General education – english handout I. Nouns a. Classification of Nouns
Figure of Speech
compares two unlike things and uses the words “like” or “as”
The new teacher is as tall as a giraffe.
compares two unlike things WITHOUT “like” or “as”
The new teacher is a giraffe.
an exaggeration that is created to emphasize a point or
bring out a sense of humor
I told you a million times that he’s tall!
attribution of human characteristics
to non-living objects
The sky cries.
a speaker directly addresses someone (or something) that is not present or cannot respond in reality.
Death, where is your sting?
names something or an action by imitating
the sound associated with it
The wind swooshed loudly.
one part to refer to the whole
, or the whole to refer to the part.
He’s rich now and can afford expensive wheels. (wheels = cars)
an object or idea is substituted by something
closely associated with it
He promised to remain loyal to the crown. (crown = queen/king)
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