Figurative Language Figuring it Out Figurative and Literal Language



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Figurative Language

  • Figuring it Out

Figurative and Literal Language

  • Literally: words function exactly as defined
  • The car is blue.
  • He caught the football.
  • Figuratively: figure out what it means
  • I’ve got your back.
  • You’re a doll.
  • ^Figures of Speech

Simile

  • Comparison of two things using “like” or “as.”
  • Examples
  • The metal twisted like a ribbon.
  • She is as sweet as candy.

Important!

  • Using “like” or “as” doesn’t make a simile.
  • A comparison must be made.
  • Not a Simile: I like pizza.
  • Simile: The moon is like a pizza.

Metaphor

  • Two things are compared without using “like” or “as.”
  • Examples
  • All the world is a stage.
  • Men are dogs.
  • She has a stone heart.

Personification

  • Giving human traits to objects or ideas.
  • Examples
  • The sunlight danced.
  • Water on the lake shivers.
  • The streets are calling me.

Hyperbole

  • Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect.
  • Examples
  • I will love you forever.
  • My house is a million miles from here.
  • She’d kill me.

Understatement

  • Expression with less strength than expected.
  • The opposite of hyperbole.
  • I’ll be there in one second.
  • This won’t hurt a bit.

Quiz

  • On a separate sheet of paper…
  • I will put an example of figurative language on the board.
  • You will write whether it is an simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, or understatement.
  • You can use your notes.

1

  • He drew a line as straight as an arrow.

2

  • Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn are kings and queens.

3

  • Can I see you for a second?

4

  • The sun was beating down on me.

5

  • A flag wags like a fishhook there in the sky.

6

  • I'd rather take baths with a man-eating shark, or wrestle a lion alone in the dark, eat spinach and liver, pet ten porcupines, than tackle the homework, my teacher assigns.

7

8

    • The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.

9

  • Can I have one of your chips?

10

Answers

  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Understatement
  • Personification
  • Simile
  • Hyperbole
  • Personification
  • Metaphor
  • Understatement
  • Metaphor


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