the term global competence and postulates regarding the required knowledge, skills, attitudes and experiences necessary to become globally competent. Cross-cultural awareness and interaction, familiarity with an environment, intercultural facility, effective two-way communication, interconnectedness of people and systems, acceptance of the different cultural values and attitudes are integral components of global competence. Which of the following published a pioneer report on the concept of global competence?
Council on International Scholars Exchange
Council on International Educators
Council on International Education Exchange
Council on International Educationists
What are integral concepts/components of global competence?
Cultural values, interconnectedness with people, cultural awareness and system
Two-way communication, intercultural facility, cross-cultural awareness, and interconnectedness of people and systems
Acceptance of people’s value, attitudes, language, culture and environment
Communication of knowledge, skills, experiences and cultural awareness
DIRECTION: Read the Paragraphs Below then Answer Questions #148-150.
The most important source of sediment is earth and rock material carried to the sea by rivers and streams; the same materials may also have been transported by glaciers and winds. Other sources are volcanic ash and lava, shells and skeletons of organisms, chemical precipitates formed in seawater, and particles from outer space. Water is a most unusual substance because it exists on the surface of the earth in its three physical states: ice, water, and water vapor. There are other substances that might exist in a solid and liquid or gaseous state at temperature normally found at the earth’s surface, but there are no other substances which occur in all three states. Water is odorless, tasteless, and colorless. It is the only substance known to exist in a natural state as a solid, liquid, or gas on the surface of the earth. It is a universal solvent. Water does not corrode, rust, burn, or separate into its components easily. It is chemically indestructible. It can corrode almost any metal and erode the most solid rock. A unique property of water is that it expands and floats on water when frozen or in the solid state. Water has a freezing point of 0C. and a boiling point of 100C. Water has the capacity for absorbing great quantities of heat with relatively little increase in temperature. When distilled, water is a poor conductor of electricity but when salt is added, it is a good conductor of electricity. Sunlight is the source of energy for temperature change, evaporation, and currents for water movement through the atmosphere. Sunlight controls the rate of Photosynthesis for all marine plants, which are directly or indirectly the source of food for all marine animals. Migrations, breeding, and other behaviors of marine animals are affected by light. Water, as the ocean or sea, is blue because of the molecular scattering of the sunlight. Blue light, being of short wavelength, is scattered more effectively than light of longer wavelengths. Variations in color may be caused by particles suspended in the water, water depth, cloud cover, temperature, and other variable factors. Heavy concentrations of dissolved materials cause a yellowish hue, while algae will cause the water to look green. Heavy populations of plant and animal materials cause the water to look brown. Which of the topics best organizes the information in the text?
Properties of seawater, photosynthesis, oceans and seas
Properties of water, its physical states, effects of the sun on water
Water as substance, water and plants
State of water as vapor, ice, liquid
Which of the following best defines the word “distilled”as it is used in the last sentence of the third paragraph?
Free of salt content
Free of electrical energy
According to the passage what is the most unique property of water?
Water is chemically indestructible
Water exists on the surface of the earth in three physical states
Water is a poor conductor of electricity
Water is odorless, tasteless and colorless
Which of these capitalized words do not rhyme?
I know it CLEAR
That’s not easy to BEAR
Let’s give a CHEER
It shows, it’s SHEER truth
Wastes from the kitchen are considered useful if properly separated. How are they classified?
A non-degradable c. Metallic recesses
Biodegradable d. Degradable
An ERRATIC behavior suggests one that is _____.
Normal c. Inconsistent
Stable d. Predictable
Piggery farms affected by FMD are prohibited from:
Castrating their piglets
Isolating their piglets from sows
Butchering their pigs for the market
Mating their sows when in heat
The driver of the speeding car is CULPABLE. This means _______.
Innocent c. Guilty
Blameless d. Reckless
A child after birth has a right to a name. This is _____.
A right to his identity
A right to suffrage
What has solved the caste and social strata system in the Philippines society?
Schools in every barangay
Schools for the handicapped
Barangay high schools opened
The son of a principal wants to be the valedictorian of the class. What should the principal do to avoid criticism?
Transfer the brighter student to a lower section
Assist the son in his class preparation and participation on school activities
Call the rivals and give the stern warning
Confront the teachers on the son’s grade
Free trade means ______.
Government restrict entry of identified goods
Level of taxing is mutual between countries
Goods are all imported
Goods come in untaxed
How many cubic meters of sand will be required to fill reclamation area of 6 hectares with 1.5 meters depth?
90,000 cubic meters
90,900 cubic meters
110,000 cubic meters
100,000 cubic meters
What has made world business fast?
A radio network c. Modern technology
New prints d. Computers
A subordinate could not take the insults his superior does on him daily. What does this relationship indicate?
Superiors are superior
Subordinates feeling and valueless
Subordinates should be taken as slave
The value of respect for another is prevailing
Wounded, he walked away still suffering from EXCRUCIATING pain. Describe the pain.
Mild c. Endurable
Unbearable d. Slight
A fire alarm was rung. What will be done to exit properly? What is heard from the principal?
“Keep cool. Get down quietly.”
“Get in touch with your parents, fast.”
“Leave your things. March down the stair briskly.”
“Dismiss your classes.”
Ang sarzuela noong panahong ng Kastila ay dinadaan sa:
Pamamagitan ng Kastila
Pamamagitan ng salita sa isang bayan
Pamamagitan ng halong Tagalog at Kastila
Pamamagitan ng halong Tagalog at Ingles
The Philippines prides itself as the first presiding officers of the United Nation. Who was this person?
Ang hiling ng namatay na artista ay siya’y ilibing sa takip-silim. Anong oras iyon?
Sa pagitan ng alas-singko at alas sais ng hapon
Ika-anim ng umaga
Ika-walo ng gabi
Si Ninoy ay bumalik sa Pilipinas. Ayon sa kanya:
Ang lahing Pilipino higit sa lahat ay dapat ipaglaban, hanggang kamatayan
Di dapat buhayin ang mga Pilipino
Ang kamatayan ko para sa pamilya lang
Dapat bang magpakamatay dahil lang sa Pilipino
The price of glassware was P160.00 per set. After a day the price was raised by 10% what was the final glassware?
P176.00 c. P166.00
P196.00 d. P276.00
What prize will each receive from a first prize of P45,000,000. There were 15 recipients of the jackpot?
P2,500,000 c. P3,100,000
P3,000,000 d. P45,000
In order not to lose the mother’s teeth what is encouraged in their diet?
Iron c. Carbohydrates
Fat d. Vitamins
The government wants a piece of private land for a government project. The owner resisted. How can the government own the land?
Right of government ownership
Right of eminent domain
Right of habeas corpus
Right of a sovereign over the governed
Alin sa mga sumusunod ang aral na ibinigay ng ANG ALAMAT NI MARIA MAKILING na ikinuwento ni Jose Rizal?
Pagyamanin at pangalagaan ang ating bayan at lahi pagkat hiyas at yaman natin ito
Pag-ibig ang makapagbabago sa mundong ito
Kabanalan ang magpatawad at tulungan ang isang makakasala
Dahil sa pagmamalabis at pagsamantala, maraming biyaya ang sa kanya’y nawawala
Si Mariano Ponce ay propagandistang may sagisag sa panulat na:
Tamaraw c. Kapre
Tikbalang d. Kalapate
Four mangoes cost P29.00. At that prize what will 2 ½ dozen mangoes cost?
P217.50 d. P870.00
P188.50 e. None of these
Many observe that ___________.
Rich countries abuse their power
Countries with poor economy are subservient to the rich
Countries that are economically stable are greed
Countries with no economic problems become world leader
Which family obligation is especially valued?
Supplying groceries to relatives in remote barrios
Providing health assistance to relatives living in the same locale
Keeping immediate family members out of trouble
Sending to college relatives in remote barrios
Why are barangay chairman assigned to settle barangay cases?
They are competent judges
They know all the residents
They have training
They have bases
Where would you commit a drug dependent for him to achieve a natural, tensionless and anxiety-free state?
NFPI c. DARE
DARN d. Bukang Liwayway Center
Which has become a prototype of other schemes that defeated the real and true purpose of the CARL (Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law)?
The stock option scheme of Hacienda Luisita
The conversion of farmlands to industrial complexes
The conversion from agricultural to subdivision
The voluntary offer to sell
The statue was erected in ____ to war heroes.
Irreverence c. Homage
Defense d. Protection
Which is the best way to write the underlined portion of this sentence?
The studies revealing that, for various reasons, girls spent less time working with computers than boys.
Studies will reveal
What is meant by the idiom “at sixes and sevens”?
The things have not been shipped
In the state of confusion
In an orderly manner
The boxes are still intact
Which word in the passage does not require a change in pitch to show confidence? “I am the master of my fate; I am the captain of my soul.”
Am c. Master
Captain d. Fate
Mr. Falucho owns a 10 ½ hectares of land. He plans to subdivide this tract into ¼ hectare lots. He must first set aside 1/6 of the total land for lands. How many lots will this tract yield?
30 c. 42 e. None of these
35 d. 45
What would be the next three terms in the progression 1, 4, 16, ____ ?
64, 256, 1024 d. 65, 257, 1025
67, 259, 7027 e. None of these
66, 258, 1026
The Magsaysay Memorial features a _____ state of the well-loved President.
Drab c. Casual
Caustic d. Colossal
Nasa anong kaganapan ng pandiwa ang pangungusap?
May padalang tulong ang pamahalaan para sa kanila.
Pabalana c. Paari
Palagyo d. Palayon
“I prefer a government run like hell by Filipinos rather than one run by foreigners.” What does this mean?
Filipinos are incapable of running the government
Though full of difficulties, Filipinos are preferred to lead
Foreign leaders are better in government
Leadership can be performed only by foreigners
Alin ang di karaniwang anyo ng pandiwang HINTAY KA?
Tay c. Intay
Tayka d. Teka
Aling antas ng tono ang lumilitaw sa bahaging may salungguhit ng pangungusap na nagdududa? Nagpuputol ng puno ang lalaki.
1 b. 2 c. 4 d. 3
Which of the following lines is a simile?
“Holding wonder like a cup”
“Life has loneliness to sell”
“Eyes that love you, arms that hold”
“Buy it and never count the cost”
During a recent shopping spree. Dodo and Ani bought some new accessories for their apartment. Ani chose a crocheted throw pillow at P24.95, and Dod purchased a rural landscape painting for P135.00. How much did they actually spend if they paid 7% sales tax on their purchased?
P171.15 d. P148.75
P139.25 e. None of these
What is the sum of all the two digit numbers which are divisible by 5?
945 c. 960 e. None of these
950 d. 1050
Tides, caused by the moon’s gravity, create a frictional force that is gradually slowing down Earth’s rotation speed. One million years from now, scientist may discover that compared to today, Earth’s:
Day is longer c. Day is shorter
Year is shorter d. Year is longer
Which is the best evidence that helium gas is lighter than air?
Helium-filled balloons rise in air
Helium has the lowest boiling point of all elements
Helium atoms do not combine with other air atoms
By volume, helium makes up only 0.0005% of air
What is the most likely reason for a desert plant to have a few or no leaves?
To increase photosynthesis
To increase transpiration
Without the process of meiosis, we can infer that offspring from sexual reproduction would:
Have a high degree of genetic variety
Have twice the assigned number of chromosomes
Have a number of mutations
Each of the following objects is designed to employ the buoyancy principle except a:
Life preserver c. Submarine
Kite d. Canoe
Which of the following will give the same value as A (B + C – D)?
AB-AC+AD c. AB+AC-AD
ABC-D d. ABCD
P8,000 is invested at 12% single interest. What is the amount at the end of 2 years?
P9,600 c. P8,420
P8,960 d. P9,920
A senior class of 50 girls and 70 boys sponsored a dance. If 40% of the girls and 50% of the boys attended the dance, approximately what percent attended?
44 b. 46 c. 42 d. 40
Which of the following is exactly divisible by 3 and 11?
3,570,404 c. 991,111
114,345 d. 135,792
Ano ang uri ng pangungusap na UMAARAW NA?
Panawag d. Sambalita
Nathan repacks a 60kg of sack of sugar into small packs of 750g. How many small packs can be made?
90 b. 45 c. 75 d. 80
Which of the theories of learning, wherein language and literacy emphasizes comprehension as students read?
Reader response c. Sociolinguistic
Interactive d. Constructivist
An employee earning P9,200 a month will receive a 15% increase next month. How much will his/her new salary be?
P10,500 c. P10,580
P10,530 d. P10,560
If 50% of x is 20, what is 30% of x?
30 b. 12 c. 20 d. 16
PINASYALAN ng mag-anak ang Enchanted Kingdom noong isang buwan. Ano ang pokus ng pandiwa?
Sanhi c. Direksiyon
Tagatanggap d. Tagaganap
Kung kilala ang Cebu sa kanyang Sinulog, kilala naman ang Iloilo sa kanyang ______
Dalampasigan c. Ati-atihan
Kadayan d. Dinagyang
40% of 35 is what percent of 140?
28% b. 29% c. 10% d. 14%
“Magtatrabado ako at ikaw ay mag-aaral upang makatapos ka ng pag-aaral.” Anong uri ng pangungusap ito?
Tambalan c. Langkapan
Payak d. Hugnayan
“The hostages are free. They paid their way!” What do these statements tell us?
They escaped after paying
They were released after paying
They were freed after negotiation
They had a peaceful negotiation
The flower smells __________.
Sweetly c. Sweet
Sweeter d. More sweet
The Rizal Day celebration reminds us about heroes worth _________.
Appreciating c. Emanating
Emulating d. Reading
Which type of reading is CHORAL READING?
Reading aloud to students
“Nadurog ang kanyang puso sa tindi ng dalamhati.” Ano ang ipinatalastas dito?
Pagpapalit-tawag c. Pagwawangis
Pagmamalabis d. Personipikasyon
“Walang ligaya sa lupa na di dinilig ng luha.” Ito ay isang _______.
Bugtong c. Kawikaan
Salawikain d. Palaisipan
He was excused because all he said were white lies. This idiomatic expression means _____.
Lies are written in white pages
Lies that are harmless
Lies recited are excusable
He recited the lines in public
“Kung sa langit ay nabubuhay, ang sa lupa’y namamatay. Ano ang kinakatatakutan, ang oras ng kamatayan.” Ang saknong ay nagpapahayag ng damdaming ________.
Alin ang pinakatamang pahayag? _______ niya ang langit.
Tinitingala c. Sinulyapan
Tinitingan d. Tinitigan
Anong kayarian mayroon ang pangungusap na “Ang pagbaha ay mapipigilan at masusugpo kung matatanim tayo ng mga puno”?
Payak c. Tambalan
Hugnayan d. Langkapan
Ano ang uri ng pangungusap na walang paksa tulad ng WALANG ANUMAN?
What is the smallest positive number that is a multiple of both 12 and 14?
36 b. 42 c. 84 d. 168
Ang tambal na salitang “matang–manok” ay may ibig sabihing: ______ ang mata.
Nanlilisik c. Nanlalabo
Matalas d. Nakakatakot
Which principle of taxation does the Philippine lack if it fails to raise the needed revenue and therefore borrows from other countries to cover its expenses?
Productivity c. Elasticity
Equity d. Neutrality
What is meant by the statement: Values are absolute?
Changing c. Personal
Subjective d. Unchanging
Kailangan ginagamit and IKA na may gitling?
Kung ginagamit na panlapi sa isang salita
Kung mismong bilang ang susunod sa isusulat
Kung ang ikakabit ay isang panlapi
Kung ang bilang ay isinusulat na buo
An arithmetic book is 2 1/2cm thick. How many copies can be placed in a meter-long shelf?
44 b. 40 c. 36 d. 45
People who are too _____ are liable to be deceived by unscrupulous individuals.
Credulous c. Cynical
Wary d. Demanding
Teacher Betty always tries to help people, but recently she has been _______ kind and generous?
Principally c. Especially
Usually d. Largely
We should work for the total ban ____ of pesticides that are harmful to man.
By the use c. With the use
On using d. On the use
Which of the following organisms are responsible for the return of substances in the bodies of the dead plants and animals to the soil?
Decomposers c. First order consumers
Producers d. Consumers
It’s now two hours past his schedule, the facilitator may not come anymore, but we’ll still be ready in case he _________.
May c. Does
Is coming d. Will come
“The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want” is an expression of one’s _____.
Love for self
Total submission to God
The area of the rectangle on the right is (X2 + X – 12). If its length is X + 4, what is its width?
X + 2 c. X + 1
X – 3 d. X + 6
Which of these are characterized as organic compounds?
They are compounds of any elements
They are compounds containing carbon
They cannot be broken down to simpler substance
They always require electrical means to separate
Our commitments can develop us or can destroy us, but either way, they will define us. Choose the line below that has the same meaning.
Flexible commitment is what we need today
We must make full commitment to worldly things
Our lives are shaped by what we are committed to
Our commitments need not be planned way ahead
Those mischievous children _____ tricks on their teachers which always got them into a lot of trouble.
Used to play c. Could play
May have played d. Could have played
Alin sa mga sumusunod na pangungusap ang walang simuno?
Ang dumating na hari
Balak niyang umawit
Magsumikap ka nang umunlad
May tao pala sa silid
“Nothing that happens in this world ever happens by chance; it is all part of a grand design.” The author speaks of one’s ____.
Destiny c. Dream
Luck d. Ambition
With the Cold War in mind, which does not belong?
Dialogue c. Tension
Competition d. Conflict
Do all persons possess human dignity?
Yes, if they do good
No, the beggar does not have it
No, only those who believe in GOD
Yes, no exception
Which kind of rock is abundant in the Bicol region?
Sedimentary c. Metamorphic
Igneous d. Shale
35 is what percent of 560?
6.5% c. 62%
16% d. 6.25%
Which chemical substance/s is/are contained in detergents which cause/s the foam in stream water?
Alkyl benzene sulfonate
Phosphorus and alkyl
Oil and benzene
Which are the food eaters or consumers in an ecosystem?
Autotrophs c. Producers
Decomposers d. Heterotrophs
What is the counting number that is less than 15 and when divided by 3 has a remainder of 1, but when divided by 4 has a remainder of 2?
5 b. 12 c. 8 d. 10
Which of the following could be a factor of n (n+1) if n is a positive integer less than 3?
8 b. 3 c. 9 d. 5
If x = -5, what is the value of x2 – 9 ?
x + 3
7 b. -6 c. -8 d. 5
Hindi ko malaman kung bakit ang basura ay kanyang ________.
Itinapon c. Tinapon
Itapon d. Natapon
Saang dimension nabibilang ang paggamit ng globo?
Which word does NOT mean the same as the other three?
Furnish c. Supply
Defend d. Equip
Business computers have become more complex that necessitate complete training in operating them. They are now described as SOPHISTICATED electronic system, meaning ____.
Simple c. Fashionable
Cosmopolitan d. Uncomplicated
What is the missing term in the series? 2, 5 11, 23, 47, ____.
115 b. 95 c. 105 d. 125
Which explains why work is done when blowing a balloon?
The force of gravity on the balloon increases
The balloon moves outwards as the blowing force is exerted on it
The balloon has potential energy which is changed to kinetic energy
The balloon is filled with air which has weight and occupies space
If she ____ President, she would live in Malacañang.
Was c. Am
Were d. Should be
Find the GCF of 18 and 36.
2 b. 6 c. 48 d. 9
Which one is the right to human dignity?
Freedom from all forms of racial discrimination
Rest and leisure
Privacy in the family, the home and in correspondence
Reparation and retribution for exploitation
Ants and honeybees exhibit a “caste system” in which each member has a specific duty to perform. This is referred to as ______.
Today, car manufacturers have begun to AUTOMATE their assembly lines by using robots. What does this trend mean?
Cars are now automatic
Operate through machines
Operates through human workers
Produce more efficient cars
“Inaawitan ko ang mga alon sa dalampasigan.” Ito ay halimbawa ng ________.
Personipikasyon c. Paglilipat–wika
Pagwawangis d. Patutulad
Alin sa mga sumusunod ang opisyal na wika mula panahon ng Republika hanggang kasalukuyan?
Tagalog c. Ingles