Esol 162 22486 Table of Contents

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Try to fill in the circles with these writing forms:




Movie reviews


Scientific reports


Short stories


Police reports



Political advertising

Historical fiction


Please notice:

  • There are many different reasons you may have when writing an essay. You may want to teach the reader facts; you may want to make the reader laugh; you may want to encourage the reader to do something. These are all good goals when writing an essay.

  • When you write an essay, you are not writing about imaginary events. You MUST include facts, and you MUST include your opinion. Sometimes your opinion will be a stronger part of the essay and sometimes weaker, but it must always be included in the paper in come way.

Here is a good definition of an essay:

An essay expresses the writer's opinion, supported by facts.

This class will focus on academic writing.

Academic writing is, simply, college writing. It is the kind of writing college students do in all their classes - art history, chemistry, literature or nursing. Whatever your major is, you will write essays.
Some instructors define academic writing more formally. They may tell you to never use the word "I" in your writing. Other teachers accept a more relaxed writing style, and will allow you to use the first person in your writing. For every class, and for every assignment, you must understand your instructor's requirements.
Here are three simple guidelines that you can follow in all your classes.

Rules for Writers

  • "Make your teacher happy."
    Find out the requirements for every paper before you write it,
    and follow those guidelines.

  • "Don't bore the reader."
    It's your job to create papers that the reader WANTS to finish reading.

  • "Write from your passion."
    Whatever general topic your instructor gives you, there is always
    a way to bring in YOUR interests. If the writer is excited, if the writer
    cares, if the writer believes in something, the reader will feel that passion.

Think About …

What does the word “academic” mean?

This is an important point to think about throughout the term, and we will keep discussing it!

Extra:  Classroom Words and Behavior

Bring to class every time:

  • notebook or writing paper

  • textbooks (including this packet)

  • pens or pencils

Do you know these words?  These are used in college classrooms – you need to know them.

(Warning:  Your dictionary will probably not help.)

  • skim (compare to “read”)

  • pair work

  • group work

  • work quietly

  • work silently

  • required

  • optional

  • observe

  • collaborate

  • presentation

  • concept

  • issue

  • outline

  • plagiarism

  • brainstorm

Other classroom words:

Use this space for any notes about classroom vocabulary or behavior.

Section 1. Grammar Basics

Parts Of Speech. There are 8 parts of speech in English.





A noun is a naming word.

It names a person, place, thing, idea, living creature, quality, or action.

Describes an action (doing something) or a state (being something).

Describes a noun. It tells you something about the noun.

Describes a verb. It tells how something is done, or

when/where something happened. Usually ends in

“- ly.”  


cowboy, theatre, box, thought, tree, kindness, arrival

Other examples:


walk, talk, think, believe, live, like, want

Other examples:


big, yellow, thin, amazing, beautiful, quick, important

Other examples:


slowly, intelligently, happily, impatiently, well

Other examples:





A pronoun is used instead of a noun to avoid repeating the noun.

A conjunction joins two words, phrases or sentences together.  There are 7.  We call them “FANBOYS.”  Can you see why?

A preposition usually comes before a noun. It tells what place or what time.

An article is used to introduce a noun.


I, you, she, we, they

Other examples:


for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so


on, in, by, with, under, through, at

Other examples:


the, a, an

Some people also consider this a part of speech:
Interjection or Exclamation

Words which express emotion or surprise; usually followed by exclamation marks.

Examples: Ouch!, Hello!, Hurray!, Oh no!, Ha, ha, ha!

Other examples:

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