Fast Facts Maharashtra


Jeevan Amrut Yojana (blood-on-call)



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Jeevan Amrut Yojana (blood-on-call)

  • Maharashtra Government is planning to revamp the Jeevan Amrut Yojana (blood-on-call) scheme to make it more beneficial to people. State government is seeking to strengthen the network of blood storage units in rural areas instead of current mechanism of transporting blood through motorcycles.



  • About Jeevan Amrut Yojana

  • It is first of its kind scheme in the country, launched in 2014.

  • It aimed at facilitating blood supply to patients scheduled to undergo surgeries and medical procedures in remote areas.

  • The patients, who need the blood, have to pay 450 rupees towards the cost of blood and 50 rupees to 100 rupees as transportation cost depending on the distance after the request (for blood) is placed by the hospital concerned. Upon receiving the call, the required blood and blood components are transported on motorcycle to hospitals and nursing homes, in specially fitted cold storage boxes.

Closed-circuit television (CCTV) based surveillance in Mumbai


  • Maharashtra government has signed a MoU with engineering and construction major Larsen & Toubro (L&T) for setting up closed-circuit television (CCTV) based surveillance in Mumbai.

  • The MoU worth Rs 949 crore was signed by the company and Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis in Mumbai. Key facts As part of new security cover to Mumbai, CCTVs will guarantee safer city to its citizens. This system will not only support Mumbai police to maintain law and order but will also help to improve traffic management.

  • It will also aid in deterring, detecting and dealing with criminal activities. The installation work will be carried out in three phases and Mumbai city will get security cover of 6,000 CCTVs by September 2016. In the first phase, installation of CCTVs in south Mumbai will be covered in November 2015, while north and east Mumbai will be covered by April 2016. In the final and third phase, central and west Mumbai will be covered by September 2016. Two command centres for the project will be set at Mumbai commissioner’s office and in Kalina in suburban Mumbai.



Beef ban in MH

President gives assent to Maharashtra Animal Preservation (MAPA) Amendment Bill, 1995


  • Recently, President Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the Maharashtra Animal Preservation (Amendment) Bill, 1995. It received assent nearly after 19 years it was passed by State Assembly in 1995.

  • Key facts

  1. This bill amends Maharashtra Animal Preservation Act 1976 and bans slaughter of bulls and bullocks in the state.

  2. As per the provisions of new Act, anyone found to be selling beef or in possession of it can be jailed for 5 years and fined Rs. 10,000. However, this Act allows slaughter of water buffaloes, which provides carabeef that is generally considered as an inferior quality meat.

  • Background

  1. In 1995, the bill was passed by the BJP-Shiv Sena coalition government in the State Assembly. However, it was reserved by then Governor for Presidential assent under Article 201 of Constitution.

  2. Prior to law, slaughter of bulls and bullocks was allowed based on a fit-for-slaughter certificate under Maharashtra Animal Preservation Act of 1976. It should be noted that slaughter of cows was previously banned in the state under schedule 5 of the Maharashtra Animal Preservation Act of 1976.

Analysis of beef ban/ cow slaughtering


  • What effect the ban on cow slaughtering by some of the states in India will have on economy and society of India?

  • Is this ban political issue??

  • Don’t you think ban would divide communities in India on religious lines?

    Merits of Banning Cow Slaughter:



  1. If banned, focus will be on improving the quality of breed of cow and cow will become costly cattle which is good like buffalo. We hardly see any buffalo roaming stray, because through efficient breed selection, buffalo yields more milk till the end of their life.

  2. Milk productivity will increase and investment will rise in dairy sector.

  3. DPSP of Article 48 focusses on Animal husbandary, scientific rearing and prohibiting slaughter of cattle.

  4. Prevent drain of fodder to low yielding cows/buffal0

  5. Help in selection of good variety of breed

  6. Provided proteina to lower rung people like poor people both Hindus + muslim

  7. Provide Insurance against drought calamity 

  8. Helps in economy through Export of Beef in other countries

  9. Supports White revolution + pink revolution+ leather 

  10. Does not required any semen injection /cross breeding

Demerits


  1. Beef is the cheaper than Chicken and mutton, and has a very high protein content. In a country where one in five children are malnourished, this will affect the underprivileged people who rely on beef for their protein intake. More than 70% Indians cannot afford chicken and mutton.

  2. Ignoring food choices & sensitivities of minorities such as Muslims, Christians & North Easterners.

  3. Adversely affects livelihood of population dealing in beef & beef exports.

  4. Loss of foreign exchange which our beef exports currently earn. (2nd largest exporter)

  5. Lead to increase in stray population of cows which will drain our fodder resources; costly fodder will be detrimental to our dairy industry.

  6. Rural farmers will be burdened with underperforming cattle (cows) which earlier could be easily sold to slaughter houses for cash; thus ameliorating his condition.

  7. Associated industries which require bones, hides, skin will be adversely affected.

  8. Genetic improvement which has happened in case of buffaloes due to culling of underperforming buffaloes will not happen in case of cows.

  9. It might lead to increase in old and infirm cow population which Supreme Court in 1958 judgment held that keeping “useless cattle” alive would be a “wasteful drain” on the nation’s cattle feed.


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