English History to 1688 History 123



Download 472.07 Kb.
Page1/12
Date11.12.2017
Size472.07 Kb.
#39395
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   12

English History to 1688

History 123

History 123, 2017

  • Syllabus is at http://faculty.history.wisc.edu/sommerville/123/123outline.htm

  • Lecture outlines at http://faculty.history.wisc.edu/sommerville/123/contents.htm

  • Weekly readings at http://faculty.history.wisc.edu/sommerville/123/123brief.htm

  • Home page: http://faculty.history.wisc.edu/sommerville/

Click on “Essays and papers” for information on how to do exams and term papers well.





Requirements etc.


  • 4 credit course; you can take it with honors;



  • 2 midterms (10/12 and 11/14; in class); and a final (7:45AM on Saturday 12/16; place to be announced);



  • Honors students do a term paper (5-6 pages; due in class 12/12; details at )



  • TA: Alice Main



  • 4 credit non-honors students: each midterm 20%; final 40%; discussion 20%
    4 credit honors students: term paper 20%; each mid-term 15%; final 30%; discussion 20%

123: Introduction

  • Geography of the British Isles; small size

  • How did a group of small islands off the coast of the Northeastern European mainland become a world power?

  • Influence of England/ Britain through language, culture and the common law

  • Moderate climate; the Gulf Stream, and winds

Key Terms

  • England

  • Scotland

  • Wales

  • (Great) Britain

  • United Kingdom (UK) (= Britain + Northern Ireland)

  • Ireland

Temperatures in England (17C = 62.6F; 4C = 39.2F)

British Weather

UK Weather

Geography and its effects

  • Counties/ Shires (52 in England and Wales)

  • Shire Reeve = Sheriff

  • Islands/ Isles

  • England unconquered since 1066 (William the Conqueror)

  • Social and political conservatism; slow, long-term developments largely uninfluenced from outside

  • Importance of class distinctions, linked to region

  • Great Inequalities of wealth; survival of monarchy and aristocracy



Class and Accent

  • Queen Elizabeth II is descended from the Kings of Wessex in the 500s

  • An adaptable upper class; an open aristocracy/ nobility; London and the Grosvenor Dukes of Westminster; Chelsea

  • Received Pronunciation (RP)

  • Oxbridge (Oxford and Cambridge); Public Schools

  • England’s early revolution: the English Revolution (1640s) and Restoration (1660)

  • Regional accents: Scouse (Liverpool; Beatles); Cockney (London) (also Mockney); Geordie (Newcastle); Brummie (Birmingham)

Regions

  • Dominance of South and East; good arable land; close to Continental Europe (21 miles from Dover to Calais)

  • London; the river Thames; the Home Counties (e.g. Kent, the Garden of England; Essex; Middlesex)

  • Midlands; East Anglia

  • North, West and Wales hillier and less wealthy; pasture farming common there, especially sheep farming, producing wool and woolen cloth – long England’s main exports

  • Shires/ counties (from 974; remodeled 1974)

  • County towns (e.g. Oxford/ Oxfordshire; Cambridge/ Cambridgeshire; Matlock/ Derbyshire; Reading/ Berkshire)

Dover: the White Cliffs

Vera Lynn: the White Cliffs of Dover (1941-2)

  • there'll be bluebirds over
    The white cliffs of Dover
    Tomorrow
    Just you wait and see …

  • there'll be love and laughter
    And peace ever after
    Tomorrow
    When the world is free

  • [Also, 1939: We'll meet again
    Don't know where
    Don't know when
    But I know we'll meet again some sunny day]


Vera Lynn: songs reissued at 100, in 2017

Vera Lynn, projected onto the White Cliffs, 2017

Towns, cities, counties, and resources

  • Yorkshire (three “ridings” = thirdings)

  • York; Sheffield; Leeds; Industrial Revolution (late 1700s-1800s)

  • Lancashire; Liverpool; Manchester

  • Northumberland; Newcastle; coal

  • Cornwall: tin; Derbyshire: lead

  • Midlands: Birmingham; Coventry; iron. Oxford, Northampton

  • East Anglia: Norwich (Norfolk); Cambridge

  • West country: Bristol (Gloucestershire); Exeter (Devon)

  • Wales: silver

  • Cities; cathedrals; Bishops; Archbishops (Canterbury; York)

Some constant factors



  • Illiteracy

  • The Monarchy; Parliament = Monarch + House of Lords + House of Commons; importance of 1688

  • Poverty and Disease (Black Death 1348-9; plague)



  • Low population (England and Wales):

400: 3.5 million 600: 1 1300: 6.5 1450: 2.25 1620: 5 1700: 5.5

1800: 9 1900: 32.5 2000: 51.9

(N.B. high modern population density)



Download 472.07 Kb.

Share with your friends:
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   12




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2022
send message

    Main page