Exam 3 Questions

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LIT 2001-01

Fall 2011

Exam 3 Questions
On Wednesday, December 14, you will be asked to respond to three of the following questions for the in-class portion of Exam 3. This portion of the exam is open-book and open-note. This is the in-class portion of the exam, and you will have the entire class period to write your responses, but you may prepare answers to the questions before the class period. Responses should be in your own words, without material from outside sources. Each response should be in the form of a well-developed paragraph, and every response must include specific supporting evidence, including quotations, to support and develop your ideas. Please note that an important difference between a weak response and a strong response is how fully the response is supported and developed with specific evidence from the texts.

  1. During Satan’s journey out of hell in John Milton’s Paradise Lost, Satan encounters a couple of allegorical characters that are guarding the gates of hell. Who are these characters, how are they relevant to Satan, and what meaning does Milton convey through the allegory in this passage? What is literally happening in the passage, and what is the allegorical meaning?

  1. In Milton’s Paradise Lost, Eve’s actions and thoughts immediately after she disobeys God and eats from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil make it clear that she has left the prelapsarian world and is now in a fallen state. Identify and explain three different ways that Milton makes this clear in the poem.

  1. As the opening letter of Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels suggests, Gulliver seems to be a misanthrope, or a hater of humanity, when he returns from his voyages. Identify and explain at least three aspects of Gulliver’s experience in Part 1 of Gulliver’s Travels that might be factors in Gulliver’s move toward misanthropy. (Keep in mind that both the Lilliputians and Gulliver himself could represent humanity in Gulliver’s Travels.)

  1. Jonathan Swift seems to give special attention to satirizing politicians in Part 1 of Gulliver’s Travels. Identify and explain three things about politicians that Swift satirizes in the story.

  1. Alexander Pope’s The Rape of the Lock is a mock epic. That is, Pope uses the convections of an epic poem to tell a trivial story. Identify three conventions of the epic that Pope uses and explain what the use of these conventions adds to the poem.

  1. Epistle 1 of Alexander Pope’s An Essay on Man ends with “Whatever is, is right” (1.10.292). Explain how Pope tries to prove this idea in his poem. If “Whatever is, is right,” why does Pope think that we sometimes do not see things this way?

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