Final Exam Review Guide

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Unit 10: Imperialism

  1. One factor that motivated imperialism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries was the

a. Development of closer political ties with European nations b. Closing of China to all foreign trade

c. Support of international peacekeeping operations d. Acquisition of new markets and sources of raw materials

2. What was the Berlin Conference of 1885-1886 notable for establishing?

  1. The founding of Imperialism and the establishment of the world into cores and peripheries.

  2. Giving independence to African colonies, but moving them into neocolonial positions within the world system.

  3. Bringing Africa into the world system as a carved up collection of European colonies.

d. bringing an end to the Ottoman Empire, the last of the world's great world empires
Base your answer to question 30 on the speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of social studies.

Speaker A

: The British East India Company does not respect my beliefs. I cannot follow dharma and remain their soldier. I will return to my family in a Tamil village.

Speaker B

: My rebellious countrymen cannot accept my new religion and so they hate me and my “foreign devil” friends. The

missionaries leave Beijing tomorrow for England. I must join them before the church compound is surrounded.

Speaker C

: The czar’s soldiers came again today, looted our village, drove off our livestock, and trampled anyone in their way. They even burned our synagogue. Our way of life is gone. It is time to emigrate to Palestine.

3. What is the primary focus of these speakers?

a. civil war b. economic reforms

c. religious persecution d. colonial oppression

4. The Chinese had long been opposed to the opium trade. The drug had been introduced into China by Dutch traders during the seventeenth century. As early as 1729, there were imperial decrees forbidding the sale and smoking of this “destructive and ensnaring vice.” In 1796, Jiaqing, the new emperor, placed a complete ban on its importation, but he was a weak administrator and soon pirates and opium merchants were bribing officials to look the other way. By 1816, the [British] East India Company had imported 3,000 chests of opium from its poppy fields in the north Indian state of Punjab. By 1820, this had risen to 5,000 and by 1825 to almost 10,000.

As more and more Chinese became addicts, and silver flowed out of the economy to British coffers, the Chinese government moved toward confrontation. The emperor Daoguang, who came to the throne in 1821 was a reformer, and, supported by his advisor Lin Zexu (1785–1850), the emperor banned opium in 1836 and ordered the decapitation of “foreign barbarians” who concealed and traded the drug...

Source: Perry M. Rogers, ed., Aspects of World Civilization: Problems and Sources in History, Volume II,

Prentice Hall (adapted)

a. According to Perry Rogers, what was one reason the Chinese were unsuccessful in halting the opium trade?

b. According to Perry Rogers, what was one effort made by the Chinese to halt the European trade in opium?

4. The political cartoon refers to what imperialism term?

a. Roosevelt Corollary c. Spheres of Influence

b. White Man’s Burden d.Boxer Rebellion

  1. Define imperialism. Describe two negative and two positive effects of imperialism in each of the following regions; India, Africa, and China.

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