Federalism \\\

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This is a supplement file to the original file. That being said, there is not a new 1NC. There are two ways that you can go with your 1NC impact:



Trump presidency and Jeff Session ensure US federalism high now

Blum 4/11 (Bill, Lawyer, retired judge, novelist, columnist @truthdig, and lecturer at USC Annenberg School of Communications, and UCLA, April 11, 2017, “Has Jeff Sessions Ushered In A New Kind Of Federalism?” Huffpost, Accessed June 27, 2017, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/new-progressive-form-of-federalism-is-spreading-since_us_58ed3180e4b0145a227cb914) BA

Now, with the GOP firmly in control of all three branches of government and Sessions hypocritically threatening to enforce President Trump’s Executive Order (EO) No. 13,768—which, among other provisions, calls for cutting off federal funds to so-called sanctuary cities—Sessions has managed to convert a growing number of liberals and progressives to the federalist cause. We are, as a result, witnessing the spread of a new, progressive form of federalism. When you think about it, the conversion makes perfect sense. To derail the Trump administration’s domestic agenda—not just as it affects sanctuary jurisdictions, but also on gay and transgender rights, criminal justice and police reform, abortion, federal enforcement of marijuana laws, and the erosion of environmental safeguards—progressives are taking a cue from the right to bolster the autonomy of states and cities as they enact and defend initiatives aimed at protecting minorities, the poor, the undocumented and our ecosystems.

Congress Rolling Back Federal Initiatives Now

Congress is rolling back federal mandates on educational reform now

Kellogg 17

(Bob Kellogg, 3-21-2017, "A step back toward local control of education," OneNewsNow, https://www.onenewsnow.com/education/2017/03/21/a-step-back-toward-local-control-of-education) JPARK

A step back toward local control of educationTuesday, March 21, 2017 | Bob Kellogg (OneNewsNow.com) Select Language​▼ classroom scene 2Both the Senate and House have now passed a resolution aimed at undoing some of the controversial moves by former President Obama that conservatives argue undermined local control of schools. The resolution undoes Obama-era regulations that that would have specified how school performance and teacher training are rated by the Department of Education. Lindsey Burke, an education analyst with The Heritage Foundation, summarizes the effect of the resolution. "It looks at those Obama-era regulations that were promulgated on to the Every Student Succeeds Act," she states, "and [it] rescinds those to enable [the Act] to work a little more like its congressional authors had intended." Burke and co-author Anne Ryland wrote last month that ESSA "failed to advance reforms that genuinely restore state and local educational autonomy" – and that the Obama-era regulations only "magnify the shortcomings of ESSA, reinforcing what has become systemic overreach by the federal government into the area of education." Burke Critics are saying the just-passed resolution will confuse implementation of ESSA at the state level – but Burke argues that that's an exaggeration. "... More than that, it really shows how much states have, unfortunately, really grown accustomed to looking to Washington for direction on local education policy," she tells OneNewsNow. "And that does a real disservice to teachers and to school principals and local leaders." Burke says while rescinding the regulations is a good first step in putting control of education back at the local level, Congress still has a long way to go.

Federalism High

Federalism High now

Hull 2017

(Jonathan Watts, Jonathan Watts Hull is Assistant Director Policy and Partnership Development in the Office of Educational Access and Success at the Board of Regents University System of Georgia, April, 2017, “Federalism and Schools”, CSG.com, Date Cut: 6/30/17,http://www.csg.org/pubs/capitolideas/sept_oct_2010/FederalismandSchools.aspx) SB

Recent steps by President Obama’s administration imply a shift from the current approach of treating all students and schools as equally in need of support and attention. At a news conference announcing the administration’s blueprint for reauthorizing the law, Education Secretary Arne Duncan said, “for the vast majority of schools, we’re going to get rid of prescriptive interventions.” The new ap2proach focuses on improving the outcomes at the poorest performing 5 percent of schools, but that focus includes stringent interventions that are more intrusive than any sanctions in No Child Left Behind. And while the reauthorization blueprint remains largely that, the administration’s ambitious Race to the Top fund marks a change in policy and approach at the federal level to allow more flexibility and less control. West Virginia Gov. Joe Manchin is encouraged by this shift. “I applaud and strongly agree with the Obama administration’s position on education and believe they are moving in the right direction,” he said. Roblan acknowledges the opportunities a new federal approach could have, but remains concerned about the potential for replacing mandates with equally prescriptive grant criteria. “Race to the Top was a good exercise for the states who participated, in that it brought together the people involved in education to review what they were doing, assess its impact and see if what was being done was what they wanted to be doing,” he said. “But Race to the Top in the end looked like a way to force states to adopt choices that were sought after in Washington, without really funding them.” The difficulty in achieving the aims of federal policy is on Manchin’s mind as well. “Some of the changes the federal government is proposing are tough lifts,” he said. “States need some assistance and flexibility in finding the solutions that work best for them. In a nation as diverse as ours, one solution does not fit all.” But that doesn’t mean the federal government can’t play a role. Roblan of Oregon said the federal government can identify and promote what works, but in the end states and local school systems will be the ones to effect change and monitor success. “The best thing we can do is to provide the best tools to each of our teachers so they can meet the needs of the children who come into their classrooms,” he said. Defining the roles for each player in the education system has become a major component of resolving deficiencies and expanding opportunities, Norris said. “Maintaining the requisite independence from federal overreaching will continue to be each state’s special challenge,” Norris said. As Congress considers reauthorization of the education law, Norris said it should take special care “to respect the special relationship between teacher and student; local, state and federal government; and the importance of autonomy in closing the achievement gap.”

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