Expository essay process pre writing stages the essay process



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EXPOSITORY ESSAY PROCESS

  • PRE WRITING STAGES

The essay process

  • Choosing a topic and narrowing it down.
  • Generating ideas
  • Organizing ideas into a plan / outline
  • Writing the first draft
  • Getting feedback from a peer or the instructor
  • Revising and editing the draft
  • Writing the final draft
  • PRE-WRITING
  • STAGES

Example

  • “eating habits”
  • “changes in eating habits”
  •  
  • “the trend of eating healthy food”
  •  
  • “organic food”
  • “organic food industry”
  • “two problems of organic food industry in Turkey”
  • Stage 1: norrowing down a topic

Brainstorming

  • Brainstorming
  • Freewriting
  • Clustering (Mindmapping)
  • Journalist’s Questions
  • What / Where /Who /Why /When /How
  • Stage 2: Generating Ideas

Writing the Thesis Statement

  • The thesis statement should be expressed in a complete sentence.
  • The idea in the thesis statement should not be too narrow or too broad.
  • The thesis statement should express an opinion, attitude, or an idea; it should not simply announce the topic.
  • The thesis statement should not be factual; it should not express a fact. It should be a statement that someone could disagree with. Therefore, it is a statement that needs to be explained or supported.
  • A thesis statement should express only one idea toward one topic; if it contains two or more ideas, the essay runs the risk of lacking unity and coherence.
  • Stage 3: Outline

Body I:

  • Body I:
  • Topic Sentence: One of the most beneficial TV programs for children is documentaries
  • A. (major 1) Documentaries on National Geographic
  • B. (major 2) Documentaries on History Channel
  • Body II:
  • Topic Sentence: In addition to documentaries, children's programs have a positive influence on children’s development.
  • A. (major 1) prepare preschool kids to school
          • (minor 1) teach alphabet, colors, animals
          • (minor 2) raise social awareness praising friendship and sharing
  • B. (major 2) encourage creativity
  • Thesis Statement: There are two main types of beneficial programs on TV for children.
  • Stage 3
  • Sample Outline for an Expository Essay

IMPORTANT REMINDER

  • Keep in mind that an outline should be prepared BEFORE writing the first draft, because it is a skeleton that helps one in the writing process. It is like a detailed plan one makes before writing the essay.
  • Stage 3: Outline

Principles of an Effective Outline: Parallelism

  • Body I:
  • A. Topic Sentence: One of the most beneficial TV programs for children is documentaries
  • 1. (major 1) Documentaries on National Geographic
          • (minor 1) teaches appreciation of life
          • (minor 2) promotes the importance of conservation of the planet.
  • 2. (major 2) Documentaries on History Channel
          • (minor 1) teaches history in an appealing way
          • (minor 2) introduces civilizations that are not in the curriculum
  • Stage 3: Outline

Principles of an Effective Outline: Coordination

  • Body I:
  • A. Topic Sentence: One of the most beneficial TV programs for children is documentaries
  • 1. (major 1) Documentaries on National Geographic
          • (minor 1) teaches appreciation of life
          • (minor 2) promotes the importance of conservation of the planet.
  • 2. (major 2) Documentaries on History Channel
          • (minor 1) teaches history in an appealing way
          • (minor 2) introduces civilizations that are not in the curriculum
  • Stage 3: Outline

Principles of an Effective Outline: Subordination

  • A. Topic Sentence: One of the most beneficial TV programs for children is documentaries
  • 1. (major 1) Documentaries on National Geographic
          • (minor 1) teaches appreciation of life
          • (minor 2) promotes the importance of conservation of the planet.
  • 2. (major 2) Documentaries on History Channel
          • (minor 1) teaches history in an appealing way
          • (minor 2) introduces civilizations that are not in the curriculum
  • B. Topic Sentence: Children’s programs have a positive influence on children’s development.
  • Stage 3: Outline

Principles of an Effective Outline: Division

  • A. Topic Sentence: One of the most beneficial TV programs for children is documentaries
  • 1. (major 1) Documentaries on National Geographic
          • (minor 1) teaches appreciation of life
          • (minor 2) promotes the importance of conservation of the planet.
  • 2. (major 2) Documentaries on History Channel
          • (minor 1) teaches history in an appealing way
          • (minor 2) introduces civilizations that are not in the curriculum
  • B. Topic Sentence: Children’s programs have a positive influence on children’s development.
  • Stage 3: Outline


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