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Group 2 Report

LOCAL AND GLOBAL COMMUNICATION IN MULTICULTURAL SETTING
TOPIC 1
Lapuz, Delegiro and Gabato
Intercultural Communication
Intercultural describes communities in which there is a deep understanding and respect for all cultures. In intercultural communication, people of one culture try to know the information conveyed to them by other cultures.
Communicating Across Cultures
(1) Communicating across cultures is challenging. Each culture has set rules that its members take for granted. Few of us are aware of our own cultural biases because cultural imprinting is begun at a very early age. And while some of a culture's knowledge, rules, beliefs, values, phobias, and anxieties are taught explicitly, most of the information is absorbed subconsciously.
Communicating Across Cultures
(2) The challenge for multinational communication has never been greater. Worldwide business organization have discovered that intercultural communication is a subject of importance not just because of increased globalization , but also because their domestic workforce is growing more and more diverse, ethnically and culturally.
Communicating Across Cultures
(3) We are all individuals, and no two people belonging to the same culture are guaranteed to respond in exactly the same way. However, generalizations are valid to the extent that they provide clues on what you will most likely encounter when dealing with members of a particular culture.
HIGH – CONTEXT VS. LOW-CONTEXT
High-context cultures leave much of the message unspecified, to be understood through context, nonverbal cues, and between-the-lines interpretation of what is actually said.
-Mediterranean, Slav, Central European, Latin American, African, Arab, Asian, American-Indian
HIGH – CONTEXT
Low-context cultures expect messages to be explicit and specific.
-Most Germanic and English-speaking countries
LOW-CONTEXT
SEQUENTIAL AND SYNCHRONIC
    • The concept of time, how it is perceived and how it is used, is another very important example of differences between cultures. Cultures are often classified as sequential or synchronic.
    • Some cultures think of time Sequentially – as a line with one event occurring after another. Time is also seen as a commodity that can be bought and sold or to “spend,” “save,” or “waste”. This ‘time is money’ attitude means that people feel that being on time is very important as it shows politeness and respect.

SEQUENTIAL
    • Time seen as a line
    • Finish one task before start another
    • Time seen as a commodity
    • Time is Money
    • Being ‘on time’ very important

OTHER CULTURE’S VIEW TIME SYNCHRONICALLY – AS A CONSTANT FLOW OR CYCLE TO BE LIVED IN THE MOMENT, AND AS SOMETHING THAT CANNOT BE CONTROLLED OR COMMODITIZED.
SYNCHRONIC
    • Time seen as circular
    • Being late not so important
    • Do many things at once

Affective Vs. Neutral
Affective cultures
-People express themselves more openly and are not averse to showing their emotions.
CHARACTERISTICS:
    • ·Identify with feelings first
    • ·Overtly displays of emotion

NEUTRAL CULTURES
-People do not express themselves as openly and tend to hide certain emotions because it is not proper to show them.
CHARACTERISTICS
    • ·Believe they are being rational civilized
    • ·Try to identify intellectually first
    • ·Avoid overt displays of emotion
    • ·Still have emotions

Varieties and Registers of Spoken and Written Language
TOPIC 2
CUBIAN, ESPORA, DISA
LANGUAGE
The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.
Spoken Language
A language produced by articulate sounds, as opposed to a written language.
Is the presentation of a spoken or gestural language by means of a writing system.
WRITTEN
LANGUAGE
In sociolinguistics, language variety - also called lect - is a general term for any distinctive form of a language or linguistic expression
VARIETIES OF LANGUAGE
May be defined either as a language variety used by a population for public purposes or as a variety that has undergone standardization
A. STANDARD VARIETY
STANDARD VARIETY
EXAMPLE
English, French, Portuguese, German, Korean, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, Armenian and Chinese
B. Dialect
is a regional or social variety of a language distinguised by pronunciation, grammar and/or vocabulary
    • Regional Dialect - A variety spoken in a particular region.
    • Ethnolect - A lect spoken by a specific ethnic group. For Example, Kamayo, the vernacular spoken in the central eastern coast of Mindanao specifically in Surigao del Sur and some parts of Davao Oriental

TYPES OF LECTS
3. Sociolect: Also known as a social dialect, a variety of language used by a socioeconomic class, a profession, an age group, or any other social group.
TYPES OF LECTS
4. Idiolect: The language or languages spoken by each individual. For Example, If you are multilingual and can speak in different registers and styles, your idiolect comprises several languages, each with multiple registers and styles.
TYPES OF LECTS
C. Register
Describes the various styles of language available for writing or speaking.
Deciding which language register is appropriate to use depends on the: audience, topic, and situtation
    • FROZEN
    • FORMAL
    • CONSULTATIVE
    • CASUAL
    • INTIMATE

Good job!
THE 5 LANGUAGE REGISTER
FROZEN REGISTER
Language that rarely or never changes
    • Pledge of Allegiance
    • Words to a song
    • Poetry
    • Prayer
    • Laws

EXAMPLES OF FROZEN REGISTER
Formal
One Way Communication
Complete Sentences
Focus on Form

EXAMPLES OF FORMAL REGISTER
Consultative Register
This is the register used when consulting an expert such as a doctor. The language used is more precise
    • Strangers who interact
    • Adults at work
    • Teachers with students
    • Talking with lawyer or doctor

EXAMPLES OF CONSULTATIVE REGISTER
This register is conversational in tone. It is the language used among and between friends
CASUAL TYPE REGISTER
    • Slang
    • Talking with friends
    • Personal Letter to a friend

EXAMPLES OF CASUAL REGISTER
Intimate
The language used by lovers. It is also language used in sexual harrassment. This is the most intimate form of language.
    • Talking to your lover, couples, twins

EXAMPLES OF INTIMATE REGISTER
CULTURAL TEXT
TOPIC 3
Cabudbod and Torrevillas
CULTURAL TEXT
    • are those objects, actions, and behaviors that reveals cultural meaning.
    • Interpretation then vary because of difference in pronunciation and miscommunication is likely to happen.
    • A cultural barriers does not only pertain to differing languages. It may also be in the form of a cultural practices or even a bodily gestures.

Formal and Informal Language
Topic 4
Fernandez and Dela Cruz
FORMAL LANGUAGE
According to university of Technology Sydney, “Formal language is defined as less personal than informal language. It is used when writing for professional or academic purposes like university assignments. Formal language does not use colloquialisms, constractions or first person pronouns such as “I” or “We”. Informal language is more casual and spontaneous.
CHARACTERISTIC OF FORMAL LANGUAGE:
    • Serious
    • Objective
    • Specific vocabulary
    • No contractions
    • More Complex sentences
    • Controlled
    • Impersonal

•Written report in business ort reports of a certain topics in school, essays, and researched-based works such as dissertation.
Examples:
INFORMAL LANGUAGE
INFORMAL LANGUAGE
    • A style of speech where choice of words and grammar tends to be familiar rather than formal.
    • Language use for everyday speech.
    • Informal language is more casual and spontaneous.

CHARACTERISTICS OF INFORMAL LANGUAGE
    • Uses slang
    • Funny
    • Casual
    • Plain spoken
    • Punctuation (exclamation points)

Example:
    • She has decided to accept the job offer [formal] She's decided to accept the job offer [informal].
    • Let me go. [Formal] Lem’me go. [informal]
    • They have been fighting all day.[formal] They’ve been fighting all day. [ informal]
    • He is very busy[formal]. He’s very busy. [informal ]

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