After studying this chapter, the student should be able to:
What influences did Italian theatre have on French neoclassical drama?
What role did the French Academy play in dramaturgy?
Please choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
2. ____________________________, married to Molière, was the leading actress in her husband's troupe.
3. The ____________________________ was organized in Paris to present religious plays.
4. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, French Theatre was most similar to:
5. The man generally considered to be the first fully professional playwright in France was
*A. Alexandre Hardy
B. Pierre Corneille
C. Tiberio Fiorillo
D. Montdory des Gilleberts
7. The _________________________, a converted indoor tennis court, was competition for the Hôtel de Bourgogne.
8. The __________________________ is a government-supported French National Theater and was formed when Louis XIV merged two earlier troupes.
9. According to your text, the finest French tragic actor of the late seventeenth century was:
10. Which of the following statements is true of the French Theatre?
11. In France, the second stage which was raised from the main platform was known as the _________________________.
12. Le Cid, by _______________ embroiled the author in a controversy involving adherence to neoclassical doctrine.
13. In the mid-sixteenth century, a literary group known as the ____________ was formed to further writing and culture.
D. None of the above
B. The Would-Be Gentleman
C. The Miser
15. The _________________, completed in 1548, was the only permanent theater building in Paris for nearly a century.
A. Palais Royale
B. Théâtre du Marais
C. Comédie Française
*D. Hôtel de Bourgogne
16. ____________________, which were housed in long, narrow buildings, were easily transformed into theaters in France.
*A. Indoor tennis courts
B. Indoor soccer fields
D. None of the above
17. ___________________ was the first proscenium-arch theater in France and accommodated almost 1,500 people.
A. Hôtel de Bourgogne
*B. Palais Cardinal
C. Théâtre du Marais
D. Petit Bourbon
18. Giacomo Torelli transformed a royal palace, the _______________, into an Italian-style Theater.
A. Salles des Machines
B. Comédie Française
C. Hôtel de Bourgogne
*D. Petit Bourbon
19. The Petit Bourbon was torn down and the ___________ was built in 1660, which became the largest theater in Europe.
*A. Salle des Machines
C. Palais Royal
D. Théâtre du Marais
20. Rehearsals were supervised by the ____________in France.
B. leading actor of the company
*C. either A or B
D. neither A nor B
21. The head of the acting company was the _____________, the actor with the longest service in the troupe.
22. French companies sometimes hired annually contracted actors known as
A. Its interior had a horseshoe-shape construction.
B. It was a converted tennis court.
*C. Both A and B
D. Neither A nor B
24. Which of the following is true of audiences in French theaters:
A. They included all strata of society.
B. The parterre was only for men.
C. They sometimes sat on the stage.
*D. All of the above
25. The Renaissance arrived in France ______________ the rest of Europe.
A. sooner than in
*B. later than in
C. at the same time as
Please choose whether the statement is true or false.
36. Describe the sharing plan used by French actors during the Renaissance.