General education – english handout I. Nouns a. Classification of Nouns



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1.GENERAL EDUCATION-ENGLISH
hm-47-owner-agent-agreement-8-08
IV. Figure of Speech




Definition

Example

Simile

compares two unlike things and uses the words “like” or “as”

The new teacher is as tall as a giraffe.

Metaphor

compares two unlike things WITHOUT “like” or “as”

The new teacher is a giraffe.

Hyperbole

an exaggeration that is created to emphasize a point or bring out a sense of humor

I told you a million times that he’s tall!

Personification

attribution of human characteristics to non-living objects

The sky cries.

Apostrophe

a speaker directly addresses someone (or something) that is not present or cannot respond in reality.

Death, where is your sting?

Onomatopoeia

names something or an action by imitating the sound associated with it

The wind swooshed loudly.

Synecdoche

uses one part to refer to the whole, or the whole to refer to the part.

He’s rich now and can afford expensive wheels. (wheels = cars)

Metonymy

an object or idea is substituted by something closely associated with it

He promised to remain loyal to the crown. (crown = queen/king)



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