English 3 Ms. Roule Bellringer



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English 3

  • Ms. Roule

Bellringer

  • a sea lion jumped up on the floating platform with the others pushed and shoved to show their aggression and huddled into a big pile to sleep on a rainy afternoon
  • A lonely sea lion jumped on the floating platform with a bunch of other sea lions to play. They pushed and shoved to show aggression and huddled into a big pile to sleep.
  • A sea lion jumped up on the floating platform with the others, pushed and shoved to show aggression, and huddled into a big pile to sleep on a rainy afternoon.

Agenda

  • Bellringer
  • How do I start my paper? Talking about introductions…NOTES!
  • Practicing Introductions…

Introductions

  • An introduction should capture a reader’s interest and tell what the writing will be about.

Introductions

  • Why is the second introduction more successful than the first?
  • In August 1883, Krakatoa volcano in Indonesia erupted. It was a big eruption, and many people died as a result.
  • It had been rumbling and smoking for months, but no one expected such a violent explosion. Then, on August 27 and 28, 1883, a thunderous eruption blew the island apart and took the lives of more than 36,000 people. The eruption of Krakatoa, a volcanic island in Indonesia, was one of the most violent natural events ever witnessed by humans.

A successful introduction…

What are my intro options?

  • Lively descriptions
  • Startling statements
  • Quotations
  • Questions
  • Direct Address
  • Strong Opinions
  • Anecdote

Source info…

  • teacherweb.com/TX/CedarValleyMiddleSchool/.../introductions.ppt
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Sensory details and figurative language can add energy and interest to an introduction. Description can engage readers by painting a picture and establishing a mood.
  • MENU
  • Next
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Lively Description
  • How could description be used to improve this introduction?
  • There was hardly any wind. It was a sunny day. Large clouds drifted across the sky, and now and then they obscured the sun. The prisoners had to work all day long in the field.
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Lively Description
  • The writer uses specific details to paint a vivid picture of the calm, peaceful scene, which contrasts subtly with the ominous introduction of prisoners.
  • Scarcely a breath of wind disturbed the stillness of the day, and the long rows of cabbages were bright green in the sunlight. Large white clouds drifted slowly across the deep blue sky. Now and then they obscured the sun and caused a chill on the backs of the prisoners who had to work all day long in the cabbage field.
  • —Bessie Head
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • Menu
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Surprising Statements
  • Grab a reader’s attention by beginning with a surprising statement or a startling fact.
  • MENU
  • Continue…
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Surprising Statements
  • Grab a reader’s attention by beginning with a surprising statement or a startling fact.
  • MENU
  • Here are some examples:
  • Although the birthday ditty, “Happy Birthday to You,” was written in 1883, the copyright owner earns about $2 million each year for use of the tune.
  • Your body is creating and killing 15 million red blood cells each second.
  • Did you know that, at birth, the human body has about 275 bones, but adults have only about 206 bones?
  • Next
  • PREVIOUS
  • PREVIOUS
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Surprising Statements
  • A surprising statement or a startling fact can make your reader want to keep reading.
  • MENU
  • Continue…
  • PREVIOUS
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Surprising Statements
  • A surprising statement or a startling fact can make your reader want to keep reading.
  • MENU
  • How does the first sentence grab your attention?
  • I love to work with dying children. They’re so beautiful. Nobody knows what pearls they are. They have all the wisdom in the world.They know that they are dying. They know how and when they are dying. They teach you all about life if you can hear, if you can listen to them.
  • —Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
  • Click to see the answer
  • PREVIOUS
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Surprising Statements
  • A surprising statement or a startling fact can make your reader want to keep reading.
  • MENU
  • How does the first sentence grab your attention?
  • I love to work with dying children. They’re so beautiful. Nobody knows what pearls they are. They have all the wisdom in the world. they know that they are dying. They know how and when they are dying. They teach you all about life if you can hear, if you can listen to them.
  • —Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
  • Menu
  • i
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Surprising Statements
  • A surprising statement or a startling fact can make your reader want to keep reading.
  • MENU
  • How does the first sentence grab your attention?
  • I love to work with dying children. They’re so beautiful. Nobody knows what pearls they are. They have all the wisdom in the world. they know that they are dying. They know how and when they are dying. They teach you all about life if you can hear, if you can listen to them.
  • —Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
  • i
  • i
  • CLOSE
  • It is surprising that anyone would love to work with dying children. It seems like such a sad and depressing experience.
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Quotations
  • Including a quotation can lend impact and authority to an introduction.
  • MENU
  • Continue…
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Quotations
  • Click to see a revision
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • How would a quotation give this idea more impact?
  • My friends and I get frustrated by all the problems we see in the world. We need to get a good education so we can fix them.
  • Including a quotation can lend impact and authority to an introduction.
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Quotations
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • Menu
  • Nelson Mandela is a South African statesman.
  • Many of my high school friends are frustrated, and I understand that. I look around and see all kinds of problems in the world, and it doesn’t seem like anything will ever change. When I feel like that, I think about Nelson Mandela’s struggles, and I remember his claim that “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” For me, the next few years will be my chance to get an education, because I am going to change the world.
  • Including a quotation can lend impact and authority to an introduction.
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Questions
  • Starting with an engaging question involves the reader immediately by requiring at least a mental answer.
  • MENU
  • Continue…
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Questions
  • Starting with an engaging question involves the reader immediately by requiring at least a mental answer.
  • MENU
  • Here are some examples:
  • Does the melting of the polar ice caps mean that, in 30 years, New York City will be under water?
  • If the International Space Station produces so little of scientific value, why do scientists still support this mission?
  • If you eat like a bird and are still gaining weight, could it be you’re getting extra calories while you sleep?
  • Next
  • PREVIOUS
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Questions
  • How does this question make you want to keep reading?
  • Do you think you know what art is? An artist takes plain house paint, punches a hole in the can, and dribbles the paint on a canvas. Is that art? Famed American painter Jackson Pollock used just that technique, and art experts around the world call him one of the great painters of the last one-hundred years.
  • Click to see an answer
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Questions
  • In this case, the writer challenges the reader by asking simple yes or no questions. Revealing that the technique is used by a famous painter encourages curious readers to learn more.
  • Do you think you know what art is? An artist takes plain house paint, punches a hole in the can, and dribbles the paint on a canvas. Is that art? Famed American painter Jackson Pollock used just that technique, and art experts around the world call him one of the great painters of the last one-hundred years.
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • Menu
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Direct Address
  • Address readers directly to immediately involve them in what you have written.
  • MENU
  • Continue…
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Direct Address
  • How does this introduction involve readers?
  • If you’ve ever wondered how to avoid using pesticides in your garden, you can find answers from Natural Gardens, Inc. It’s easy to protect the environment and have pest-free plants.
  • Click to see an answer
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • Address readers directly to immediately involve them in what you have written.
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Direct Address
  • Using “you’ve,” “your” and “you” helps readers understand that they can do something about this problem.
  • If you’ve ever wondered how to avoid using pesticides in your garden, you can find answers from Natural Gardens, Inc. It’s easy to protect the environment and have pest-free plants.
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • Menu
  • Address readers directly to immediately involve them in what you have written.
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Strong Opinions
  • Beginning with a strong opinion is likely to get your readers’ attention because it might challenge their beliefs.
  • MENU
  • Continue…
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Strong Opinions
  • How could this introduction to a persuasive essay be made more compelling?
  • Two years ago, our school district stopped funding the district’s magnet school for the arts.
  • Click to see a revision
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • Beginning with a strong opinion is likely to get your readers’ attention because it might challenge their beliefs.
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Strong Opinions
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • Beginning with a strong opinion is likely to get your readers’ attention because it might challenge their beliefs.
  • In this revised introduction, the writer starts with a strong statement of opinion and then elaborates on the experience.
  • It’s time to restart our school district’s magnet school for the arts. Two years ago, our district stopped funding this program. The school board called it a “short-term response” to a “temporary financial short-fall.” Now the opportunity to make an intense study of the arts is slipping away from many students. The district needs to find the money and bring this program back!
  • Menu
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Anecdote
  • An anecdote is an interesting or amusing brief story, often about a person.
  • MENU
  • Continue…
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Anecdote
  • What kind of anecdote could make this introduction more interesting?
  • None of us ever thought there was any place in the world like that lake in Maine. We returned summer after summer—always on August 1 for one month.
  • Click to see a revision
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • An anecdote is an interesting or amusing brief story, often about a person.
  • EXIT
  • Introductions
  • Anecdote
  • These brief examples are easy for readers to imagine.
  • One summer, along about 1904, my father rented a camp on a lake in Maine and took us all there for the month of August. We all got ringworm from some kittens and had to rub Pond’s Extract on our arms and legs night and morning, and my father rolled over in the canoe with all his clothes on; but outside of that the vacation was a success and from then on none of us ever thought there was any place in the world like that lake in Maine. We returned summer after summer—always on August 1 for one month.
  • —E. B. White, “Once More to the Lake”
  • PREVIOUS
  • MENU
  • An anecdote is an interesting or amusing brief story, often about a person.
  • Menu

Practicing Introductions…

  • Write an introduction paragraph for your research paper project using one of the samples shared today.
  • Share your paragraph with a partner and talk about what you could do to improve your intro.
  • Due at beginning of class Wednesday!


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