General education – english handout I. Nouns a. Classification of Nouns

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1. PERSONAL – pronouns for people, animals, and objects
a. Nominative/ Subjective – functions as subject (he, she, we, they, it, you)
b. Objective – functions as object (me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them)
c. Possessive – Can be subject or object that shows possession (mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs)
2. INDEFINITE – pronouns for non-specific people, animals, and objects
a. Singular – no one, someone, anyone (with one)
b. Plural - several, few, both, many
3. REFLEXIVE – pronouns with “self/ selves;” functions as object. Removing them will make the thought incomplete.
Example: I love myself. She made herself happy.
4. INTENSIVE - pronouns with “self/ selves;” used to intensify thought. Removing them will not make the sentence incomplete.
Example: I, myself, did all the household chores.
5. DEMONSTRATIVE – pointing pronouns (this, these, that, those)
6. RELATIVE – pronouns that connects clause/phrase to a noun/pronoun
Example: I love my friend who always treats me.

1. In
a. Time – Century, Decade, Year, Month, Week, Seasons, Period of Time, Holidays, Parts of the Day
b. Place – Country, City, Means of Transport (cannot stand)
2. On
a. Time, Days, Dates, Specific Day, Holiday with day
b. Place – Streets, Avenues, Surfaces, Means of Transport (Can stand)
3. At
a. Time – Hours, Parts of the day, Time, Holidays without day
b. Place – Address, Specific Location

 Words, phrases, and clauses used to give additional information
1. Misplaced – modifier is far from the modified word
2. Dangling – modifier that does not modify any word
3. Squinting – modifier that may modify two words

 Mixing of different syntactic structures (not equal structure)

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