UNIT V:
The MEMORY SYSTEMS: Basic memory circuits, Memory System Consideration, ReadOnly Memory: ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, Flash Memory,
Cache Memories: Mapping Functions, INTERLEAVING
Secondary Storage: Magnetic Hard Disks, Optical Disks,
UNIT VI:
Processing Unit: Fundamental Concepts: Register Transfers, Performing An Arithmetic Or Logic Operation, Fetching A Word From Memory,
Execution of Complete Instruction, Hardwired Control,
Micro programmed Control: Microinstructions, Micro program Sequencing, Wide Branch Addressing Microinstructions with next –Address Field
OUTCOMES: 
Students can understand the architecture of modern computer.

They can analyze the Performance of a computer using performance equation

Understanding of different instruction types.

4. Students can calculate the effective address of an operand by addressing modes

5. They can understand how computer stores positive and negative numbers.

6. Understanding of how a computer performs arithmetic operation of positive and negative numbers.
TEXT BOOKS: 
Computer Organization, Carl Hamacher, Zvonks Vranesic, Safea Zaky, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill.

Computer Architecture and Organization , John P. Hayes ,3^{rd} Edition, McGraw Hill.
REFERENCE BOOKS: 
Computer Organization and Architecture – William Stallings Sixth Edition, Pearson/PHI

Structured Computer Organization – Andrew S. Tanenbaum, 4th Edition PHI/Pearson

Fundamentals or Computer Organization and Design,  Sivaraama Dandamudi Springer Int. Edition.

“Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface” by David A. Patterson and John L. Hennessy.

J .P. Hayes, "Computer Architecture and Organization", McGrawHill, 1998.
OBJECTIVES

To understand the basic operation &performance parameters of differential amplifiers.

To understand & learn the measuring techniques of performance parameters of OPAMP

To learn the linear and nonlinear applications of operational amplifiers.

To understand the analysis & design of different types of active filters using opamps

To learn the internal structure, operation and applications of different analog ICs

To Acquire skills required for designing and testing integrated circuits
UNIT I
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: Differential Amplifier DC and AC analysis of Dual input Balanced output Configuration, Properties of other differential amplifier configuration (Dual Input Unbalanced Output, Single Ended Input – Balanced/ Unbalanced Output), DC Coupling and Cascade Differential Amplifier Stages, Level translator.
UNIT II
Characteristics of OPAmps, Integrated circuitsTypes, Classification, Package Types and Temperature ranges, Power supplies, Opamp Block Diagram, ideal and practical Opamp Specifications, DC and AC characteristics, 741 opamp & its features, OpAmp parameters & Measurement, Input & Out put Off set voltages & currents, slew rate, CMRR, PSRR, drift, Frequency Compensation techniques.
UNIT III
LINEAR and NONLINEAR APPLICATIONS OF OPAMPS: Inverting and Noninverting amplifier, Integrator and differentiator, Difference amplifier, Instrumentation amplifier, AC amplifier, V to I, I to V converters, Buffers. Non Linear function generation, Comparators, Multivibrators, Triangular and Square wave generators, Log and Anti log Amplifiers, Precision rectifiers.
UNIT IV
ACTIVE FILTERS, ANALOG MULTIPLIERS AND MODULATORS: Design & Analysis of Butterworth active filters – 1st order, 2nd order LPF, HPF filters. Band pass, Band reject and all pass filters.
Four Quadrant Multiplier, IC 1496, Sample & Hold circuits.
UNIT V
TIMERS & PHASE LOCKED LOOPS: Introduction to 555 timer, functional diagram, Monostable and Astable operations and applications, Schmitt Trigger; PLL  introduction, block schematic, principles and description of individual blocks, 565 PLL, Applications of PLL – frequency multiplication, frequency translation, AM, FM & FSK demodulators. Applications of VCO (566).
UNIT VI
DIGITAL TO ANALOG AND ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTERS: Introduction, basic DAC techniques, weighted resistor DAC, R2R ladder DAC, inverted R2R DAC, and IC 1408 DAC, Different types of ADCs – parallel Comparator type ADC, counter type ADC, successive approximation ADC and dual slope ADC.DAC and ADC Specifications, Specifications AD 574 (12 bit ADC).
TEXT BOOKS: 
Linear Integrated Circuits – D. Roy Choudhury, New Age International (p) Ltd, 2nd Edition,2003.

OpAmps & Linear ICs  Ramakanth A. Gayakwad, PHI,1987.

Operational Amplifiers–C.G. Clayton, Butterworth & Company Publ. Ltd./Elsevier, 1971
REFERENCES :

Operational Amplifiers & Linear Integrated Circuits –Sanjay Sharma ;SK Kataria &Sons;2^{nd} Edition,2010

Design with Operational Amplifiers & Analog Integrated Circuits – Sergio Franco, McGraw Hill, 1988.

OP AMPS and Linear Integrated Circuits concepts and Applications, James M Fiore, Cenage Learning India Ltd.

Operational Amplifiers & Linear Integrated Circuits–R.F.Coughlin & Fredrick Driscoll, PHI, 6th Edition.

Operational Amplifiers & Linear ICs – David A Bell, Oxford Uni. Press, 3rd Edition
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